Form 10-K

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-K

(Mark One)

x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from              to            .

Commission file number 000-23661

 

 

ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Michigan     38-3317208

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

   

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

30142 Wixom Road

Wixom, Michigan

   

48393

(Address of principal executive offices)     (Zip Code)

(248) 960-9009

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class:

 

Name of each exchange on which registered:

Common Stock, no par value   Nasdaq Global Market

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

(None)

 

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer   ¨    Accelerated filer   x
Non-accelerated filer   ¨ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

The aggregate market value of the registrant’s voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant on June 30, 2011 (computed by reference to the closing sales price of the registrant’s Common Stock as reported on the NASDAQ Global Market on such date) was $191,629,578. For purposes of this computation, shares of common stock held by our executive officers, directors and common shareholders with 10% or more of the outstanding shares of Common Stock were excluded. Such determination should not be deemed an admission that such officers, directors and beneficial owners are, in fact, affiliates.

Number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s Common Stock, no par value, as of February 24, 2012: 20,707,886 shares.

 

 

Documents Incorporated by Reference

Portions of the Registrant’s definitive Proxy Statement pertaining to the 2012 Annual Meeting of Shareholders (the “Proxy Statement”) to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A are herein incorporated by reference in Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

 

 


PART I

References to the “Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” are to Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. and its subsidiaries unless otherwise specified or the context otherwise requires.

Forward Looking Statements

We make forward-looking statements in this report and may make such statements in future filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC. We may also make forward-looking statements in our press releases or other public or shareholder communications. Our forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties and include information about our expectations and possible or assumed future results of our operations. When we use words such as “may,” might,” “will,” “should,” “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “continue”, “predict”, “forecast”, “projected,” “intend” or similar expressions, or make statements regarding our intent, belief, or current expectations, we are making forward-looking statements. Our forward looking statements also include, without limitation, statements about our competitors, statements regarding the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, or CMS, changes to its reimbursement policies and the effect on our business, statements regarding the timing and costs of obtaining FDA approval of our new products, statements regarding our new products and statements regarding our anticipated future financial condition, operating results, cash flows and business plans.

We claim the protection of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 for all of our forward-looking statements. While we believe that our forward-looking statements are reasonable, you should not place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements, which are based on information available to us on the date of this report or, if made elsewhere, as of the date made. Because these forward-looking statements are based on estimates and assumptions that are subject to significant business, economic and competitive uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control or are subject to change, actual results could be materially different. Factors that might cause such a difference include, without limitation, the risks and uncertainties discussed in this report, including without limitation in “Item 1A – Risk Factors,” and from time to time in our other reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Other factors not currently anticipated may also materially and adversely affect our results of operations, cash flows and financial position. We do not undertake, and expressly disclaim, any obligation to update or alter any statements whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise except as required by law.

Item 1. Description of Business.

General

Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc., incorporated in the state of Michigan in 1996, manufactures hemodialysis concentrate solutions and dialysis kits, and we sell, distribute and deliver these and other ancillary hemodialysis products primarily to hemodialysis providers in the United States as well as internationally primarily in Asia, Latin America and Europe. Hemodialysis duplicates kidney function in patients with failing kidneys also known as End Stage Renal Disease (“ESRD”). ESRD is an advanced stage of chronic kidney disease (“CKD”) characterized by the irreversible loss of kidney function. Without properly functioning kidneys, a patient’s body cannot get rid of excess water and toxic waste products. Without frequent and ongoing dialysis treatments, these patients would not survive. Our dialysis solutions (also known as dialysate) are used to maintain life, removing toxins and replacing nutrients in the dialysis patient’s bloodstream.

We have licensed and are currently developing renal drug therapies. Our lead drug development product, soluble ferric pyrophosphate (“SFP”), is for iron supplementation, a key element in the formation of new red blood cells. Iron supplementation is routinely administered to more than 90% of patients receiving treatment for anemia. We have licensed a drug therapy, SFP, for the delivery of iron supplementation for anemic dialysis patients. To market SFP and realize a commercial benefit from this therapy, and pursuant to the licensing agreement, we must complete clinical trials and obtain U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) approval. We also plan to seek

 

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foreign market approval for this product or to license the technology to a pharmaceutical company who will seek market approval in the licensed markets. We believe this product will substantially improve iron maintenance therapy and, if approved, will compete for the global market for iron maintenance therapy. Based on reports from manufacturers of intravenous (“IV”) iron products and industry estimates, the market size in the United States for IV iron therapy for all indications is approximately $600 million per year. We estimate the global market for IV iron therapy is in excess of $850 million per year. We cannot, however, give any assurance that this product will be approved by the FDA or, if approved, that it will be successfully marketed.

We have acquired an Abbreviated New Drug Application (“ANDA”) allowing us to make calcitriol, a generic FDA- approved vitamin D analogue indicated for the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism. The majority of ESRD patients receive a form of vitamin D on a routine basis. Vitamin D is important in the regulation of calcium and phosphate in the bloodstream along with promoting bone health. Based on manufacturers’ reports and our own independent research, we believe the ESRD related vitamin D market in the United States to be over $350 million. Because we will be using a new location with a contract manufacturer to manufacture calcitriol, we will be required to gain FDA regulatory approval for changes in manufacturing prior to being able to market calcitriol. We anticipate gaining FDA regulatory approval in late 2012 and plan to begin marketing calcitriol thereafter.

Our Business Strategy

Our strategy is to become a leading biopharmaceutical company focused primarily on renal indications. The following are the key elements of our business strategy:

Obtain Regulatory Approval of our Lead Drug Candidate SFP Indicated for the Treatment of Iron Deficiency Anemia.

We are conducting Phase III clinical trials for SFP and will seek to obtain FDA regulatory approval to market SFP. We intend to market SFP using our existing operating business infrastructure which currently serves approximately 25% of the U.S. dialysis market.

Develop our Product Portfolio of Renal and Anemia Drugs, Including Extensions of SFP.

We intend to initiate clinical development and obtain FDA regulatory approval to market other extensions of drug products based upon the SFP technology. We believe our SFP technology can be leveraged into other applications, such as peritoneal dialysis.

Identify Novel Drug Targets to Address Unmet Market Opportunities.

Our objective is to identify and validate novel drug targets for development for conditions such as chronic kidney disease and ESRD as well as other therapeutic areas.

Acquire Rights to Complementary Drug Candidates and Technologies.

We intend to continue to selectively pursue and acquire rights to drug products in various stages of development and approval while leveraging our dialysis market position.

Obtain Partners to Achieve Global Development and Commercialization of our Products.

While we intend to commercialize SFP in the United States, we anticipate seeking commercial collaborations to develop our products, obtain regulatory approval and realize financial benefits on an international or global basis. We intend to leverage the development, regulatory and commercialization expertise of potential business partners to accelerate the development of certain potential products through licensing of selected technologies.

 

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Continue Development of our Commercial Business and Market Position.

We intend to continue to develop our market presence in our dialysis products business, which will provide a broader platform from which we can sell new products to the dialysis market. We may seek to acquire approved medical devices or drugs, other dialysis related products or service businesses including clinical or other dialysis service businesses that we believe may be complementary to our overall development efforts.

Our Markets

How Hemodialysis Works

Hemodialysis patients generally receive their treatments at independent hemodialysis clinics or at hospitals. A hemodialysis provider such as a hospital or a free standing clinic uses a dialysis station to treat patients. A dialysis station contains a dialysis machine that takes concentrate solutions primarily consisting of nutrients and minerals, such as our liquid concentrate solutions or our concentrate powders mixed with purified water, and accurately dilutes those solutions with purified water. The resulting solution, known as dialysate, is then pumped through a device known as a dialyzer (artificial kidney), while at the same time the patient’s blood is pumped through a semi-permeable membrane within the dialyzer. Excess water and chemicals from the patient’s blood pass through the membrane and are carried away in the dialysate while certain nutrients and minerals in the dialysate penetrate the membrane and enter the patient’s blood to maintain proper blood chemistry. Dialysate generally contains dextrose, sodium chloride, calcium, potassium, magnesium, sodium bicarbonate and acetic acid. Citric acid, which acts as an anticoagulant, may be used in place of acetic acid. The patient’s physician chooses the formula required for each patient based on each particular patient’s needs, although most patients receive one of eight common formulations.

In addition to using concentrate solutions and chemical powders (which must be replaced for each use for each patient), a dialysis provider also requires various other ancillary products such as blood tubing, fistula needles, specialized custom kits, dressings, cleaning agents, filtration salts and other supplies, many of which we sell.

Dialysis Industry Trends

Hemodialysis is the primary treatment modality employed in the United States with over 92% of all dialysis patients receiving hemodialysis. The Company does not compete in the peritoneal or home dialysis segments. Hemodialysis treatments are generally performed in independent clinics or hospitals with the majority of dialysis services performed by national and regional for profit dialysis chains. Based on data published by the U.S. Renal Data Systems (“USRDS”) we estimate that there are approximately 5,800 Medicare-certified treatment clinics in the United States. The two largest national for-profit dialysis chains service approximately 65% of the domestic hemodialysis market. According to industry statistics published by USRDS at the end of 2009, 387,000 patients in the United States were receiving dialysis treatments. The domestic dialysis industry has experienced steady patient population growth over the last several decades. U.S. patient population growth has averaged approximately 4% per year over the last five years.

ESRD incidence rates vary by country with some higher and most lower than the United States. Based on industry reports, the global ESRD population receiving some form of dialysis treatment is estimated to be over 2.1 million and to be growing at a rate of approximately 6% annually. The three major dialysis markets are the United States, the European Union and Japan, which together represent approximately half of the total global treatments based on industry estimates. The Asia-Pacific market area is projected to experience rapid growth in the incidence of kidney disease over the decade ahead.

Our Products

We manufacture, sell, distribute and deliver hemodialysis concentrates as well as a full line of ancillary hemodialysis products to hemodialysis providers and distributors located in 36 states and territories as well as a

 

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number of foreign countries, primarily in Asia. Latin America and Europe. Hemodialysis concentrates, which account for over 94% of our revenue, are comprised of two primary product types, which are generally described as acidified dialysate concentrate, also known as acid concentrate, and bicarbonate.

Renal Pure® & CitraPure® Liquid Acid Concentrate

Acid concentrate generally contains either citric acid or acetic acid, along with sodium chloride, dextrose and electrolyte additives such as magnesium, potassium, and calcium. Acid concentrate products are manufactured in three basic series to reflect the dilution ratios used in various types of dialysis machines. We supply all three series and currently manufacture approximately 60 different liquid acid concentrate formulations. We supply liquid acid concentrate in both 55 gallon drums and in cases containing four one gallon containers. Our acetate-free, citric-acid concentrate includes citrate which acts as an anticoagulant and has been known to reduce inflammation.

Dri-Sate ® Dry Acid Concentrate & Mixing System

We have 510(k) clearance from the FDA to market Dri-Sate® Dry Acid Concentrate and our Dri-Sate Mixer. Our Dri-Sate Dry Acid Concentrate and Dri-Sate Mixer allow a clinic to mix its acid concentrate on-site. The clinical technician, using a specially designed mixer, adds pre-measured packets of the necessary ingredients to 50 or 100 gallons of purified water (AMII standard). Once mixed, the product is equivalent to the acid concentrate provided to our customers in liquid form. Clinics using Dri-Sate® Dry Acid Concentrate realize numerous advantages, including lower cost per treatment, reduced storage space requirements, reduced number of deliveries and more flexibility in scheduling deliveries. In addition to the advantages to our customers, our freight costs are lower for Dri-Sate® Dry Acid Concentrate than for acid concentrate in the liquid form. We can also realize greater productivity from our truck fleet resources delivering dry products.

RenalPure® Powder Bicarbonate Concentrate

Bicarbonate is generally sold in powder form and each clinic generally mixes bicarbonate on site as required. We offer 9 different bicarbonate powder products covering all three series of generally used bicarbonate dilution ratios.

SteriLyte® Liquid Bicarbonate Concentrate

We have 510(k) clearance from the FDA to market liquid bicarbonate, which we sell under the trade name SteriLyte® Liquid Bicarbonate. Our SteriLyte® Liquid Bicarbonate is used in both acute care and chronic care settings. Our SteriLyte® Liquid Bicarbonate offers the dialysis community a high-quality product and provides the clinic a safe supply of bicarbonate.

Ancillary Products

We offer a wide range of ancillary products including blood tubing, fistula needles, specialized custom kits, dressings, cleaning agents, filtration salts and other supplies used by hemodialysis providers.

SFP Iron Therapy

We have licensed the exclusive right to manufacture and sell SFP, a product that we believe, if and when approved by the FDA, will substantially improve the treatment of dialysis patients with iron deficiency, which is pervasive in the dialysis patient population. Iron deficiency in dialysis patients typically results from the continual blood losses from the dialysis treatment coupled with the demands placed upon the body by current dialysis drug therapies. Most dialysis patients receive replacement therapy of recombinant human erythropoietin commonly referred to as erythropoiesis stimulating agents, or ESA. An ESA is an artificial hormone that acts in

 

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the bone marrow to increase the production of red blood cells, which carry oxygen throughout the body to nourish tissues and sustain life. Hemoglobin, an important constituent of red blood cells, is composed largely of iron and protein.

Treatment with ESA therapy requires adequate amounts of iron, as well as the rapid mobilization of iron reserves, for new hemoglobin synthesis and new red blood cell formation. The demands of this therapy can outstrip the body’s ability to mobilize iron stores. An ESA is commonly administered as a large IV injection on an intermittent basis, which creates an unnatural strain on the iron release process when the need for iron outstrips its rate of delivery, called functional iron deficiency. Accordingly, iron supplementation is required to maintain proper iron balance and ensure good therapeutic response from ESA treatments. The liver is the site of most stored iron. Iron stores typically will be depleted before the production of iron-containing proteins, including hemoglobin, is impaired. Most dialysis patients receiving ESA therapy also receive iron therapy in order to maintain sufficient iron stores and to achieve the full benefit of ESA treatments.

Current iron therapy to the ESRD population is generally provided thorough IV parenteral iron compounds, which are ultimately taken up by the reticuloendothelial system and primarily deposited in the liver rather than directly to blood plasma to be carried to the bone marrow. The liver slowly processes these iron deposits into a useable form. As a result of the time it takes for the liver to process a dosage of IV iron into useable form, there can be volatility in iron stores, which can reduce the effectiveness of ESA treatments. In addition, IV iron generally produces an inflammatory response limiting the amount of iron released from the liver.

Our SFP is distinctly different from IV iron compounds because our product transfers iron in a useable form directly from dialysate into the blood plasma, from which it is carried directly to the bone marrow for the formation of new red blood cells. The kinetic properties of our iron compound allow for the rapid uptake of iron in blood plasma by molecules that transport iron called transferrin. The frequency and dosage of our SFP iron delivered via dialysate is designed and intended to maintain iron balance in a steady state. We believe that this more direct method of iron delivery will be more effective at maintaining iron balance in a steady state and achieving superior therapeutic response from ESA treatments.

SFP has other benefits that we believe are important. Iron administered by our product bypasses the liver altogether and thereby avoids causing oxidative stress to the liver, which we believe is a significant risk of current iron supplement therapies. In addition, we believe that clinics may realize significant drug administration savings due to decreased nursing time for administration and elimination of supplies necessary to administer IV iron compounds.

We started our Phase III clinical program for SFP in 2011 and expect those studies to be completed in the first half of 2013. If those studies are successful, we plan to submit a New Drug Application to seek FDA approval to market SFP in the United States. We intend to license SFP or seek a partner for commercial development of SFP for markets outside of the United States.

Distribution and Delivery Operations

The majority of our domestic sales are delivered by our subsidiary, Rockwell Transportation, Inc. Rockwell Transportation, Inc. operates a fleet of trucks which are used to deliver products to our customers. A portion of our deliveries, primarily to medical products distributors, is provided by common carriers chosen by us based on rates.

We perform services for customers that are generally not available from common carriers, such as stock rotation, non-loading-dock delivery and drum pump-offs. Certain of our competitors use common carriers or otherwise do not perform the same services upon delivery of their products. We believe we offer a higher level of service to our customers because we use our own delivery vehicles and drivers.

 

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Our Dri-Sate® Dry Acid Concentrate provides an economic incentive to our customers to migrate from liquid acid dialysate in drums to our dry acid concentrate as a result of distribution synergies realized from Dri-Sate®. As an example, a pallet containing four drums of liquid acid concentrate contains 220 gallons of liquid acid concentrate. On a pallet containing our Dri-Sate® Dry Acid Concentrate, we can ship the equivalent of 1,200 gallons of acid concentrate in powder form. The potential distribution savings offered with Dri-Sate® coupled with other advantages over drums make Dri-Sate® an attractive alternative for many customers.

Sales and Marketing

We primarily sell our products directly to domestic hemodialysis providers through direct salespeople employed by us and through independent sales representation companies. Our President and Chief Executive Officer leads and directs our sales efforts to our major accounts. We also utilize independent distributors in the United States. Our products are sold to certain international customers through independent sales agents and distributors.

Our sales and marketing initiatives are directed at purchasing decision makers at large for-profit national and regional hemodialysis chains and toward independent hemodialysis service providers. Our marketing efforts include advertising in trade publications, distribution of product literature and attendance at industry trade shows and conferences. We target our sales and marketing efforts to clinic administrators, purchasing professionals, nurses, medical directors of clinics, hospital administrators and nephrologists.

Competition

Dialysis Concentrate and Supplies Competition

We compete against larger and more established competitors with substantially greater financial, technical, manufacturing, marketing, research and development and management resources. We have two major competitors. Our largest competitor is a subsidiary of Fresenius Medical Care AG& Co. KGaA (“Fresenius”), which is primarily in the business of operating dialysis clinics but also manufactures and markets dialysis devices, drugs and supplies. Globally, Fresenius is vertically integrated, manufacturing a broad range of dialysis products, marketing several dialysis related drugs, and selling a more comprehensive line of dialysis equipment, supplies and services than we sell.

Fresenius treats over 130,000 dialysis patients in North America and operates approximately 1,800 clinics in the United States. It also has a renal products business that manufactures a broad array of equipment and supplies, including dialysis machines, dialyzers (artificial kidneys), concentrates and other supplies used in hemodialysis. In addition to its captive customer base in its own clinics, Fresenius also serves other clinic chains and independent clinics with its broad array of products where it commands a market leading position in its key product lines. Fresenius manufactures its concentrate in its own regional manufacturing facilities. Fresenius operates an extensive warehouse network in the United States serving its captive customer base and other independent clinics.

We also compete against Cantel Medical Corp.’s subsidiary, Minntech Corporation (“Minntech”). Minntech’s Renal Systems division primarily sells dialysis concentrates and Renalin, a specialty reuse agent for sanitizing dialyzers. Minntech has one domestic manufacturing facility located in Minnesota. We believe Minntech primarily sells its liquid concentrate products to domestic customers within a 300 mile radius of its facility.

In addition, we compete against other distributors with respect to certain ancillary products and supplies.

Vitamin D Therapy Market Competition

We intend to begin marketing an intravenous vitamin D drug, calcitriol, in late 2012 following receipt of FDA approval. There are two primary branded drug competitors in the IV vitamin D market and several generic drug competitors. The market leader is Abbott Laboratories, which markets Zemplar® and prior to introducing Zemplar® marketed Calcijex®, the branded version of calcitriol. Sanofi-Aventis, through its Genzyme subsidiary,

 

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markets Hectorol® and several other companies offer oral forms of vitamin D. Several other companies have historically marketed calcitriol. We plan to compete against these various vitamin D analogues and other generic competitors who may market calcitriol. We believe that our dialysis market position, product offering and account relationships may provide us with an advantage over other competitors in this market.

