1
 
   
    As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on January 22, 1998
    
 
                                                      Registration No. 333-31991
================================================================================
 
                    U.S. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
 
                             Washington, D.C. 20549
                            ------------------------
 
   
                                AMENDMENT NO. 3
    
                                       TO
 
                                   FORM SB-2
                             REGISTRATION STATEMENT
                                     Under
                           THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933
                            ------------------------
 
                      ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
                 (Name of small business issuer in its charter)
 
                                                                    
              Michigan                               3845                              38-3317208
  (State or other jurisdiction of        (Primary Standard Industrial     (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
   incorporation or organization)        Classification Code Number)
28025 Oakland Oaks Drive Wixom, Michigan 48393 Telephone: (248) 449-3353 (Address and telephone number of principal executive offices) 28025 Oakland Oaks Drive Wixom, Michigan 48393 (Address of principal place of business or intended principal place of business) ------------------------ ROBERT L. CHIOINI President and Chief Executive Officer Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. 28025 Oakland Oaks Drive Wixom, Michigan 48393 Telephone: (248) 449-3353 (Name, address and telephone number of agent for service) ------------------------ COPIES TO: Patrick T. Duerr, Esq. Jay M. Kaplowitz, Esq. Honigman Miller Schwartz and Cohn Arthur S. Marcus, Esq. 2290 First National Building Gersten, Savage, Kaplowitz & Detroit, Michigan 48226-3583 Fredericks, LLP Telephone: (313) 256-7736 101 East 52nd Street Telecopier: (313) 256-4215 New York, New York 10022-6018 Telephone: (212) 752-9700 Telecopier: (212) 980-5192
------------------------ APPROXIMATE DATE OF PROPOSED SALE TO THE PUBLIC: As soon as practicable after this Registration Statement is declared effective. If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, please check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. [ ] ____________ If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. [ ] ____________ If delivery of the prospectus is expected to be made pursuant to Rule 434, please check the following box. [ ] ____________ ------------------------ THE REGISTRANT HEREBY AMENDS THIS REGISTRATION STATEMENT ON SUCH DATE OR DATES AS MAY BE NECESSARY TO DELAY ITS EFFECTIVE DATE UNTIL THE REGISTRANT SHALL FILE A FURTHER AMENDMENT WHICH SPECIFICALLY STATES THAT THIS REGISTRATION STATEMENT SHALL THEREAFTER BECOME EFFECTIVE IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 8(A) OF THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933 OR UNTIL THE REGISTRATION STATEMENT SHALL BECOME EFFECTIVE ON SUCH DATE AS THE COMMISSION, ACTING PURSUANT TO SAID SECTION 8(A), MAY DETERMINE. ================================================================================ 2 INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS SUBJECT TO COMPLETION OR AMENDMENT. A REGISTRATION STATEMENT RELATING TO THESE SECURITIES HAS BEEN FILED WITH THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION. THESE SECURITIES MAY NOT BE SOLD NOR MAY OFFERS TO BUY BE ACCEPTED PRIOR TO THE TIME THE REGISTRATION STATEMENT BECOMES EFFECTIVE. THIS PROSPECTUS SHALL NOT CONSTITUTE AN OFFER TO SELL OR THE SOLICITATION OF AN OFFER TO BUY NOR SHALL THERE BE ANY SALE OF THESE SECURITIES IN ANY STATE IN WHICH SUCH OFFER, SOLICITATION OR SALE WOULD BE UNLAWFUL PRIOR TO REGISTRATION OR QUALIFICATION UNDER THE SECURITIES LAWS OF ANY SUCH STATE. SUBJECT TO COMPLETION, DATED JANUARY 22, 1998 PROSPECTUS ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 1,800,000 COMMON SHARES AND 2,700,000 COMMON SHARE PURCHASE WARRANTS. Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. (the "Company") is hereby offering (the "Offering") 1,800,000 common shares, no par value per share (the "Common Shares"), and 2,700,000 Common Share Purchase Warrants (the "Warrants"), through Mason Hill & Co., Inc. the representative (the "Representative") of the underwriters of the Offering (the "Underwriters"). The Common Shares and the Warrants may be purchased separately and will be transferable separately upon issuance. Investors will not be required to purchase Common Shares and Warrants together or in any particular ratio. Each of the Warrants entitles the registered holder thereof to purchase one Common Share at a price of $4.50 per share at a time commencing one year from the effective date of the registration statement of which this Prospectus is a part (the "Effective Date") and for a period of three years thereafter. The Warrants are subject to redemption by the Company with the prior consent of the Representative, commencing on the first anniversary of the Effective Date at a price of $.10 per Warrant, upon 30 days prior written notice mailed within 10 days provided the closing price of the Common Shares, as listed on The Nasdaq SmallCap Market ("Nasdaq") or another national securities exchange, for a period of 20 consecutive trading days has exceeded $7.00 per share, regardless of the illiquidity of the market for the Company's Common Shares. See "Description of Securities." The Common Shares and Warrants offered hereby are collectively referred to as the "Securities." Prior to this Offering, there has been no public market for the Common Shares or the Warrants, and there can be no assurance that any such market for the Common Shares or the Warrants will develop after the closing of the Offering, or that, if developed, it will be sustained. The offering price of the Common Shares and the exercise price and the other terms of the Warrants were established by negotiations between the Company and the Representative and do not necessarily bear any direct relationship to the Company's asset value, earnings, book value per share or other generally accepted criteria of value. See "Underwriting". It is expected that the initial public offering price will be $4.00 per Common Share and $.10 per Warrant. THE SECURITIES OFFERED HEREBY ARE SPECULATIVE AND INVOLVE A HIGH DEGREE OF RISK AND IMMEDIATE AND SUBSTANTIAL DILUTION TO THE PUBLIC. ONLY INVESTORS WHO CAN BEAR THE RISK OF LOSS OF THEIR ENTIRE INVESTMENT SHOULD INVEST. FOR A DESCRIPTION OF CERTAIN RISKS REGARDING AN INVESTMENT IN THE COMPANY AND IMMEDIATE SUBSTANTIAL DILUTION, SEE "RISK FACTORS" COMMENCING ON PAGE 8 AND "DILUTION" AT PAGE 18. ------------------------- THESE SECURITIES HAVE NOT BEEN APPROVED OR DISAPPROVED BY THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION OR ANY STATE SECURITIES COMMISSION NOR HAS THE COMMISSION OR ANY STATE SECURITIES COMMISSION PASSED UPON THE ACCURACY OR ADEQUACY OF THIS PROSPECTUS. ANY REPRESENTATION TO THE CONTRARY IS A CRIMINAL OFFENSE.
================================================================================================================= UNDERWRITING PRICE TO DISCOUNTS AND PROCEEDS TO PUBLIC COMMISSIONS(1) COMPANY(2) - ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Per Common Share...................... $ $ $ - ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Per Warrant........................... $ $ $ - ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total(3).............................. $ $ $ =================================================================================================================
(footnotes appear on page 2) ------------------------- MASON HILL & CO., INC. J.W. BARCLAY & CO., INC. ------------------------- The date of this Prospectus is January , 1998 3 (1) Does not include additional compensation to be received by the Underwriters consisting of (i) a non-accountable expense allowance payable to the Underwriters in the amount of $224,100 ($257,715 if the Over-Allotment Option (as defined below) is exercised in full), or $0.12 per Common Share, (ii) any value attributable to warrants (the "Underwriters Warrants") entitling the Underwriters to purchase up to 180,000 Common Shares for a purchase price of $6.60 per share (165% of the initial public offering price) and 270,000 Warrants for a purchase price of $.165 per Warrant (165% of the initial public offering price), each such underlying Warrant entitling the Underwriter to purchase a Common Share at a purchase price of $7.43 per share (165% of the exercise price for the Warrants issued to the public), exercisable at any time during the period commencing one year from the Effective Date and expiring on the sixth anniversary of the Effective Date, and (iii) a management and financial advisory agreement with the Representative for 24 months commencing on the Effective Date for a fee of $5,208 per month, or an aggregate of $125,000, payable in its entirety at the closing of the Offering. In addition, the Company has agreed to pay the Representative, under certain circumstances, a warrant solicitation fee of 5% of the exercise price of each Warrant exercised and to indemnify the Underwriters against certain civil liabilities, including those arising under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "Securities Act"). See "Underwriting." (2) After deducting discounts and commissions payable to the Underwriters, but before deducting the expenses of this Offering payable by the Company, estimated at $850,000 (approximately $0.47 per Common Share), including the Underwriters' non-accountable expense allowance and the financial advisory fee. See "Underwriting." (3) The Company has granted the Underwriters an option, exercisable for a period of 45 days after the Effective Date, to purchase up to an additional 270,000 Common Shares and 405,000 Warrants, upon the same terms and conditions as the Common Shares and Warrants being offered by this Prospectus solely for the purpose of covering over-allotments, if any (the "Over-Allotment Option"). If the Over-Allotment Option is exercised in full, the total Price to Public, Underwriting Discounts and Commissions and Proceeds to Company will be $ , $ and $ , respectively. See "Underwriting." The Securities are being offered by the Underwriters on a "firm commitment" basis, subject to prior sale, when, as and if delivered to the Underwriters and subject to certain conditions. Subject to the provisions of the underwriting agreement between the Underwriters and the Company, the Underwriters reserve the right to withdraw, cancel or modify the Offering and to reject any order in whole or in part. It is expected that delivery of certificates representing the Common Shares and the Warrants will be made against payment therefor at the offices of the Representative, 110 Wall Street, New York, New York 10005, on or about January , 1998. ------------------------------ CERTAIN PERSONS PARTICIPATING IN THE OFFERING MAY ENGAGE IN TRANSACTIONS THAT STABILIZE, MAINTAIN OR OTHERWISE AFFECT THE PRICE OF THE COMMON SHARES AND THE WARRANTS OFFERED HEREBY, INCLUDING PURCHASES OF THE COMMON SHARES OR THE WARRANTS TO STABILIZE THEIR MARKET PRICES, PURCHASES OF THE COMMON SHARES OR THE WARRANTS TO COVER SOME OR ALL OF A SHORT POSITION IN THE COMMON SHARES OR THE WARRANTS MAINTAINED BY THE UNDERWRITERS AND PENALTY BID TRANSACTIONS. FOR A DESCRIPTION OF THESE ACTIVITIES, SEE "UNDERWRITING." A SIGNIFICANT AMOUNT OF THE SECURITIES IN THIS OFFERING MAY BE SOLD TO CUSTOMERS OF THE UNDERWRITERS WHICH MAY AFFECT THE MARKET FOR AND LIQUIDITY OF THE COMPANY'S SECURITIES IN THE EVENT THAT ADDITIONAL BROKER-DEALERS DO NOT MAKE A MARKET IN THE COMPANY'S SECURITIES, OF WHICH THERE CAN BE NO ASSURANCE. SUCH CUSTOMERS SUBSEQUENTLY MAY ENGAGE IN TRANSACTIONS FOR THE SALE OR PURCHASE OF THE SECURITIES THROUGH AND/OR WITH THE UNDERWRITERS. 2 4 ALTHOUGH THEY HAVE NO OBLIGATION TO DO SO, THE UNDERWRITERS MAY FROM TIME TO TIME ACT AS MARKET MAKERS AND OTHERWISE EFFECT TRANSACTIONS IN THE COMPANY'S SECURITIES. THE UNDERWRITERS, IF THEY PARTICIPATE IN THE MARKET, MAY BECOME DOMINATING INFLUENCES IN THE MARKET FOR THE SECURITIES. HOWEVER, THERE IS NO ASSURANCE THAT THE UNDERWRITERS WILL OR WILL NOT CONTINUE TO BE A DOMINATING INFLUENCE. THE PRICES AND LIQUIDITY OF THE SECURITIES OFFERED HEREUNDER MAY BE SIGNIFICANTLY AFFECTED BY THE DEGREE, IF ANY, OF THE UNDERWRITERS' PARTICIPATION IN SUCH MARKET. THE UNDERWRITERS MAY DISCONTINUE SUCH ACTIVITIES AT ANY TIME OR FROM TIME TO TIME. SEE "RISK FACTORS -- ABSENCE OF PUBLIC MARKET; DETERMINATION OF OFFERING PRICE." ADDITIONAL INFORMATION The Company has filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "Commission") a Registration Statement on Form SB-2 under the Securities Act with respect to the securities offered hereby (the "Registration Statement"). This Prospectus does not contain all the information set forth in the Registration Statement and the exhibits thereto as permitted by the Rules and Regulations of the Commission. For further information with respect to the Company and such securities, reference is made to the Registration Statement and to the exhibits filed therewith. Statements contained in this Prospectus as to the contents of any contracts or other documents referred to herein are not necessarily complete and where such contract or other document is an exhibit to the Registration Statement, each such statement is qualified in all respects by the provisions of such exhibit to which reference is made for a full statement of the provisions thereof. The Registration Statement, including exhibits filed therewith, may be inspected, without charge, at the principal office of the Commission located at 450 Fifth Street, N.W., Room 1024, Washington, D.C. 20549. Copies of all or any part of the Registration Statement (including the exhibits thereto) also may be obtained from the Public Reference Section of the Commission at its principal office in Washington, D.C., at the Commission's prescribed rates. Electronic registration statements made through the Electronic Data Gathering Analysis and Retrieval system are publicly available through the Commission's web site at http://www.sec.gov. Before the Effective Date, the Company was not obligated to file periodic reports with the Commission under Section 15(d) or 13(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"). The Company intends to furnish its shareholders and holders of the Warrants with annual reports containing audited financial statements and such other reports as the Company deems appropriate or as may be required by law. The Company does not intend to voluntarily file reports under the Exchange Act if it is not obligated to do so under applicable laws. 3 5 PROSPECTUS SUMMARY The following summary is qualified in its entirety by reference to the more detailed information, financial statements and related notes appearing elsewhere in this Prospectus. Each prospective investor is urged to read this Prospectus in its entirety and carefully consider the information set forth under the heading "Risk Factors." Unless the context requires otherwise, all references herein to the Company include Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc., a Michigan corporation, and Rockwell Transportation, Inc., a Michigan corporation, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company. Except as otherwise stated, all information assumes no exercise of the Over-Allotment Option. THE COMPANY Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. manufactures hemodialysis concentrates and dialysis kits, and sells, distributes and delivers such concentrates and dialysis kits, as well as over 120 other hemodialysis products, to hemodialysis providers in the United States. Hemodialysis is a process which duplicates kidney function in patients whose kidneys have failed to function properly. Without properly functioning kidneys, the patient's body cannot rid itself of excess water and waste products nor regulate the amount of electrolytes in the patient's blood. Without hemodialysis, these patients would die. Hemodialysis patients generally receive their treatment at hospitals or independent hemodialysis providers. According to the United States Department of Health and Human Services (the "DHHS"), since 1973 the total number of hemodialysis providers in the U.S. has more than quintupled from 606 in 1973 to over 3,082 in December 1996. Independent providers comprised 2,212 of such providers and hospitals comprised 746 of such providers. The Company currently supplies over 220 hemodialysis providers in 18 states across the United States. The number of patients receiving hemodialysis has also grown substantially in recent years. According to the DHHS, in 1985, there were approximately 68,390 patients receiving hemodialysis treatments in the United States. It is estimated by the DHHS that in 1996 over 216,000 patients received hemodialysis treatments. According to the DHHS, from 1985 to 1996, the number of hemodialysis stations, which are areas equipped to provide adequate and safe dialysis therapy, grew from 17,845 stations to 45,244 stations. A hemodialysis station contains a dialysis machine that takes a concentrate solution and certain chemical powders and accurately dilutes them with purified water. The resulting solution, known as dialysate, is then pumped through a device known as an artificial kidney (dialyzer), while at the same time, the patient's blood is pumped through a membrane within the dialyzer. Excess water and chemicals from the patient's blood pass through the membrane and are carried away in the dialysate while certain chemicals in the dialysate pass through the membrane into the patient's blood to maintain proper chemical levels in the body. In addition to using concentrate solutions and chemical powders (which must be replaced for each use by each patient), a dialysis station also requires various other ancillary products such as dialysis on-off kits, sterile subclavian dressing change trays, arterial and venous blood tubing lines, fistula needles, intravenous administration sets, transducer protectors, dialyzers and over 120 other ancillary products, all of which the Company sells. The Company's objective is to increase its market share in the expanding hemodialysis market and become profitable by (i) acting as a single source supplier to hemodialysis clinics by continuing to offer over 120 different products used by hemodialysis providers, (ii) increasing revenue by manufacturing and/or distributing new products which may offer the Company opportunities to earn higher profit margins than some of the Company's existing products (based on current selling prices in the marketplace and the Company's estimated costs to produce such products), and generating additional "back-haul" revenue from its trucking operations, and (iii) using its own delivery vehicles and drivers to deliver its products, thereby offering a high level of customer service to hemodialysis providers. The Company is a Michigan corporation, incorporated on October 25, 1996. On February 19, 1997, the Company acquired substantially all of the assets of Rockwell Medical Supplies, L.L.C. (the "Supply Company") and of Rockwell Transportation, L.L.C. (the "Transportation Company") (collectively, the "Predecessor Company" or "Sellers") used in connection with the business of manufacturing hemodialysis 4 6 concentrates and dialysis kits and distributing and delivering these and other products to hemodialysis clinics. The Predecessor Company began operations in January 1996. In connection with the acquisition of the business of the Predecessor Company, the Company issued 1,416,664 shares of non-voting Series A Preferred Stock, $1.00 par value per share (the "Series A Preferred Stock"), to the Supply Company, which Series A Preferred Stock pays an 8.5% cumulative dividend. In accordance with the terms of the asset purchase agreement relating to the acquisition of the Predecessor Company's business, the parties agreed to reduce the purchase price paid for the Predecessor Company's business by $320,749, which adjustment has been effected by the cancellation of 320,749 shares of Series A Preferred Stock. The Company has an obligation to redeem the Series A Preferred Stock on or before January 31, 1998 (the "Mandatory Redemption Date"). See "Certain Transactions -- Acquisition of Business of Predecessor Company" and Note 4 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Prospectus. The Company intends to use a portion of the net proceeds of the Offering to redeem the Series A Preferred Stock. See "Use of Proceeds." The executive offices of the Company are located at 28025 Oakland Oaks, Wixom, Michigan 48393 (telephone number (248) 449-3353). THE OFFERING Securities Offered......... 1,800,000 Common Shares and 2,700,000 Warrants. The Common Shares and the Warrants (sometimes hereinafter collectively referred to as the "Securities") may be purchased separately and will be transferable separately upon issuance. Each Warrant entitles the holder thereof to purchase one Common Share at an exercise price of $4.50, subject to adjustment in certain events. See "Description of Securities" and "Underwriting." Offering Price............. $4.00 per Common Share; $.10 per Warrant. Terms of Warrants: Exercise price........... $4.50 per share, subject to adjustment in certain events. See "Description of Securities -- Warrants." Exercise period.......... Any time during the period commencing one year after the Effective Date and ending on the fourth anniversary of the Effective Date. Redemption............... Redeemable by the Company, with the prior written consent of the Underwriter, at a price of $.10 per Warrant upon not less than 30 days prior written notice mailed within 10 days to the holders of the Warrants at any time commencing one year after the Effective Date, provided the closing bid price of the Common Shares had been greater than $7.00 for 20 consecutive trading days ending on the third day prior to the date upon which the Company gives notice of redemption regardless of the illiquidity of the market for the Company's Common Shares. See "Description of Securities -- Warrants." Common Shares Outstanding: Prior to the Offering.... 3,015,000 Common Shares. (1) After the Offering....... 4,938,750 Common Shares. (1)(2) Use of Proceeds............ The net proceeds of the Offering will be used (i) to redeem 1,095,915 shares of Series A Preferred Stock for a total redemption price of approximately $1,158,187 (assuming the redemption occurs on January 30, 1998), (ii) to purchase equipment, (iii) to pay approximately $1,098,800 of accounts payable and accrued expenses, (iv) to 5 7 repay indebtedness of $217,200, and (v) for working capital, including the financing of marketing and sales activities. See "Use of Proceeds." Risk Factors............... Investment in the Securities offered hereby involves a high degree of risk and immediate substantial dilution to public investors. See "Risk Factors" and "Dilution." Nasdaq SmallCap Market Symbols:.......... Common Shares -- RMTI; Warrants -- RMTIW. (3) - ------------------ (1) Does not include (i) 520,000 Common Shares reserved for issuance upon exercise of outstanding warrants (the "Bridge Warrants"), at an exercise price of $4.50 per share, which Bridge Warrants are exercisable at any time commencing one year from the Effective Date and ending on the fourth anniversary of the Effective Date and will be automatically converted into warrants having terms identical to the Warrants offered hereby on the Effective Date, (ii) 450,000 Common Shares reserved for issuance under the Company's 1997 Stock Option Plan, under which options to acquire an aggregate of 295,000 Common Shares have been granted and remain outstanding, and (iii) 123,750 Common Shares (the "Additional Shares") to be issued to investors in the First Prior Financing (as defined below). See "Management -- Compensation -- -- Compensation of Directors" and "Description of Securities -- Prior Financings." (2) Includes the 123,750 Additional Shares. See "Description of Securities -- Prior Financings." Does not include (i) 2,700,000 Common Shares reserved for issuance upon exercise of the Warrants, and (ii) 450,000 Common Shares reserved for issuance upon exercise of the Underwriter Warrants and upon exercise of the 270,000 underlying Warrants. See "Description of Securities" and "Underwriting." (3) The Nasdaq trading symbols do not imply that a liquid and active market will be developed or sustained for the Common Shares and Warrants upon completion of the Offering. 6 8 SUMMARY COMBINED/CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL INFORMATION (IN WHOLE DOLLARS) COMBINED/CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME (LOSS) DATA:
PREDECESSOR COMPANY(1) COMPANY ------------------------------ ------------ FOR THE FROM JANUARY 1 FROM YEAR ENDED TO INCEPTION TO DECEMBER 31, FEBRUARY 19, SEPT. 30, 1996(2) 1997 1997 ------------ -------------- ------------ Total Sales........................................... $ 1,019,856 $ 343,555 $ 2,326,148 Cost of Sales......................................... 1,555,200 508,784 2,717,267 ----------- --------- ----------- Gross Margin (Deficit)................................ (535,344) (165,229) (391,119) Selling, General and Administrative................... 773,344 177,015 1,059,245 ----------- --------- ----------- Operating Loss........................................ (1,308,688) (342,244) (1,450,364) Interest Expense, Net................................. 12,634 3,438 74,570 ----------- --------- ----------- Net Loss.............................................. $(1,321,322) $(345,682) $(1,524,934) =========== ========= =========== Net Loss Per Common Share (4)......................... $ (.53) Weighted Average Number of Common Shares Outstanding.. 2,904,833
COMBINED/CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET DATA:
COMPANY PREDECESSOR COMPANY(1) ----------------------------- ---------------------------- SEPT. 30, 1997 DECEMBER 31, FEBRUARY 19, ----------------------------- 1996 1997 ACTUAL AS ADJUSTED(5) ------------ ------------ ----------- -------------- Cash..................................... $ 65,978 $ 44,270 $ 72,680 $ 2,150,708 Working Capital (Deficit)(6)............. (2,058,806) (2,346,816) (455,796) 2,596,289 Total Assets............................. 1,453,822 1,280,474 3,578,537 7,238,511 Series A Preferred Stock................. -- -- 1,095,915 -- Accumulated Deficit...................... (1,380,249) (1,725,931) (1,524,934) (1,524,934) Total Shareholders' Equity (Deficiency)........................... (1,330,249) (1,675,931) 999,913 6,947,913
- ------------------ (1) The financial statements of the Predecessor Company are presented on a combined basis as they are entities under common control. (2) The Predecessor Company was formed in 1995. The Predecessor Company engaged in limited activity in 1995, consisting primarily of the purchase of certain equipment, the payment of a facility lease deposit, and the payment of $58,927 for certain start-up expenses. (3) The Company was incorporated on October 25, 1996 (the date of inception) and engaged in organizational matters until the acquisition of the Predecessor Company which was consummated at the close of business on February 19, 1997. (4) See Note 2 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Prospectus for information with respect to the calculation of per share data. (5) Adjusted to reflect the sale of 1,800,000 Common Shares and 2,700,000 Warrants offered hereby at the assumed public offering price of $4.00 per Common Share and $.10 per Warrant and the receipt and application of the estimated net proceeds from such sale, including the redemption of the Series A Preferred Stock, including accrued dividends. See "Use of Proceeds" and "Capitalization." (6) Working Capital (Deficit) for Predecessor Company includes the Obligation Payable to Members of $1,868,149 at December 31, 1996 and at February 19, 1997. 7 9 RISK FACTORS The securities offered hereby are highly speculative in nature, involve a high degree of risk and should be purchased only by persons who can afford to lose their entire investment. Each prospective investor should carefully consider the following risk factors, as well as all other information set forth in this Prospectus, before making an investment decision. 1. CONTINUING LOSSES; ACCUMULATED DEFICIT; NEGATIVE GROSS MARGINS. Since inception, the Company (including the business engaged in by the Predecessor Company) has experienced losses and negative gross margins. Since inception through September 30, 1997, the Company has incurred a net loss and an accumulated deficit of $1,524,934 (on sales of $2,326,148) for such period. On a cumulative basis, the businesses of the Company and the Predecessor Company have incurred a net loss and an accumulated deficit of $3,250,865 (on sales of $3,689,559) through September 30, 1997. In addition, the Company experienced a gross margin deficit of $391,119 for the period from inception to September 30, 1997. The gross margin deficit is primarily attributable to excess transportation costs that the Company has incurred as a result of its trucking operations and to overhead costs associated with the Company's manufacturing operations. There can be no assurance that the Company will ever operate profitably. See "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations -- Plan of Operation" and Note 3 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements appearing elsewhere herein. 2. LOSSES ASSOCIATED WITH THE COMPANY'S TRANSPORTATION BUSINESS. As a result of operating its own fleet of trucks to deliver its products, the Company's costs of delivery have been significantly in excess of the costs that the Company would have incurred had it used common carriers to deliver its products. While the Company has implemented plans to improve its operating efficiencies and to seek additional revenue from its trucking operations by contracting for its trucks to act as common carriers during their return to the Company's manufacturing facility after delivery of the Company's products, no assurance can be given that the Company will be successful in improving such operations or obtaining sufficient revenue to offset the additional costs of the Company's transportation business. In addition, the Company intends to use a portion of the net proceeds of the Offering to purchase and/or lease additional tractor-trailers to expand the Company's transportation capabilities to accommodate the Company's expected sales growth, although the exact number of such additional tractor-trailers, if any, is dependent upon the Company's actual sales growth, if any. The purchase and/or lease of such additional tractor-trailers could cause the Company's transportation-related losses to increase. If the Company were unsuccessful in improving such operations or obtaining sufficient additional transportation-related revenue to offset the additional costs of operating its own fleet of trucks, the Company may be forced to abandon its strategy of using its own trucks to deliver its products. In such event, the Company is unable to predict what effect, if any, such change in strategy would have on the Company's customers and the ability of the Company to successfully market its products. See "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and "Business -- Trucking Operations." 3. "GOING CONCERN UNCERTAINTY." Due to the Company's history of losses, negative gross margins and its current financial condition, the Company's independent auditors' report expresses an uncertainty concerning the Company's ability to continue as a going concern. See "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and "Report of Independent Accountants" on the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements appearing at page F-2 hereof. 4. LIMITED OPERATING HISTORY. The Company commenced operations in February 1997 when it consummated the purchase of the assets of the Predecessor Company. The Predecessor Company commenced operations in January 1996. Accordingly, the Company has a limited operating history upon which an evaluation of its business and prospects can be based. An investment in the securities of the Company is subject to all of the risks involved in a newly established business venture. Potential investors should evaluate the Company in light of the problems, delays, expenses and difficulties frequently encountered by companies at this early stage of operations, many of which may be beyond the Company's control, including, but not limited to, those relating to marketing, competition, and unanticipated problems and additional costs relating to the Company's operations. 8 10 5. SUBSTANTIAL PORTION OF PROCEEDS USED TO REDEEM SERIES A PREFERRED STOCK AND TO PAY CURRENT LIABILITIES. $1,158,157 (19.5%) of the net proceeds of the Offering will be used to redeem the Company's Series A Preferred Stock, assuming it is redeemed on January 30, 1998. See "Use of Proceeds." At September 30, 1997, the Company's accounts receivable were approximately $460,114 and its accounts payable and accrued liabilities were approximately $1,382,709. Approximately $1,098,800 (18.4%) of the net proceeds of the Offering are budgeted to pay certain accounts payable and accrued liabilities existing at December 31, 1997 incurred in the Company's operations and not related to this Offering, including approximately $43,100 owing to Robert L. Chioini, the Company's Chief Executive Officer, in respect of deferred salary, and $225,000 owing to Wall Street Partners, Inc. ("Wall Street") in respect of accrued and unpaid consulting fees. Wall Street is owned by Gary D. Lewis and Michael J. Xirinachs, each of whom is founders of the Company and serve as Directors of the Company. Accordingly, fewer proceeds will be available to the Company for future operations and marketing activities or for working capital. See "Use of Proceeds." 6. COMPETITION. The Company is involved in a field characterized by intense competition in which the Company will be selling products that are the same as those readily available from more established companies which have substantially greater financial, technical, manufacturing, marketing, research and development and management resources than those of the Company. There can be no assurance that the Company will be able to compete successfully in the future. See "Business -- Competition." 7. POSSIBLE DELISTING. The Company has applied to list the Common Shares and the Warrants on the Nasdaq Stock Market's SmallCap Market. The Nasdaq Stock Market adopted amendments to its rules which have increased the eligibility and maintenance criteria for The Nasdaq SmallCap Market. Under the amended rules, in order to qualify for initial listing in The Nasdaq SmallCap Market, a company must, among other things, have (i) at least one year of operating history (or have at least $50 million in market capitalization), (ii) net tangible assets (i.e., total assets less total liabilities and goodwill) of at least $4 million (or net income in two of the most recent three fiscal years of at least $750,000, or a market capitalization of $50 million), (iii) a market value of public float (shares held by non-affiliates of the Company) of at least $5 million, (iv) a minimum bid price of $4.00, and (v) at least 300 shareholders. Under Nasdaq's amended rules, the Company is also required to have at least three securities dealers acting as market makers for the listed securities. Currently, the Company has commitments from three securities dealers to act as market makers for the Common Shares and the Warrants. It is possible that the Company will be unable to satisfy the revised listing criteria. If the Company does not satisfy the revised listing criteria, Nasdaq will likely not allow the inclusion of the Company's securities for listing on The Nasdaq SmallCap Market. Even if the Company's securities meet the requirements for initial inclusion in The Nasdaq SmallCap Market, there can be no assurance that they will meet the maintenance criteria for continued listing. Existing maintenance criteria require, among other things, that an issuer have net tangible assets of $2 million (or alternatively net income of $500,000 in two of the most recent three fiscal years, or a market capitalization of $35 million) and that the listed security has a minimum bid price of $1.00. If the Company is unable to satisfy The Nasdaq SmallCap maintenance criteria in the future, the Common Shares and Warrants may be delisted from trading on The Nasdaq SmallCap Market. If the Company's securities are delisted from The Nasdaq SmallCap Market, trading, if any, would thereafter be conducted in the over-the-counter market in the so-called "pink sheets" or the "Electronic Bulletin Board" of the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc. ("NASD"), and, consequently, an investor could find it more difficult to dispose of, or to obtain accurate quotations as to the price of, the Company's securities. In addition, if the Company's securities are delisted from The Nasdaq SmallCap Market, they would be subject to Rules 15g-1 to 9 and Schedule 15G under the Exchange Act regarding "penny stock" transactions that impose additional sales practice requirements on broker-dealers who sell such securities to persons other than established customers and accredited investors (generally institutions and persons with net worth in excess of $1,000,000 or annual income exceeding $200,000, or $300,000 together with their spouse). For transactions covered by this rule, the broker-dealer must make disclosures to the purchaser, make a special suitability determination for the purchaser and have received the purchaser's written consent to the transaction prior to purchase. Consequently, the rule may restrict the ability of broker-dealers to 9 11 sell the Company's securities and may affect the ability of holders of the Company's securities, including purchasers in this Offering, to sell such securities in the secondary market. Delisting from The Nasdaq SmallCap Market may also cause a decline in share price, loss of news coverage of the Company and difficulty in obtaining subsequent financing. 8. BROAD DISCRETION IN THE APPLICATION OF NET PROCEEDS. Approximately $1,673,813, or approximately 28.1%, of the net proceeds of the Offering have been allocated to working capital and general corporate purposes. Accordingly, management will have broad discretion with respect to that portion of the net proceeds. See "Use of Proceeds." 9. GOVERNMENT REGULATION. The testing, manufacture and sale of medical products, such as the hemodialysis concentrates manufactured by the Company, as well as the ancillary products for hemodialysis distributed by the Company, are subject to extensive regulation by the Food and Drug Administration ("FDA") pursuant to the Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act ("FDC Act"), and by other federal, state and foreign authorities. Pursuant to the FDC Act, and the regulations promulgated thereunder, the FDA regulates the preclinical and clinical testing, manufacture, labeling, distribution and promotion of medical devices. Under the FDC Act, medical devices must receive either 510(k) clearance or PMA approval before they may be commercially marketed in the United States. Noncompliance with applicable requirements can result in, among other things, fines, injunctions, civil penalties, recall or seizure of products, total or partial suspension of production, failure of the government to grant premarket clearance or premarket approval for devices, withdrawal of marketing clearances or approvals and criminal prosecution, any of which actions could have an adverse effect on the Company's business, financial condition or results of operations. The Company's hemodialysis concentrates have FDA clearance. There can be no assurance, however, that current FDA clearances for the Company's concentrates will not be rescinded or that, if and when any additional products are developed by the Company or the Company modifies its existing concentrates, they will receive FDA clearance. If any current or future clearances or approvals are rescinded or denied, sales of the affected products in the United States would be prohibited during the period the products do not have such clearances. There can be no assurance that the Company will be able to obtain necessary regulatory approvals or clearances on a timely basis or at all, and delays in receipt of or failure to receive such approvals or clearances, the loss of previously received approvals or clearances, limitations on intended use imposed as a condition of such approvals or clearances, any limitations on the Company's market required by any clearances, any resulting delays in market introduction or failure to comply with existing or future regulatory requirements would have an adverse effect on the Company's business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, new FDA-related legislation or new FDA regulations could impose additional regulatory requirements including, but not limited to, imposing significant fees for seeking market clearance or approval for medical devices. See "Business -- Government Regulation." The Company's products are subject to strict federal regulations regarding the quality of manufacturing known as Good Manufacturing Practices ("GMP"). The FDA conducts periodic inspections and surveillance of the manufacturing and the packaging facilities of medical device manufacturers to determine compliance with GMP. No assurance can be given that, when the Company is inspected, it will be found to be in compliance with GMP. In addition, the Medical Device Reporting ("MDR") regulation obligates the Company to report to the FDA any incident in which its product may have caused or contributed to a death or serious injury, or in which its product malfunctioned and, if the malfunction were to recur, it would be likely to cause or contribute to a death or serious injury. Changes in existing requirements or adoption of new requirements could have an adverse effect on the Company's business, financial condition and results of operations. There can be no assurance that the Company will not incur significant costs to comply with laws and regulations in the future or that laws and regulations will not have an adverse effect upon the Company's business, financial condition and results of operation. If, as a result of FDA inspections, MDR reports or other information, the FDA believes that the Company is not in compliance with applicable laws and regulations, the FDA can institute proceedings or recall, detain or seize products, totally or partially suspend production, enjoin future violations, or assess civil and/or criminal fines and penalties against the Company, its officers or employees. Any action by the FDA could result in disruption of the Company's operations for an indeterminate period of time and have a material adverse affect on the Company's business, financial condition and results of operations. See "Business -- Government Regulation." 