Iron Maintenance Therapy Market Competition

We intend to enter the iron maintenance therapy market for the treatment of dialysis patients with anemia if we obtain FDA approval to market SFP. The iron therapy market for IV iron in the United States presently has several competitors and is dominated by two second generation IV iron drugs, Venofer® and Ferrlecit®. Venofer® is the global market leader for IV iron therapy. Venofer® is owned by Switzerland-based Galenica. Galenica has also developed a new product, Ferinject®, for which it is seeking FDA approval. Ferinject® is not approved for marketing in the United States. We believe that Ferinject® is primarily intended to target the pre-ESRD markets and other indications such as oncology.

In the U.S. and Canada, Galenica exclusively licenses Venofer® and Injectafer® (US brand name for Ferinject®) to Luitpold Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a wholly owned US subsidiary of Daiichi Sankyo Company Ltd., which has entered into a corresponding ten year sublicense agreement with Fresenius to manufacture and distribute Venofer® to the dialysis market in the US and Canada. Venofer® is currently being marketed by Fresenius in the United States to the dialysis market while Luitpold, through its subsidiary American Regent, Inc., markets Venofer for other markets and indications including the pre-dialysis CKD market.

Sanofi-Aventis did not renew its US marketing license of Ferrlecit® with Watson Pharmaceutical, Inc. (“Watson”) and markets Ferrlecit® in the United States. Ferrlecit® is an injectable iron supplement made of sodium ferric gluconate complex in sucrose.

Watson, a large manufacturer of both generic and branded drugs, introduced a generic IV iron in 2011, Nulecit®. Watson also markets a product called IN-FeD® which is an injectable iron supplement made of dextran and ferric hydroxide.

Providers may be attracted to SFP over IV iron products due to the lower cost of administration and the potential for improved therapeutic response over more costly ESA treatments.

Bundled Reimbursement

The markets for drug products are highly competitive. Competition in drug delivery systems is generally based on marketing strength, product performance characteristics (i.e., reliability, safety, patient convenience) and product price. Acceptance by dialysis providers and nephrologists is also critical to the success of a product. The first product on the market in a particular therapeutic area typically is able to obtain and maintain a significant market share. In a highly competitive marketplace and with evolving technology, additional product introductions or developments by others might render our products or technologies noncompetitive or obsolete. In addition, pharmaceutical and medical device companies are largely dependent upon health care providers being reimbursed by private insurers and government payors. Drugs approved by the FDA might not receive reimbursement from private insurers or government payors.

Prior to 2011, CMS had historically paid providers for dialysis treatments under the Medicare program in two parts: the composite rate and separately reimbursed drugs and services. The composite rate is payment for the complete dialysis treatment except for physicians’ professional services, separately billed laboratory services and separately billed drugs. CMS reimbursement practices changed starting in 2011, which we believe may benefit our marketing efforts. CMS began implementation of a fully bundled reimbursement rate on January 1, 2011 which is intended to be fully implemented by 2014. This change has resulted in a single composite rate per treatment, thereby eliminating most separate charges for individual drugs and services to providers. With the implementation of a single bundled rate for dialysis treatments, most dialysis drugs will no longer receive

 

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separate reimbursement. As a result, dialysis drugs will now likely be viewed by providers as a cost rather than as a source of revenue to the dialysis service provider. We believe that the provider market may find the potential economic advantages of SFP to be an attractive alternative to IV iron drugs. Similarly, calcitriol may provide potential cost advantages over branded vitamin D analogues.

Quality Assurance and Control

We place significant emphasis on providing quality products and services to our customers. Quality management plays an essential role in determining and meeting customer requirements, identifying, preventing and correcting variance from specifications and improving our products. We have implemented quality systems that involve control procedures that result in rigid conformance to specifications. Our quality systems also include assessments of suppliers of raw materials, packaging components and finished goods, and quality management reviews designed to inform management of key issues that may affect the quality of products, assess the effectiveness of our quality systems and identify areas for improvement.

Technically trained professionals at our production facilities develop and implement our quality systems which include specific product testing procedures and training of employees reinforcing our commitment to quality and promoting continuous process improvements. To assure quality and consistency of our concentrates, we conduct specific analytical tests during the manufacturing process for each type of product that we manufacture. Our quality control laboratory at each facility conducts analytical tests to verify that the chemical properties of the concentrates comply with the specifications required by industry standards. Upon verification that a batch meets those specifications, we then package those concentrates. We also test packaged concentrates at the beginning and end of each production run to assure product consistency during the filling process. Each batch is assigned a lot number for tracking purposes and becomes available for shipment after verification that all product specifications have been met.

We use automated testing equipment in order to assure quality and consistency in the manufacture of our concentrates. The equipment allows us to analyze the materials used in the hemodialysis concentrate manufacturing process, to assay and adjust the in-process hemodialysis concentrate, and to assay and certify that the finished products are within the chemical and biological specifications required by industry regulations. Our testing equipment provides us with a high degree of accuracy and efficiency in performing the necessary testing.

Government Regulation

The testing, manufacture and sale of our hemodialysis concentrates and the ancillary products we distribute are subject to regulation by numerous governmental authorities, principally the FDA and corresponding state and foreign agencies. Under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (the “FD&C Act”), and FDA regulations, the FDA regulates the pre-clinical and clinical testing, manufacture, labeling, distribution and marketing of medical devices. Noncompliance with applicable requirements can result in, among other things, fines, injunctions, civil penalties, recall or seizure of products, total or partial suspension of production, failure of the government to grant pre-market clearance or pre-market approval for devices, withdrawal of marketing clearances or approvals and criminal prosecution.

We plan to develop and commercialize selected drug candidates by ourselves such as SFP. The development and regulatory approval process, which includes preclinical testing and clinical trials of each product candidate, is lengthy and uncertain. Before marketing in the United States, any pharmaceutical or therapeutic product must undergo rigorous preclinical testing and clinical trials and an extensive regulatory approval process implemented by the FDA under the FD&C Act.

Moreover, the FDA imposes substantial requirements on new product research and the clinical development, manufacture and marketing of pharmaceutical products, including testing and clinical trials to establish the safety and effectiveness of these products.

 

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Medical Device Approval and Regulation

A medical device may be marketed in the United States only with prior authorization from the FDA unless it is subject to a specific exemption. Devices classified as Class I devices (general controls) or Class II devices (general and special controls) may be eligible to seek “510(k) clearance” from the FDA. Such clearance generally is granted when submitted information establishes that a proposed device is “substantially equivalent” in terms of safety and effectiveness to a legally marketed device that is not subject to premarket approval. A legally marketed device is a “pre-amendment” device that was legally marketed prior to May 28, 1976 or a device that has been reclassified from Class III to Class I or II. The FDA in recent years has been requiring a more rigorous demonstration of substantial equivalence than in the past, including requiring clinical trial data in some cases. For any devices that are cleared through the 510(k) process, modifications or enhancements that could significantly affect safety or effectiveness, or constitute a major change in the intended use of the device, will require new 510(k) submissions. We have been advised that it usually takes from three to six months from the date of submission to obtain 510(k) clearance, and may take substantially longer. Our hemodialysis concentrates, liquid bicarbonate and other ancillary products are categorized as Class II devices.

A device which sustains or supports life, prevents impairment of human health or which presents a potential unreasonable risk of illness or injury is categorized as a Class III device. A Class III device generally must receive approval through a pre-market approval (“PMA”) application, which requires proving the safety and effectiveness of the device to the FDA. The process of obtaining PMA approval is expensive and uncertain. We have been advised that it usually takes from one to three years to obtain approval after filing the request, and may take substantially longer.

If human clinical trials of a device are required, whether for a 510(k) submission or a PMA application, and the device presents a “significant risk,” the sponsor of the trial (usually the manufacturer or the distributor of the device) will have to file an investigational device exemption (“IDE”) application prior to commencing human clinical trials. The IDE application must be supported by data, typically including the results of animal and laboratory testing. If the IDE application is approved by the FDA and one or more appropriate Institutional Review Boards (“IRBs”), the device may be shipped for the purpose of conducting the investigations without compliance with all of the requirements of the FD&C Act and human clinical trials may begin. The FDA will specify the number of investigational sites and the number of patients that may be included in the investigation. If the device does not present a “significant risk” to the patient, a sponsor may begin the clinical trial after obtaining approval for the study by one or more appropriate IRBs without the need for FDA approval.

Any devices manufactured or distributed by us pursuant to FDA clearances or approvals are subject to pervasive and continuing regulation by the FDA and certain state agencies. As a manufacturer of medical devices for marketing in the United States we are required to adhere to regulations setting forth detailed good manufacturing practice (“GMP”) requirements, which include testing, control and documentation requirements. We must also comply with medical device reporting regulations which require that we report to the FDA any incident in which our products may have caused or contributed to a death or serious injury, or in which our products malfunctioned and, if the malfunction were to recur, it would be likely to cause or contribute to a death or serious injury. Labeling and promotional activities are subject to scrutiny by the FDA and, in certain circumstances, by the Federal Trade Commission. Current FDA enforcement policy prohibits the marketing of approved medical devices for unapproved uses.

We are subject to routine inspection by the FDA and certain state agencies for compliance with GMP requirements and other applicable quality system regulations. We are also subject to numerous federal, state and local laws relating to such matters as safe working conditions, manufacturing practices, environmental protection, fire hazard control, transportation and disposal of hazardous or potentially hazardous substances.

We have 510(k) clearance from the FDA to market hemodialysis concentrates in both liquid and powder form. In addition, we have received 510(k) clearance for our Dri-Sate Dry Acid Concentrate Mixer.

 

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We must comply with the FD&C Act and related laws and regulations, including GMP, to retain 510(k) clearances. We cannot assure you that we will be able to maintain our 510(k) clearances from the FDA to manufacture and distribute our products. If we fail to maintain our 510(k) clearances, we may be required to cease manufacturing and/or distributing our products, which would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. If any of our FDA clearances are denied or rescinded, sales of our products in the United States would be prohibited during the period we do not have such clearances.

In addition to the regulations for medical devices covering our current dialysate products, our new product development efforts will be subject to the regulations pertaining to pharmaceutical products. We have signed a licensing agreement for iron supplemented dialysate to be included in our dialysate products. Water soluble iron supplements when coupled with our dialysate are intended to be used as an iron maintenance therapy for dialysis patients, and we have been advised that this dialysate iron product will be considered a drug/device combination by the FDA. As a result, SFP will be subject to the FDA regulations for both pharmaceutical products and medical devices.

Drug Approval and Regulation

The marketing of pharmaceutical products, such as SFP, in the United States requires the approval of the FDA. The FDA has established regulations, guidelines and safety standards which apply to the pre-clinical evaluation, clinical testing, manufacturing and marketing of SFP and our other pharmaceutical products. The process of obtaining FDA approval for our new product may take several years and involves the expenditure of substantial resources. The steps required before a pharmaceutical product can be produced and marketed for human use include: (i) pre-clinical studies; (ii) submission to the FDA of an Investigational New Drug Application (“IND”), which must become effective before human clinical trials may commence in the United States; (iii) adequate and well controlled human clinical trials; (iv) submission to the FDA of a New Drug Application (“NDA”) or, in some cases, an Abbreviated New Drug Application (“ANDA”); and (v) review and approval of the NDA or ANDA by the FDA. An NDA generally is required for products with new active ingredients, new indications, new routes of administration, new dosage forms or new strengths. An NDA requires that complete clinical studies of a product’s safety and efficacy be submitted to the FDA, the cost of which is substantial. The costs are often less, however, for new delivery systems which utilize already approved drugs than for drugs with new active ingredients.

An ANDA is a marketing application filed as part of an abbreviated approval process that is available for generic drug products that have the same active ingredient(s), indication, route of administration, dosage form and dosage strength as an existing FDA-approved product, if studies have demonstrated bio-equivalence of the new product to the FDA-approved product. Under applicable regulations, companies that seek to introduce an ANDA product must also certify that the product does not infringe on the approved product’s patent or that such patent has expired. If the applicant certifies that its product does not infringe on the approved product’s patent, the patent holder may institute legal action to determine the relative rights of the parties and the application of the patent, and the FDA may not finally approve the ANDA until a court finally determines that the applicable patent is invalid or would not be infringed by the applicant’s product.

Pre-clinical studies are conducted to obtain preliminary information on a pharmaceutical product’s efficacy and safety in animal or in vitro models. The results of these studies are submitted to the FDA as part of the IND and are reviewed by the FDA before human clinical trials begin. Human clinical trials may begin 30 days after receipt of the IND by the FDA unless the FDA objects to the commencement of clinical trials.

Human clinical trials are typically conducted in three sequential phases, but the phases may overlap. Phase I trials consist of testing the product primarily for safety in a small number of patients or healthy volunteers at one or more doses. In Phase II trials, the safety and efficacy of the product are evaluated in a patient population somewhat larger than the Phase I trials with the primary intent of determining the effective dose range. Phase III trials typically involve additional testing for safety and clinical efficacy in an expanded population at a large

 

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number of test sites. A clinical plan, or protocol, accompanied by documentation from the institutions participating in the trials, must be received by the FDA prior to commencement of each of the clinical trials. The FDA may order the temporary or permanent discontinuation of a clinical trial at any time.

The results of product development and pre-clinical and clinical studies are submitted to the FDA as an NDA or an ANDA for approval. If an application is submitted, there can be no assurance that the FDA will review and approve the NDA or an ANDA in a timely manner. The FDA may deny an NDA or an ANDA if applicable regulatory criteria are not satisfied or it may require additional testing, including pre-clinical, clinical and or product manufacturing tests. Even if such data are submitted, the FDA may ultimately deny approval of the product. Further, if there are any modifications to the drug, including changes in indication, manufacturing process, labeling, or a change in a manufacturing facility, an NDA or an ANDA supplement may be required to be submitted to the FDA. Product approvals may be withdrawn after the product reaches the market if compliance with regulatory standards is not maintained or if problems occur regarding the safety or efficacy of the product. The FDA may require testing and surveillance programs to monitor the effect of products which have been commercialized, and has the power to prevent or limit further marketing of these products based on the results of these post-marketing programs.

Manufacturing facilities are subject to periodic inspections for compliance with regulations and each domestic drug manufacturing facility must be registered with the FDA. Foreign regulatory authorities may also have similar regulations. We expend significant time, money and effort in the area of quality assurance to fully comply with all applicable requirements. FDA approval to manufacture a drug is site specific. In the event an approved manufacturing facility for a particular drug becomes inoperable, obtaining the required FDA approval to manufacture such drug at a different manufacturing site could result in production delays, which could adversely affect our business and results of operations. Manufacturers and distributors must comply with various post-market requirements, including adverse event reporting, re-evaluation of approval decisions and notices of changes in the product.

Other government regulations

The federal and state governments in the United States, as well as many foreign governments, from time to time explore ways to reduce medical care costs through health care reform. Due to uncertainties regarding the ultimate features of reform initiatives and their enactment and implementation, we cannot predict what impact any reform proposal ultimately adopted may have on the pharmaceutical and medical device industry or on our business or operating results. Health reform legislation enacted in 2010 is likely to result in material changes to the Medicare and Medicaid programs and levels of reimbursement and will impose excise taxes on medical devices and pharmaceutical products. Our activities are subject to various federal, state and local laws and regulations regarding occupational safety, laboratory practices, and environmental protection and may be subject to other present and possible future local, state, federal and foreign regulations.

The approval procedures for the marketing of our products in foreign countries vary from country to country, and the time required for approval may be longer or shorter than that required for FDA approval. We generally depend on our foreign distributors or marketing partners to obtain the appropriate regulatory approvals to market our products in those countries which typically do not require additional testing for products that have received FDA approval.

However, since medical practice and governmental regulations differ across regions, further testing may be needed to support market introduction in some foreign countries. Some foreign regulatory agencies may require additional studies involving patients located in their countries. Even after foreign approvals are obtained, further delays may be encountered before products may be marketed. Issues related to import and export can delay product introduction. Many countries require additional governmental approval for price reimbursement under national health insurance systems.

 

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Product License Agreements

We are party to a license agreement for SFP that covers issued patents in the United States, the European Union and Japan, as well as patent and pending patent applications in other foreign jurisdictions. We licensed the product from a company owned by Dr. Ajay Gupta who subsequently joined us as our Chief Scientific Officer. The license agreement continues for the duration of the underlying patents in each country, or until December 30, 2017 in the United States, and may be extended thereafter. Patents were issued in the United States in 2004. The European patent was issued in 2005 and extends through 2017. The Japanese patent was issued in 2007 and 2011 and extends through 2017. If we are successful in obtaining FDA approval we may apply for an extension of our patent exclusivity for up to five years. As noted below in “Trademarks and Patents,” the Company has also received patent protection on the pharmaceutical grade formulation of the active pharmaceutical ingredient in SFP which extends patent protection until 2029.

Our SFP license agreement requires us to obtain and pay the cost of obtaining FDA approval of the product in order to realize any benefit from commercialization of the product. In addition to funding safety pharmacology testing, clinical trials and patent maintenance expenses, we are obligated to make certain milestone payments and to pay ongoing royalties upon successful introduction of the product. The milestone payments include a payment of $50,000 which will become due upon completion of Phase III clinical trials, a payment of $100,000 which will become due upon FDA approval of the product and a payment of $175,000 which will become due upon issuance of a reimbursement code covering the product.

We own an ANDA for calcitriol. We are in the process of obtaining FDA approval to market this product following manufacturing changes relating to a contract manufacturer that we have contracted with to manufacture calcitriol. The purchase agreement allows us until July 13, 2012, upon payment of an immaterial amount in cash, to return the ANDA to the seller should we decide not to market the drug. If we do not return the ANDA, we must make a final payment for the ANDA in the amount of $550,000.

Trademarks and Patents

We have several trademarks and servicemarks used on our products and in our advertising and promotion of our products, and we have applied for U.S. registration of such marks. Most such applications have resulted in registration of such trademarks and servicemarks.

We were issued a U.S. patent on the synthesis and formulation of our pharmaceutical grade formulation of SFP. The U.S patent expires on April 17, 2029. Further patent applications are pending in other jurisdictions including Europe, Japan and Canada.

We were also issued patents in the U.S. and Canada for our Dri-Sate Dry Acid Concentrate method and apparatus for preparing liquid dialysate which expire on September 17, 2019.

Suppliers

We believe the raw materials and packaging materials for our hemodialysis concentrates, the components for our hemodialysis kits and the ancillary hemodialysis products distributed by us are generally available from several potential suppliers. Key suppliers of services for our clinical trials, including contract research organizations, lab testing services and other service providers, are available from a number of potential vendors.

Customers

We operate in one market segment which involves the manufacture and distribution of hemodialysis concentrates, dialysis kits and ancillary products used in the dialysis process to hemodialysis clinics. For the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009, one customer, DaVita Inc., accounted for 48%, 42% and 50%

 

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of our sales, respectively. Our accounts receivable from this customer were $2,073,000 and $2,336,526 as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. We are dependent on this key customer and the loss of its business would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. One distributor accounted for 15% of our sales in 2010 and 2% in 2011. Due to credit arrangements with this distributor no accounts receivable were due as of either December 31, 2010 or December 31, 2011. No other customers accounted for more than 10% of our sales in the last three years.

The majority of our international sales in each of the last three years were sales to domestic distributors that were resold to end users outside the United States. Our sales to foreign customers and distributors were less than 5% of our total sales in 2011 and 2010. We have no assets outside the United States. Our total international sales, including sales to domestic distributors for resale outside the United States, aggregated 13%, 23% and 12%, of overall sales in 2011, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

Employees

As of December 31, 2011, we had approximately 240 employees, substantially all of whom are full time employees. Our arrangements with our employees are not governed by any collective bargaining agreement. Our employees are employed on an “at-will” basis.

Research & Development

We are required to pay the cost of obtaining FDA approval to market SFP in order to realize any benefit from commercialization of the product, which we expect will take several years and be costly to us. We completed our pre-clinical testing in 2007 and our Phase IIb dose ranging study in late 2009. We began our Phase III clinical program in 2011. We engaged outside service providers, contract research organizations, consultants and legal counsel to assist us with clinical trials, product development and obtaining regulatory approval. In addition, we incurred ongoing expenses related to obtaining additional protection of the intellectual property underlying our licensing agreements. In 2011, 2010 and 2009, we incurred aggregate expenses related to the commercial development of SFP of approximately $17.4 million, $3.4 million and $6.5 million, respectively.

Where You Can Get Information We File with the SEC

Our internet address is http://www.rockwellmed.com. You can access free of charge on our web site all of our reports filed pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, including our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports. These reports are available as soon as practicable after they are electronically filed with the SEC.

The SEC also maintains a website on the internet that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information regarding issuers, such as us, that file electronically with the SEC. The address of the SEC’s Web site is http://www.sec.gov.

 

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Item 1A. Risk Factors.

Investing in our common stock involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully consider the risks and uncertainties described below before purchasing our common stock. The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones facing our company. Additional risks and uncertainties may also impair our business operations. If any of the following risks actually occur, our business, financial condition or results of operations would likely suffer. In that case, the trading price of our common stock could fall, and you may lose all or part of the money you paid to buy our common stock.

RISKS RELATED TO OUR BUSINESS

The dialysis provider market is highly concentrated in national and regional dialysis chains that account for the majority of our domestic revenue. Our business is substantially dependent on a few customers that account for a substantial portion of our sales. The loss of any of these customers would have a material adverse affect on our results of operations and cash flow.

Our revenue is highly concentrated in a few customers and the loss of any of those customers could adversely affect our results. One customer in particular accounted for 48% of our sales in 2011 and has accounted for 42% to 52% of our revenues during each of the last five years. If we were to lose this customer or our relationship with any of our other major national and regional dialysis chain customers, it would have a substantial negative impact on our cash flow and operating results and could have a detrimental impact on our ability to continue our operations in their current form or to continue to execute our business strategy. If we lost a substantial portion of our business, we would be required to take actions to conserve our cash resources and to mitigate the impact of any such losses on our business operations.

We operate in a very competitive market against a substantially larger competitor with greater resources.

There is intense competition in the hemodialysis product market and our primary competitor is a large diversified company which has substantially greater financial, technical, manufacturing, marketing, research and development and management resources than we do. We may not be able to successfully compete with them or other companies. Our primary competitor has historically used product bundling and low pricing as marketing techniques to capture market share of the products we sell and as we do not manufacture or sell the same breadth of products as our primary competitor, we may be at a disadvantage in competing against their marketing strategies. Furthermore, our primary competitor is vertically integrated and is the largest provider of dialysis services in the United States with approximately one-third of all U.S. patients treated by this company through its clinics. This competitor has routinely acquired smaller clinic chain operations and may acquire some of our current customers in the future.

Our lead drug candidate requires FDA approval and expensive clinical trials before it can be marketed.

We are seeking FDA approval for SFP, a drug used in the treatment of anemia. Obtaining FDA approval for any drug is expensive and can take a long time. We may not be successful in obtaining FDA approval for SFP. The FDA may change, expand or alter its requirements for testing, which may increase the scope, duration and cost of our clinical development plan. Clinical trials are expensive and time consuming to complete, and we may not have sufficient funds to complete the clinical trials to obtain marketing approval.

Our clinical trials might not prove successful. Positive results in early clinical trials of a drug candidate may not be replicated in later clinical trials. A number of companies in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries have suffered significant setbacks in late-stage clinical trials even after achieving promising results in earlier-stage development. We cannot assure you that the phase 3 clinical trial will achieve positive results.

In addition, the FDA may order the temporary or permanent discontinuation of a clinical trial at any time. Many products that undergo clinical trials are never approved for patient use. Thus, it is possible that our new

 

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proprietary products may never be approved to be marketed. If we are unable to obtain marketing approval, our entire investment in new products may be worthless, our licensing rights could be forfeited and the price of our common stock could substantially decline.

Even if our new drug products are approved by the FDA, we may not be able to market those successfully.

Even if SFP is approved by the FDA, the commercial success of SFP will depend on a number of factors, including the following:

 

   

several drugs currently dominate treatment for iron deficiency and SFP will have to compete against existing products;

 

   

it may be difficult to gain market acceptance of a new product;

 

   

nephrologists, anemia managers and dialysis chains may be slow to change their clinical practice protocols for new products or may not change their protocols at all;

 

   

achieving and maintaining compliance with all regulatory requirements applicable to SFP;

 

   

the effectiveness of our marketing, sales and distribution strategies and operations for development and commercialization of SFP;

 

   

our ability to avoid third party patent interference or patent infringement claims; and

 

   

a continued acceptable safety profile of SFP following approval.

Furthermore, dialysis providers are dependent upon government reimbursement practices for the majority of their revenue. If we obtain approval for our SFP product, the product will be included as part of the single bundled payment rate implemented by Medicare in 2011 and will likely not require a separate reimbursement code as nearly all providers are expected to have adopted the single bundled payment rate prior to FDA approval to market SFP.

Many of these factors are beyond our control. Accordingly, we cannot assure you that we will ever be able to generate revenues through the sale of SFP. If we are not successful in commercializing SFP, or are significantly delayed in doing so, our entire investment in new products may be worthless, our licensing rights could be forfeited and the price of our common stock could substantially decline.

In addition, we are seeking FDA approval for a change in manufacturing location for a generic version of calcitriol, which we acquired from a third party. While we anticipate timely approval of these changes, we must meet certain regulatory requirements for product testing and stability. If we encounter testing that does not meet approvable standards or if we experience operational issues with our CMO, our introduction of calcitriol could be delayed beyond our expectations.

The market for generic drugs is generally very competitive. Even if the FDA approves our generic version of calcitriol for marketing, we may encounter a very competitive environment for calcitriol which may make it difficult for us to capture significant market share. If we do have success in capturing market share with calcitriol, it may attract other entrants to market their own generic version of calcitriol, which could have a material adverse effect on our future revenues and results of operations.

We may not be successful in maintaining our gross profit margins.

A significant portion of our costs are for chemicals and fuel which are subject to pricing volatility based on demand and are highly influenced by the overall level of economic activity in the U.S. and abroad. These costs rose during 2010 and 2011 and had a negative effect on our gross margins. We may realize future cost and pricing pressure which may cause our gross profit margins to decrease further and have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.

 

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Our products are distribution-intensive, resulting in a high cost to deliver relative to the selling prices of our products. The cost of diesel fuel represents a significant operating cost for us. If oil costs increase or if oil prices spike upward, we may be unable to recover those increased costs through higher pricing. Also, as we increase our business in certain markets and regions, which are farther from our manufacturing facilities than we have historically served, we may incur additional costs that are greater than the additional revenue generated from these initiatives. Our customer mix may change to a less favorable customer base with lower gross profit margins.

Our competitors have often used bundling techniques to sell a broad range of products and have often offered low prices on dialysis concentrate products to induce customers to purchase their other higher margin products, such as dialysis machines and dialyzers. It may be difficult for us to raise prices due to these competitive pressures.

Our suppliers may increase their prices faster than we are able to raise our prices to offset such increases. We may have limited ability to gain a raw material pricing advantage by changing vendors for certain chemicals and packaging materials.

As we increase our manufacturing and distribution infrastructure we may incur costs for an indefinite period that are greater than the incremental revenue we derive from these expansion efforts.

We have incurred net losses in each of the last several years and we may not achieve or sustain profitability.

We incurred a net loss in each of the last several years and, as of December 31, 2011, our accumulated deficit was $56.0 million. Our losses have resulted principally from expenses incurred in research and development of our technology and products. We expect to continue to incur operating losses in the future as we continue our research and development efforts and seek to obtain regulatory approval of our products. Our ability to achieve profitability depends on our ability to raise additional capital, complete development of our products, obtain regulatory approvals and market our products. It is uncertain when, if ever, we will become profitable.

We may require substantial additional financing to achieve our goals, and a failure to obtain this necessary capital when needed could force us to delay, limit, reduce or terminate our product development or commercialization efforts.

Over the last several years, we have dedicated a significant portion of our resources to the preclinical and clinical development of SFP. In particular, we are currently conducting a phase 3 clinical program for SFP, which will require substantial funds to complete. We believe that we will continue to expend substantial resources for the foreseeable future developing SFP. These expenditures will include costs associated with research and development, conducting clinical trials, obtaining regulatory approvals and manufacturing products, as well as marketing and selling any products approved for sale. In addition, other unanticipated costs may arise. Because the outcome of our planned and anticipated clinical trials is highly uncertain, we cannot reasonably estimate the actual amounts necessary to successfully complete the development and commercialization of our product candidates.

Our operating plan may change as a result of many factors currently unknown to us, and we may need to seek additional funds sooner than planned, through public or private equity or debt financings or other sources, such as strategic partnerships. In addition, we may seek additional capital due to favorable market conditions or strategic considerations even if we believe we have sufficient funds for our current or future operating plans.

Additional funds may not be available when we need them, on terms that are acceptable to us, or at all. If adequate funds are not available to us on a timely basis, we may be required to:

 

   

delay, limit, reduce or terminate preclinical studies, clinical trials or other development activities for one or more of our product candidates;

 

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delay, limit, reduce or terminate our research and development activities; or

 

   

delay, limit, reduce or terminate our establishment of sales and marketing capabilities or other activities that may be necessary to commercialize our product candidates.

We depend on government funding of healthcare.

Many of our customers receive the majority of their funding from the government and are supplemented by payments from private health care insurers. Our customers depend on Medicare and Medicaid funding to be viable businesses. A variety of changes to health insurance and reimbursement are included in health reform legislation enacted by Congress in recent years. Some of these changes could have a negative impact on Medicare and Medicaid funding, which fund the majority of dialysis costs in the United States, and on reimbursement protocols. If Medicare and Medicaid funding were to be materially decreased, our customers would be severely impacted, increasing our risk of not being paid in full by our customers. An increase in our exposure to uncollectible accounts could have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

In the United States, the Medicare Improvements for Patients and Providers Act of 2008 or “MIPPA” changed the dialysis reimbursement method from the prior practice of separately billed services and medications to a single bundled rate, which became effective on January 1, 2011. Most dialysis providers have adopted this method of reimbursement, which provides for a single payment per dialysis treatment compared to the current method consisting of a composite rate payment and separately billed drugs and services. This change in reimbursement practice was intended to reduce Medicare funding costs and to prompt dialysis providers to reduce their cost of dialysis services. This change increases the burden on dialysis treatment providers to effectively manage their cost of treatment and operations and may put more pressure on suppliers such as us to reduce providers’ costs. As a result, we may see increased pressure to reduce the prices of our products, which would have a negative impact on our revenue and gross profit margins. We anticipate that dialysis providers will continue to seek ways to reduce their costs per treatment due to this change in reimbursement practice which could reduce our sales and profitability and have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

As a result of these changes to Medicare reimbursement, industry observers also anticipate increased consolidation in the dialysis provider market which has been largely unchecked by the Federal Trade Commission to date. Continued consolidation in providers will likely result in increased purchasing leverage for providers across all dialysis product categories and increased pricing pressure on all suppliers to the industry.

Health care reform could adversely affect our business.

The federal and state governments in the United States, as well as many foreign governments, from time to time explore ways to reduce medical care costs through health care reform. The federal Medicare and Medicaid programs are facing financial challenges and are looking at ways to reduce the costs of the Medicare and Medicaid programs. Similarly, many states have large deficits which may prove unsustainable, resulting in defaults on state debt obligations which may ultimately result in the reduction or curtailment of health care benefits or state Medicaid reimbursement.

In the United States, Congress enacted health reform legislation in 2010 that will make significant changes to the health care payment and delivery system. The health reform legislation requires employers to provide employees with insurance coverage that meets minimum eligibility and coverage requirements or face penalties. The legislation also includes provisions that will impact the number of individuals with insurance coverage, the types of coverage and level of health benefits that will be required and the amount of payment providers performing health care services will receive. The legislation imposes implementation effective dates beginning in 2010 and extending through 2020. Many of the changes require additional guidance from government agencies or federal regulations. The health reform legislation has been legally challenged in several jurisdictions. The cases have

 

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been consolidated and are currently pending review by the United States Supreme Court. Therefore, it is difficult to determine at this time what impact the health reform legislation will have on us or our customers. The proposed changes in the Medicare and Medicaid programs could reduce our sales and profitability and have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, the health reform legislation imposes fees or excise taxes on pharmaceutical and device manufacturers based on their revenues that could also have a material adverse effect on the Company.

Beginning in 2013, the legislation imposes requirements on device manufacturers to report annually to the FDA regarding certain financial relationships they have with physicians and hospitals. This reporting requirement will increase governmental scrutiny on our contractual relationships with physicians and hospitals and will increase the risk of inadvertent violations resulting in liability under the Medicare fraud and abuse laws, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position and cash flows.

Orders from our international distributors may not result in recurring revenue.

Our revenue from international distributors may not recur consistently or at all. Such revenue is often dependent upon the availability of government funding in those nations and there may be local, regional or geopolitical changes that impact funding of healthcare expenditures in those nations. This inconsistency could result in significant fluctuations in our revenues from period to period and make our revenues hard to predict. Negative fluctuations could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

We depend on key personnel.

Our success depends heavily on the efforts of Robert L. Chioini, our President and Chief Executive Officer, Dr. Ajay Gupta MD, our Chief Scientific Officer, Dr. Annamaria Kausz, our Vice President of Drug Development and Medical Affairs and Thomas E. Klema, our Chief Financial Officer, Secretary and Treasurer. Mr. Chioini is primarily responsible for managing our sales and marketing efforts. Dr. Gupta is primarily responsible for discovery and development of new technologies. Dr. Kausz is primarily responsible for the clinical development, testing and regulatory approval of our products. None of our executive management are parties to a current employment agreement with the Company. If we lose the services of Mr. Chioini, Dr. Gupta, Dr. Kausz or Mr. Klema, our business, product development efforts, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.

Our business is highly regulated.

The testing, manufacture and sale of the products we manufacture and distribute are subject to extensive regulation by the FDA and by other federal, state and foreign authorities. Before medical devices can be commercially marketed in the United States, the FDA must give either 510(k) clearance or pre-market approval for the devices. If we do not comply with these requirements, we may be subject to a variety of sanctions, including fines, injunctions, seizure of products, suspension of production, denial of future regulatory approvals, withdrawal of existing regulatory approvals and criminal prosecution. Our business could be adversely affected by any of these actions.

Although our hemodialysis concentrates have been cleared by the FDA, it could rescind these clearances and any new products or modifications to our current products that we develop could fail to receive FDA clearance. If the FDA rescinds or denies any current or future clearances or approvals for our products, we would be prohibited from selling those products in the United States until we obtain such clearances or approvals. Our business would be adversely affected by any such prohibition, any delay in obtaining necessary regulatory approvals, and any limits placed by the FDA on our intended use. Our products are also subject to federal regulations regarding manufacturing quality. In addition, our new products will be subject to review and approval by the FDA. The process of obtaining such approval is time-consuming and expensive. In addition, changes in applicable regulatory requirements could significantly increase the costs of our operations and may reduce our profitability if we are unable to recover any such cost increases through higher prices.

 

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We depend on contract research organizations to manage and conduct our clinical trials and if they fail to follow our protocol or meet FDA regulatory requirements, our clinical trial data and results could be compromised, delaying our development plans or causing us to do more testing than planned.

We utilize contract research organizations to conduct our clinical trials in accordance with study specific protocols. We also contract with other third party service providers for clinical trial material production, packaging and labeling, lab testing, data management services as well as a number of other services. There can be no assurance that these organizations will fulfill their commitments to us on a timely basis or that the accuracy and quality of the clinical data they provide us will not be compromised by their failure to fulfill their obligations. If these service providers do not perform as contracted, our development plans could be adversely affected.

Foreign approvals to market our new drug products may be difficult to obtain.

The approval procedures for the marketing of our new drug products in foreign countries vary from country to country, and the time required for approval may be longer or shorter than that required for FDA approval. Even after foreign approvals are obtained, further delays may be encountered before products may be marketed. Many countries require additional governmental approval for price reimbursement under national health insurance systems.

Additional studies may be required to obtain foreign regulatory approval. Further, some foreign regulatory agencies may require additional studies involving patients located in their countries.

We may not have sufficient products liability insurance.

As a supplier of medical products, we may face potential liability from a person who claims that he or she suffered harm as a result of using our products. We maintain products liability insurance in the amount of $5 million per occurrence and $5 million in the aggregate. We cannot be sure that it will remain economical to retain our current level of insurance, that our current insurance will remain available or that such insurance would be sufficient to protect us against liabilities associated with our business. We may be sued, and we may have significant legal expenses that are not covered by insurance. In addition, our reputation could be damaged by product liability litigation and that could harm our marketing ability. Any litigation could also hurt our ability to retain products liability insurance or make such insurance more expensive. Our business, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected by an uninsured or inadequately insured product liability claim in the future.

Our Board of Directors is subject to potential deadlock.

Our Board of Directors presently has four members, and under our bylaws, approval by a majority of the Directors is required for many significant corporate actions. It is possible that our Board of Directors may be unable to obtain majority approval in certain circumstances, which would prevent us from taking action.

RISKS RELATED TO OUR COMMON STOCK

Shares eligible for future sale may affect the market price of our common shares.

Our future sales of common shares may have a negative effect on the market price of our common shares from time to time. Sales of substantial amounts of our common shares (including shares issued upon the exercise of stock options or warrants), or the possibility of such sales, could adversely affect the market price of our common shares and also impair our ability to raise capital through an offering of our equity securities in the future. As of December 31, 2011 an additional 2,507,440 shares may be issued upon exercise of outstanding warrants. An additional, 100,000 shares may be issued after December 31, 2013. In the future, we may issue additional shares or warrants in connection with investments or for other purposes considered advisable by our Board of Directors. Any substantial sale of our common shares may have an adverse effect on the market price of our common shares.

 

19


In addition, as of December 31, 2011, there were 3,952,802 shares issuable upon the exercise of outstanding and exercisable stock options, 1,529,333 shares issuable upon the exercise of outstanding stock options that are not yet exercisable and 701,331 additional shares available for grant under our 2007 Long Term Incentive Plan. Additional grants have been made in 2012. The market price of the common shares may be depressed by the potential exercise of these options. The holders of these options are likely to exercise them when we would otherwise be able to obtain additional capital on more favorable terms than those provided by the options.

We have a material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting, which, until remedied, could result in errors in our financial statements requiring restatement of our financial statements. As a result, investors may lose confidence in our reported financial information, which could lead to a decline in our stock price.