10 12 10. ADVERSE EFFECT OF REDEMPTION OF WARRANTS. The Warrants are subject to redemption by the Company on 30 days prior written notice under certain conditions. If the Warrants are so redeemed, Warrant holders will lose the right to exercise the Warrants so redeemed, except during such 30-day notice period. Redemption of the Warrants could force the holders to exercise the Warrants and pay the exercise price at a time when it may be disadvantageous for the holders to do so, to sell the Warrants at the current market price for the Warrants when they might otherwise wish to hold the Warrants, or to accept the redemption price, which is likely to be substantially less than the market value of the Warrants at the time of redemption. See "Description of Securities -- Warrants." 11. NON-REGISTRATION IN CERTAIN JURISDICTIONS OF COMMON SHARES UNDERLYING THE WARRANTS; EXERCISE OF WARRANTS. Investors will not be required to purchase Common Shares and Warrants together or in any particular ratio. The Company has applied to register or otherwise qualify for sale the Common Shares and the Warrants in the following states (although no assurance can be given that the Company will be successful in registering or otherwise qualifying the Securities in such states): California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Louisiana, Maryland, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, Utah, Virginia, Wisconsin and the District of Columbia. Although the Securities will not knowingly be sold to purchasers in jurisdictions in which the Securities are not registered or otherwise qualified for sale, purchasers may buy Warrants in the after-market or may move to jurisdictions in which the shares underlying the Warrants are not so registered or qualified during the period that the Warrants are exercisable. In this event, the Company would be unable to issue Common Shares to those persons desiring to exercise their Warrants unless and until such shares could be qualified for sale in jurisdictions in which such purchasers reside, or an exemption to such qualification exists in such jurisdiction. In addition, investors purchasing Warrants in this Offering will not be able to exercise the Warrants unless at the time of exercise this registration statement is current and the Common Shares issuable upon exercise of such Warrants have been qualified or deemed to be exempt under the securities laws of the state of residence of the holder of such Warrants. The Company intends to maintain a current prospectus and to use reasonable efforts to cause the Company's Common Shares to be registered in all required jurisdictions. There can be no assurance that such shares can be qualified on or before the exercise date or that the Company will maintain a current prospectus relating thereto until the expiration of the Warrants. 12. DEPENDENCE ON KEY PERSONNEL. The success of the Company is materially dependent upon the efforts of Robert L. Chioini, the Company's President and Chief Executive Officer, and James J. Connor, the Company's Chief Financial Officer, Secretary and Treasurer. The Company and Mr. Chioini have entered into a three-year employment agreement expiring in February 2000, and the Company maintains a key-man life insurance policy on the life of Mr. Chioini in the amount of $1,000,000. Mr. Connor is employed on an "at-will" basis. If the Company were to lose the services of Mr. Chioini or Mr. Connor, such event could materially and adversely affect the Company's business, financial condition and results of operations. See "Management -- Employment Agreement." 13. POSSIBLE INSUFFICIENCY OF INSURANCE. As a supplier of medical products, the Company may face potential liability from a person who claims that he or she suffered physical harm as a result of the use of the Company's products. If litigation is initiated because of such harm, the Company may be sued, and regardless of whether it is ultimately determined to be liable, the Company may incur significant legal expenses not covered by insurance. In addition, product liability litigation could damage the Company's reputation and therefore impair its marketing ability. Such litigation could also impair the Company's ability to retain products liability insurance or make such insurance more expensive. The Company maintains products liability insurance in the amount of $5 million per occurrence and $6 million in the aggregate. The Company believes that its current insurance will be sufficient to cover any potential liabilities to the Company arising from its business and operations. There is, however, no assurance that the Company can retain such insurance or that such insurance would be sufficient to protect the Company against liabilities associated with its business. In the event of an uninsured or inadequately insured product liability claim in the future, the Company's business financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected. 14. ABSENCE OF PUBLIC MARKET; ARBITRARY DETERMINATION OF OFFERING PRICE. Prior to this Offering, there has been no public market for the Company's Common Shares or Warrants and there can be no assurance 11 13 that a regular trading market will develop for any or all of these Securities upon completion of this Offering. The public offering price for Common Shares and the Warrants and the exercise price of the Warrants have been determined by negotiation between the Company and the Representative and are not necessarily related to the Company's asset value, net worth or other established criteria of value. See "Underwriting." 15. SUBSTANTIAL DILUTION; PURCHASE OF COMMON SHARES BY INSIDERS AT BELOW OFFERING PRICE. A purchaser in this Offering will experience immediate and substantial dilution of $2.89 per share (approximately 72%) in that the offering price exceeds the net tangible book value of the Company after giving effect to the Offering. The Common Shares held by the Company's Principal Shareholders were purchased for prices significantly lower than the public offering price. Accordingly, investors in the Offering will bear a disproportionate share of the risk of an investment in the Company. See "Dilution." 16. VOTING CONTROL; POTENTIAL ANTI-TAKEOVER EFFECT. Upon the completion of this Offering, the officers and directors of the Company will beneficially own approximately 40.5% of the Company's voting shares (41.0% assuming the exercise of options granted to such officers and directors which are exercisable within 60 days of the date of this Prospectus). Accordingly, they may be able to effectively elect all of the directors of the Company and control the Company's affairs. The Company's shareholders do not have the right to cumulative voting in the election of directors. The Board of Directors has the authority, without further approval of the Company's shareholders, to issue shares of preferred stock, no par value per share (the "Preferred Stock"), having such rights, preferences and privileges as the Board of Directors may determine. Any such issuance of Preferred Stock could, under certain circumstances, have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control of the Company and may adversely affect the rights of holders of Common Shares, including by decreasing the amount of earnings and assets available for distribution to holders of Common Shares and adversely affect the relative voting power or other rights of the holders of the Company's Common Shares. The Company has agreed with the Underwriters that, except for issuances disclosed in or contemplated by this Prospectus, it will not issue any securities, including but not limited to any shares of Preferred Stock, for a period of 24 months following the Effective Date, without the prior written consent of the Underwriters. In addition, the Company is subject to Michigan statutes regulating business combinations, takeovers and control share acquisitions which might also hinder or delay a change in control of the Company. Anti-takeover provisions that could be included in the Preferred Stock when issued and the Michigan statutes regulating business combinations, takeovers and control share acquisitions can have a depressive effect on the market price of the Company's securities and can limit shareholders' ability to receive a premium on their shares by discouraging takeover and tender offer bids. See "Principal Stockholders" and "Description of Securities -- Preferred Stock." The Directors of the Company serve staggered three-year terms, and directors may not be removed without cause. The Company's Articles of Incorporation also set the minimum and maximum number of directors constituting the entire Board at three and fifteen, respectively, and require approval of holders of a majority of the Company's voting shares to amend these provisions. These provisions could have an anti-takeover effect by making it more difficult to acquire the Company by means of a tender offer, a proxy contest or otherwise or the removal of incumbent officers and directors. These provisions could delay, deter or prevent a tender offer or takeover attempt that a shareholder might consider in his or her best interests, including those attempts that might result in a premium over the market price for the Common Shares held by the Company's shareholders. See "Description of Securities -- Common Shares." 17. SHARES ELIGIBLE FOR FUTURE SALE. The Company is unable to predict the effect, if any, that future sales of Common Shares, or the availability of Common Shares for future sales, will have on the market price of the Common Shares from time to time. Sales of substantial amounts of Common Shares (including shares issued upon the exercise of warrants or stock options), or the possibility of such sales, could adversely affect the market price of the Common Shares or Warrants and also impair the Company's ability to raise capital through an offering of its equity securities in the future. Upon completion of the Offering, the Company will have 4,938,750 Common Shares outstanding (assuming no exercise of the Underwriter Over-Allotment Option, the Warrants, the Bridge Warrants, the Underwriters Warrants and other outstanding options and warrants). Of these shares, the 1,800,000 Common Shares sold in this Offering will be freely tradeable without restriction under the Securities Act, except for any shares purchased by any person who is or thereby becomes an "affiliate" of the Company, which shares will be subject to the resale limitations contained in Rule 144 12 14 promulgated under the Securities Act. The remaining 3,138,750 Common Shares outstanding are, and the shares issuable upon exercise of the Bridge Warrants will be "restricted securities" (as that term is defined in Rule 144 promulgated under the Securities Act) which may be publicly sold only if registered under the Securities Act or if sold in accordance with an applicable exemption from registration, such as Rule 144. Officers, directors and other security holders of the Company owning and/or having rights to acquire in the aggregate 3,338,750 Common Shares have entered into agreements (the "Lock-Up Agreements") with the Representative not to sell or otherwise dispose of any securities of the Company, including Common Shares, for a period of 13 months following the Effective Date, without the prior written consent of the Representative, which may be granted or withheld in the sole and absolute discretion of the Representative, subject to an exemption for certain tender offers. Following expiration of the term of the Lock-Up Agreements, 3,138,750 shares will become eligible for resale pursuant to Rule 144, subject to the volume limitations and compliance with the other provisions of Rule 144. Furthermore, the holders of the Underwriters Warrants (including the securities issuable upon exercise thereof) have demand and piggyback registration rights with respect to the Common Shares issuable upon exercise of the Underwriters Warrants and the underlying Warrants, which Common Shares have been registered by the Company on the Registration Statement on Form SB-2 of which this Prospectus is a part. The Company also intends to register the Common Shares issuable upon the exercise of options available under the Company's 1997 Stock Option Plan; which shares will become, upon registration, freely tradeable subject to the Lock-Up Agreements. In addition, the investors in the First Prior Financing and the investors in the Second Prior Financing have piggy-back registration rights with respect to their Common Shares, Bridge Warrants and the underlying Common Shares. These rights have been waived in connection with this Offering, but any future exercise of these rights could involve substantial expense to the Company and may adversely affect the terms upon which the Company may obtain additional financing. Any substantial sale of restricted securities pursuant to Rule 144 or a registration statement may have an adverse effect on the market price of the Common Shares or Warrants. See "Description of Securities -- Registration Rights," "Description of Securities -- Warrants," "Description of Securities -- Prior Financings" and "Underwriting". 18. OUTSTANDING WARRANTS AND OPTIONS. In addition to the 2,700,000 Warrants to be issued in connection with this Offering (3,105,000 Warrants if the Over-Allotment Option is exercised in full), upon completion of this Offering the Company will sell the Underwriters the Underwriters Warrants to purchase 180,000 Common Shares and 270,000 Warrants. Furthermore, the Company has outstanding Bridge Warrants to purchase an aggregate of 520,000 Common Shares. The Company has also reserved an additional 450,000 Common Shares for issuance upon exercise of options under the Company's 1997 Stock Option Plan, of which options covering an aggregate of 295,000 Common Shares have already been granted. The exercise of warrants or options and the sale of the underlying Common Shares (or even the potential of such exercise or sale) may have a depressive effect on the market price of the Common Shares and the Warrants. Holders of such warrants and options are likely to exercise them when, in all likelihood, the Company could obtain additional capital on terms more favorable than those provided by the options and warrants. Further, while its warrants and options are outstanding, the Company's ability to obtain additional financing on favorable terms may be adversely affected. In addition, exercise of such options would substantially dilute a prospective investor's investment in the Company. See "Underwriting" and "Description of Securities." 19. EFFECT OF ISSUANCE OF COMMON SHARES. Immediately after the Offering, assuming the Over-Allotment Option is not exercised, the Company will have an aggregate of approximately 10,941,250 Common Shares authorized but unissued and not reserved for specific purposes. All of such shares may be issued without any action or approval by the Company's shareholders. Although there are no present plans, agreements, commitments or undertakings with respect to the issuance of additional shares or securities convertible into any such shares by the Company (other than those currently reserved for issuance), any Common Shares issued would further dilute the percentage ownership of the Company held by the public shareholders. The Company has agreed with the Underwriter that, except for the issuances disclosed in or contemplated by this Prospectus (including issuance of the currently reserved shares), it will not issue any securities, including but not limited to any Common Shares, for a period of 24 months following the Effective Date, without the prior written consent of the Underwriter. See "Underwriting." 13 15 20. ABILITY TO MANAGE GROWTH. If the Company were to experience significant growth in the future, such growth would likely result in new and increased responsibilities for management personnel and place significant strain upon the Company's management, operating and financial systems and resources. To accommodate such growth and compete effectively, the Company must continue to implement and improve its operational, financial, management and information systems, procedures and controls, and to expand, train and manage its personnel. There can be no assurance that the Company's personnel, systems, procedures and controls will be adequate to support the Company's future operations. Any failure to implement and improve the Company's operational, financial, management and information systems, procedures or controls or to expand, train or manage employees or to manage effectively any actual or expected future growth, could materially and adversely affect the Company's business, financial condition and results of operations. See "Risk Factors -- Dependence on Key Personnel," "Business -- Employees" and "Management -- Directors, Executive Officers and Key Employees." 21. ABSENCE OF DIVIDENDS ON COMMON SHARES. Since inception, the Company has not paid any cash dividend on its Common Shares and it does not anticipate paying such dividends in the foreseeable future. The payment of dividends by the Company is within the discretion of its Board of Directors and depends upon the Company's earnings, capital requirements, financial condition and requirements, future prospects, restrictions in future financing agreements, business conditions and other factors deemed relevant by the Board. The Company intends to retain earnings, if any, to finance its operations. See "Dividend Policy." 22. LIMITED UNDERWRITING EXPERIENCE OF THE REPRESENTATIVE. The Representative was organized in March 1995, was first registered as a broker dealer in December 1995, and became a member firm of the NASD in December 1995. The Representative is principally engaged in retail brokerage and market making activities and various corporate finance projects. Although the Representative has acted as a placement agent in private offerings and has participated a member of the underwriting syndicate or as a selected dealer in five prior public offerings, it only has acted as the lead managing underwriter in two prior public offerings and has co-managed two other public offerings. No assurance can be given that the Representative's lack of experience as a lead managing underwriter of public offerings will not adversely affect the Offering and the subsequent development of a liquid public trading market in the Company's securities. See "Risk Factors -- Representative's Influence on the Market; Possible Limitations on Market Making Activities." 23. REPRESENTATIVE'S INFLUENCE ON THE MARKET; POSSIBLE LIMITATIONS ON MARKET MAKING ACTIVITIES. A significant number of Common Shares and Warrants may be sold to customers of the Underwriters. Such customers subsequently may engage in transactions for the sale or purchase of such securities through or with the Underwriters or based on the recommendations of the Underwriters. The Company has applied to list the Common Shares and the Warrants on The Nasdaq SmallCap Market. The Representative has indicated that it intends to act as a market-maker and otherwise effect transactions in the Common Shares and Warrants. To the extent the Representative acts as a market-maker in the Common Shares and Warrants, it may exert a dominating influence in the markets for those securities. The prices and liquidity of the Common Shares and Warrants may be significantly affected to the extent, if any, that the Representative participates in such markets. The Representative may discontinue such activities at any time or from time to time. The Representative also has the right to act as the Company's exclusive agent in connection with any future solicitation of holders of Warrants to exercise their Warrants. Applicable rules of the Commission prohibit the Representative and any other soliciting broker-dealers from engaging in any market making activities or solicited brokerage activities with regard to the Common Shares and Warrants for a period of up to five business days prior to the solicitation of the exercise of any Warrants until the later of the termination of such solicitation activity or the termination of any right the Representative may have to receive a fee for the solicitation of the Warrants. As a result, the Representative and such soliciting broker-dealers may be unable to continue to make a market for the Common Shares and the Warrants during certain periods while the Warrants are exercisable. Such a limitation, while in effect, could impair the liquidity and market price of the Common Shares and the Warrants. See "Underwriting." 24. REPRESENTATIVE'S POTENTIAL INFLUENCE ON THE COMPANY. The Company has agreed that for a period of no less than three years from the Effective Date, the Company will engage a designee, acceptable to the Representative and the Company, to serve as an advisor ("Advisor") to the Company's Board of Directors. 14 16 Such Advisor shall be entitled to attend all meetings of the Board of Directors, to receive all notices and other correspondence and communications sent by the Company to the Board of Directors, and to receive compensation equal to the compensation paid to non-employee directors of the Company. The Company has also agreed that, in lieu of the Representative's right to designate an Advisor, the Representative has the right to designate one person for election as a director of the Company and the Company has agreed to use its best efforts to obtain the election of such designee to the Board of Directors. The engagement of such Advisor and/or the election of such designee, if any, to the Company's Board of Directors, may enable the Representative to exert influence on the Company. See "Underwriting." 