SEC rules require us to evaluate the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of the end of each year, and to include a management report assessing the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting in each Annual Report on Form 10-K. We have identified a material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting in our annual assessment of internal controls over financial reporting that management performed for the year ended December 31, 2011, in which management has concluded that we did not have an adequate and accurate process for the timely recording and recognition of liabilities associated with certain of our clinical trial activities, resulting in a material weakness in our internal control in the timeliness of recording and recognizing liabilities related to these expenditures. If our internal control over financial reporting or disclosure controls and procedures are not effective, there may be errors in our financial statements and in our disclosure that could require restatements. Investors may lose confidence in our reported financial information and in our disclosure, which could lead to a decline in our stock price.

No system of internal control over financial reporting will prevent all errors and all fraud. A control system, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the control system’s objectives will be met. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Controls can be circumvented by the individual acts of some persons, by collusion of two or more people, or by management override of the controls. Over time, controls may become inadequate because changes in conditions or deterioration in the degree of compliance with policies or procedures may occur. Because of the inherent limitations in a cost-effective control system, misstatements due to error or fraud may occur and not be detected. As a result, we cannot assure you that significant deficiencies or material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting will not be identified in the future. A material weakness could result in errors in our financial statements that could result in a restatement of financial statements, cause investors to lose confidence in our reported financial information, and lead to a decline in our stock price.

The market price of our securities may be volatile.

The historically moderate to lower trading volume of our common shares may cause the market price of the common shares to fluctuate significantly in response to relatively few trades or transactions.

Voting control and anti-takeover provisions reduce the likelihood that you will receive a takeover premium.

As of December 31, 2011, to our knowledge, our officers and directors beneficially owned approximately 25% of our voting shares (assuming the exercise of exercisable options granted to such officers and directors). Accordingly, they may be able to exert influence over matters requiring shareholder approval, including the election of our Board of Directors and approval of significant corporate transactions. Our shareholders do not have the right to cumulative voting in the election of directors. In addition, the Board of Directors has the authority, without shareholder approval, to issue shares of preferred stock having such rights, preferences and privileges as the Board of Directors may determine. Any such issuance of preferred stock could, under certain circumstances, have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control and may adversely affect the rights

 

20


of holders of common shares, including by decreasing the amount of earnings and assets available for distribution to holders of common shares and adversely affect the relative voting power or other rights of the holders of the common shares. In addition, we may become subject to Michigan statutes regulating business combinations which might also hinder or delay a change in control. Anti-takeover provisions that could be included in the preferred stock when issued and the Michigan statutes regulating business combinations can have a depressive effect on the market price of our common shares and can limit shareholders’ ability to receive a premium on their shares by discouraging takeover and tender offers.

Our directors serve staggered three-year terms, and directors may not be removed without cause. Our Articles of Incorporation also set the minimum and maximum number of directors constituting the entire Board at three and fifteen, respectively, and require approval of holders of a majority of our voting shares to amend these provisions. These provisions could have an anti-takeover effect by making it more difficult to acquire us by means of a tender offer, a proxy contest or otherwise, or to remove incumbent directors. These provisions could delay, deter or prevent a tender offer or takeover attempt that a shareholder might consider in his or her best interests, including those attempts that might result in a premium over the market price for the common shares.

We do not anticipate paying dividends in the foreseeable future.

Since inception, we have not paid any cash dividend on our common shares and do not anticipate paying such dividends in the foreseeable future. The payment of dividends is within the discretion of our Board of Directors and depends upon our earnings, capital requirements, financial condition and requirements, future prospects, restrictions in future financing agreements, business conditions and other factors deemed relevant by the Board. We intend to retain earnings and any cash resources to finance our operations and, therefore, it is highly unlikely we will pay cash dividends.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.

Not applicable.

Item 2. Properties.

We occupy a 51,000 square foot facility in Wixom, Michigan under a lease expiring in August 2012. We also occupy a 51,000 square foot facility in Grapevine, Texas under a lease expiring in December 2015. In addition, we lease a 57,000 square foot facility in Greer, South Carolina under a lease expiring in February 2013.

We intend to use each of our facilities to manufacture and warehouse our products. All such facilities and their contents are covered under various insurance policies which management believes provide adequate coverage. We also use the office space in Wixom, Michigan as our principal administrative office. With our continued growth we expect that we will require additional office space, manufacturing capacity and distribution facilities to meet our business requirements.

Item 3. Legal Proceedings.

We are involved in certain legal proceedings before various courts and governmental agencies concerning matters arising in the ordinary course of business. We cannot predict the final disposition of such proceedings. We regularly review legal matters and record provisions for claims that are considered probable of loss. The resolution of pending proceedings is not expected to have a material effect on our operations or consolidated financial statements in the period in which they are resolved.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

Not applicable.

 

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PART II

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

Our common shares trade on the Nasdaq Global Market under the trading symbol “RMTI”. The prices below are the high and low sale prices as reported by the Nasdaq Global Market in each quarter during 2011 and 2010.

 

     Price Range  
     High      Low  

2011

     

Fourth Quarter

   $ 8.86       $ 6.80   

Third Quarter

     13.89         7.65   

Second Quarter

     16.91         8.76   

First Quarter

     9.70         7.73   

2010

     

Fourth Quarter

   $ 8.74       $ 6.63   

Third Quarter

     7.65         4.75   

Second Quarter

     6.07         4.16   

First Quarter

     8.47         5.56   

As of February 28, 2012, there were 30 holders of record of our common shares.

Dividends

Our Board of Directors has discretion whether or not to pay dividends. Among the factors our Board of Directors considers when determining whether or not to pay dividends are our earnings, capital requirements, financial condition, future business prospects and business conditions. We have never paid any cash dividends on our common shares and do not anticipate paying dividends in the foreseeable future. We intend to retain earnings, if any, to finance the development and expansion of our operations.

Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans

The information contained under “Item 12 – Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters” of this Annual Report on Form 10-K under the heading “Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans” is incorporated herein by reference.

 

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Performance Graph

The following graph compares the cumulative 5-year total return of holders of the Company’s common stock with the cumulative total returns of the Russell 2000 index and the Nasdaq Biotechnology index. The graph tracks the performance of a $100 investment in our common stock and in each of the indexes (with reinvestment of all dividends, if any) on December 31, 2006 with relative performance tracked through December 31, 2011. The stock price performance included in this graph is not necessarily indicative of future stock price performance.

 

LOGO

 

     12/31/2006      12/31/2007      12/31/2008      12/31/2009      12/31/2010      12/31/2011  

Rockwell Medical

     100.00         100.70         58.77         107.85         110.80         118.79   

Russell 2000

     100.00         98.43         65.18         82.89         105.14         100.75   

NASDAQ Biotechnology

     100.00         102.53         96.57         110.05         117.19         124.54   

The information furnished under the heading “Stock Performance Graph” shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or otherwise subject to the liabilities of that Section, and such information shall not be deemed incorporated by reference in any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

 

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Item 6. Selected Financial Data.

The financial data in the following tables should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto and Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations included in this Form 10-K.

 

     For the Year Ended December 31,  
     2011     2010     2009     2008     2007  

Net sales

   $ 48,966,231      $ 59,554,592      $ 54,729,505      $ 51,666,033      $ 43,045,304   

Cost of sales (2)

     43,323,321        49,693,753        46,842,334        49,159,478        40,156,041   

Gross profit (2)

     5,642,910        9,860,839        7,887,171        2,506,555        2,889,263   

Income from continuing operations before interest expense and income taxes

     (21,684,757     (2,868,916     (5,481,379     (8,085,196     (3,608,353

Interest and Investment Income, net

     242,205        185,517        (19,859     221,139        (110,542

Income from continuing operations before income taxes

     (21,442,552     (2,683,399     (5,501,238     (7,864,057     (3,718,895

Income taxes

     2,005        —          —          —          —     

Net income

     (21,444,557     (2,683,399     (5,501,238     (7,864,057     (3,718,895

Earnings per common share:

          

Basic

   $ (1.21   $ (0.16   $ (0.37   $ (0.57   $ (0.32

Diluted

   $ (1.21   $ (0.16   $ (0.37   $ (0.57   $ (0.32

Weighted average number of common shares and common share equivalents

          

Basic

     17,774,865        17,111,535        14,709,016        13,836,435        11,771,381   

Diluted

     17,774,865        17,111,535        14,709,016        13,836,435        11,771,381   
     As of December 31,  
     2011     2010     2009     2008     2007  

Total assets

   $ 31,939,599      $ 36,966.907      $ 34,879,221      $ 18,959,982      $ 22,803,134   

Current assets

     25,896,529        32,666,368        29,948,945        14,428,691        18,645,945   

Current liabilities

     13,692,351        6,420,220        5,536,957        7,097,836        4,637,271   

Working capital

     12,204,178        26,246,148        24,411,988        7,330,855        14,008,674   

Long-term debt and capitalized lease obligations

     2,280        8,750        19,062        41,203        204,837   

Stockholders’ equity (1)

     18,244,968        30,537,937        29,323,202        11,820,943        17,961,026   

Book value per outstanding common share

   $ 0.98      $ 1.74      $ 1.70      $ 0.84      $ 1.30   

Common shares outstanding

     18,710,002        17,513,608        17,200,442        14,104,690        13,815,186   

 

(1) There were no cash dividends paid during the periods presented. Stockholders’ equity reflects the proceeds of a private placement in 2007 and a public offering in 2009.
(2) The Company has reclassified certain expenses from Selling, General and Administrative Expense to Cost of Sales in the 2008 and 2007 consolidated income statements to conform with current year presentation that was adopted in 2009. The impact of the change was not material.

 

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Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

Overview and Recent Developments

Rockwell Medical operates in a single business segment as a specialty pharmaceutical company offering innovative products targeting end-stage renal disease, chronic kidney disease and iron deficiency anemia. As an established manufacturer delivering high-quality hemodialysis concentrates to dialysis providers and distributors in the U.S. and abroad, we provide products used to maintain human life, remove toxins and replace critical nutrients in the dialysis patient’s bloodstream.

We are currently developing unique, proprietary renal drug therapies. These novel renal drug therapies support disease management initiatives to improve the quality of life and care of dialysis patients and are designed to deliver safe and effective therapy, while decreasing drug administration costs and improving patient convenience and outcome.

Our strategy is to develop high potential drug candidates while also expanding our dialysis products business, which had sales of $49.0 million in 2011. Our dialysis products business was cash flow positive in 2011, excluding research and development expenses, and provides an in-place sales and distribution infrastructure and conduit with established business relationships to market pharmaceutical and additional products into the dialysis market.

Our product development costs were primarily related to SFP, our lead drug candidate. We believe our SFP product has unique and substantive benefits compared to current treatment options and has the potential to compete in the iron maintenance therapy market. The cost to obtain regulatory approval for a drug in the United States is expensive and can take several years. We expect to incur substantial costs on product testing and development over the next several years and expect to incur losses from operations until SFP is approved and marketed. In addition to our SFP testing and approval process, we plan to spend additional amounts on testing and development of extensions of SFP technology as well as on other opportunities.

In 2011, we acquired the right to manufacture the generic version of calcitriol, a vitamin D analogue, indicated in the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism, which is common in ESRD patients. We are in the process of obtaining FDA approval to make a change in manufacturing locations and intend to begin marketing calcitriol following regulatory approval of manufacturing changes, which is expected in late 2012.

As of December 31, 2011 we had $17.5 million in cash and investments. In February 2012, we completed a common stock offering for $17.5 million in gross proceeds and approximately $16.2 million in net proceeds.

In 2011, our sales were down compared to 2010 due to a reduction in sales to a single foreign distributor and, to a lesser extent, a loss of certain customers following their acquisition by competitors or by chains that buy product from our competitors, sales incentives and a shift in product mix from liquid to concentrate. Our margins benefitted from our customers’ shift from our liquid products to our concentrate products, but declined overall due to commodity and fuel cost increases coupled with lower overall sales volume. We anticipate that our gross profit margins will be favorably impacted by revenue from calcitriol once we obtain FDA approval for manufacturing changes, but we do not expect to begin selling calcitriol until late in 2012.

We may experience changes in our customer and product mix in future quarters that could impact gross profit, since we sell a wide range of products with varying profit margins and to customers with varying order patterns. These changes in mix may cause our gross profit and our gross profit margins to vary period to period.

The majority of our business is with domestic clinics who order routinely. We renewed our supply agreement with our largest domestic chain customer through the end of 2013. Certain major distributors of our products internationally have not ordered consistently, however, resulting in variation in our sales from period to period. We anticipate that we will realize substantial orders from time to time from our largest international distributors but we expect the size and frequency of these orders to fluctuate from period to period. These orders may increase in future periods or may not recur at all.

 

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Results of Operations

For the year ended December 31, 2011 compared to the year ended December 31, 2010

Sales

In 2011, our sales were $49.0 million compared to $59.6 million in 2010. Sales decreased $10.6 million or 17.8% with $7.6 million due to lower international sales and $2.8 million due to lower domestic sales and $0.2 million due to a government research grant received in 2010 that did not recur in 2011. International sales decreased due to lower sales to a single international distributor. Domestic sales decreased due to a change in product mix and due to lower sales volumes with approximately half of the sales decrease due to a loss of certain customers following their acquisition by competitors or by chains that buy product from our competitors.

Over the last year, customers have continued to convert to our Dri-Sate dry acid concentrate product line, which lowers providers’ cost per treatment and reduces our sales, but improves our gross profit margins due to a reduction in shipping costs. Our Dri-Sate dry acid concentrate displaced liquid acid concentrate volume, increasing to 58% of 2011 acid concentrate equivalent treatment gallons from 49% in 2010. We also experienced some downward pricing pressure with the implementation of the bundled reimbursement program by CMS (Medicare) in 2011.

Gross Profit

Our gross profit in 2011 was $5.6 million compared to $9.9 million in 2010. Gross profit margins were 11.5% in 2011 compared to 16.6% in 2010. The decreases in gross profit and margin were primarily due to lower sales volumes, increased sales incentives and inflationary cost increases to fuel, material and labor costs. Approximately $2.3 million of the decrease was due to the lower sales volumes generally and another $0.8 million was due to sales incentives net of other price changes and other product mix changes. Cost increases for fuel, material and labor net of operating expense decreases reduced gross profit approximately $1.1 million.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

Selling, general and administrative expenses were $9.5 million in 2011 compared to $9.3 million in 2010. The increase of $0.2 million was primarily due to an increase in non-cash charges for equity compensation, partially offset by lower information technology costs and related depreciation. Non-cash equity compensation aggregated $4.4 million in 2011 compared to $4.0 million in 2010.

Research and Development

We incurred product development and research costs related to the commercial development, patent approval and regulatory approval of new products, including SFP, aggregating approximately $17.8 million and $3.4 million in 2011 and 2010, respectively. Costs incurred in both 2011 and 2010 were primarily for conducting human clinical trials of SFP and other SFP testing and development activities. Our spending increased considerably in 2011 as we initiated our Phase III clinical trial program which consists of several concurrent clinical studies.

Interest and Investment Income, Net

Net interest and investment income in 2011 increased by $57,000 compared to 2010 primarily due to an increase in interest income from our cash investments net of realized losses on investments.

Income Tax Expense

We have substantial tax loss carryforwards from our earlier losses. We have not recorded a federal income tax benefit from either our prior losses or our current year losses because we might not realize the carryforward benefit of the remaining losses.

 

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For the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to the year ended December 31, 2009

Sales

In 2010, our sales were $59.6 million, an increase of $4.8 million or 8.8% over 2009. This increase was primarily due to increased international sales of $7.4 million or 113% partially offset by a $2.8 million or 5.8% decrease in domestic sales. Our international sales in 2010 were 23% of total sales compared to 12% of sales in 2009. The increase in our international sales was primarily due to increased sales to a single distributor. Our domestic sales were negatively impacted by customer conversions to lower cost formulations and conversions to Dri-Sate Dry Acid product line resulting in lower sales but at higher gross profit levels. Customers continue to migrate from liquid to dry acid concentrate with unit volumes up 28% in 2010 over 2009. In 2010, we received a research grant of $0.25 million from the U.S. government for SFP related research and testing which was recorded in sales.

Gross Profit

Our gross profit in 2010 was $9.9 million, an increase of $2.0 million or 25% over 2009. Our gross profit margins increased to 16.6% in 2010 compared to 14.4% in 2009. The improvement in our gross profit was primarily due to significant changes to our product mix over the last two years coupled with lower operating and procurement costs along with higher selling prices. Our product mix was favorably impacted by the continued conversion of customers to our Dri-Sate product line and to lower cost formulations of our dialysis concentrates. We also realized increased sales volumes in 2010 which contributed to the increase in our overall gross profit. These gains were partially offset by moderate increases in material, fuel and other operational costs over 2009.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

Selling, general and administrative expenses were $9.3 million in 2010 compared to $6.9 million in 2009, an increase of $2.4 million, which was primarily due to increases in non-cash charges for equity compensation ($1.7 million), compensation ($0.5 million) and other operating expenses ($0.2 million). Non-cash equity compensation aggregated $4.0 million in 2010 compared to $2.35 million in 2009 with approximately $0.25 million of the increase due to non-employee equity compensation.

Research and Development

We incurred product development and research costs related to the commercial development, patent approval and regulatory approval of new products, including SFP, aggregating approximately $3.4 million and $6.5 million in 2010 and 2009, respectively. Costs incurred in both 2010 and 2009 were primarily for conducting human clinical trials of SFP and other SFP testing and development activities. During 2009, we conducted a Phase IIb study, which was completed in late 2009. Our SFP Phase III clinical program commenced in early 2011.

Interest Income and Expense, Net

Net interest income in 2010 increased by $205,000 compared to 2009 primarily due to a $190,000 increase in interest income from our cash investments as a result of higher investable funds resulting from the proceeds of the October 2009 equity offering.

Income Tax Expense

We have substantial tax loss carryforwards from our earlier losses. We have not recorded a federal income tax benefit from either our prior losses or our current year losses because we might not realize the carryforward benefit of the remaining losses.

 

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Critical Accounting Estimates and Judgments

Our consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. These accounting principles require us to make estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets, liabilities, and contingencies. All significant estimates, judgments and assumptions are developed based on the best information available to us at the time made and are regularly reviewed and updated when necessary. Actual results will generally differ from these estimates. Changes in estimates are reflected in our financial statements in the period of change based upon on-going actual experience, trends, or subsequent realization depending on the nature and predictability of the estimates and contingencies.

Interim changes in estimates are generally applied prospectively within annual periods. Certain accounting estimates, including those concerning revenue recognition, allowance for doubtful accounts, impairments of long-lived assets, and accounting for income taxes, are considered to be critical in evaluating and understanding our financial results because they involve inherently uncertain matters and their application requires the most difficult and complex judgments and estimates. These are described below. For further information on our accounting policies, see Note 2 to our Consolidated Financial Statements.

Revenue recognition

We recognize revenue at the time we transfer title to our products to our customers consistent with generally accepted accounting principles. Our products are generally sold domestically on a delivered basis and as a result we do not recognize revenue until delivered to the customer with title transferring upon completion of the delivery. For our international sales, we recognize revenue upon the transfer of title as defined by standard shipping terms and conventions uniformly recognized in international trade.