25. POSSIBLE VOLATILITY OF STOCK PRICE. The market price of the Company's securities may be highly volatile. Quarterly operating results of the Company; changes in the general conditions in the economy, the financial markets, or the medical products industry; changes in financial estimates by securities analysts or failure by the Company to meet such estimates; litigation involving the Company; actions by governmental agencies; or other developments affecting the Company or its competitors, could cause the market price of the Company's securities to fluctuate substantially. In particular, the stock market may experience significant price and volume fluctuations which may affect the market price of the Company's securities for reasons that are unrelated to the Company's operating performance and that are beyond the Company's control. In connection with this Offering, the Underwriters and selling group members and their respective affiliates may engage in stabilizing, syndicate short covering transactions, or other transactions during the offering that may stabilize, maintain or otherwise affect the market price of the Common Shares and Warrants. Stabilization transactions, effected in accordance with Rule 104 of Regulation M, are bids for or purchases of Common Shares or Warrants for the purpose of preventing or retarding a decline in the market price of the Common Shares or Warrants or all of them to facilitate the Offering. The Underwriters also may create a short position for their accounts by selling more Common Shares or Warrants in connection with the Offering than they are committed to purchase from the Company, and in such case may purchase Common Shares or Warrants in the open market to cover all or a portion of such short position. The Underwriters may also cover all or a portion of such short position by exercising the Over-Allotment Option. Any of the transactions described in this paragraph may result in the maintenance of the price of the Common Shares and Warrants at a level above that which might otherwise prevail in the open market. None of the transactions described in this paragraph is required, and, if they are undertaken they may be discontinued at any time. The Underwriters and selling group members may engage in such transactions from the effective date of the Registration Statement of which this Prospectus is a part to the closing date of the Offering. The Underwriters do not intend to provide notice to shareholders of the discontinuation of such transactions. 26. LIMITED MARKETING CAPABILITY; DEPENDENCE ON SALES REPRESENTATIVES AND DISTRIBUTORS. The Company intends to market its products through its own employees and to retain independent sales representatives and distributors. The Company has only limited experience in the development and marketing of medical products, and its direct sales force consists of only one person. The Company is substantially dependent on its independent sales representatives and distributors to generate sales. Failure of independent sales representatives and distributors to market, promote and sell the Company's products would have an adverse affect on the Company's business, financial condition and results of operations. 15 17 USE OF PROCEEDS The net proceeds to the Company from the sale of the 1,800,000 Common Shares and 2,700,000 Warrants offered by this Prospectus (after deducting underwriting commissions and discounts and estimated offering expenses) are estimated to be approximately $5,948,000 ($6,934,000 if the Over-Allotment Option is exercised in full) at the assumed public offering price of $4.00 per Common Share and $.10 per Warrant. The Company expects to use the net proceeds of the Offering as follows:
APPROXIMATE APPROXIMATE DOLLAR AMOUNT PERCENTAGE ------------- ----------- Purchase of Equipment(1).................................. $1,800,000 30.3% Redemption of Series A Preferred Stock(2)................. $1,158,187 19.5% Payment of Accounts Payable and Accrued Expenses.......... $1,098,800 18.4% Repayment of Indebtedness(3).............................. $ 217,200 3.7% Working Capital(4)........................................ $1,673,813 28.1% ---------- ---- $5,948,000 100% ========== ====
- ------------------ (1) Consists primarily of additional production equipment and supplies necessary to increase the Company's production capacity and to produce and package liquid bicarbonate, a product which the Company has recently obtained clearance from the FDA to manufacture and distribute. Also includes the purchase and/or lease of additional tractor-trailers to expand the Company's transportation capabilities to accommodate the Company's expected sales growth. The Company has no commitments to date for the purchase of any such equipment. (2) The Series A Preferred Stock was issued in partial payment of the deferred purchase price for the Predecessor Company. See "Certain Transactions -- Acquisition of Business of Predecessor Company." Holders of Series A Preferred Stock are entitled to receive, out of funds legally available for the payment of dividends, cumulative cash dividends in the amount of $0.085 per share per year (prorated for partial years) accruing from June 1, 1997. The redemption price for the Series A Preferred Stock equals $1.00 per share plus accumulated and unpaid dividends on the redemption date. In accordance with the terms of the asset purchase agreement (the "Asset Purchase Agreement") entered into by the Company with the Predecessor Company and its owners, the parties to the Asset Purchase Agreement have agreed to reduce the purchase price paid by the Company for the Predecessor Company's business by $320,749 based on a provision in the Asset Purchase Agreement which provides that the purchase price for the Predecessor Company's business would be reduced on a dollar for dollar basis to the extent the net worth of the Predecessor Company at the closing of the acquisition was below a target amount set forth in the Asset Purchase Agreement. The Supply Company has surrendered to the Company for cancellation 320,749 shares of Series A Preferred Stock in payment of such purchase price reduction. The Company does not have any obligation to pay any accrued dividends on such cancelled shares. The amount shown represents the estimated redemption price at January 30, 1998 of the remaining 1,095,915 shares of Series A Preferred Stock. Upon completion of the Offering, the Company expects that it will redeem the Series A Preferred Stock on January 30, 1998. See "Description of Securities -- Series A Preferred Stock." (3) In November 1997, the Company obtained a loan in the amount of $100,000 from Michael J. Xirinachs, a founder of the Company and a Director of the Company, bearing interest at the rate of 24% per annum, and requiring repayment on February 11, 1998. The Company has also obtained a loan from Karen Bagley in the amount of $100,000, which bears interest at the rate of 24% per annum and is due and payable full upon demand. Upon completion of this Offering, the Company will use a portion of the net proceeds of the Offering to repay the expected outstanding balance owing on each of these loans. See "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations -- Overview." (4) Includes working capital and other ongoing selling, general and administrative expenses. See the Consolidated Financial Statements as of, and for the period ended September 30, 1997, included elsewhere in this Prospectus, for information about the Company's current working capital needs (including accounts payable and accrued expenses) and ongoing selling, general and administrative expenses. The foregoing represents the Company's best estimate of its allocation of the net proceeds of the Offering based upon the current state of its business development and management estimates of current industry 16 18 conditions. The net proceeds may be reallocated among the categories set forth above or otherwise in response to, among other things, changes in the Company's business plans, future revenues and expenses and industry, regulatory or competitive conditions. The amount and timing of expenditures will vary depending on a number of factors, including changes in the Company's contemplated operations or business plans and changes in economic and industry conditions. Any such shifts will be at the discretion of the Board of Directors and officers of the Company. Pending such uses, the net proceeds of the Offering are expected to be invested in U.S. Government Securities or deposited in federally insured accounts of banks or money market accounts of other financial institutions, or invested in short-term, investment-grade, interest-bearing investments or other similar short-term investments. CAPITALIZATION The following table sets forth the capitalization of the Company (i) as of September 30, 1997, (ii) on an as adjusted basis after giving effect to the issuance and sale of the 1,800,000 Common Shares and the 2,700,000 Warrants in the Offering at the assumed public offering price of $4.00 per Common Share and .10 per Warrant, the application of the estimated net proceeds of $5,948,000 thereof, and the issuance of 123,750 Additional Shares. The information set forth below should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto appearing elsewhere herein and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations."
AT SEPTEMBER 30, 1997 ----------------------------- ACTUAL AS ADJUSTED ------ ----------- Series A Preferred Stock, $1.00 par value, 1,416,664 shares authorized; 1,095,915 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 1997 and no shares issued and outstanding, as adjusted(1)............................................ $ 1,095,915 -- Shareholders' equity: Preferred Stock, no par value, no shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 1997 or as adjusted....... -- -- Common Shares, no par value, 20,000,000 shares authorized; 3,015,000 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 1997; and 4,938,750 shares issued and outstanding, as adjusted(2)......................................... 2,524,847 $ 8,472,847 ----------- ----------- Accumulated Deficit(3).................................... (1,524,934) (1,524,934) ----------- ----------- Total Shareholders' Equity................................ 999,913 6,947,913 ----------- ----------- Total Capitalization...................................... $ 2,095,828 $ 6,947,913 =========== ===========
- ------------------ (1) Pursuant to the terms of the Asset Purchase Agreement, 320,749 shares of the 1,416,664 shares of Series A Preferred Stock originally issued to the Supply Company were surrendered to the Company for cancellation in payment of a $320,749 reduction in the purchase price for the Predecessor Company's business. Upon cancellation of such shares, the Company had no obligation to pay any accrued dividends on such cancelled shares. (2) Includes (i) on a pro forma basis, the 123,750 Additional Shares to be issued to the investors in the First Prior Financing. Excludes, (ii) 520,000 Common Shares issuable upon exercise of the Bridge Warrants, (iii) 450,000 Common Shares reserved for issuance under the Company's 1997 Stock Option Plan, of which options to acquire an aggregate of 295,000 Common Shares have been granted and remain outstanding, (iv) 2,700,000 Common Shares reserved for issuance upon exercise of the Warrants, and (v) 450,000 Common Shares reserved for issuance upon exercise of the Underwriter Warrants and upon exercise of the 270,000 underlying Warrants. See "Description of Securities" and "Underwriting." (3) Management believes the accumulated deficit has continued to increase during the fourth quarter ending December 31, 1997. 17 19 DILUTION Dilution represents the difference between the initial public offering price paid by the purchasers in the Offering and the net tangible book value per share immediately after the completion of the Offering. The net tangible book value (deficit) of the Company as of September 30, 1997, was ($691,438), or ($.23) per Common Share, based on 3,015,000 Common Shares outstanding. Net tangible book value (deficit) per share is equal to the Company's total tangible assets (total assets less intangible assets) less its total liabilities, divided by the number of Common Shares outstanding. After giving effect to the sale of the 1,800,000 Common Shares and the 2,700,000 Warrants offered hereby at an assumed initial public offering price of $4.00 per Common Share and $.10 per Warrant, and the application of the estimated net proceeds therefrom as described under "Use of Proceeds", the pro forma as adjusted net tangible book value of the Company at September 30, 1997 would have been $5,474,616, or $1.11 per share, based on 4,938,750 Common Shares outstanding after this Offering (including the Additional Shares to be issued to investors in the First Prior Financing). This represents an immediate increase of $1.34 per share in an adjusted net tangible book value to existing shareholders and immediate dilution of $2.89 per share from the assumed public offering price to the new investors purchasing Units in the Offering. Dilution per share represents the difference between the public offering price and the pro forma net tangible book value per share after the Offering. The following table illustrates the per share dilution to the new investors: Assumed initial public offering price per share............. $4.00 Net tangible book value (deficit) per share before the Offering.................................................. $ (.23) Increase per share attributable to new investors............ 1.34 ------ Pro forma net tangible book value per share after the Offering.................................................. 1.11 ----- Dilution per share to new investors......................... $2.89 =====
The following table sets forth the difference between (i) the current shareholders who are promoters, officers, directors or beneficial owners of 5% or more of the outstanding Common Shares ("Insiders"), (ii) the other present shareholders, and (iii) the new investors, with respect to the number of shares purchased from the Company, the total consideration paid (other than services) and the average price per share (assuming no exercise of the Warrants or any other outstanding options or warrants):
SHARES PERCENT OF CONSIDERATION PERCENT OF TOTAL AVERAGE PRICE PURCHASED TOTAL SHARES PAID CONSIDERATION PAID PER SHARE --------- ------------ ------------- ------------------ ------------- Insiders....................... 2,000,000 40.5% $ 1,000 * ** Other present shareholders(1).............. 1,138,750 23.1% 2,797,500 28.0% $2.46 New Investors.................. 1,800,000 36.4% 7,200,000 72.0% $4.00 --------- ----- ---------- ------ ----- Total..................... 4,938,750 100.0% $9,998,500 100.0% $2.02 ========= ===== ========== ====== =====
- ------------------ * Less than one percent. ** Less than $.01. (1) Includes 123,750 Additional Shares to be issued to investors in the First Prior Financing. See "Description of Securities -- Prior Financings." The foregoing assumes no exercise of the 155,000 options (reserved) and 3,965,000 warrants and options (outstanding) to purchase Common Shares at the closing of this Offering (see "Description of Securities"). In the event such options and warrants are exercised, investors in this Offering may experience further dilution. 18 20 DIVIDEND POLICY The payment of dividends by the Company is within the discretion of its Board of Directors and depends in part upon the Company's earnings, capital requirements, financial condition and requirements, future prospects, restrictions in future financing agreements, business conditions and other factors deemed relevant by the Board. Since its inception, the Company has not paid any cash dividends on its Common Shares and does not anticipate paying such dividends in the foreseeable future. The Company intends to retain earnings, if any, to finance the development and expansion of its operations. 19 21 MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSIONS AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS OVERVIEW The Company was formed for the purpose of acquiring substantially all the assets of Rockwell Medical Supplies, L.L.C., and a related entity, Rockwell Transportation, L.L.C. The Company acquired the Predecessor Company on February 19, 1997 for an adjusted purchase price of approximately $2.1 million. Pursuant to the Asset Purchase Agreement, the purchase price for the Predecessor Company's business was reduced by $320,749 based on a provision in the Asset Purchase Agreement which provides that the purchase price for the Predecessor Company's business would be reduced on a dollar for dollar basis to the extent that the net worth of the Predecessor Company at the closing of the acquisition was below a target amount set forth in the Asset Purchase Agreement. The purchase price was financed with an initial cash payment to the Predecessor Company of $150,000, a cash payment of approximately $375,000 to NBD Bank to discharge the Predecessor Company's obligation under a loan arrangement, and a $1.9 million note payable to the Predecessor Company. The Company funded the initial cash payments of $525,000 with a portion of the proceeds of a private placement of the Company's Common Shares (the "First Prior Financing"). See "Description of Securities -- Prior Financings." The balance of the $1.2 million in net proceeds raised in the First Prior Financing was used to fund the Company's net losses and capital equipment purchases. In May through July, 1997, the Company sold an aggregate of 26 units, each unit consisting of 20,000 Common Shares and 20,000 Bridge Warrants for a purchase price of $60,000 per unit, or an aggregate of $1,560,000 (the "Second Prior Financing"). The net proceeds of the Second Prior Financing were approximately $1,248,000, of which $500,000 were used to reduce the obligation under the note payable to the Predecessor Company. The balance was used to fund the Company's net losses and for capital equipment expenditures. The remaining balance of $1,416,664 under the note payable to the Predecessor Company was converted into 1,416,664 shares of Series A Preferred Stock. As described elsewhere in this Prospectus, 320,749 shares of Series A Preferred Stock were surrendered to the Company and cancelled to effect a $320,749 reduction in the purchase price for the Predecessor Company's business. In July 1997, the Company obtained a loan from Karen Bagley in the principal amount of $100,000 to pay employee salaries and other accrued expenses. The loan bears interest at an annual rate of 24% and is payable in full, including accrued interest, on a demand basis. Karen Bagley is the wife of Patrick Bagley, whose firm serves as legal counsel to the Company on certain matters and also to Mr. Robert L. Chioini in a personal capacity. The Company intends to repay the loan with a portion of the net proceeds of the Offering. See "Use of Proceeds" and "Certain Transactions -- Related-Party Loan." In November 1997, the Company obtained a $100,000 loan from Michael J. Xirinachs, a founder of the Company and a Director of the Company. The loan bears interest at the rate 24% per annum and matures on February 11, 1998. The Company intends to repay the loan with a portion of the net proceeds of the Offering. See "Use of Proceeds" and "Certain Transactions -- Shareholder Loans." RESULTS OF OPERATIONS During the period from October 25, 1996 (date of inception) through September 30, 1997, sales were approximately $2.3 million. Sales of hemodialysis solutions, primarily acid concentrate (56% of sales), and bicarbonate powder (20% of sales), accounted for the majority of product sales with other ancillary products accounting for 16% of total sales. Revenue generated from the Company's trucking subsidiary from trucking services provided to non-affiliated third parties was approximately $175,000 and accounted for approximately 8% of total sales. The Company anticipates this product mix may change in the future as new products are included in the Company's product line and as the Company increases its revenue from "back-hauling" operations. Export sales represent 18% of total sales, primarily in the hemodialysis solutions product line. The Company incurred a gross deficit of $391,000 for the period ended September 30, 1997. Material costs comprised 43% of total costs of sales. Prices of raw materials have remained stable over the period and 20 22 management does not believe that significant changes will occur in the foreseeable future. Management believes that there is an opportunity to reduce material costs through more efficient scheduling of production. This will enable the Company to plan material procurements in a more efficient manner and eliminate low lead time requirements at potentially reduced prices. Costs required to convert raw materials to finished goods for sale (principally labor and manufacturing related overhead) comprised 31% of costs of sales. Scheduling inefficiencies, low production volumes, and one-time start-up costs contributed to what management believes are higher costs than management anticipates will be experienced in the future. Distribution costs were 26% of total costs of sales. These costs are incurred by the Company's wholly owned subsidiary Rockwell Transportation Inc. Management has enacted plans to reduce such costs as a percentage of total revenue by more effectively utilizing its transportation equipment and by generating additional third party revenue on "back-haul" routes. Selling, General and Administrative costs of $1,059,245, or 46% of sales, for the period include $350,000 of professional fees relating to financial consulting matters. Officer and employee salaries and benefits of $281,000 and amortization of goodwill of $118,000 comprise the majority of the selling, general and administrative costs. The Company anticipates these costs will increase commensurate with future sales growth. The Company has reported losses for the period ended September 30, 1997 and thus has not recorded a federal, state or local tax provision. PLAN OF OPERATION During the next 12 months the Company plans to continue to manufacture and distribute hemodialysis concentrates and dialysis kits and distribute other hemodialysis products to hemodialysis providers. The Company intends to take advantage of the increasing number of hemodialysis providers and patients (see "Business -- General") and to implement its strategies of acting as a single source supplier, increasing revenue by selling new products and obtaining additional "back-haul" revenue from its trucks and offering a high level of customer service (see "Business -- Strategy") to attempt to increase its sales and market share. No assurance can be given, however, that the Company's sales or market share will increase. See "Risk Factors -- Competition." If the Company's sales volumes increase, it expects to add additional production and administrative employees and truck drivers (see "Business -- Employees") and it expects to expand its facilities and acquire additional laboratory and production equipment. The Company also expects that it will need cash over the next 12 months (i) to redeem the Series A Preferred Stock, (ii) to fund operating losses, and (iii) for working capital and other ongoing selling, general and administrative expenses. The Company believes that cash from operations together with the net proceeds of this Offering will be sufficient to sustain the Company's operations at budgeted levels and its needs for liquidity for at least the next 12 months. During the period from February 20, 1997 to September 30, 1997, the Company experienced a negative gross margin of approximately $391,000. During this period the Company incurred $286,000 expenses from its trucking operations over the cost that the Company estimates it would have incurred had it used common carriers to deliver its products. Approximately $464,000 of cost of sales was attributable primarily to overhead costs associated with the Company's manufacturing operations. In order to improve the Company's operating margin to a break-even point, the Company must (i) increase its revenue from manufacturing operations to approximately $6.0 million per year, (ii) achieve certain planned operating efficiencies in its manufacturing operations, (iii) obtain additional revenue from its trucking operations sufficient to cover the additional costs of such operations by contracting for its trucks to act as common carriers during their return to the Company's manufacturing facility after a delivery of the Company's products, and (iv) improve the operating efficiencies of the Company's trucking operations. If the Company is not successful in increasing its revenue from the sale of hemodialysis concentrates and other ancillary products while achieving certain planned operating efficiencies, the Company's gross margin will likely remain negative. Also, as the Company expands its trucking operations, its ability to generate 21 23 "back-haul" revenue is likely to lag behind the cost increases associated with such expansion. In addition, if the Company is not successful in improving the operating efficiencies of its trucking operations or if the Company's strategy of obtaining additional "back-haul" revenue for its trucks to offset the additional costs of maintaining its leased trucks versus using common carriers is not successful, the Company may have to abandon its strategy of using its leased trucks to deliver its products to customers. The Company does not believe that this action, including terminating these operating leases, would have a material effect on its financial condition; however, the Company is unable to predict what effect, if any, such change would have on the Company's customers and the ability of the Company to successfully market its products. Even if the Company were to be successful in generating a positive gross margin, the Company will require significant additional revenue growth to fund the Company's existing and anticipated selling, general and administrative expenses and interest expense. No assurance can be given that the Company will be able to increase sales in a sufficient amount to cover such expenses, or that such expenses will not increase in the future. See "Risk Factors -- Continuing Losses; Accumulated Deficit; Negative Gross Margins." NEW ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS In March 1997, the FASB issued SFAS No. 128, "Earnings per Share." This Statement establishes standards for computing and presenting earnings per share ("EPS") and applies to all entities with publicly-held common shares or potential common shares. This Statement replaces the presentation of primary EPS and fully-diluted EPS with a presentation of basic EPS and diluted EPS, respectively. Basic EPS excludes dilution and is computed by dividing earnings available to common shareholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Similar to fully diluted EPS, diluted EPS reflects the potential dilution of securities that could share in the earnings. This Statement is not expected to have a material effect on the Company's reported EPS amounts. The Statement is effective for the Company's financial statements for the year ending December 31, 1997. 22 24 BUSINESS GENERAL Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. manufactures hemodialysis concentrates and dialysis kits, and sells, distributes and delivers such concentrates and dialysis kits, as well as over 120 other hemodialysis products, to hemodialysis providers in the United States. Hemodialysis is a process which is able to duplicate kidney function in patients whose kidneys have failed to function properly. Without properly functioning kidneys, the patient's body cannot rid itself of excess water and waste products nor regulate the amount of electrolytes in the patient's blood. Without hemodialysis, these patients would die. INDUSTRY BACKGROUND Hemodialysis patients are classified into three categories: (i) "end stage renal disease patients," which are those patients who must have hemodialysis treatments for the remainder of their lives or until they receive a successful kidney transplant, (ii) "chronic patients," which are those patients who do not currently require hemodialysis treatments but are suffering a gradual and progressive loss of kidney function which typically progresses to "end stage renal disease" requiring hemodialysis treatments, and (iii) "acute patients," which are those patients who have suffered a rapid and sudden loss of kidney function and require only temporary hemodialysis until their kidneys begin to function properly again. In 1996, there were an estimated 216,000 end stage renal disease patients according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services ("DHHS"). In addition, an estimated 250,000 persons in the United States suffer acute renal failure each year. Most patients undergoing hemodialysis treatment generally receive three treatments per week or 156 treatments per year, although the amount of weekly treatments may vary. A hemodialysis provider such as a hospital or a free standing clinic uses hemodialysis stations to treat patients. A hemodialysis station contains a dialysis machine that takes a concentrate solution and certain chemical powders, such as the Company's solutions and powders, and accurately dilutes them with purified water. The resulting solution, known as dialysate, is then pumped through a device known as an artificial kidney (dialyzer), while at the same time the patient's blood is pumped through a membrane within the dialyzer. Excess water and chemicals from the patient's blood pass through the membrane and are carried away in the dialysate while certain chemicals in the dialysate penetrate the membrane and enter the patient's blood to maintain proper chemical levels in the body. Dialysate generally contains dextrose, sodium, calcium, potassium, magnesium, chloride and acetic acid. The patient's physician prescribes the formula required for each patient based on each particular patient's needs, although most patients receive one of eight common formulations. In addition to using concentrate solutions and chemical powders (which must be replaced for each use by each patient), a dialysis station also requires various other ancillary products such as dialysis on-off kits, sterile subclavian dressing change trays, arterial and venous blood tubing lines, fistula needles, intravenous administration sets, transducer protectors, dialyzers and over 120 other ancillary products, all of which the Company sells. INDUSTRY TRENDS Hemodialysis patients generally receive their treatment at hospitals or independent hemodialysis providers. According to the DHHS, since 1973 the total number of hemodialysis providers in the United States has more than quintupled from 606 in 1973 to over 3,082 in December 1996. Independent providers comprised 2,212 of such providers and hospitals comprised 746 of such providers. The Company currently supplies over 220 hemodialysis providers in 18 states across the United States. The number of patients receiving hemodialysis has also grown substantially in recent years. According to the DHHS, in 1985, there were approximately 68,390 patients receiving hemodialysis treatments in the United States. It is estimated by the DHHS that in 1996 over 216,000 patients received hemodialysis treatments. According to the DHHS, from 1985 to 1996, the number of hemodialysis stations, which are areas equipped to provide adequate and safe dialysis therapy, grew from 17,845 stations to 45,244 stations. 23 25 STRATEGY The Company's objective is to increase its market share in the expanding hemodialysis market and improve profitability by implementing the following strategies: - Acting as a Single Source Supplier. By continuing offering over 120 different products used by hemodialysis providers, the Company has positioned itself as a "one-stop-shop" to its customers for the concentrates, chemicals and supplies necessary to support a hemodialysis operation. Some of the Company's competitors for concentrates do not offer a full line of hemodialysis products, requiring customers to do business with a number of suppliers in order to purchase necessary supplies. The Company has entered into agreements with ancillary product manufacturers, which allow the Company to be a "full-line" supplier of hemodialysis products. - Increasing Revenue through Sales of New Products and Increased "Back-Haul" Revenue. The Company intends to manufacture and/or distribute additional hemodialysis products not currently offered by the Company, which products may offer opportunities to earn higher profit margins than some of the Company's existing products (based on current selling prices in the marketplace and the Company's estimated costs to produce such products). For example, the Company recently obtained a 510(k) approval from the FDA to market liquid bicarbonate, a product used primarily by acute care hemodialysis providers and certain chronic care providers. The Company intends to install a production line to manufacture liquid bicarbonate, although no assurance can be given that the Company will be successful in establishing a production line for such product or that the Company can successfully market such product. In addition, the Company intends to pursue additional contracts for its trucks to act as common carriers for third parties during their return to the Company's manufacturing facility after a delivery of the Company's products. - Offering a Higher Level of Customer Service. By using its own delivery vehicles and drivers, the Company believes that it can offer a higher level of customer service to hemodialysis providers than if it relied primarily on the use of common carriers to distribute its products. However, if the Company is not successful in improving the operating efficiencies of its trucking operations or implementing its strategy of obtaining additional "back-haul" revenue to cover the additional costs associated with maintaining a fleet of trucks as opposed to using common carriers, the Company may be forced to abandon this strategy. See "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations -- Plan of Operation" and "-- Trucking Operations." In addition, the Company employs experienced personnel to operate its manufacturing plant and has purchased "state-of-the-art" laboratory and manufacturing equipment. PRODUCTS The Company manufactures hemodialysis concentrates and dialysis kits, and sells, distributes and delivers such products, as well as a full line of over 120 ancillary hemodialysis products to hemodialysis providers located in 18 states in the United States. Through the Company's wholly-owned subsidiary, Rockwell Transportation, Inc., the Company leases and operates a fleet of nine tractor-trailers which it uses to deliver its products to customers. On June 16, 1997, the Company obtained 510(k) clearance from the FDA to market liquid bicarbonate, a product used primarily by acute care hemodialysis providers and certain chronic care providers. Upon completion of the Offering, the Company intends to acquire and install equipment necessary to manufacture and package liquid bicarbonate and to market such product. No assurance can be given that the Company will be successful in establishing a production line for liquid bicarbonate or that the Company can successfully market such product on a profitable basis. See "Use of Proceeds." 24 26 TRUCKING OPERATIONS The Company's wholly-owned subsidiary, Rockwell Transportation, Inc., directly delivers substantially all of the products the Company sells through a fleet of nine tractor-trailers that the Company leases from a truck leasing company pursuant to a two-year lease. The Company currently employs nine drivers to operate its truck fleet, one dispatcher and one person to manage its trucking operations. The Company's hemodialysis concentrates are generally packaged in 55 gallon re-usable drums weighing approximately 580 pounds each. The Company's drivers perform services for customers that are generally not available from common carriers, such as stock rotation, non-loading-dock delivery and drum pump-offs, which require the driver to pump hemodialysis concentrates from the 55 gallon drums into larger holding tanks within the hemodialysis clinic. The Company's main competitors generally use common carriers for delivery of their products. The Company believes it offers a high level of service to its customers through the use of its own delivery vehicles and drivers. As a result of using its own fleet of delivery trucks to deliver its products, the Company's transportation costs have been approximately twice the cost of hiring common carriers to deliver products. The Company believes that it can offset such higher costs by contracting with third parties for its trucks to act as common carriers during their return to the Company's manufacturing facility after a delivery of concentrates and other products. In March 1997, the Company hired an experienced manager to manage its trucking operations and to develop and implement a plan to improve the operating efficiencies of the trucking operations and to begin soliciting "back-haul" revenue. Although the Company has been successful in generating back-haul revenue, to date the Company has not generated a sufficient volume of such back-haul revenue to cover the additional costs associated with the Company's trucking operations. If the Company were unsuccessful in obtaining sufficient revenue to cover the additional costs associated with using its own trucks for deliveries, the Company may consider abandoning its strategy of using its own trucks, and hire common carriers or make other arrangements to deliver its products. The Company is unable to predict what effect, if any, such change in strategy would have on the Company's customers, or on its ability to market its products. Additionally, as the Company's business expands, the Company may expand its fleet of delivery trucks to accommodate such increased business. If the Company expands its fleet of trucks, the amount of "back-haul" revenue that will be necessary to cover the excess costs of maintaining such fleet will also increase. Under the terms of the Company's leasing arrangement with its truck leasing company, the leasing company performs the maintenance necessary to keep the trucks in good operating condition and is reimbursed by the Company for such maintenance. The Company's trucking operations are and will continue to be subject to various state and federal regulations, which if changed or modified, could adversely affect the Company's business, financial condition and results of operations. SALES AND MARKETING The Company sells its products to hemodialysis providers through two independent sales representative companies, one direct salesperson employed by the Company and two independent distributors. The independent sales representative companies are paid on a commission only basis and are responsible for paying their own expenses. The Company's direct salesperson is an employee of the Company and is paid a salary plus a commission. In addition, the Company sells its products to hemodialysis distributors who employ their own sales force to sell products purchased from the Company. In addition to selling products in the United States, the Company has, from time to time, sold hemodialysis products for use at clinics located in Venezuela. Such sales have been obtained in a competitive bidding process, and no assurance can be given that the Company will be successful in obtaining such sales in the future. For the period from February 20, 1997 to September 30, 1997, sales of the Company's products for use at clinics in Venezuela accounted for approximately 18% of the Company's total sales during such period. Such sales consisted of acetate concentrate. The Company sells such products primarily to several Miami-based distributors, who then sell the products to the government of Venezuela through a competitive bidding process. Since June 1997, the Company has not obtained commitments for future sales from such distributors, and the Company cannot predict when, if ever, the Company will obtain additional commitments for sales to the Venezuelan market. 25 27 COMPETITION Other than the Company, there are currently three other major suppliers of concentrates and/or ancillary products used by hemodialysis clinics. The other major suppliers of hemodialysis products are Gambro Healthcare ("Gambro"), which supplies concentrates and blood tubing and also owns clinics which treat approximately 22,000 hemodialysis patients (assuming completion of the recently announced acquisition of Vivra Renal Care, Inc. by Gambro), Fresenius Medical Care, Inc. ("Fresenius"), which supplies concentrates, blood tubing, ancillary products and also owns clinics which treat approximately 44,000 hemodialysis patients, and Renal Systems (a division of Minntech Corporation), which supplies concentrates and renalin, a specialty product used to sterilize dialyzer machines, but does not carry a wide line of hemodialysis products. Two of the Company's major competitors, Gambro and Fresenius, own and operate a substantial number of hemodialysis clinics which compete for patients in the same markets as the providers and hospitals to which they sell hemodialysis products. Although the Company believes that its business strategies provide it with competitive advantages over each of its three major competitors, each of such competitors is a more established company with substantially greater financial, technical, manufacturing, marketing, research and development and management resources than those of the Company and well established reputations, customer relationships and marketing and distribution networks. The Company believes that many of the Company's products are commodities, including its concentrates, and therefore, believes that price, customer service and convenience are the principal competitive factors in the hemodialysis products industry. There can be no assurance that the Company will be able to compete successfully in the future. See "Risk Factors -- Competition." QUALITY ASSURANCE/CONTROL To assure quality and consistency of the Company's concentrates, the Company conducts rigorous testing during the manufacturing process. Once a batch of product is mixed, the Company's in-house quality control laboratory conducts tests to verify that the chemical properties of the mix match the specifications required by the particular customer. Upon verification that the batch meets the specifications, the Company packages concentrates into either one-gallon containers or 55-gallon drums. The Company further tests packaged concentrate samples at the beginning and end of each production run to assure product consistency during the filling process. Once the packaged product passes the final tests, the product is released for shipment. The Company has purchased new testing equipment it believes to be "state-of-the-art" in order to assure quality and consistency in the manufacture of its concentrates. The equipment allows the Company to analyze the materials used in the hemodialysis concentrate manufacturing process, to assay and adjust the in-process hemodialysis concentrate, and to assay and certify that the finished products are within the chemical and biological specifications required by the clinics. In addition, the Company's testing equipment allows it to reduce the costs of performing necessary tests while improving the accuracy of such tests. The Company also has been able to reduce the amount of labor and maintenance necessary to perform such tests and maintain the equipment. The Company's quality assurance department is managed by Ruth E. Homsher, Ph.D., manager of the Quality Control Laboratory. Dr. Homsher is directly