Allowance for doubtful accounts

Accounts receivable are stated at invoice amounts. The carrying amount of trade accounts receivable is reduced by an allowance for doubtful accounts that reflects our best estimate of accounts that may not be collected. We review outstanding trade account receivable balances and based on our assessment of expected collections, we estimate the portion, if any, of the balance that may not be collected as well as a general valuation allowance for other accounts receivable based primarily on historical experience. All accounts or portions thereof deemed to be uncollectible are written off to the allowance for doubtful accounts. If we underestimate the allowance, we would incur a current period expense which could have a material adverse effect on earnings.

Impairments of long-lived assets

We account for impairment of long-lived assets, which include property and equipment, amortizable and non-amortizable intangible assets and goodwill, in accordance with authoritative accounting pronouncements. An impairment review is performed annually or whenever a change in condition occurs which indicates that the carrying amounts of assets may not be recoverable. Such changes may include changes in our business strategies and plans, changes to our customer contracts, changes to our product lines and changes in our operating practices. We use a variety of factors to assess the realizable value of long-lived assets depending on their nature and use.

Goodwill is not amortized; however, it must be tested for impairment at least annually. The goodwill impairment analysis is based on the fair market value of our common shares. Amortization continues to be recorded for other intangible assets with definite lives over the estimated useful lives. Intangible assets subject to amortization are reviewed for potential impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate that carrying amounts may not be recoverable based on future cash flows. If we determine that goodwill has been impaired, the change in value will be accounted for as a current period expense and could have a material adverse effect on earnings.

 

28


Accounting for income taxes

We estimate our income tax provision to recognize our tax expense and our deferred tax liabilities and assets for future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in our financial statements using current enacted tax laws. Deferred tax assets must be assessed based upon the likelihood of recoverability from future taxable income and to the extent that recovery is not likely, a valuation allowance is established. The allowance is regularly reviewed and updated for changes in circumstances that would cause a change in judgment about whether the related deferred tax asset may be realized. These calculations and assessments involve complex estimates and judgments because the ultimate tax outcome can be uncertain and future events unpredictable. If we determine that the deferred tax asset will be realized in the future, it may result in a material beneficial effect on earnings.

New Accounting Pronouncements

No new accounting pronouncements that were issued or became effective during the year have had or are expected to have a material impact on our Consolidated Financial Statements. For a discussion of new accounting pronouncements, see Note 2 to our Consolidated Financial Statements.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our strategy is centered on obtaining regulatory approval to market SFP and developing other high potential drug candidates, while also expanding our dialysis products business. We expect to expend substantial amounts in support of our clinical development plan and regulatory approval of SFP and its extensions and other product development opportunities. These initiatives will require the expenditure of substantial cash resources. We expect our cash needs for research and development spending to be significant over the next two years as we execute our clinical development program for SFP. We will invest in our Phase III clinical development program for SFP as well as other development initiatives over the next two years. We are also required to make an additional cash payment of $550,000 in connection with our acquisition of the right to market calcitriol and funding will be necessary to obtain FDA approval for our contract manufacturer to manufacture the product for us. However, these expenditures are not expected to have a material effect on our liquidity or financial position.

Our cash resources include cash generated from our business operations and from proceeds of equity offerings. As of December 31, 2011, we had $17.5 million in cash and investments. In February 2012, we completed a common stock offering for $17.5 million in gross proceeds and approximately $16.2 million in net proceeds. We expect to generate additional cash from our business operations and from other sources, which may include the exercise of warrants, the possible out-licensing of SFP outside the United States, out-licensing of certain SFP uses outside the dialysis market, and other capital raising alternatives as needed.

Our current assets exceeded our current liabilities by over $12.2 million as of December 31, 2011 and included $17.5 million in cash and short term investments. In 2011, we used $10.9 million in cash from operating activities which included research and product development costs of $17.8 million. In 2011, operational related liabilities net of assets increased by approximately $5.0 million primarily related to research and development activities. These liabilities will be paid in future periods. As of December 31, 2011, we have advanced $2.3 million in cash that will be used to offset future research and development costs. In 2011, we invested $0.4 million in capital expenditures compared to depreciation expense of $1.1 million. We also realized cash from financing activities aggregating $4.8 million, primarily from the exercise of warrants.

We believe our current and prospective sources of cash resources are sufficient to fund our anticipated research and development activities as well as our ordinary course operating cash requirements in 2012. We expect to generate positive cash flow from operations in 2012, excluding the effect of our research and development expenses, assuming relative stability in the markets for fuel and our key raw materials and relatively stable revenues. In addition, we may realize substantial cash proceeds from in-the-money warrants that expire in 2012 aggregating $11.2 million. However, if we use more cash than anticipated for SFP development, are required to

 

29


do more testing than expected, if the assumptions underlying our cash flow projections prove to be incorrect, or if we pursue opportunities to expand our business, we may need to obtain additional cash, such as through equity financing, debt financing of capital expenditures or a line of credit, to supplement our working capital. We explore opportunities from time to time to increase our cash resources, to reduce our liquidity risk and to have resources available to permit us to pursue expansion opportunities. Alternatively, we may seek to enter into product development arrangements with an international partner in order to fully execute our strategic plan. We may also evaluate alternative sources of business development funding, licensing agreements with international marketing partners, sub-licensing of certain products for certain markets and other potential funding sources.

Contractual Obligations

The following table details our contractual obligations as of December 31, 2011:

 

     Payments due by period  

Contractual Obligations

   Total      Less than 1
year
     1-3 years      3-5 years      More than
5 years
 

Capital leases

   $ 9,561       $ 7,151       $ 2,410         —           —     

Operating leases

   $ 2,516,898       $ 1,502,567       $ 788,222       $ 218,269       $ 7,840   

Purchase obligations

   $ 550,000       $ 550,000         —           —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 3,076,459       $ 2,059,718       $ 790,632       $ 218,269       $ 7,840   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a material effect on our financial condition.

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk.

Interest Rate Risk

Our current exposure to interest rate risk is limited to changes in interest rates on short term investments of cash. As of December 31, 2011, we had $0.3 million in short term investments in a money market fund and $11.8 million in short term bond funds.

A hypothetical 100 basis point increase in market interest rates for short term liquid investments would increase our annualized interest income by an immaterial amount, assuming we invested $0.3 million in short term investments and that level remained constant for the year. We did not perform an analysis of a 100 basis point decrease in market interest rates as such an analysis would be meaningless.

We have invested $11.8 million in available for sale securities which are invested in short term bond funds which typically yield higher returns than the interest realized in money market funds. While these funds hold bonds of short term duration, their market value is affected by changes in interest rates. Increases in interest rates will reduce the market value of bonds held in these funds and we may incur unrealized losses from the reduction in market value of the fund. If we liquidate our position in these funds, those unrealized losses may result in realized losses which may or may not exceed the interest and dividends earned from those funds. However, due to the short duration of these short term bond fund portfolios, we do not believe that a hypothetical 100 basis point increase or decrease in interest rates will have a material impact on the value of our investment portfolio.

Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Risk

Our international business is conducted in U.S. dollars. It has not been our practice to hedge the risk of appreciation of the U.S. dollar against the predominant currencies of our trading partners. We have no significant foreign currency exposure to foreign supplied materials, and an immediate 10% strengthening or weakening of the U.S. dollar would not have a material impact on our shareholders’ equity or net income.

 

30


Item 8. Financial Statements.

The Consolidated Financial Statements of the Registrant required by this item are set forth on pages F-1 through F-21 and incorporated herein by reference.

Item 9. Changes In and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.

None.

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures.

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure material information required to be disclosed in our reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required financial disclosure. In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, we recognized that a control system, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within a company have been detected. Management necessarily was required to apply its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures.

As of the end of the period covered by this report, we carried out an evaluation under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures. Based upon that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective at the reasonable assurance level as of December 31, 2011 in ensuring that information required to be disclosed by us under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified under the Exchange Act rules and forms due to the material weakness described under the heading “Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting” below. As a result, we performed additional analysis and post closing procedures to ensure that there was not a material misstatement in our consolidated financial statements and that our consolidated financial statements were prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. Accordingly, management believes the consolidated financial statements included in this Form 10-K fairly present, in all material respects, our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented.

Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

Management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. We maintain internal control over financial reporting designed to provide reasonable, but not absolute, assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate. Therefore, internal control over financial reporting determined to be effective provides only reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.

 

31


Under the supervision and with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, management evaluated the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2011. In making its assessment of internal control over financial reporting, management used the criteria described in Internal Control — Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Our evaluation included documenting, evaluating and testing of the design and operating effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting. Our evaluation identified a material weakness in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the Company’s annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. As a result of this material weakness, we concluded that the Company’s internal control over financial reporting was not effective as of December 31, 2011 based on the criteria in Internal Control – Integrated Framework. As a result of this material weakness, there were misstatements in accounts payable, accrued liabilities and research and development expense in the preliminary consolidated financial statements that were corrected prior to issuance of the Company’s consolidated financial statements. The material weakness did not result in a material misstatement of any previously filed financial statements but posed the risk that it could result in a material misstatement that may not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.

During the fourth quarter of 2011, our research and development activity increased substantially with the start-up and enrollment in several clinical studies, which required detail intensive tracking of the clinical trial activity. This increase in activity resulted in a material weakness in our internal control in the timeliness of recording and recognizing liabilities related to these expenditures. We determined that we did not have an adequate and accurate process for the timely recording and recognition of liabilities associated with certain of our clinical trial activities. Management has changed the process for recording such liabilities, assigned more personnel to this function and hired additional personnel to ensure that such liabilities are recorded accurately and timely, and will consider whether further changes are necessary as we assess whether the material weakness has been remediated. The Company anticipates that this material weakness will be remediated in the first quarter of 2012.

Plante & Moran, PLLC, an independent registered public accounting firm, as auditors of our consolidated financial statements, has issued an attestation report on the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2011. Plante & Moran, PLLC’s report, which expresses an adverse opinion on the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting, is included herein.

Changes in Internal Controls

Except as otherwise described above, there was no change in our internal control over financial reporting identified in connection with the Company’s evaluation of such internal controls that occurred during our fiscal quarter ended December 31, 2011 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

Item 9B. Other Information.

None.

 

32


PART III

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.

The required information will be contained in the Proxy Statement under the captions “Election of Directors” and “Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance” and (excluding the Report of the Audit Committee) is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 11. Executive Compensation.

The required information will be contained in the Proxy Statement under the captions “Compensation of Executive Officers and Directors,” “Other Information Relating to Directors” and “Compensation Committee” and is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.

The required information will be contained in the Proxy Statement under the caption “Voting Securities and Principal Holders” and is incorporated herein by reference.

Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans

The following table summarizes our compensation plans, including individual compensation arrangements, under which our equity securities are authorized for issuance as of December 31, 2011:

 

Plan Category    Number of securities to be
issued upon exercise of
outstanding options,
warrants
and rights
     Weighted-average
exercise price of
outstanding options,
warrants and rights
     Number of securities
remaining available for
future issuance under equity
compensation plans
(excluding securities
reflected in column (a))
 
     (a)      (b)      (c)  

Equity compensation plans approved by security holders………..

     5,482,135       $ 5.23         701,331   

Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders………...

     645,200       $ 8.31      

Total…………………

     6,127,335       $ 5.55         701,331   

From 2007-2010, we issued warrants to purchase common shares pursuant to compensation arrangements with various non-employee consultants who provide (or provided) services to us, including providing investor relations consulting services and introducing the Company to potential licensing partners and acquisition candidates and acting as a liaison to the equity investment community. These were not issued under a preexisting plan and shareholder approval for these transactions was not required or sought. The exercise price and the number of shares of common stock purchasable upon exercise of the warrants are subject to adjustment in certain events including: (a) a stock dividend payable in common stock, stock split, or subdivision of our common stock; and (b) reclassification of our common stock or any reorganization, consolidation, merger, or sale, lease, license, exchange or other transfer of all or substantially all of the business and/or assets of the Company.

On November 28, 2007, we entered into an agreement pursuant to which we issued warrants to acquire 80,000 Common Shares at an exercise price of $10.00 per share, exercisable for cash at any time during the period from November 28, 2008 to November 28, 2012. The Common Shares underlying these warrants have been registered for resale by the holder under the Securities Act of 1933.

On May 28, 2008, we entered into an advisory agreement pursuant to which we issued warrants to acquire 100,000 Common Shares. The warrants were immediately earned and became exercisable on May 28, 2009. The warrants would have expired on May 28, 2012. The warrants had an exercise price of $9.00 per share and may be

 

33


exercised on a cashless basis or for cash. The Common Shares underlying these warrants have been registered for resale by the holder under the Securities Act of 1933. During 2010, we agreed to extend the term and revise the exercise price of these warrants in consideration for additional services. The exercise price of these warrants was reduced to $8.00 from $9.00 and their term extended by one year to May 28, 2013.

On September 30, 2008, we entered into an advisory agreement pursuant to which we issued warrants to acquire 60,000 Common Shares. The warrants were earned in 20,000 share increments on September 30, 2008, January 1, 2009 and July 1, 2009. The warrants became exercisable on January 1, 2010 and will expire on September 30, 2012. The warrants have an exercise price of $6.50 per share and may be exercised on a cashless basis or for cash. The Common Shares underlying these warrants have been registered for resale by the holder under the Securities Act of 1933.

In November 2008, the Company entered into an advisory agreement, as amended, pursuant to which we issued warrants to acquire a total of 700,000 Common Shares. All of the warrants were immediately earned. Warrants to purchase 300,000 Common Shares at an exercise price of $1.99 per share became exercisable on November 5, 2009, and would have expired on November 5, 2011 (“Tranche A Warrants”). The Tranche A Warrants have been exercised. Warrants to purchase 400,000 Common Shares became exercisable on November 5, 2010, and were due to expire on November 5, 2011. One-half of these warrants have an exercise price of $4.54 (“Tranche B Warrants”), and the remainder have an exercise price of $7.00 per share (“Tranche C Warrants”). The warrants are exercisable only for cash. The Common Shares underlying these warrants have been registered for resale by the holder under the Securities Act of 1933. On November 1, 2011, the Company modified the terms of these warrants by extending the expiration date for any remaining unexercised Tranche B Warrants and all of the Tranche C warrants from November 5, 2011 to May 4, 2012. None of the Tranche B Warrants were outstanding at December 31, 2011.

On September 29, 2009, the Company entered into a placement agency agreement with two co-placement agents related to the registered direct offering by the Company of Common Shares and warrants to purchase Common Shares that closed on October 5, 2009. At the closing, the Company issued to the placement agents warrants to purchase 85,200 Common Shares, which was 3.0% of the Common Shares sold in the offering, at an exercise price of $9.55 per share. These warrants became exercisable six months after the date of issuance thereof and expire October 5, 2012. These warrants and the underlying shares were issued pursuant to registration statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-160791) filed with the SEC.

On March 8, 2010, we entered into an advisory agreement pursuant to which we issued warrants to acquire 20,000 Common Shares. The warrants were issued as compensation for investor relations consulting services. The advisory agreement was scheduled to terminate on December 31, 2010 but could be terminated by either party upon 30 days prior written notice. The warrants were to be earned in 5,000 share increments on March 8, 2010, April 1, 2010, July 1, 2010, and October 1, 2010. The warrants became exercisable on March 8, 2011 and will expire on March 8, 2013. Upon a termination of the advisory agreement (A) by us due to a material breach of the agreement by RJ Aubrey or (B) by RJ Aubrey, any unearned warrants at the time of such termination would expire. The warrants have an exercise price of $6.14 per share. Once exercisable, the warrants may be exercised in whole or in part at any time until their expiration by the submission of an exercise notice accompanied by payment of the exercise price in cash or certified check or by cashless exercise. The agreement was terminated prior to the final installment being earned, such that only 15,000 of the warrants became earned.

On September 1, 2010, we issued 5,000 warrants with an exercise price of $8.00 as consideration for services. The warrants became exercisable on September 1, 2011 and may be exercised in whole or in part at any time until their expiration by the submission of an exercise notice accompanied by payment of the exercise price in cash or certified check or by cashless exercise. The warrants will expire on May 28, 2013.

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence.

The required information will be contained in the Proxy Statement under the caption “Other Information Relating to Directors” and is incorporated herein by reference.

 

34


Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services.

The required information will be contained in the Proxy Statement under the caption “Independent Accountants” and is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules.

(a) The financial statements and schedule filed herewith are set forth on the Index to Financial Statements and Schedule of the separate financial section of this annual report, which is incorporated herein by reference.

(b) Exhibits

The following documents are filed as part of this report or were previously filed and incorporated herein by reference to the filing indicated. Exhibits not required for this report have been omitted. Our Commission file number is 000-23661.

 

    3.1    Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation, dated as of June 4, 2008 (Company’s Form 10-Q filed August 12, 2008).
    3.2    Amended and Restated Bylaws (Company’s Form 8-K filed November 25, 2008).
    4.1    Form of Warrant (Company’s Form 8-K filed December 4, 2007).
    4.2    RJ Aubrey Warrant Agreement, dated November 28, 2007 (Company’s Form 8-K filed December 4, 2007).
    4.3    Form of Investor Warrant to Purchase Common Stock issuable by the Company to the investor signatories to the Subscription Agreement, filed as exhibit F to the Placement Agency Agreement (Company’s Form 8-K filed September 30, 2009).
    4.4    Form of Placement Agent Warrant issuable by the Company to JMP Securities LLC and Wedbush Securities Inc. (Company’s Form 8-K filed September 30, 2009).
    4.5    Warrant issued to RJ Aubrey IR Services LLC as of September 30, 2008 (Company’s Form S-3 (file no. 333-160710)).
    4.7    Warrant issued to Capitol Securities Management, Inc. as of May 28, 2008 (Company’s Form S-3 (file no. 333-160710)).
    4.8    Warrant issued to Emerald Asset Advisors, LLC as of November 5, 2008 (Company’s Form S-3 (file no. 333-160710)).
    4.9    Form of Warrant issued to Messrs. Rick, Pizzirusso, Ries, Meyers and Pace as of July 17, 2009 (Company’s Form S-3 (file no. 333-160710)).
    4.10    Warrant issued to RJ Aubrey IR Services LLC as of March 8, 2010. (Company’s Form 10-Q filed May 7, 2010).
    4.11    Warrant issued to Capitol Securities Management, Inc. as of September 1, 2010 (Company’s Form 8-K filed September 2, 2010).
    4.12    Form of Amended and Restated Warrant issued to Messrs. Rick, Pizzirusso, Ries, Meyers, Pace and Bailey as of September 1, 2010 (Company’s Form 8-K filed September 2, 2010).
    4.13    Warrant issued to DaVita Inc. as of February 16, 2011 (Company’s Form 8-K filed February 23, 2011).
    4.14    Amendment to Warrant issued to Emerald Asset Advisors, LLC as of November 1, 2011 (Company’s Form 8-K filed November 4, 2011)
*10.1    Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. 1997 Stock Option Plan (Company’s Proxy Statement filed April 17, 2006).