responsible for all testing procedures, validation techniques and related customer quality issues. For a description of Dr. Homsher's background, see "Management." GOVERNMENT REGULATION The testing, manufacture and sale of the Company's hemodialysis concentrates and the ancillary products distributed by the Company are subject to regulation by numerous governmental authorities, principally the FDA and corresponding state and foreign agencies. Pursuant to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, and the regulations promulgated thereunder, the FDA regulates the preclinical and clinical testing, manufacture, labeling, distribution and promotion of medical devices. Noncompliance with applicable requirements can result in, among other things, fines, injunctions, civil penalties, recall or seizure of products, total or partial 26 28 suspension of production, failure of the government to grant premarket clearance or premarket approval for devices, withdrawal of marketing clearances or approvals and criminal prosecution. A medical device may be marketed in the United States only with prior authorization from the FDA unless it is subject to a specific exemption. Devices classified by the FDA as posing less risk than class III devices are categorized as class I (general controls) or class II (general and specific controls) and are eligible to seek "510(k) clearance." Such clearance generally is granted when submitted information establishes that a proposed device is "substantially equivalent" in intended use to a class I or II device already legally on the market or to a "preamendment" class III device (i.e., one that has been in commercial distribution since before May 28, 1976) for which the FDA has not called for PMA applications (as defined below). The FDA in recent years has been requiring a more rigorous demonstration of substantial equivalence than in the past, including requiring clinical trial data in some cases. For any devices that are cleared through the 510(k) process, modifications or enhancements that could significantly affect safety or effectiveness, or constitute a major change in the intended use of the device, will require new 510(k) submissions. The Company believes that it now usually takes from one to four months from the date of submission to obtain 510(k) clearance, but it can take substantially longer. The Company's hemodialysis concentrates, liquid bicarbonate and other ancillary products are categorized as class II devices. A device requiring prior marketing authorization that does not qualify for 510(k) clearance is categorized as class III, which is reserved for devices classified by FDA as posing the greatest risk (e.g., life-sustaining, life-supporting or implantable devices), or devices that are not substantially equivalent to a legally marketed class I or class II device. A class III device generally must receive approval of a premarket approval ("PMA") application, which requires proving the safety and effectiveness of the device to the FDA. The process of obtaining PMA approval is expensive and uncertain. The Company believes that is usually takes from one to three years after filing, but it can take longer. If human clinical trials of a device are required, whether for a 510(k) submission or a PMA application, and the device presents a "significant risk," the sponsor of the trial (usually the manufacturer or the distributor of the device) will have to file an investigational device exemption ("IDE") application prior to commencing human clinical trials. The IDE application must be supported by data, typically including the results of animal and laboratory testing. If the IDE application is approved by the FDA and one or more appropriate Institutional Review Boards ("IRBs"), human clinical trials may begin at a specific number of investigational sites with a specific number of patients, as approved by the FDA. If the device presents a "nonsignificant risk" to the patient, a sponsor may begin the clinical trial after obtaining approval for the study by one or more appropriate IRBs without the need for FDA approval. Any devices manufactured or distributed by the Company pursuant to FDA clearances or approvals are subject to pervasive and continuing regulation by the FDA and certain state agencies. Manufacturers of medical devices for marketing in the United States are required to adhere to applicable regulations setting forth detailed Good Manufacturing Practices requirements, which including testing, control and documentation requirements. The FDA has recently finalized changes to the GMP regulations that will likely increase the cost of compliance with GMP requirements. Manufacturers and distributors must also comply with Medical Device Reporting ("MDR") requirements that a firm report to the FDA any incident in which its product may have caused or contributed to a death or serious injury, or in which its product malfunctioned and, if the malfunction were to recur, it would be likely to cause or contribute to a death or serious injury. Labeling and promotional activities are subject to scrutiny by the FDA and, in certain circumstances, by the Federal Trade Commission. Current FDA enforcement policy prohibits the marketing of approved medical devices for unapproved uses. The Company is subject to routine inspection by the FDA and certain state agencies for compliance with GMP requirements and other applicable regulations. The Company also is subject to numerous federal, state and local laws relating to such matters as safe working conditions, manufacturing practices, environmental protection, fire hazard control and disposal of hazardous or potentially hazardous substances. The Supply Company received 510(k) clearance from the FDA to market hemodialysis concentrate solutions and powders on March 1, 1996. Such 510(k) clearance was assigned to the Company on 27 29 February 19, 1997, in connection with the purchase of the Predecessor Company. In addition, the Company received 510(k) clearance from the FDA to market liquid bicarbonate on June 16, 1997. The Company's retention of such 510(k) clearances is also dependent upon its compliance with the FDA Act and related laws and regulations, including GMP regulations. There can be no assurance that the Company will maintain its 510(k) authority from the FDA to manufacture and distribute its products. Failure to do so could result in the need to cease manufacturing and/or distributing the Company's products, which would have a material adverse effect on the Company's business, financial condition and results of operations. If any of the Company's FDA clearances are denied or rescinded, sales of the Company's products in the United States would be prohibited during the period the Company does not have such clearances. PROPERTIES The Company leases an approximately 34,500 square foot facility located in Wixom, Michigan, which is comprised of manufacturing, warehouse, office and laboratory space. The Company is party to a lease (the "Lease") covering such facility that expires on December 15, 2000 and provides for a monthly rental payment of $19,770.83, plus a monthly escrow deposit of $2,717.90 to fund real estate taxes. This facility was formerly leased by the Predecessor Company, and the Lease was assigned to the Company in connection with the acquisition of the Predecessor Company's business. In connection with such assignment of the Lease, the landlord required the Company to deposit into escrow $178,000, which is to be applied against future lease payments and as additional security deposit in accordance with the assignment agreement. The Company believes that its facilities are suitable and adequate for its current operations, but may not be adequate if the Company expands its operations. SUPPLIERS The Company believes that the raw materials for the Company's hemodialysis concentrates, the components for the Company's hemodialysis kits and the ancillary hemodialysis products distributed by the Company are generally available from several potential suppliers. EMPLOYEES As of the date of this Prospectus, the Company has 42 employees, of which one is a direct salesperson, three are laboratory technicians, nine are truck drivers and eight are engaged in corporate management and administration. The remaining 21 employees are hourly workers including secretaries and plant employees. The Company's arrangements with its employees are not governed by any collective bargaining agreement. All employees, except Mr. Chioini, are employed on an "at-will" basis. If the Company's sales volumes increase, the Company expects to add additional production and administrative personnel and truck drivers. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS The Company is not a party to any material pending legal proceedings. 28 30 MANAGEMENT DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND KEY EMPLOYEES. The Directors, Executive Officers and key employees of the Company and the positions held by them are as follows:
NAME AGE POSITION ---- --- -------- Robert L. Chioini............................ 33 President, Chief Executive Officer and Director Gary D. Lewis................................ 47 Chairman of the Board Michael J. Xirinachs......................... 37 Director Norman L. McKee.............................. 41 Director James J. Connor.............................. 46 Vice President of Finance, Chief Financial Officer, Treasurer and Secretary Donald A. Danald............................. 53 Vice President of Regulatory Affairs Ruth E. Homsher, Ph.D........................ 52 Manager, Quality Control Laboratory
ROBERT L. CHIOINI is a founder of the Company, has served as the President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company since February 1997, and has been a director of the Company since its formation in October 1996. From January 1996 to February 1997, Mr. Chioini served as Director of Operations of Rockwell Medical Supplies, L.L.C., a company which manufactured hemodialysis concentrates and distributed such concentrates and other hemodialysis products. From January 1995 to January 1996, Mr. Chioini served as President of Rockwell Medical, Inc., a company which manufactured hemodialysis kits and distributed such kits and other hemodialysis products. From 1993 to 1995, Mr. Chioini served as a Regional Sales Manager at Dial Medical of Florida, Inc., currently Gambro Healthcare, a company which manufactures and distributes hemodialysis concentrates and owns hemodialysis clinics. From 1990 to 1993, Mr. Chioini served as a Regional Sales Manager for R. Louis Enterprises, Inc., a medical products distributor. Mr. Chioini is a party to an employment agreement with the Company which expires February 19, 2000. GARY D. LEWIS is a founder of the Company and has been Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Company since its formation in October 1996. Mr. Lewis also served as Secretary and Treasurer of the Company from October 1996 to July 1997. Mr. Lewis has also served as President of OmniSource, Inc., a medical device distributor, from December 1994 to December 1997. Mr. Lewis also founded and served as President and Chief Executive Officer of Somanetics Corporation, a medical device manufacturer, from its inception in 1982 to February 1995. Mr. Lewis is also a majority stockholder of, and serves as President and a director of, Wall Street, a management consulting firm that provides business consulting services to the Company. See "Certain Transactions -- Consulting Agreement." MICHAEL J. XIRINACHS is a founder of the Company and has been a director of the Company since its formation. Mr. Xirinachs also serves as a Senior Vice President of Investments of D.H. Blair & Co., Inc., an investment banking firm which Mr. Xirinachs joined in 1988. Mr. Xirinachs is also a stockholder of, and serves as Vice President and a director of, Wall Street. See "Certain Transactions -- Consulting Agreement." NORMAN L. MCKEE joined the Board of Directors of the Company in July 1997. In July 1997, Mr. McKee founded, and currently serves as the President of, Strategic Growth Management, Inc., a management consulting firm. Mr. McKee served as Senior Vice President, Treasurer and Chief Financial Officer of Saga Communications, Inc. ("Saga"), a company which owns and operates radio stations and a television station, from 1994 to July 1997. From 1988 to 1994, Mr. McKee served as Vice President, Treasurer and Chief Financial Officer of Saga. Mr. McKee also served on the Board of Directors of Saga from 1992 to July 1997. JAMES J. CONNOR has served as the Vice President of Finance, Chief Financial Officer, Treasurer and Secretary of the Company since July 1997. From May 1995 to July 1997, Mr. Connor founded and was a principal of Connor & Connor, a financial services consulting firm. From January 1992 to May 1995, 29 31 Mr. Connor served as the President of Glacier Vandervell, Inc., an automotive and diesel engine bearing manufacturer that supplies products to OEM customers in the automotive industry. DONALD A. DANALD joined the Predecessor Company in April 1996 as Vice President of Regulatory Affairs and joined the Company in the same capacity after the acquisition of the Predecessor Company's business. From 1990 to April 1996, Mr. Danald was a manager of the Laboratory and Quality Control departments at Dial Medical of Florida, Inc., currently Gambro Healthcare, a competitor of the Company. See "Business -- Competition." RUTH E. HOMSHER, PH.D., joined the Predecessor Company in January 1996 as Manager of the Quality Control Laboratory and joined the Company in the same capacity after the acquisition of the Predecessor Company's business. From December 1995 to January 1996, Dr. Homsher worked as an independent clinical laboratory consultant. From January 1994 to December 1995, Dr. Homsher was the Director of Quality Assurance and Technical support for Brendan Scientific, a manufacturer of quality control software for clinical, research and industrial laboratories. From February 1993 to December 1994, Dr. Homsher was a Senior Research Scientist at McCann Associates, a manufacturer of diagnostic and clinical reagents. From January 1990 to January 1993, Dr. Homsher was a clinical chemist and quality assurance specialist for Roche Biomedical Laboratories, Inc., a reference laboratory for clinical laboratories. The Company's Articles of Incorporation, as amended (the "Articles of Incorporation"), provide for a staggered Board of Directors, whereby the directors are divided into three classes (as nearly equal in number as feasible). The initial terms of each of the classes of directors expires at the annual meetings of the shareholders to be held in 1998, 1999 and 2000 for the Class I, Class II and Class III directors, respectively. Thereafter, the term of each class shall be for three years or until their successors are elected and qualified or until their earlier death, resignation or removal. Pursuant to the Company's Articles of Incorporation, directors may be removed only for cause. The following directors have been elected to fill the following classes: Class I (initial term until the 1998 annual meeting) -- Mr. Lewis and Mr. McKee; Class II (initial term until the 1999 annual meeting) -- Mr. Xirinachs; and Class III (initial term until the 2000 annual meeting) -- Mr. Chioini. The Company's Board of Directors has an Audit Committee which is composed of Messrs. Lewis and McKee. The Audit Committee, among other duties, selects the Company's independent accountants and is primarily responsible for approving the services performed by the Company's independent accountants and for reviewing and evaluating the Company's accounting policies and its system of internal accounting controls. Officers serve at the discretion of the Board of Directors. Pursuant to the Underwriting Agreement, the Company has agreed, for a period of no less than three years from the Effective Date, to engage a designee, acceptable to the Underwriter and the Company, to serve as an Advisor to the Company's Board of Directors. Such Advisor shall be entitled to attend all meetings of the Board of Directors, to receive all notices and other correspondence and communications sent by the Company to its Directors, and to receive compensation equal to the compensation paid to nonemployee Directors of the Company. The Company has also agreed that, in lieu of the Underwriter's right to designate an Advisor, the Underwriter has the right to designate one person for election as a Director, and the Company has agreed to use its best efforts to cause such designee to be elected to the Board of Directors. 30 32 COMPENSATION SUMMARY COMPENSATION TABLE The following table sets forth the compensation awarded to, earned by or paid to the Company's Chief Executive Officer for the year ended December 31, 1997. During the year ended December 31, 1997, no other Officers earned in excess of $100,000 in total annual salary and bonus. SUMMARY COMPENSATION TABLE
LONG TERM COMPENSATION AWARDS ANNUAL COMPENSATION ------------ ------------------------------ SECURITIES OTHER ANNUAL UNDERLYING NAME AND PRINCIPAL POSITION YEAR SALARY($) COMPENSATION($) OPTIONS(#) --------------------------- ---- --------- --------------- ---------- Robert L. Chioini, President and Chief Executive Officer......................... 1997(1) $101,700(2) $46,828(3) 90,000
- ------------------ (1) On February 19, 1997, the Company entered into a three-year employment agreement with Mr. Chioini pursuant to which Mr. Chioini is being paid an annual salary of $115,000, of which $41,700 is deferred, plus certain other perquisites. Upon completion of the Offering, Mr. Chioini's salary will be increased to an annual rate of $150,000. See "-- Employment Agreements." (2) Includes approximately $41,700 of salary which has been deferred at the election of Mr. Chioini and which will be paid upon completion of the Offering. (3) Represents (i) the amount of compensation ($32,812) attributable in fiscal year 1997 to the difference between the exercise price of options to purchase Common Shares granted to Mr. Chioini and the initial public offering price of the Company's Common Shares of $4.00, and (ii) and reimbursement of approximately $7,700 of expenses incurred by Mr. Chioini relating to the personal use of a Company automobile. OPTION GRANTS AND RELATED INFORMATION The following table provides information with respect to options granted to the Company's Chief Executive Officer during fiscal year 1997. OPTION GRANTS IN LAST FISCAL YEAR
INDIVIDUAL GRANTS ---------------------------------------------------- POTENTIAL REALIZABLE NUMBER OF VALUE AT ASSUMED SECURITIES % OF TOTAL ANNUAL RATES OF STOCK UNDERLYING OPTIONS PRICE APPRECIATION FOR OPTIONS GRANTED TO EXERCISE OR OPTION TERM(2) GRANTED EMPLOYEES IN BASE PRICE EXPIRATION ----------------------- NAME (#) FISCAL YEAR ($/SH.) DATE 5%($) 10%($) ---- ---------- ------------ ----------- ---------- ----- ------ Robert L. Chioini.............. 90,000(1) 28.9% $3.00 7/15/07 $316,800 $663,300