 

35


  10.2    Lease Agreement dated March 12, 2000 between the Company and DFW Trade Center III Limited Partnership (Company’s Form 10-KSB filed March 30, 2000.)
  10.3    Lease Agreement dated October 23, 2000 between the Company and International-Wixom, LLC (Company’s Form 10-KSB filed April 2, 2001.)
  10.4    Licensing Agreement between the Company and Charak LLC and Dr. Ajay Gupta dated January 7, 2002 (with certain portions of the exhibit deleted under a request for confidential treatment under Rule 24b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) (Company’s Form 10-KSB filed April 1, 2002).
  10.10    Second Amendment of Industrial Lease Agreement between Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. and DCT DFW, LP dated August 17, 2005 (Company’s Form 8-K filed August 19, 2005).
  10.11    Amending Agreement made the 16th day of January, 2006, by and between Dr. Ajay Gupta, Charak LLC and Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. (Company’s Form 10-KSB filed March 31, 2006).
  10.17    Consulting Agreement, dated as of October 3, 2007 (Company’s Form 8-K filed October 9, 2007).
  10.18    Common Stock Purchase Agreement, dated November 28, 2007, between the Company and certain Purchasers (Company’s Form 8-K filed December 4, 2007).
  10.19    Registration Rights Agreement, dated November 28, 2007, between the Company and certain Purchasers (Company’s Form 8-K filed December 4, 2007).
*10.20    Form of Nonqualified Stock Option Agreement (Director Version) (Company’s Form 8-K filed December 20, 2007).
*10.21    Form of Nonqualified Stock Option Agreement (Employee Version) (Company’s Form 8-K filed December 20, 2007).
  10.22    Lease Agreement dated March 19, 2008 between the Company and EZE Management Properties Limited Partners (Company’s Form 10-K filed March 24, 2008).
  10.24    Advisory Agreement dated May 28, 2008 between the Company and Capitol Securities Management, Inc. (Company’s Form 10-Q filed August 12, 2008).
  10.25    Mutual Release and Settlement Agreement dated September 24, 2008 by and among the Company, FWLL, LLC and ST Holdings, Inc (Company’s Form 10-Q filed November 13, 2008).
  10.26    Advisory Agreement dated September 30, 2008 between the Company and RJ Aubrey IR Services LLC (Company’s Form 10-Q filed November 13, 2008).
  10.27    Advisory Agreement dated November 5, 2008 between the Company and Emerald Asset Advisors, LLC (Company’s Form 10-Q filed November 13, 2008).
*10.28    Form of Restricted Stock Award Agreement (Executive Version) (Company’s Form 8-K filed November 25, 2008).
  10.29    Amendment to Advisory Agreement dated November 21, 2008 between the Company and Emerald Asset Advisors, LLC (Company’s Form 10-K filed March 16, 2009).
  10.30    Lease Renewal dated August 21, 2008 between the Company and International-Wixom, LLC with respect to the Lease Agreement dated October 23, 2000 (Company’s Form 10-K filed March 16, 2009).
  10.31    Second Amendment dated November 18, 2008 to the Supply Agreement between the Company and DaVita, Inc. dated May 5, 2004 (with certain portions of the exhibit deleted under a request for confidential treatment under Rule 24b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) (Company’s Form 10-K filed March 16, 2009).

 

36


  10.33   Placement Agency Agreement with JMP Securities LLC and Wedbush Securities Inc. dated September 29, 2009 (including the form of Subscription Agreement included as Exhibit A thereto) (Company’s Form 8-K filed September 30, 2009).
  10.34   Advisory Agreement dated March 8, 2010 between the Company and RJ Aubrey IR Services LLC (Company’s Form 10-Q filed May 7, 2010).
  10.35   Third Amendment to Industrial Lease Agreement between Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. and DCT DFW, LP dated July 7, 2010 (Company’s Form 8-K filed on July 13, 2010).
  10.36   Amendment No. 3 to Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. 2007 Long Term Incentive Plan (Company’s Proxy Statement filed April 15, 2010).
  10.37   Lease Renewal Agreement dated August 27, 2010, by and between Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. and International-Wixom, LLC (Company’s Form 8-K filed September 2, 2010).
  10.38   Advisory Agreement dated September 1, 2010 between the Company and Capitol Securities Management, Inc. (Company’s Form 8-K filed September 2, 2010).
  10.39   Products Purchase Agreement dated February 16, 2011, by and between Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. and DaVita Inc (with certain portions deleted pursuant to a request for confidential treatment under Rule 24b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) (Company’s Form 10-K/A filed May 27, 2011).
  10.40   Agreement to Extend the Lease Agreement, Options to Purchase and Option to Lease dated February 17, 2011, by and between Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. and EZE Management Properties Limited Partnership (Company’s Form 8-K filed February 24, 2011).
*10.41   Amended and Restated Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. 2007 Long Term Incentive Plan (Company’s definitive Proxy Statement filed April 15, 2011).
*10.42   Form of Amendment to 2008 Restricted Stock Award Agreement as of November 17, 2011 with Robert L. Chioini and Thomas E. Klema (Company’s Form 8-K filed November 22, 2011)
  14.1   Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. Code of Ethics (Company’s Proxy Statement filed April 23, 2004).
  21.1   List of Subsidiaries (Company’s Form SB-2 (file No. 333-31991)).
  23.1   Consent of Plante & Moran, PLLC.
  31.1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a).
  31.2   Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a).
  32.1   Certification of the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
101.INS**   XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH**   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema
101.CAL**   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase
101.DEF**   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Database
101.LAB**   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase
101.PRE**   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase

 

* Current management contracts or compensatory plans or arrangements.
** XBRL (Extensible Business Reporting Language) information is furnished and not filed herewith, is not a part of a registration statement or prospectus for purposes of sections 11 or 12 of the Securities Act of 1933, is deemed not filed for purposes of section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and otherwise is not subject to liability under these sections.

 

37


SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (Registrant)
By:   /s/ ROBERT L. CHIOINI
  Robert L. Chioini
  President and Chief Executive Officer
Date: March 5, 2012

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed by the following persons on behalf of registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

 

SIGNATURE

  

TITLE

  

DATE

/s/ ROBERT L. CHIOINI

   President, Chief Executive Officer and Director (Principal Executive Officer)    March 5, 2012
Robert L. Chioini      

/s/ THOMAS E. KLEMA

   Vice President of Finance, Chief Financial Officer, Treasurer and Secretary (Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)    March 5, 2012
Thomas E. Klema      
     

/s/ KENNETH L. HOLT

   Director    March 5, 2012
Kenneth L. Holt      

/s/ RONALD D. BOYD

   Director    March 5, 2012
Ronald D. Boyd      

/s/ PATRICK J. BAGLEY

   Director    March 5, 2012
Patrick J. Bagley      

 

38


INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

          PAGE

I.

  

Consolidated Financial Statements for Rockwell Medical

  
  

Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiary

  
  

Reports of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

   F-1-F-2
  

Consolidated Balance Sheets at December 31, 2011 and 2010

   F-3
  

Consolidated Income Statement for the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009

   F-4
  

Consolidated Statement of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity for the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009

   F-5
  

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009

   F-6
  

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

   F-7-F-21

II.

  

Schedule II – Valuation and Qualifying Accounts

   S-1


Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders

Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiary

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiary (the Company) as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, and the related consolidated statements of income, changes in shareholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2011. Our audits also included the financial statement schedule listed in the Index at Item 15. These financial statements and financial statement schedule are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements and financial statement schedule based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiary at December 31, 2011 and 2010, and the consolidated results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2011, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Also, in our opinion, such financial statement schedule, when considered in relation to the basic consolidated financial statements taken as a whole, presents fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiary’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2011, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated March 5, 2012 expressed an adverse opinion on the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting.

/s/ Plante & Moran, PLLC

Clinton Township, Michigan

March 5, 2012

 

F-1


Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders

Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiary

We have audited Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiary’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2011, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). Management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate. A material weakness is a deficiency, or combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the company’s annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. Management has identified a material weakness in controls related to its procedures for recording research and development costs and related accruals.

In our opinion, because of the effect of the material weakness described above on the achievement of the objectives of the control criteria, Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiary has not maintained effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2011, based on the COSO criteria.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheets of Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiary (the Company) as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, and the related consolidated statements of income, changes in shareholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2011 and related financial statement schedule. The material weakness identified above was considered in determining the nature, timing, and extent of audit tests applied in our audit of the 2011 financial statements, and this report does not affect our report dated March 5, 2012, which expressed an unqualified opinion on those financial statements.

/s/ Plante & Moran, PLLC

Clinton Township, Michigan

March 5, 2012

 

F-2


ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

As of December 31, 2011 and 2010

 

     December 31,
2011
    December 31,
2010
 
ASSETS     

Cash and Cash Equivalents

   $ 5,715,246      $ 12,263,449   

Investments Available for Sale

     11,810,775        11,938,098   

Accounts Receivable, net of a reserve of $29,000 in 2011 and $23,000 in 2010

     4,222,816        4,507,296   

Inventory

     2,504,127        2,936,878   

Other Current Assets

     1,643,565        1,020,647   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Current Assets

     25,896,529        32,666,368   

Property and Equipment, net

     2,290,476        3,049,513   

Intangible Assets

     833,773        166,657   

Goodwill

     920,745        920,745   

Other Non-current Assets

     1,998,076        163,624   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Assets

   $ 31,939,599      $ 36,966,907   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY     

Capitalized Lease Obligations

   $ 6,470      $ 18,215   

Accounts Payable

     5,364,537        3,659,507   

Accrued Liabilities

     8,225,015        2,577,022   

Customer Deposits

     96,329        165,476   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Current Liabilities

     13,692,351        6,420,220   

Capitalized Lease Obligations

     2,280        8,750   

Shareholders’ Equity:

    

Common Shares, no par value, 18,710,002 and 17,513,608 shares issued and outstanding

     67,407,847        57,017,236   

Common Share Purchase Warrants, 2,607,440 and 3,338,569 warrants issued and outstanding

     7,103,975        8,275,509   

Accumulated Deficit

     (55,985,742     (34,541,185

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

     (281,112     (213,623
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Shareholders’ Equity

     18,244,968        30,537,937   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Liabilities And Shareholders’ Equity

   $ 31,939,599      $ 36,966,907   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

 

F-3


ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENTS

For The Years Ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009

 

     2011     2010     2009  

Sales

   $ 48,966,231      $ 59,554,592      $ 54,729,505   

Cost of Sales

     43,323,321        49,693,753        46,842,334   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross Profit

     5,642,910        9,860,839        7,887,171   

Selling, General and Administrative

     9,522,305        9,307,621        6,914,198   

Research and Product Development

     17,805,362        3,422,134        6,454,352   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating Income (Loss)

     (21,684,757     (2,868,916     (5,481,379

Interest and Investment Income, net

     244,049        195,218        5,320   

Interest Expense

     1,844        9,701        25,179   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (Loss) Before Income Taxes

     (21,442,552     (2,683,399     (5,501,238

Income Tax Expense

     2,005        —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net Income (Loss)

   $ (21,444,557   $ (2,683,399   $ (5,501,238
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic And Diluted Earnings (Loss) Per Share

   $ (1.21   $ (.16   $ (.37

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

 

F-4


ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY &

COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

For The Years Ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009

 

    COMMON SHARES     PURCHASE
WARRANTS
                   
    SHARES     AMOUNT     WARRANTS     AMOUNT     ACCUMULATED
DEFICIT
    ACCUMULATED
OTHER
COMPREHENSIVE
INCOME (LOSS)
    TOTAL
SHAREHOLDER’S
EQUITY
 

Balance as of December 31, 2008

    14,104,690      $ 34,799,093        2,114,169      $ 3,378,398      $ (26,356,548     —        $ 11,820,943   

Issuance of Common Shares

    3,095,752        16,796,617        —          —          —          —          16,796,617   

Issuance of Purchase Warrants

    —          —          1,204,400        4,257,196        —          —          4,257,196   

Stock Option Based Expense

    —          1,795,246        —          —          —          —          1,795,246   

Restricted Stock Amortization

    —          154,438        —          —          —          —          154,438   

Net Loss

    —          —          —          —          (5,501,238     —          (5,501,238
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance as of December 31, 2009

    17,200,442      $ 53,545,394        3,318,569      $ 7,635,594      $ (31,857,786   $ —        $ 29,323,202   

Net Loss

    —          —          —          —          (2,683,399     —          (2,683,399

Unrealized Losses on Available-for-Sale Investments

              (213,623     (213,623
             

 

 

 

Comprehensive Loss

                (2,897,022

Issuance of Common Shares

    313,166        90,448        —          —          —          —          90,448   

Issuance of Purchase Warrants

    —          —          20,000        639,915        —          —          639,915   

Stock Option Based Expense

    —          3,048,750        —          —          —          —          3,048,750   

Restricted Stock Amortization

    —          332,644        —          —          —          —          332,644   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance as of December 31, 2010

    17,513,608      $ 57,017,236        3,338,569      $ 8,275,509      $ (34,541,185   $ (213,623   $ 30,537,937   

Net Loss

            (21,444,557       (21,444,557

Reclassification of Losses Included in Net Loss

              84,590        84,590   

Unrealized (Loss) on Available-for-Sale Investments

              (152,079     (152,079
             

 

 

 

Comprehensive Loss

                (21,512,046

Issuance of Common Shares

    397,054        719,484                719,484   

Issuance of Purchase Warrants

        100,000        312,325            312,325   

Exercise of Purchase Warrants

    799,340        5,361,135        (831,129     (1,483,859         3,877,276   

Additional Paid In Capital

      244,289                244,289   

Stock Option Based Expense

      3,469,703                3,469,703   

Restricted Stock Amortization

      596,000                596,000   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance as of December 31, 2011

    18,710,002      $ 67,407,847        2,607,440      $ 7,103,975      $ (55,985,742   $ (281,112   $ 18,244,968   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

 

F-5


ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

For the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009

 

     2011     2010     2009  

Cash Flows From Operating Activities:

      

Net (Loss)

   $ (21,444,557   $ (2,683,399   $ (5,501,238

Adjustments To Reconcile Net Loss To Net Cash Used In Operating Activities:

      

Depreciation and Amortization

     1,176,007        1,389,152        1,233,706   

Share Based Compensation – Non-employee warrants

     312,325        639,915        403,203   

Share Based Compensation- Employees

     4,065,703        3,381,394        1,949,684   

Loss (Gain) on Disposal of Assets

     29,093        19,816        36,415   

Loss on Sale of Investments Available for Sale

     84,590        —          —     

Changes in Assets and Liabilities:

      

(Increase) Decrease in Accounts Receivable

     284,480        (1,014,674     1,737,034   

Decrease in Inventory

     432,751        151,474        73,273   

(Increase) Decrease in Other Assets

     (2,457,370     (690,750     68,131   

Increase (Decrease)in Accounts Payable

     1,705,030        270,750        (1,822,215

Increase in Other Liabilities

     5,028,846        637,236        395,248   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Changes in Assets and Liabilities

     4,993,737        (645,964     451,471   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash Provided By (Used) In Operating Activities

     (10,783,102     2,100,914        (1,426,759

Cash Flows From Investing Activities:

      

(Purchase) of Investments Available for Sale

     (2,000,000     (12,151,721     —     

Sale of Investments Available for Sale

     1,975,244        —          —     

Purchase of Equipment

     (421,043     (772,364     (1,595,999

Proceeds on Sale of Assets

     2,985        1,800     

Purchase of Intangible Assets

     (145,121     —          (4,949
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash (Used) In Investing Activities

     (587,935     (12,922,285     (1,600,948

Cash Flows From Financing Activities:

      

Proceeds from Issuance of Common Shares and Purchase Warrants

     4,841,049        90,448        20,650,610   

Payments on Notes Payable and Capital Lease Obligations

     (18,215     (43,723     (181,453
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash Provided By Financing Activities

     4,822,834        46,725        20,469,157   

Increase (Decrease) In Cash

     (6,548,203     (10,774,646     17,441,450   

Cash At Beginning Of Period

     12,263,449        23,038,095        5,596,645   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash At End Of Period

   $ 5,715,246      $ 12,263,449      $ 23,038,095   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplemental Cash Flow disclosure

      
     2011     2010     2009  

Interest Paid

   $ 1,843      $ 9,701      $ 25,179   

Non-Cash Investing and Financing Activity – Acquisition of Intangible Assets

   $ 550,000      $ —        $ —     

Equipment Acquired Under Capital Lease Obligations

   $ —        $ 8,688      $ 25,400   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements

 

F-6


ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

1. DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS

We manufacture, sell and distribute hemodialysis concentrates and other ancillary medical products and supplies used in the treatment of patients with End Stage Renal Disease, or “ESRD”. We supply our products to medical service providers who treat patients with kidney disease. Our products are used to cleanse patients’ blood and replace nutrients lost during the kidney dialysis process. We primarily sell our products in the United States.

We are regulated by the Federal Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) under the Federal Drug and Cosmetics Act, as well as by other federal, state and local agencies. We have received 510(k) approval from the FDA to market hemodialysis solutions and powders. We also have 510(k) approval to sell our Dri-Sate Dry Acid Concentrate product line and our Dri-Sate Mixer.

We have obtained global licenses for certain dialysis related drugs which we are developing and seeking FDA approval to market. We plan to devote substantial resources to the development, testing and FDA approval of our lead drug candidate.

 

2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Basis of Presentation

Our consolidated financial statements include our accounts and the accounts for our wholly owned subsidiary, Rockwell Transportation, Inc.

All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Revenue Recognition

We recognize revenue at the time we transfer title to our products to our customers consistent with generally accepted accounting principles. Generally, we recognize revenue when our products are delivered to our customer’s location consistent with our terms of sale. We recognize revenue for international shipments when title has transferred consistent with standard terms of sale.

We require certain customers, mostly international customers, to pay for product prior to the transfer of title to the customer. Deposits received from customers and payments in advance for orders are recorded as liabilities under Customer Deposits until such time as orders are filled and title transfers to the customer consistent with our terms of sale. At December 31, 2011 and 2010 we had customer deposits of $96,329 and $165,476, respectively.

Shipping and Handling Revenue and Costs

Our products are generally priced on a delivered basis with the price of delivery included in the overall price of our products which is reported as sales. Separately identified freight and handling charges are also included in sales.

We include shipping and handling costs, including expenses of Rockwell Transportation, Inc., in cost of sales.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

We consider cash on hand, money market funds and unrestricted certificates of deposit with an original maturity of 90 days or less as cash and cash equivalents.

 

F-7


Investments Available for Sale

Investments Available for Sale are short-term investments, consisting principally of investments in short term duration bond funds, and are stated at fair value based upon observed market prices (Level 1 in the fair value hierarchy). Unrealized holding gains or losses on these securities are included in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). Realized gains and losses, including declines in value judged to be other-than-temporary on available-for-sale securities are included as a component of other income or expense.

Accounts Receivable

Accounts receivable are stated at invoice amounts. The carrying amount of trade accounts receivable is reduced by an allowance for doubtful accounts that reflects our best estimate of accounts that may not be collected. We review outstanding trade accounts receivable balances and based on our assessment of expected collections, we estimate the portion, if any, of the balance that may not be collected as well as a general valuation allowance for other accounts receivable based primarily on historical experience. All accounts or portions thereof deemed to be uncollectible are written off to the allowance for doubtful accounts.

Inventory

Inventory is stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost is determined on the first-in first-out (FIFO) method.

Property and Equipment

Property and equipment are recorded at cost. Expenditures for normal maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred. Property and equipment are depreciated using the straight-line method over their useful lives, which range from three to ten years. Leasehold improvements are amortized using the straight-line method over the shorter of their useful lives or the related lease term.

Licensing Fees

License fees related to the technology, intellectual property and marketing rights for dialysate iron covered under certain issued patents have been capitalized and are being amortized over the life of the related patents which is generally 17 years.