- ------------------------- (1) These options, which were granted pursuant to the Company's 1997 Stock Option Plan, become exercisable annually in 25% increments beginning on the grant date (July 15, 1997) and have a term of ten years. (2) Represents value of the options at end of ten year term, assuming the market price of the Company's Common Shares appreciates at an annually compounded rate of 5% to 10% from the initial public offering price of $4.00 per Common Share. These amounts represent assumed rates of appreciation only. Actual gains, if any, will be dependent on overall market conditions and on future performance of the Company's Common Shares. There can be no assurance that the amounts reflected in the table will be achieved. 31 33 COMPENSATION OF DIRECTORS The Company's Directors who are not Officers or employees of the Company (collectively, the "Outside Directors") receive $1,000 for each Board meeting attended in person and $250 for each telephonic Board meeting attended. The Company also reimburses Outside Directors for their reasonable expenses of attending Board and Board committee meetings. In July 1997, the Board of Directors and shareholders of the Company adopted the Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. 1997 Stock Option Plan (the "Stock Option Plan"). The Stock Option Plan permits the Board of Directors, among other things, to grant options to purchase Common Shares to Directors of the Company, including Outside Directors. In July 1997, the Board of Directors granted to each of the three existing Outside Directors options to purchase 20,000 Common Shares at a per share exercise price of $3.00. Upon the election of any new member to the Board of Directors who is an Outside Director, the Board of Directors intends to grant to such member an option to purchase 20,000 Common Shares at a per share exercise price equal to the fair market value of a Common Share at the date of grant. Beginning with the first annual meeting of the shareholders of the Company after July 1997, provided that a sufficient number of Common Shares remain available under the Stock Option Plan, on each date on which an annual meeting of the shareholders of the Company is held, the Board of Directors intends to grant to each Outside Director who is then serving on the Board of Directors, an option to purchase 5,000 Common Shares. The exercise price of the options will be the fair market value of the Common Shares on the date of grant. The options granted to Outside Directors under the Stock Option Plan will become fully exercisable on the first anniversary of the date of grant. Such options will expire ten years after the date of grant. If an Outside Director becomes an officer or employee of the Company and continues to serve as a member of the Board of Directors, options granted under the Stock Option Plan will remain exercisable in full. For a description of the Company's consulting agreement with Wall Street, a consulting company owned by Mr. Lewis and Mr. Xirinachs, each of whom is a director of the Company, see "Certain Transactions--Consulting Agreement." EMPLOYMENT AGREEMENT The Company entered into an employment agreement with Robert L. Chioini in February 1997, pursuant to which Mr. Chioini is employed as the President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company for a period ending February 19, 2000. Mr. Chioini's base salary is $115,000, which may be increased by the Board of Directors. The Board has increased his salary to $150,000 effective on the closing date of this Offering. Mr. Chioini's employment agreement contains a three year non-compete provision and provides for him to devote his full-time and attention to the Company's business. INDEMNIFICATION OF DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS AND LIMITATION ON DIRECTORS' LIABILITY The Michigan Business Corporation Act, as amended, authorizes a corporation under specified circumstances to indemnify its directors and officers (including reimbursement for expenses incurred). The provisions of the Company's Bylaws relating to indemnification of directors and executive officers generally provide that directors and executive officers will be indemnified to the fullest extent permissible under Michigan law. The provision also provides for the advancement of litigation expenses at the request of a director or executive officer. These obligations are broad enough to permit indemnification with respect to liabilities arising under the Securities Act or the Michigan Uniform Securities Act, as amended. The Company believes that such indemnification will assist the Company in continuing to attract and retain talented directors and officers in light of the risk of litigation directed against directors and officers of publicly-held corporations. The Michigan Business Corporation Act, as amended, also permits Michigan corporations to limit the personal liability of directors for a breach of their fiduciary duty. The provisions of the Company's Articles of Incorporation limit Director liability to the maximum extent currently permitted by Michigan law. Michigan law allows a corporation to provide in its articles of incorporation that a director of the corporation will not be personally liable to the corporation or its shareholders for monetary damages for breach of fiduciary duty as a 32 34 director, except for liability for specified acts. As a result of the inclusion of such a provision, shareholders of the Company may be unable to recover monetary damages against Directors for actions taken by them which constitute negligence or gross negligence or which are in violation of their fiduciary duties, although it may be possible to obtain injunctive or other equitable relief with respect to such actions. If equitable remedies are found not to be available to shareholders in any particular case, shareholders may not have any effective remedy against the challenged conduct. These provisions, however, do not affect liability under the Securities Act. In addition, the Company has obtained Directors' and Officers' liability insurance. The policy provides for $2,000,000 in coverage including prior acts dating to the Company's inception and liabilities under the Securities Act in connection with this Offering. Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act may be permitted to Directors, Officers and controlling persons of the Company pursuant to the foregoing provisions or otherwise, the Company has been advised that in the opinion of the Securities and Exchange Commission such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is, therefore, unenforceable. CERTAIN TRANSACTIONS FORMATION OF THE COMPANY In October 1996, Messrs. Chioini, Lewis and Xirinachs founded the Company. In connection with the formation of the Company Messrs. Chioini, Lewis and Xirinachs received 500,000, 750,000 and 750,000 shares, respectively, of the Company's Common Shares for an aggregate purchase price of $1,000. ACQUISITION OF BUSINESS OF PREDECESSOR COMPANY On February 19, 1997, the Company acquired the business of the Predecessor Company for total consideration of $2,441,664.47 pursuant to an Asset Purchase Agreement dated as of November 1, 1996, as amended (the "Asset Purchase Agreement"). Mr. Robert L. Chioini, the President, Chief Executive Officer and a Director of the Company, owns a 20% equity interest in the Supply Company. The purchase price consisted of: (i) $150,000 paid to the Sellers in cash; (ii) a cash payment to NBD Bank of approximately $375,000 to retire an outstanding debt owed by the Predecessor Company to NBD Bank; and (iii) an 8.5% promissory note in the principal amount of $1,916,664.47 made by the Company in favor of the Supply Company (the "Note"). Under the terms of the Note and the Asset Purchase Agreement, a prepayment of $500,000 on the Note was due on May 19, 1997, which date was extended by the Supply Company to May 31, 1997. Pursuant to a letter agreement dated April 4, 1997, the Supply Company agreed that, upon receipt of the $500,000 prepayment on the Note, the remaining principal balance under the Note would be converted into shares of Series A Preferred Stock at a conversion ratio of one share of Series A Preferred Stock for each $1.00 of outstanding principal due under the Note. The Company made the required $500,000 prepayment under the Note and the Note was converted into 1,416,664 shares of Series A Preferred Stock. In accordance with the terms of the Asset Purchase Agreement, the purchase price paid by the Company for the Predecessor Company's business was reduced by $320,749 based on a provision in the Asset Purchase Agreement which provides that the purchase price would be reduced on a dollar for dollar basis to the extent that the net worth of the Predecessor Company at the closing of the acquisition was below a target amount set forth in the Asset Purchase Agreement. 320,749 shares of Series A Preferred Stock were surrendered by the Supply Company to the Company for cancellation in payment of such purchase price adjustment. Under the terms of the Series A Preferred Stock, the Company is obligated to redeem the remaining 1,095,915 shares of Series A Preferred Stock on or before January 31, 1998 (the "Mandatory Redemption Date"), at a redemption price of $1.00 per share, plus any accrued and unpaid dividends from June 1, 1997. The Company's obligation to redeem the Series A Preferred Stock has been guaranteed (the "Guaranty") by each of Messrs. Chioini, Lewis and Xirinachs, and such Guaranty is secured by the pledge of 1,143,500 Common Shares (the "Pledged Shares") owned by such Principal Shareholders pursuant to an Escrow Agreement dated as of July 22, 1997 (the "Escrow Agreement"). The Company has determined that the redemption 33 35 price for the Series A Preferred Stock will be $1,158,187 on January 30, 1998 after adjusting such price to reflect a reduction in the purchase price for the Predecessor Company's business in accordance with the Asset Purchase Agreement. If the Company fails to redeem the outstanding shares of Series A Preferred Stock on or before the Mandatory Redemption Date, the Supply Company has a period of 45 days following such date to elect either to: (i) exercise its rights under the Guaranty and the Escrow Agreement to retain the Pledged Shares which remain held in escrow, in full satisfaction and discharge of the Guaranty and the Company's obligation to redeem the Series A Preferred Stock; or (ii) terminate its rights under the Guaranty, relinquish and terminate its interest in the Pledged Shares and proceed against the Company to collect the outstanding redemption payment. In addition to the mandatory redemption discussed above, the Company has the right to redeem shares of Series A Preferred Stock at any time prior to the Mandatory Redemption Date. The Company intends to use a portion of the net proceeds of this Offering to fund the payment of the redemption price necessary to redeem the Series A Preferred Stock. See "Use of Proceeds." In addition, in connection with the purchase of the business from the Predecessor Company, the Company paid $178,000 to the landlord under the Lease, as a prepayment of future rents and as an additional security deposit in order to induce such landlord to consent to the assignment of the Lease and to release the Predecessor Company and its shareholders, including Mr. Chioini, from their obligations under the Lease. See "Business -- Properties." CONSULTING AGREEMENT The Company is party to a consulting agreement with Wall Street dated as of February 19, 1997 pursuant to which Wall Street provides management and financial consulting services to the Company. The Company has agreed to pay Wall Street a consulting fee of $25,000 per month from the date of the agreement through June 30, 1998, subject to renewal upon the mutual agreement of the Company and Wall Street. Prior to February 19, 1997, Wall Street rendered consulting services to the Company beginning in November 1996, for a consulting fee of $25,000 per month. Wall Street is owned by Gary D. Lewis and by Michael J. Xirinachs, each of whom are founders of the Company and serve as Directors of the Company. The Company has paid or accrued an aggregate of $275,000 in consulting fees to Wall Street under these arrangements through September 30, 1997. SHAREHOLDER LOANS On April 29, 1997, Messrs. Chioini, Lewis and Xirinachs loaned $50,000, $25,000 and $50,000, respectively, to the Company. The loans were evidenced by 8.5% promissory notes in the amounts of $50,000, $25,000 and $50,000, respectively. The Company repaid such loans, including accrued interest, in June, 1997. In November 1997, the Company obtained a $100,000 loan from Mr. Xirinachs. The loan bears interest at the rate of 24% per annum and matures on February 11, 1998. Mr. Xirinachs is a founder of the Company and serves as a Director of the Company The Company intends to repay this loan with a portion of the net proceeds of the Offering. See "Use of Proceeds." RELATED-PARTY LOAN In July 1997, the Company obtained a loan from Karen Bagley in the principal amount of $100,000 to pay employee salaries and other accrued expenses. The loan bears interest at an annual rate of 24% per annum and is payable in full, including accrued interest, on a demand basis. Karen Bagley is the wife of Patrick Bagley, whose firm serves as legal counsel to the Company on certain matters and also to Mr. Robert L. Chioini in a personal capacity. Mr. Chioini is the President, Chief Executive Officer and a Director of the Company. The Company intends to repay such loan upon completion of the Offering with a portion of the net proceeds of the Offering. See "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations -- Overview" and "Use of Proceeds." 34 36 SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT The following table sets forth, as of January 20, 1998, certain information concerning the Common Shares beneficially owned by each Director and the Chief Executive Officer of the Company, by all Executive Officers and Directors of the Company as a group, and by each shareholder that is a beneficial owner of more than 5% of the outstanding Common Shares:
Percentage Amount and Beneficially Owned Nature of Beneficial -------------------------------------------------- Name Ownership(1) Before the Offering(2) After the Offering(3) - ----------------------------------- -------------------- ---------------------- --------------------- Gary D. Lewis(4)(5)(6)............. 750,000 24.9% 15.2% Michael J. Xirinachs(4)(6)......... 750,000 24.9% 15.2% Robert L. Chioini(4)(6)(7)......... 522,500 17.2% 10.5% Norman L. McKee.................... 0 -- -- All directors and executive officers as a group (6 persons)(8)...................... 2,043,750 66.8% 41.0%
- ------------------ (1) Unless otherwise indicated, each person has sole investment and voting power with respect to the shares indicated, subject to community property laws, where applicable. For purposes of computing the percentage of outstanding shares held by each person or group of persons named above as of the date of the table, any security which such person or group of persons has the right to acquire within 60 days after such date is deemed to be outstanding for the purpose of computing the percentage ownership for such person or persons, but it not deemed to be outstanding for the purpose of computing the percentage ownership of any other person. (2) Based on 3,015,000 Common Shares outstanding as of July 21, 1997. (3) Based on 4,938,750 Common Shares outstanding, assuming all 1,800,000 Common Shares offered hereby are sold to third parties and assuming the issuance of 123,750 Additional Shares to investors in the First Prior Financing. See "Description of Securities -- Prior Financings." (4) Address is c/o the Company, 28025 Oakland Oaks Drive, Wixom, Michigan 48393. (5) Includes 675,000 Common Shares owned jointly with Mr. Lewis's wife and 75,000 Common Shares held in custodial accounts for the benefit of Mr. Lewis's three minor children. (6) 554,347, 554,347, and 369,566 of Common Shares owned by Mr. Lewis, Mr. Xirinachs and Mr. Chioini, respectively, have been pledged to secure their obligations under the Guaranty to the Supply Company of the Company's obligation to redeem the Series A Preferred Stock on the Mandatory Redemption Date. The Principal Shareholders retain voting and dispositive power with respect to the Pledged Shares until the occurrence of a default in the Company's obligation to redeem the Series A Preferred Stock. Any such default could result in a change in control of the Company. See "Certain Transactions -- Acquisition of Business of Predecessor Company." The Company intends to use a portion of the proceeds of this Offering to redeem the Series A Preferred Stock. See "Use of Proceeds." (7) Includes 22,500 Common Shares that Mr. Chioini has the right to acquire within 60 days. (8) Includes 43,750 Common Shares which all executive officers and directors as a group have the right to acquire within 60 days. 35 37 DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES GENERAL The authorized capital shares of the Company consist of an aggregate of 20,000,000 Common Shares, no par value per share ("Common Shares"), 1,416,664 shares of 8.5% non-voting cumulative Series A Preferred Stock, $1.00 par value per share (the "Series A Preferred Stock"), and 2,000,000 shares of Preferred Stock, no par value per share (the "Preferred Stock"). 3,015,000 Common Shares, 1,416,664 shares of Series A Preferred Stock and no shares of Preferred Stock are currently issued and outstanding. 123,750 Additional Shares will be issued to investors in the First Prior Financing on the closing date of this Offering. COMMON SHARES Holders of Common Shares are entitled to one vote per Common Share on each matter submitted to a vote of shareholders of the Company and to participate ratably in dividends and other distributions when and if declared by the Board of Directors from funds legally available therefor. See "Risk Factors -- Absence of Dividends on Common Shares." Upon the liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Company, holders of Common Shares are entitled to share pro rata in any assets available for distribution to shareholders after payment of all obligations of the Company and after provision has been made with respect to each class of stock, if any, having preference over the Common Shares. Holders of Common Shares do not have cumulative voting rights or preemptive, subscription or conversion rights and are not redeemable. The Common Shares presently outstanding are, and the Common Shares to be issued in connection with this Offering will be, duly authorized, validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable. The Board of Directors is authorized to issue additional Common Shares within the limits authorized by the Company's Articles of Incorporation without further shareholder action. The Company has agreed with the Underwriters that it will not issue any securities, including but not limited to Common Shares, for a period of 24 months following the Effective Date, except as disclosed in or contemplated by this Prospectus, without the prior written consent of the Underwriters. The directors of the Company serve staggered three-year terms. The directors of the Company will hold office until the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held in 1998 for Gary D. Lewis and Norman L. McKee, the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held in 1999 for Michael J. Xirinachs, and the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held in 2000 for Robert L. Chioini, and until their successors are elected and qualified. Directors may not be removed without cause. The Articles of Incorporation also set the minimum and maximum number of directors constituting the entire Board at three and fifteen, respectively, and require approval of holders of a majority of the Company's voting shares to amend these provisions. SERIES A PREFERRED STOCK The Board of Directors has authorized and issued 1,416,664 shares of Series A Preferred Stock. The terms of the Series A Preferred Stock are as follows: Dividend Rights. Holders of Series A Preferred Stock are entitled to receive, out of funds legally available for the payment of dividends, cumulative cash dividends in the amount of $0.085 per share per year (pro rated for partial years) accruing from June 1, 1997, as and when directed by the Board of Directors of the Company. As long as any shares of Series A Preferred Stock are outstanding, the Company may not (i) declare, pay, or set money, securities or other property apart for the payment of, any dividend on any other shares of the Company, including all classes of common stock and any other series of preferred stock (all of such shares of the Company referred to as the "Junior Shares"), or (ii) make any payment on account of, or set money, securities or other property apart for the payment into, a sinking or other similar fund for the purchase, redemption or other retirement of, any of the Junior Shares or any warrants, rights, calls or options exercisable for or exchangeable into any of the Junior Shares (collectively, the "Junior Securities"), or (iii) make any distribution in respect of any Junior Securities, either directly or indirectly, and whether in cash, obligations or shares of the Company or other property (other than distributions or dividends in Junior Shares to the holders of Junior Shares), and shall not permit any corporation or other entity directly or 36 38 indirectly controlled by the Company to purchase or redeem any of the Junior Securities, unless prior to or concurrently with such declaration, payment, setting apart for payment, purchase, redemption or distribution, as the case may be, all accrued and unpaid dividends on the Series A Preferred Stock shall have been paid. Redemption. The Company is required to redeem all outstanding shares of Series A Preferred Stock on January 31, 1998 (the "Mandatory Redemption Date"), at a purchase price equal to $1.00 per share plus accumulated and unpaid dividends on the Mandatory Redemption Date. The purchase price must be paid in cash. From and after the Mandatory Redemption Date, the holders of Series A Preferred Stock will not have any rights as shareholders of the Company except the right to receive from the Company the redemption price of such Series A Preferred Stock, without interest, upon the surrender of such Series A Preferred Stock to the Company. In addition, the Company has the right and option at any time prior to the Mandatory Redemption Date to purchase, redeem or otherwise acquire any or all of the Series A Preferred Stock for a purchase price equal to $1.00 per share plus accumulated and unpaid dividends on such share through the date of repurchase or redemption. Upon consummation of this Offering, the Company intends to repurchase and redeem all 1,095,915 shares of the Series A Preferred Stock for a purchase price of approximately $1,158,187 (assuming such redemption is effected on January 30, 1998. See "Use of Proceeds." Liquidation Rights. Subject to the prior rights of the Company's creditors, the holders of the Series A Preferred Stock are entitled to receive, upon any voluntary or involuntary liquidation, dissolution or winding-up of the Company, $1.00 per share, plus accrued and unpaid dividends, before any payment to holders of Junior Shares. If, in any such case, the assets of the Company are insufficient to make such payment in full, then the available assets will be distributed among the holders of the Series A Preferred Stock ratably in proportion to the full amount to which each holder would be entitled. Conversion Rights. Holders of Series A Preferred Stock have no conversion rights; however, the obligation of the Company to effect the mandatory redemption of the Series A Preferred Stock by the Mandatory Redemption Date is guaranteed by the Principal Shareholders pursuant to the Guaranty, which Guaranty is secured by a pledge of the Pledged Stock. See "Certain Transactions - -- Acquisition of Business of Predecessor Company." Voting Rights. Holders of Series A Preferred Stock have no voting rights, except as may be required by law. WARRANTS The Warrants offered hereby will be issued in registered form under a Warrant Agreement (the "Warrant Agreement") between the Company, the Underwriters and American Stock Transfer & Trust Company as warrant agent (the "Warrant Agent"). Each Warrant will be separately transferable and will entitle the registered holder thereof to purchase one Common Share at $4.50 per share (subject to adjustment as described below) for a period of three years commencing one year after the Effective Date and ending on the fourth anniversary of the Effective Date (the "Exercise Period"). The exercise price of the Warrants was determined by negotiation between the Company and the Representative and should not be construed to be predictive of, or to imply that, any price increases will occur in the Company's securities. The exercise price and the number and kind of Common Shares issuable upon the exercise of each Warrant are subject to adjustment in the event of a stock split, stock dividend, recapitalization, merger, consolidation or certain other events. No adjustment for previously paid cash dividends, if any, will be made upon exercise of the Warrants. A holder of Warrants may exercise such Warrants by surrendering the certificate evidencing such Warrants before the earlier of the expiration or redemption date to the Warrant Agent at its offices, together with the form of election to purchase on the reverse side of such certificate properly completed and executed and the payment of the exercise price and any transfer tax. If less than all of the Warrants evidenced by a Warrant certificate are exercised, a new certificate will be issued for the remaining number of Warrants. The Company has authorized and reserved for issuance a number of Common Shares sufficient to provide for the exercise of the Warrants. When issued, upon proper exercise of the Warrants and payment of the exercise price specified in the Warrants, each Common Share will be fully paid and nonassessable. 