Goodwill, Intangible Assets and Long Lived Assets

The recorded amounts of goodwill and other intangibles from prior business combinations are based on management’s best estimates of the fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the date of acquisition. Goodwill is not amortized; however, it must be tested for impairment at least annually. Amortization continues to be recorded for other intangible assets with definite lives over their estimated useful lives. Intangible assets subject to amortization are reviewed for potential impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate that carrying amounts may not be recoverable.

An impairment review of goodwill, intangible assets, and property and equipment is performed annually or whenever a change in condition occurs which indicates that the carrying amounts of assets may not be recoverable. Such changes may include changes in our business strategies and plans, changes to our customer contracts, changes to our product lines and changes in our operating practices. We use a variety of factors to assess the realizable value of long-lived assets depending on their nature and use.

The useful lives of other intangible assets are based on management’s best estimates of the period over which the assets are expected to contribute directly or indirectly to our future cash flows. Management annually

 

F-8


evaluates the remaining useful lives of intangible assets with finite useful lives to determine whether events and circumstances warrant a revision to the remaining amortization periods. It is reasonably possible that management’s estimates of the carrying amount of goodwill and the remaining useful lives of other intangible assets may change in the near term.

Income Taxes

We account for income taxes in accordance with the provisions of ASC 740-10, Income Taxes. A current tax liability or asset is recognized for the estimated taxes payable or refundable on tax returns for the year. Deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized for the estimated future tax effects of temporary differences between book and tax accounting and operating loss and tax credit carryforwards. A valuation allowance is established for deferred tax assets if we determine it to be more likely than not that the deferred tax asset will not be realized. The Company recognizes interest and penalties accrued related to unrecognized tax benefits as income tax expense.

The effects of tax positions are generally recognized in the financial statements consistent with amounts reflected in returns filed, or expected to be filed, with taxing authorities. For tax positions that the Company considers to be uncertain, current and deferred tax liabilities are recognized, or assets derecognized, when it is probable that an income tax liability has been incurred and the amount of the liability is reasonably estimable, or when it is probable that a tax benefit, such as a tax credit or loss carryforward, will be disallowed by a taxing authority. The amount of unrecognized tax benefits related to tax positions is insignificant.

Research and Product Development

We recognize research and product development costs as expenses as incurred. We incurred product development and research costs related to the commercial development, patent approval and regulatory approval of new products, including iron supplemented dialysate, aggregating approximately $17,805,000, $3,422,000, and $6,454,000 in 2011, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

We are conducting human clinical trials on iron supplemented dialysate and we recognize the costs of the human clinical trials as the costs are incurred and services performed over the duration of the trials.

Share Based Compensation

We measure the cost of employee services received in exchange for equity awards, including stock options, based on the grant date fair value of the awards in accordance with ASC 718-10, Compensation — Stock Compensation. The cost of equity based compensation is recognized as compensation expense over the vesting period of the awards.

We estimate the fair value of compensation involving stock options utilizing the Black-Scholes option pricing model. This model requires the input of several factors such as the expected option term, expected volatility of our stock price over the expected option term, and an expected forfeiture rate, and is subject to various assumptions. We believe the valuation methodology is appropriate for estimating the fair value of stock options we grant to employees and directors which are subject to ASC 718-10 requirements. These amounts are estimates and thus may not be reflective of actual future results or amounts ultimately realized by recipients of these grants.

Employee Retirement Plans

We are the sponsor of a non-contributory 401(k) Employee Savings Plan.

 

F-9


Net Earnings per Share

We computed our basic earnings (loss) per share using weighted average shares outstanding for each respective period. Diluted earnings per share also reflect the weighted average impact from the date of issuance of all potentially dilutive securities, consisting of stock options and common share purchase warrants, unless inclusion would have had an anti-dilutive effect. Actual weighted average shares outstanding used in calculating basic and diluted earnings per share were:

 

     2011      2010      2009  

Basic Weighted Average Shares Outstanding

     17,774,865         17,111,535         14,709,016   

Effect of Dilutive Securities

     -0-         -0-         -0-   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted Weighted Average Shares Outstanding

     17,774,865         17,111,535         14,709,016   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

For 2011, 2010 and 2009, the dilutive effect of stock options and common share purchase warrants have not been included in the average shares outstanding for the calculation of diluted loss per share as the effect would be anti-dilutive as a result of our net loss in these periods.

At December 31, 2011 potentially dilutive securities comprised 5,482,135 stock options exercisable at prices from $.55 to $10.20, 2,607,440 common share purchase warrants exercisable at prices ranging from $6.14 to $10.25 and 310,000 unvested restricted common shares.

At December 31, 2010, potentially dilutive securities comprised 5,289,334 stock options exercisable at prices from $.55 to $8.35, 3,338,569 common share purchase warrants exercisable at prices ranging from $1.99 to $10.00 and 310,000 unvested restricted common shares.

At December 31, 2009, potentially dilutive securities comprised 4,441,500 stock options exercisable at prices from $.55 to $8.35, 3,318,569 common share purchase warrants exercisable at prices ranging from $1.99 to $10.00 and 150,000 unvested restricted common shares.

Disclosures About Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The carrying amounts of all significant financial instruments, comprising cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, and accounts payable approximate fair value because of the short maturities of these instruments.

Fair Market Value Measurements

Accounting standards require certain assets and liabilities be reported at fair value in the financial statements and provides a framework for establishing that fair value. The framework for determining fair value is based on a hierarchy that prioritizes observable and unobservable inputs used to measure fair value into three broad levels, which are described below:

 

Level 1:   Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for
assets or liabilities. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to Level 1 inputs.
Level 2:   Observable prices that are based on inputs not quoted in active markets, but corroborated by market data.
Level 3:   Unobservable inputs are used when little or no market data is available. The fair value hierarchy gives the lowest priority to Level 3 inputs.

In determining fair value, we utilize valuation techniques that maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs to the extent possible as well as considering counterparty credit risk in its assessment of fair value. We value our available-for-sale investment securities, consisting solely of bond mutual funds, using Level 1 inputs in the fair value hierarchy. We do not have other financial assets that would be characterized as Level 2 or Level 3 assets.

 

F-10


The Company also has certain non-financial assets that under certain conditions are subject to measurement at fair value on a non-recurring basis. No such measurements were required in 2011 or 2010.

Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

Accounting principles generally require that recognized revenue, expenses, gains, and losses be included in net income. Certain changes in assets and liabilities, however, such as unrealized gains and losses on available for sale securities, are reported as a direct adjustment to the equity section of the balance sheet. Such items, along with net income (loss), are considered components of comprehensive income (loss).

Estimates in Preparation of Financial Statements

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

In 2011 the FASB amended the provisions of the Fair Value Measurement topic of the FASB Codification. This amendment provides a consistent definition of fair value and ensures that the fair value measurement and disclosure requirements are similar between GAAP and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). This topic changes certain fair value measurement principles and enhances the disclosure requirements, particularly for Level 3 fair value measurements. These provisions are effective for reporting periods beginning on or after December 15, 2011, applied prospectively. The adoption of this amendment will not have a material effect on our Consolidated Financial Statements.

In 2011 the FASB amended the provisions of the Comprehensive Income topic of the FASB Codification. The amended provisions were issued to enhance comparability between entities that report under GAAP and IFRS and to provide a more consistent method of presenting non-owner transactions that affect an entity’s equity. This topic eliminates the option to report other comprehensive income and its components in the statement of changes in shareholders’ equity and requires an entity to present the total of comprehensive income, the components of net income and the components of other comprehensive income either in a single continuous statement or in two separate but consecutive statements. These amended provisions are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2011. Early adoption of the new guidance is permitted and full retrospective application is required. The adoption of this amendment will not have a material effect on our Consolidated Financial Statements as the amendment impacts presentation only.

In 2011 the FASB amended the provisions of the Intangibles-Goodwill and Other topic of the FASB Codification. The amended provisions were issued to simplify how entities test goodwill for impairment. This topic will allow companies to assess qualitative factors to determine if it is more-likely-than-not that goodwill might be impaired and whether it is necessary to perform the two-step goodwill impairment test required under current accounting standards. These amended provisions are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011, with early adoption permitted. The adoption of this amendment will not have a material effect on our Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

3. INVESTMENTS IN AVAILABLE FOR SALE SECURITIES

We hold investments in available for sale securities in four short term bond funds. These funds generally hold high credit quality short term debt instruments. These debt instruments are subject to changes in fair market value due to changes in interest rates. The market value of these investments was $11,810,775 and $11,938,098 as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. Each of the bond funds is in an unrealized loss position and has been

 

F-11


for more than 12 months. Total unrealized losses are $152,079 and $213,623 at December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. There are no unrealized gains. The Company evaluated the near term interest rate environment, the expected holding period of the investments along with the duration of the fund portfolios in assessing the severity and duration of the potential impairment. Based on that evaluation the Company does not consider those investments to be other-than-temporarily impaired at December 31, 2011.

In 2011 we sold securities with a market value of $2,000,000 with an average cost basis of $2,084,590 and we realized losses of $84,590 from rebalancing our portfolio of available-for-sale securities to shorter duration funds. There were no sales proceeds or realized gains and losses on securities classified as available-for-sale during 2010 or 2009.

 

4. SIGNIFICANT MARKET SEGMENTS

We operate in one market segment which involves the manufacture and distribution of hemodialysis concentrates, dialysis kits and ancillary products used in the dialysis process to hemodialysis clinics. For the years ended December 31,2011, 2010 and 2009, one customer, DaVita Inc., accounted for 48%, 42% and 50% of our sales, respectively. Our accounts receivable from this customer were $2,073,000 and $2,336,526 as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. We are dependent on this key customer and the loss of its business would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. One distributor accounted for 15% of our sales in 2010 and 2% in 2011. Due to credit arrangements with this distributor no accounts receivable were due as of either December 31, 2010 or December 31, 2011. No other customers accounted for more than 10% of our sales in the last three years.

The majority of our international sales in each of the last three years were sales to domestic distributors that were resold to end users outside the United States. Our sales to foreign customers and distributors were less than 5% of our total sales in 2011 and 2010. We have no assets outside the United States. Our total international sales, including sales to domestic distributors for resale outside the United States, aggregated 13%, 23% and 12%, of overall sales in 2011, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

 

5. INVENTORY

Components of inventory as of December 31, 2011 and 2010 are as follows:

 

     2011      2010  

Raw Materials

   $ 819,523       $ 1,082,807   

Work in Process

     171,842         148,712   

Finished Goods

     1,512,762         1,705,359   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 2,504,127       $ 2,936,878   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

6. PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT

Major classes of property and equipment, stated at cost, as of December 31, 2011 and 2010 are as follows:

 

     2011     2010  

Leasehold Improvements

   $ 446,164      $ 401,006   

Machinery and Equipment

     5,848,306        5,686,102   

Information Technology & Office Equipment

     1,921,668        1,871,022   

Laboratory Equipment

     508,929        538,052   

Transportation Equipment

     417,493        421,159   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     9,142,560        8,917,341   

Accumulated Depreciation

     (6,852,084     (5,867,828
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net Property and Equipment

   $ 2,290,476      $ 3,049,513   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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Included in the table above are assets under capital lease obligations as follows:

 

     2011      2010  

Assets under Capital Lease Obligations

   $ 84,832       $ 84,832   

Net Book Value of Assets under Capital Lease Obligations

     29,269         45,332   

Depreciation expense was $1,141,545 for 2011, $1,341,472 for 2010 and $1,202,438 for 2009.

 

7. GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS

Total goodwill was $920,745 at December 31, 2011 and 2010. We completed our annual impairment tests as of November 30, 2011 and 2010, and determined that no adjustment for impairment of goodwill was required.

We have entered into a global licensing agreement for certain patents covering a therapeutic drug compound to be delivered using our dialysate product lines. We intend to seek FDA approval for this product. We have capitalized the licensing fees paid for the rights to use this patented technology as an intangible asset.

As of December 31, 2011 we had capitalized licensing fees of $1,070,126, net of accumulated amortization of $236,353. During 2011, we acquired an abbreviated new drug application (ANDA) for a generic version of an intravenous Vitamin-D analogue, calcitriol. Capitalized costs related to this ANDA were approximately $695,000. After a one year period expiring July 13, 2012, the Company, at its sole election, may return this ANDA and related license to the seller or it may pay the seller $550,000 to retain the ANDA. As the calcitriol ANDA has an indefinite life, it is not being amortized.

As of December 31, 2010 we had capitalized licensing fees of $375,005, net of accumulated amortization of $208,348. During 2010, we fully amortized the remaining portion of a separate license agreement for vitamins and carnitine in dialysate when we determined the asset was impaired following the loss of patent protection for the product.

Our policy is to amortize licensing fees over the life of the patents pertaining to certain licensing agreements. We recognized amortization expense of $28,005 in 2011, $47,299 in 2010 and $31,268 in 2009. Estimated amortization expense for licensing fees for 2012 through 2017 is approximately $28,000 per year. Our SFP licensing agreement, which is with a company owned by our chief scientific officer, requires additional payments upon achievement of certain milestones.

 

8. OTHER NON-CURRENT ASSETS

The Company has entered into contracts with contract research organizations for the purpose of conducting human clinical research trials and has advanced funds to contract research organizations to partially offset future service costs and expenses under these contracts. As of December 31, 2011, such advances classified as non-current assets aggregated $1,497,000 and such advances classified as prepaid expenses aggregated $852,000.

 

9. CAPITAL LEASE OBLIGATIONS

We entered into capital lease obligations primarily related to equipment with a fair market value aggregating $8,688 for the year ended December 31, 2010. In addition, we have other capital lease obligations related to financing other equipment. These capital lease obligations require even monthly installments through 2013 and interest rates on the leases range from 4% to 15%. These obligations under capital leases had outstanding balances of $8,750 and $26,965 at December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

 

F-13


Future minimum lease payments under capital lease obligations are:

 

Year Ending December 31, 2012

   $ 7,151   

Year Ending December 31, 2013

     2,410   
  

 

 

 

Total minimum payments on capital lease obligations

     9,561   

Interest

     (811
  

 

 

 

Present value of minimum lease payments

     8,750   

Current portion of capital lease obligations

     (6,470
  

 

 

 

Long-term capital lease obligations

   $ 2,280   
  

 

 

 

 

10. ACCRUED LIABILITIES

We had accrued liabilities of $8,225,015 as of December 31, 2011 which included accrued research and development expenses of $5,913,908 and accrued compensation and benefits of $895,203.

 

11. OPERATING LEASES

We lease our production facilities and administrative offices as well as certain equipment used in our operations. The lease terms range from monthly to five years. We occupy a 51,000 square foot facility in Wixom, Michigan under a lease expiring in August 2012. We also occupy a 51,000 square foot facility in Grapevine, Texas under a lease expiring in December 2015. In addition, we lease a 57,000 square foot facility in Greer, South Carolina under a lease expiring February 2013.

Lease payments under all operating leases were $2,001,194, $2,211,080 and $2,191,884 for the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

Future minimum rental payments under operating lease agreements are as follows:

 

Year ending December 31, 2012

   $  1,502,567   

Year ending December 31, 2013

     551,678   

Year ending December 31, 2014

     236,544   

Year ending December 31, 2015

     194,749   

Year ending December 31, 2016 and thereafter

     31,360   
  

 

 

 

Total

   $ 2,516,898   
  

 

 

 

 

12. INCOME TAXES

A reconciliation of income tax expense at the statutory rate to income tax expense at our effective tax rate is as follows:

 

     2011     2010     2009  

Tax Expense Computed at 34 % of Pretax Income

   $ (7,291,000   $ (912,000   $ (1,870,000

Effect of Permanent Differences Principally Related to Non-taxable government grants

     —          (83,000     —     

State Income Taxes

     2,005        —          —     

Effect of Change in Valuation Allowance

     (7,291,000     (995,000     (1,870,000
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Income Tax Expense

   $ 2,005      $ -0-      $ -0-   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

F-14


The details of the net deferred tax asset are as follows:

 

     December 31,  
     2011     2010  

Deferred tax assets:

    

Net Operating Loss Carryforward

   $ 16,728,000      $ 10,130,000   

Stock Based Compensation

     3,467,000        2,208,000   

Accrued Expenses

     78,000        73,000   

Inventories

     66,000        82,000   

Accounts Receivable

     10,000        8,000   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Subtotal

     20,349,000        12,501,000   

Deferred Tax Liabilities:

    

Tax over Book Depreciation

     323,000        230,000   

Goodwill & Intangible Assets

     297,000        261,000   

Prepaid Expenses

     3,000        47,000   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Subtotal

     623,000        538,000   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Subtotal

     19,726,000        11,963,000   

Valuation Allowance

     (19,726,000     (11,963,000
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net Deferred Tax Asset

   $ -0-      $ -0-   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Deferred tax assets result primarily from net operating loss carryforwards. For tax purposes, we have net operating loss carryforwards of approximately $49,201,000 that expire between 2018 and 2031.

In assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, management considers whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will be realized upon the generation of future taxable income during the periods in which those temporary differences become deductible. We recognized no income tax expense or benefit for the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009. Due to anticipated spending on research and development over the next several years, coupled with our limited history of operating income and our net losses in 2011, 2010 and 2009, management has placed a full valuation allowance against the net deferred tax assets as of December 31, 2011 and 2010. The portion of the valuation allowance resulting from excess tax benefits on share based compensation that would be credited directly to contributed capital if recognized in subsequent periods is $1.9 million.

The Company accounts for its uncertain tax positions in accordance with ASC 740-10, Income Taxes and the amount of unrecognized tax benefits related to tax positions is not significant at December 31, 2011 and 2010.

 

13. CAPITAL STOCK

Our authorized capital stock consists of 40,000,000 common shares, no par value per share, of which 18,710,002 were outstanding as of December 31, 2011, 17,513,608 shares were outstanding as of December 31, 2010 and 17,200,442 shares were outstanding as of December 31, 2009; 2,000,000 preferred shares, none of which were issued or outstanding at December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009 and 1,416,664 shares of 8.5% non-voting cumulative redeemable Series A Preferred Shares, $1.00 par value, of which none were outstanding at December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009.

During 2011, we issued 397,054 common shares upon the exercise of 416,021 stock options by employees and realized proceeds of $719,484. The weighted average exercise price of options exercised was $1.81.

In 2011, we issued 799,340 common shares upon the exercise of outstanding warrants and realized $3,877,276 in proceeds.

 

F-15


During 2010, we issued 78,166 common shares upon the exercise of stock options by employees and realized proceeds of $90,448. The weighted average exercise price of options exercised was $1.16. The Board of Directors approved restricted stock grants totaling 235,000 shares in 2010.

During 2009, we also issued 3,095,752 common shares and 1,204,400 common share purchase warrants and realized net cash proceeds of $20,651,000. This total includes 2,840,000 common shares issued pursuant to a registered direct offering in October 2009 to institutional investors for which we received gross proceeds of $22,000,000 and net proceeds of $20,388,000 after deducting investment banking fees, legal, registration, accounting and other expenses related to this offering. This registered direct offering consisted of a unit priced at $7.75, which included one common share and a warrant to purchase .38 common shares per unit at an exercise price of $9.55 per share. For financial reporting purposes, the net proceeds were allocated between common stock and warrants on a relative fair value basis.

During 2009, we issued 255,752 common shares upon the exercise of 333,198 stock options by employees and realized proceeds of $262,654. The weighted average exercise price of options exercised was $2.14.

Common Shares

Holders of the common shares are entitled to one vote per share on all matters submitted to a vote of our shareholders and are to receive dividends when and if declared by the Board of Directors. The Board is authorized to issue additional common shares within the limits of the Company’s Articles of Incorporation without further shareholder action, subject to applicable stock exchange rules.

Warrants

We had 2,607,440 common share purchase warrants outstanding at December 31, 2011 of which 2,507,440 were exercisable as of December 31, 2011. During 2011, we issued 100,000 warrants with an exercise price of $10.25 related to a supply agreement with a major customer and we recognized a reduction in revenue of $134,501 in 2011 related to those warrants. Those warrants are exercisable after December 31, 2013 and expire March 31, 2014. Also, during 2011, we agreed to extend the term of 245,000 warrants issued in November 2008 in consideration for services. The term was extended from November 5, 2011 to May 4, 2012 and 200,000 remained outstanding as of December 31, 2011. We recognized an expense of $165,850 related to the extension of the term of these warrants.

We had 3,338,569 common share purchase warrants outstanding at December 31, 2010 of which 3,318,569 were exercisable as of December 31, 2010. During 2010, we issued 5,000 warrants with an exercise price of $8.00 in exchange for services and incurred an expense of $4,000 in 2010. These warrants are exercisable on or after September 1, 2011 and expire on May 28, 2013. Also, pursuant to an agreement executed on March 8, 2010, we issued 15,000 warrants in exchange for services and incurred an expense of $46,600 in 2010 related to these warrants. These warrants are exercisable on or after March 8, 2011, have an exercise price of $6.14 and expire on March 8, 2013. Also during 2010, we agreed to extend the term and revise the exercise price of 100,000 warrants, issued in May 2008, in consideration for services. The exercise price of these warrants was lowered to $8.00 from $9.00 and their term extended by one year to May 28, 2013. We recognized an expense of $102,000 in 2010 related to the change in terms in for these warrants.

We had 3,318,569 common share purchase warrants outstanding at December 31, 2009 of which 1,694,169 were exercisable as of December 31, 2009. During 2009, we issued 1,164,400 warrants pertaining to our registered direct offering, consisting of 1,079,200 warrants exercisable at $9.55 with a five year term and 85,200 warrants exercisable at $9.55 with a three year term. In addition, pursuant to an agreement executed in September 2008, 40,000 warrants issued in exchange for services were earned. These warrants have an exercise price of $6.50 and expire on September 30, 2012.

 

F-16


Warrants were valued using the Black Scholes model. The net proceeds from our 2009 registered direct offering and the private placement of our common shares and common share purchase warrants in 2007 described above were prorated between the fair market value of our common shares issued and the Black Scholes valuation of the warrants. In 2011, 2010 and 2009 we recognized $312,000, $640,000 and $403,000 in expense related to services and consideration provided in exchange for warrants. At December 31, 2011, the amount of unrecorded expense for warrants attributable to future periods was approximately $309,000 which is expected to be amortized to expense on a straight line basis through 2013.

Outstanding warrants by exercise price consisted of the following as of December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009:

 

Exercise Price

   Expiration Date      2011      2010      2009  

$9.55

     10/5/2014         883,071         1,079,200         1,079,200   

$7.18

     11/28/2012         1,079,169         1,079,169         1,079,169   

$1.99

     11/5/2011         —           300,000         300,000   

$4.54

     11/5/2011         —           200,000         200,000   

$7.00

     5/4/2012         200,000         200,000         200,000   

$10.25

     3/31/2014         100,000         —           —     

$9.00

     5/28/2012         —           —           100,000   

$8.00

     5/28/2013         105,000         105,000         —     

$7.00

     10/3/2011         —           90,000         90,000   

$9.55

     10/5/2012         85,200         85,200         85,200   

$10.00

     11/28/2012         80,000         80,000         80,000   

$7.50

     10/3/2011         —           45,000         45,000   

$6.14

     3/8/2013         15,000         15,000         —     

$6.50

     9/30/2012         60,000         60,000         60,000   
     

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

        2,607,440         3,338,569         3,318,569   
     

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

14. LONG TERM INCENTIVE PLAN & STOCK OPTIONS

Long Term Incentive Plan & Stock Options

The Board of Directors adopted the Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc., 2007 Long Term Incentive Plan (LTIP) on April 11, 2007. The shareholders approved the LTIP on May 24, 2007 and approved amendments to the LTIP on May 23, 2008, May 21, 2009, May 27, 2010 and May 26, 2011. There are 4,500,000 common shares reserved for issuance under the LTIP. The Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors (the “Committee”) is responsible for the administration of the LTIP including the grant of stock based awards and other financial incentives including performance based incentives to employees, non-employee directors and consultants.

Upon approval of the LTIP, the 1997 Stock Option Plan (the “Old Plan”) was terminated as to future grants. No options were granted under the Old Plan after 2006.

The Committee determines the terms and conditions of options and other equity based incentives including, but not limited to, the number of shares, the exercise price, term of option and vesting requirements. The Committee approved stock option grants during 2011, 2010 and 2009 and restricted stock grants during 2010 under the LTIP. The stock option awards were granted with an exercise price equal to the market price of the Company’s stock on the date of the grant. The options expire 10 years from the date of grant or upon termination of employment and vest in three equal annual installments beginning on the first anniversary of the date of grant.

We granted 235,000 restricted shares in 2010 under the LTIP. Restricted stock was granted with half of the shares vesting after 18 months from the grant date and the remainder vesting after 36 months from the grant date with vesting conditioned upon continued employment with the Company. Vesting terms of certain grants

 

F-17


scheduled to vest in November 2011 were extended until May 2012 upon mutual agreement with the grantees. These restricted stock grants were valued at the market price on the date of grant. For the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009, we recognized $596,000, $332,644, and $154,438 in compensation expense for restricted stock awards. The amount of unrecorded stock-based compensation expense for restricted stock awards attributable to future periods was approximately $740,142 as of December 31, 2011.

Our standard stock option agreement allows for the payment of the exercise price of vested stock options either through cash remittance in exchange for newly issued shares, or through non-cash exchange of previously issued shares held by the recipient for at least six months in exchange for our newly issued shares. The latter method results in no cash being received by us, but also results in a lower number of total shares being outstanding subsequently as a direct result of this exchange of shares. Shares returned to us in this manner would be retired.

In 2011, 2010 and 2009, the Company received cash proceeds of $719,484, $90,448 and $262,654, respectively, in exchange for shares issued upon the exercise of options during the year. No income tax benefits were recognized during 2011, 2010 and 2009 related to stock option activity as the Company has a full valuation allowance recorded against its deferred tax assets.

A summary of the status of the LTIP and the Old Plan is as follows:

 

     SHARES     WEIGHTED
AVERAGE
EXERCISE

PRICE
     AGGREGATE
INTRINSIC
VALUE
 

Outstanding at December 31, 2008

     4,063,031        3.44       $ 4,557,158   

Granted

     805,000        6.22      

Exercised

     (333,198     2.14       $ 1,037,689   

Forfeited

     (93,333     5.13      
  

 

 

      

Outstanding at December 31, 2009

     4,441,500        3.95       $ 16,604,310   

Granted

     938,000        6.70      

Exercised

     (78,166     1.16       $ 369,887   

Forfeited

     (12,000     6.80      
  

 

 

      

Outstanding at December 31, 2010

     5,289,334        4.52       $ 17,879,160   

Granted

     839,000        8.54      

Exercised

     (416,201     1.81       $ 2,571,874   

Forfeited

     (229,998     6.61      
  

 

 

      

Outstanding at December 31, 2011

     5,482,135        5.23       $ 17,761,008   
  

 

 

      

 

OPTIONS OUTSTANDING

     OPTIONS EXERCISABLE  

RANGE OF
EXERCISE

PRICES

   NUMBER OF
OPTIONS
     REMAINING
CONTRACTUAL
LIFE
     WEIGHTED
EXERCISE
PRICE
     NUMBER
OF
OPTIONS
     WEIGHTED
AVERAGE
EXERCISE
PRICE
 

$ .55 to $ 2.79

     1,165,300         1.0-3.5 yrs.       $ 1.98         1,165,300       $ 1.98   

$ 3.06 to $4.55

     1,393,168         1.8-6.9 yrs.       $ 3.97         1,393,168       $ 3.97   

$ 4.93 to $6.74

     1,690,000         5.8-8.6 yrs.       $ 6.41         1,245,000       $ 6.47   

$ 7.13 to $10.20

     1,233,667         7.8-9.7 yrs.       $ 8.10         149,334       $ 7.21   
  

 

 

          

 

 

    

Total

     5,482,135         5.7 yrs.       $ 5.23         3,952,802       $ 4.29   
  

 

 

          

 

 

    

Intrinsic Value

   $  17,761,008             $  16,506,424      

 

F-18


 

     NUMBER OF
UNVESTED OPTIONS
    WEIGHTED AVERAGE
FAIR MARKET VALUE
AT GRANT DATE
 

As of December 31, 2008

     941,667     

Granted

     805,000      $ 6.22   

Forfeited

     (93,333  

Vested

     (348,334  
  

 

 

   

As of December 31, 2009

     1,305,000     

Granted

     938,000      $ 4.07   

Forfeited

     (12,000  

Vested

     (621,889  
  

 

 

   

As of December 31, 2010

     1,609,111     

Granted

     839,000      $ 5.06   

Forfeited

     (229,998  

Vested

     (688,780  
  

 

 

   

As of December 31, 2011

     1,529,333     
  

 

 

   

The per share weighted average fair market values at the date of grant for options granted to employees during the year ended December 31, 2011 was $5.06. The fair market values of stock options granted during the year ended December 31, 2011 was determined using the Black Scholes option pricing model using the following assumptions: dividend yield of 0.0 %, risk free interest rates of 1.1-2.6%, volatility of 63-64% and expected lives of 6 years.

The per share weighted average fair market values at the date of grant for options granted to employees during the year ended December 31, 2010 was $4.07. The fair market values of stock options granted during the year ended December 31, 2010 was determined using the Black Scholes option pricing model using the following assumptions: dividend yield of 0.0 %, risk free interest rates of 1.45-2.8%, volatility of 65-67% and expected lives of 6 years. The per share weighted average fair market values at the date of grant for options granted to employees during the year ended December 31, 2009 was $6.22. The fair market values of stock options granted during the year ended December 31, 2009 was determined using the Black Scholes option pricing model using the following assumptions: dividend yield of 0.0%, risk free interest rates of 2.1-3.2%, volatility of 65-66% and expected lives of 6 years.

We believe this valuation methodology is appropriate for estimating the fair value of stock options we grant to employees and directors which are subject to ASC 718-10 requirements. We primarily base our determination of expected volatility through our assessment of the historical volatility of our common shares. We do not believe that we are able to rely on our historical stock option exercise and post-vested termination activity to provide accurate data for estimating our expected term for use in determining the fair value of these options. Therefore, as allowed by Staff Accounting Bulletin (SAB) No. 107, Share-Based Payment, we have opted to use the simplified method for estimating the expected option term equal to the midpoint between the vesting period and the contractual term. The contractual term of the option is 10 years from the date of grant and the vesting term of the option is three years from date of grant. Risk free interest rates utilized are based upon published U.S. Treasury yield curves at the date of the grant for the expected option term.

For the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010, and 2009 we recognized compensation expense of $3,469,703, $3,048,750 and $1,795,246, respectively related to options granted to employees under the LTIP with a corresponding credit to common stock. At December 31, 2011, the amount of unrecorded stock-based compensation expense for stock options attributable to future periods was approximately $4,641,188 which is expected to be amortized to expense over the remaining three year vesting period of the options.

As of December 31, 2011, the remaining number of common shares available for equity awards under the LTIP was 701,331.

 

F-19


15. RISK MANAGEMENT

Insurance

We evaluate various kinds of risk that we are exposed to in our business. In our evaluation of risk, we evaluate options and alternatives to mitigating such risks. For certain insurable risks we may acquire insurance policies to protect against potential losses or to partially insure against certain risks. For our subsidiary, Rockwell Transportation, Inc., we maintain a partially uninsured workers’ compensation plan. Under the policy, the Company’s self-insurance retention is $350,000 per occurrence and $745,571 in aggregate coverage for the policy year ending July 1, 2012. The total amount at December 31, 2011 by which retention limits exceed the claims paid and accrued is approximately $707,506 for the policy year ending July 1, 2012. Estimated additional future claims subject to payment by the Company of approximately $87,950 have been accrued at December 31, 2011.

At December 31, 2011, approximately $200,000 was held in cash collateral and escrow by the insurance carrier for workers’ compensation insurance. At December 31, 2011 amounts held in cash collateral and escrow are included in prepaid expenses and other non-current assets in the consolidated financial statements. As the transition to this partially insured plan commenced July 1, 2011, no such amounts were accrued or held in escrow as of December 31, 2010.

Litigation

From time to time in the ordinary course of business, we become involved in various lawsuits, claims and proceedings relating to the conduct of our business, including those pertaining to commercial, intellectual property and employment claims. While we cannot reasonably predict the outcome of any lawsuit, claim or proceeding, we intend to vigorously defend these matters. However, if we are unsuccessful in our defense, these matters could result in a material adverse impact to our financial position and results of operations. The Company is a defendant in various legal actions that have arisen in the ordinary course of business. In the opinion of management, eventual resolution of these claims will not have a material effect on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.

 

16. SUBSEQUENT EVENT

On February 15, 2012, the Company completed a registered direct equity financing transaction in which it raised gross proceeds of $17,527,500. The Company issued 1,845,000 common shares related to this transaction. The Company expects to realize net proceeds of approximately $16,225,000 after investment banker commissions, legal expenses and other expenses associated with the transaction.

 

F-20


17. QUARTERLY RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following is a summary of the quarterly results of operations for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010.

 

     First Quarter     Second Quarter     Third Quarter     Fourth Quarter  

2011

        

Sales

   $ 13,290,787      $ 11,802,307      $ 11,976,329      $ 11,896,808   

Cost of Sales

     11,639,242        10,731,258        10,600,144        10,352,677   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross Profit

     1,651,545        1,071,049        1,376,185        1,544,131   

Selling, General and Administrative

     2,246,553        2,372,597        2,271,350        2,631,805   

Research and Product Development

     2,402,596        3,313,762        4,221,118        7,867,886   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating Income (Loss)

     (2,997,604     (4,615,310     (5,116,283     (8,955,560

Interest and Investment Income, net

     85,968        77,542        77,107        3,432   

Interest Expense

     601        504        408        331   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (Loss) Before Income Taxes

     (2,912,237     (4,538,272     (5,039,584     (8,952,459

Income Tax Expense

     —          —          1,958        47   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net Income (Loss)

   $ (2,912,237   $ (4,538,272   $ (5,041,542   $ (8,952,506
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic And Diluted Earnings (Loss) Per Share

   $ (.17   $ (.26   $ (.28   $ (.49
     First Quarter     Second Quarter     Third Quarter     Fourth Quarter  

2010

        

Sales

   $ 14,979,952      $ 15,506,712      $ 14,745,414      $ 14,322,514   

Cost of Sales

     12,666,423        12,735,047        12,345,221        11,947,062   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross Profit

     2,313,529        2,771,665        2,400,193        2,375,452   

Selling, General and Administrative

     2,194,903        2,221,336        2,431,367        2,460,015   

Research and Product Development

     517,415        441,273        727,978        1,735,468   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating Income (Loss)

     (398,789     109,056        (759,152     (1,820,031

Interest and Investment Income, net

     9,458        10,926        17,257        157,577   

Interest Expense

     4,349        3,065        1,462        825   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (Loss) Before Income Taxes

     (393,680     116,917        (743,357     (1,663,279

Income Tax Expense

     —          —          —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net Income (Loss)

   $ (393,680   $ 116,917      $ (743,357   $ (1,663,279
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic And Diluted Earnings (Loss) Per Share

   $ (.02   $ .01      $ (.04   $ (.10

 

F-21


SCHEDULE II - VALUATION AND QUALIFYING ACCOUNTS

 

    
     Balance at
Beginning of
Period
     Additions      (Deductions)    

Balance

at End

of Period

 

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts:

          

Year ended December 31, 2011

   $ 23,231       $ 8,527       $ (2,285   $ 29,473   

Year ended December 31, 2010

   $ 31,472       $ 2,927       $ (11,168   $ 23,231   

Year ended December 31, 2009

   $ 96,751       $ 9,840       $ (75,120   $ 31,472   

Inventory Reserve:

          

Year ended December 31, 2011

   $ 59,633       $ 18,501       $ (38,332   $ 39,803   

Year ended December 31, 2010

   $ 32,455       $ 56,748       $ (29,570   $ 59,633   

Year ended December 31, 2009

   $ 98,345       $ 27,169       $ (93,059   $ 32,455   

Deferred Tax Asset Valuation Allowance:

          

Year ended December 31, 2011

   $ 11,963,000       $ 7,763,000       $ —        $ 19,726,000   

Year ended December 31, 2010

   $ 10,930,000       $ 1,033,000       $ —        $ 11,963,000   

Year ended December 31, 2009

   $ 8,658,000       $ 2,272,000       $ —        $ 10,930,000   

Allowances and reserves are deducted from the accounts to which they apply.

 

S-1

Exhibit 23.1

Exhibit 23.1

 

LOGO    Plante & Moran, PLLC
   Suite 300
   19176 Hall Road
   Clinton Township, Ml 48038
   Tel: 586.416.4900
   Fax: 586.416.4901
   plantemoran.com

CONSENT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

We consent to the incorporation by reference in Registration Statements on Forms S-3 (Registration No.’s. 333-135872, 333-148601, 333-160791, and 333-160710) and Forms S-8 (Registration No.’s 333-66791, 333-126627, 333-135896, 333-146817, 333-153046, 333-160135, and 333-169003) of Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiary of our reports dated March 5, 2012 on the consolidated financial statements and related financial statement schedule of Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiary as of December 31, 2011 and 2010 and for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2011 and on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2011, appearing in the Annual Report on Form 10-K of Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiary for the year ended December 31, 2011.

 

LOGO

Clinton Township, Michigan

March 5, 2012

 

LOGO

Exhibit 31.1

Exhibit 31.1

CERTIFICATION

PURSUANT TO RULE 13a-14(a)

I, Robert L. Chioini, certify that:

1. I have reviewed this annual report on Form 10-K of Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc.;

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date:   March 5, 2012
 

/s/ Robert L.Chioini

  Robert L. Chioini
  Chairman, CEO and President
Exhibit 31.2

Exhibit 31.2

CERTIFICATION

PURSUANT TO RULE 13a-14(a)

I, Thomas E. Klema, certify that:

1. I have reviewed this annual report on Form 10-K of Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc.;

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date:   March 5, 2012
 

/s/ Thomas E. Klema

  Thomas E. Klema
  Vice President & Chief Financial Officer
Exhibit 32.1

EXHIBIT 32.1

CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER

AND CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER

PURSUANT TO

18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO

SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

In connection with the Annual Report of Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-K for the year ending December 31, 2011 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Periodic Report”), I, Robert L. Chioini, Chief Executive Officer of the Company, and I, Thomas E. Klema, Chief Financial Officer of the Company, each certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. §1350, as adopted pursuant to §906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that:

 

  1. the Periodic Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

 

  2. the information contained in the Periodic Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 

Dated: March 5, 2012  

/s/ Robert L. Chioini

              Robert L. Chioini
              Chief Executive Officer
Dated: March 5, 2012  

/s/ Thomas E. Klema

              Thomas E. Klema
              Chief Financial Officer