37 39 Holders of Warrants will not have any voting or other rights as shareholders of the Company unless and until Warrants are exercised and shares issued pursuant thereto. The Warrants may be redeemed by the Company at a price of $.10 per Warrant, upon not less than 30 days prior written notice within 10 days to registered holders of the Warrants at any time during the Exercise Period, with the prior written consent of the Underwriters, if the average of the closing bid quotations of the Common Shares, during the period of 20 consecutive trading days ending on the third day prior to the date upon which notice of redemption is given, as reported on The Nasdaq SmallCap Market (or if the Common Shares are not quoted thereon, the closing sale price of the Common Shares on the Nasdaq National Market or other principal securities exchange upon which the Common Shares are then quoted or listed, or such other reporting system that provides closing sale prices for the Common Shares), is greater than $7.00 per share (regardless of the illiquidity of the market for the Company's Common Shares), subject to adjustment in the event of stock splits and similar events. The Warrants will be exercisable until the close of business on the day immediately preceding the date fixed for the redemption of the Warrants in the notice of redemption. The Company may redeem the Warrants at a time when it is disadvantageous for the holders of the Warrants. The holders of the Warrants may, therefore, be forced to exercise the Warrants and pay the exercise price or sell the Warrants at the current market price for the Warrants when they otherwise might wish to hold the Warrants, or accept the redemption price, which is likely to be substantially less than the market price of the Warrants at the time of redemption. The Company will pay the Representative a fee of 5% of the exercise price of each Warrant exercised, provided (i) the market price of Common Shares on the date the Warrant was exercised was equal to or greater than the Warrant exercise price on that date, (ii) the exercise of the Warrant was solicited by a member of the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc. ("NASD"), (iii) the Warrant was not held in a discretionary account, (iv) the disclosure of compensation arrangements was made in documents provided to the holders of the Warrants, (v) the solicitation of the exercise of the Warrant was not a violation of Rule 101 of Regulation M under the Exchange Act, and (vi) the Representative is designated in writing as the soliciting NASD member. The Representative and any other soliciting broker/dealers will be prohibited from engaging in any market making activities or solicited brokerage activities with regard to the Company's securities during the periods prescribed by Rule 101 of Regulation M before the solicitation of the exercise of any Warrant until the later of the termination of such solicitation activity or the termination of any right the Representative and any other soliciting broker/dealer may have to receive a fee for the solicitation of the exercise of the Warrants. For a description of the requirements with respect to the maintenance of an effective registration statement in order to permit holders to exercise Warrants, see "Risk Factors -- Non-Registration in Certain Jurisdictions of Common Shares Underlying the Warrants; Exercise of Warrants." PREFERRED STOCK The Company is authorized to issue up to 2,000,000 shares of Preferred Stock in one or more series, each with such designations, rights, preferences, privileges and restrictions as may be determined from time to time by the Board of Directors. Accordingly, the Board of Directors is empowered, without further shareholder approval, to issue Preferred Stock with dividend, liquidation, conversion, voting or other rights that could decrease the amount of earnings and assets available for distribution to holders of Common Shares or adversely affect the voting power or other rights of the holders of Common Shares. The issuance of Preferred Stock could be used, under certain circumstances, as a method of discouraging, delaying or preventing a change in control of the Company. Anti-takeover provisions that could be included in the Preferred Stock when issued may have a depressive effect on the market price of the Company's securities and may limit shareholders' ability to receive a premium on their shares by discouraging takeover and tender offer bids. The Company has no present intention to issue any shares of Preferred Stock. The Company has agreed with the Underwriters that, except for issuances disclosed in or contemplated by this Prospectus, it will not issue any securities, including but not limited to any shares of Preferred Stock, for a period of 24 months following the Effective Date, without the prior written consent of the Underwriters. See "Underwriting." 38 40 PRIOR FINANCINGS In February 1997, the Company sold an aggregate of 495,000 Common Shares for a purchase price of $2.50 per Common Share (the "First Prior Financing"). The aggregate net proceeds to the Company from the First Prior Financing were $1,212,500, plus the discharge of a $25,000 debt owed to one of the investors. In connection with the First Prior Financing, purchasers of Common Shares offered thereby were granted a right to receive additional Common Shares if the Company engaged in an initial public offering of its Common Shares at a public offering price per share that was less than twice the per share purchase price paid by the investors in the First Prior Financing. In such event, the Company must issue additional Common Shares to the investors that participated in the First Prior Financing such that the effective purchase price paid by such investors for Common Shares (including the Additional Shares) equals one-half of the initial public offering price. Accordingly, assuming the Company completes this Offering at an initial public offering price of $4.00 per Common Share, the Company will issue an aggregate of 123,750 Additional Shares to the investors that participated in the First Prior Financing. The Company also granted "piggyback" registration rights to investors that purchased Common Shares in the First Prior Financing. See "-- Registration Rights." In May through July 1997, the Company sold an aggregate of 26 units, each unit consisting of 20,000 Common Shares and 20,000 Bridge Warrants for a purchase price of $60,000 per unit, or an aggregate of $1,560,000 (the "Second Prior Financing"). Each Bridge Warrant entitles the registered holder thereof to purchase one Common Share at an exercise price of $4.50 per share, subject to adjustment in certain events, at any time commencing one year from the Effective Date and ending on the fourth anniversary of the Effective Date. On the Effective Date, the Bridge Warrants will convert automatically into warrants having terms identical to the Warrants being offered in the Offering. The net proceeds of the Second Prior Financing (approximately $1,248,348 after payment of related fees and expenses of $202,800 to the placement agent) were used in part to reduce the obligation under the note payable to the Predecessor Company ($500,000) and to fund the Company's operating losses and provide working capital. REGISTRATION RIGHTS Investors in the First Prior Financing have the right to request registration of the Common Shares issued in connection with the First Prior Financing in any registration statement filed by the Company with the Commission under the Securities Act (with certain exceptions) for the issuance and sale of its securities. Pursuant to lock-up agreements signed by each of the investors in the First Prior Financing, such investors have waived their registration rights with respect to this Offering and have agreed not to sell or otherwise dispose of securities of the Company, including Common Shares, for a period of 13 months following the Effective Date, without the prior written consent of the Underwriters, which may be granted or withheld in the sole and absolute discretion of the Underwriters. Investors who acquired Common Shares and Bridge Warrants in the Second Prior Financing have the right to request registration of the Common Shares and/or Bridge Warrants (or securities issued therefor) and the Common Shares issued or issuable upon exercise therefor in any registration statement filed by the Company with the Commission under the Securities Act (with certain exceptions) for the issuance and sale of its securities. Pursuant to lock-up agreements signed by each of the investors in the Second Prior Financing, such investors have waived their registration rights with respect to this Offering and have agreed not to sell or otherwise dispose of securities of the Company, including Common Shares and the Bridge Warrants, for a period of 13 months following the Effective Date, without the prior written consent of the Underwriters, which may be granted or withheld in the sole and absolute discretion of the Underwriters. The holders of the Underwriters Warrants (including the securities issuable upon exercise thereof) have demand and piggyback registration rights with respect to the Common Shares issuable upon exercise of the Underwriters Warrants and the underlying Warrants, which Common Shares have been registered by the Company on the Registration Statement on Form SB-2 of which this Prospectus is a part. 39 41 SHARES ELIGIBLE FOR FUTURE SALE Upon completion of the Offering, the Company will have outstanding 4,938,750 Common Shares (assuming no exercise of the Over-Allotment Option, the Warrants, the Bridge Warrants, the Underwriter Warrants and other outstanding options and warrants) and 1,416,664 shares of Series A Preferred Stock, which Series A Preferred Stock will be redeemed using a portion of the proceeds of this Offering. Of these shares, the 1,800,000 Common Shares sold in this Offering (in addition to the 2,700,000 Common Shares issuable upon exercise of the Warrants) will be freely tradeable without restriction under the Securities Act, except for any shares purchased by any person who is or thereby becomes an "affiliate" of the Company, which shares will be subject to the resale limitations contained in Rule 144 promulgated under the Securities Act. The remaining 3,138,750 Common Shares are "restricted securities" (as that term is defined in Rule 144) which may be publicly sold only if registered under the Securities Act or if sold in accordance with an applicable exemption from registration, such as Rule 144. Of the outstanding restricted Common Shares, 2,000,000 shares will be owned by Messrs. Lewis, Xirinachs and Chioini, who may be deemed "affiliates" of the Company, as that term is defined in Rule 144. An additional 520,000 Common Shares underlying the Bridge Warrants will, upon issuance, be "restricted securities." In general, under Rule 144 as currently in effect, subject to the satisfaction of certain other conditions, a person, including an affiliate of the Company, whose restricted securities have satisfied a one-year holding period, is entitled to sell (together with any person with whom such individual is required to aggregate sales), within any three month period, a number of restricted shares that does not exceed the greater of 1% of the total number of outstanding shares of the same class, or, if the shares are quoted on The Nasdaq Stock Market or a national securities exchange, the average weekly trading volume during the four calendar weeks preceding the filing of Form 144 with respect to the sale. A person who has not been an affiliate of the Company for at least three months, and whose restricted securities have satisfied a two-year holding period, is entitled to sell such restricted securities under Rule 144 without regard to any of the limitations described above. Affiliates, however, continue to be subject to such limitations even after such two-year holding period, and they are subject to such limitations with respect to their sales of non-restricted securities. The restricted Common Shares will be eligible for sale pursuant to Rule 144 commencing 90 days after the Effective Date. However, officers, directors and other security holders of the Company owning and/or having rights to acquire in the aggregate 3,338,750 Common Shares have entered into agreements with the Underwriter not to sell or otherwise dispose of any securities of the Company, including Common Shares, for a period of 13 months following the Effective Date, without the prior written consent of the Underwriter, which may be granted or withheld in the sole and absolute discretion of the Underwriter; provided, however, that if prior to the expiration of the lock-up period, the Company's Common Shares are subject to a tender offer and holders of the Company's Common Shares (other than the existing shareholders) agree to tender a majority of the outstanding Common Shares to the offeror, then the Underwriter shall release all shareholders subject to the Lock-Up Agreements from the restrictions imposed thereby solely for the purpose of tendering their Common Shares to the offeror pursuant to the terms of the tender offer. Following expiration of the term of the Lock-Up Agreements, 3,138,750 shares will become eligible for resale pursuant to Rule 144, subject to the volume limitations and compliance with the other provisions of Rule 144. Furthermore, the holders of the Underwriter Warrants (including the securities issuable upon exercise thereof) have demand and piggyback registration rights with respect to the Common Shares issuable upon exercise of the Underwriter Warrants and the underlying Warrants, which Common Shares have been registered by the Company on the Registration Statement on Form SB-2 of which this Prospectus is a part. The Company also intends to register the 450,000 Common Shares issuable upon the exercise of options available under the Company's 1997 Stock Option Plan. In addition, the investors in the First Prior Financing and the investors in the Second Prior Financing have piggy-back registration rights with respect to their Common Share, Bridge Warrants and the 520,000 underlying Common Shares. These rights have been waived in connection with this Offering. The Company is unable to predict the effect that sales under Rule 144, pursuant to a registered public offering or otherwise may have on the then prevailing market price of the Common Shares or Warrants, but such sales may have a substantial depressive effect on such market price. The above is a summary of Rule 144 40 42 and is not intended to be a complete description of the Rule. See "-- Registration Rights," "-- Warrants," "Certain Transactions" and "Underwriting". As a result of the Offering, an additional 2,700,000 Common Shares (3,105,000 if the Over-Allotment Option is fully exercised) will be subject to issuance upon the exercise of the Warrants offered hereby, and an additional 450,000 Common Shares will be subject to issuance upon the exercise of the Underwriter Warrants and the underlying Warrants. As of January 20, 1998, there were 35 record holders of the Common Shares. ANTI-TAKEOVER LEGISLATION Chapters 7A and 7B of the Michigan Business Corporation Act, as amended, may affect attempts to acquire control of the Company. In general, under Chapter 7A, "business combinations" (defined to include, among other transactions, certain mergers, dispositions of assets or shares and recapitalizations) between covered Michigan business corporations or their subsidiaries and an "interested shareholder" (defined as the direct or indirect beneficial owner of at least 10 percent of the voting power of a covered corporation's outstanding shares) can only be consummated if approved by at least 90 percent of the votes of each class of the corporation's shares entitled to vote and by at least two-thirds of such voting shares not held by the "interested shareholder" or affiliates, unless five years have elapsed after the person involved became an "interested shareholder" and unless certain price and other conditions are satisfied. The Board of Directors has the power to elect to be subject to Chapter 7A as to specifically identified or unidentified interested shareholders. In general, under Chapter 7B, an entity that acquires "Control Shares" of the Company may vote the Control Shares on any matter only if a majority of all shares, and of all non-"Interested Shares", of each class of stock entitled to vote as a class, approve such voting rights. Interested Shares are shares owned by officers of the Company, employee-directors of the Company and the entity making the Control Share Acquisition (as defined). Control Shares are shares that, when added to shares already owned by an entity, would give the entity voting power in the election of directors or any of three thresholds: one-fifth, one-third and a majority. The effect of the statute is to condition the acquisition of voting control of a corporation on the approval of a majority of the pre-existing disinterested shareholders. The Board of Directors may amend the bylaws before a Control Share Acquisition occurs to provide that Chapter 7B does not apply to the Company. TRANSFER AGENT AND WARRANT AGENT The Company has engaged American Stock Transfer & Trust Company to act as Transfer Agent for the Company's Common Shares and Warrant Agent for the Warrants. 41 43 UNDERWRITING Subject to the terms and conditions of the underwriting agreement (the "Underwriting Agreement"), the Company has agreed to sell to the Underwriters, and the Underwriters have agreed to purchase, all of the 1,800,000 Common Shares and 2,700,000 Warrants offered hereby. The Underwriting Agreement provides that the Underwriters, severally and not jointly, will be obligated to purchase all of the Common Shares and Warrants offered hereby on a "firm commitment basis," if any are purchased, as follows:
UNDERWRITERS COMMON SHARES WARRANTS ------------ ------------- -------- Mason Hill & Co., Inc. .............................. J.W. Barclay & Co., Inc. ............................ --------- --------- Total........................................... ========= =========
The Underwriting Agreement provides that the obligations of the Underwriters are subject to certain conditions precedent including the current effectiveness of the Registration Statement, delivery of an opinion of Company's counsel, a "comfort letter" from the Company's accountants, the delivery of an officer's certificate certifying that all representations and warranties are true and correct, the appointment of the Transfer Agent and Warrant Agent and NASD approval of the Underwriters' compensation. The Underwriting Agreement also provides that the Underwriters will be obligated to purchase all of the Common Shares and Warrants, if any are purchased. The Underwriters have advised the Company that they propose to offer the Common Shares and Warrants to the public at the offering prices set forth on the cover page of this Prospectus and that the Underwriters may allow to certain dealers, who are members of the National Association of Securities Dealers, concessions not in excess of $ per Common Share and $ per Warrant. After the Offering, the public offering price and concessions and discounts and other offering terms may be changed. The Underwriting Agreement also provides that the Representative will receive a non-accountable expense allowance of 3% of the gross proceeds of the Offering. The Company also has agreed to pay all expenses in connection with qualifying the Common Shares and the Warrants offered hereby for sale under the laws of such states as the Representative may designate, including expenses of counsel retained for such purpose by the Representative. Pursuant to the Over-Allotment Option, which is exercisable for a period of 45 days after the Effective Date, the Underwriters may purchase up to 270,000 Common Shares and 405,000 Warrants, solely to cover over-allotments, at the offering price, less the underwriting discounts and commissions. The Company has agreed to sell to the Underwriters on the closing date of this Offering, for $10, the Underwriters Warrants to purchase 180,000 Common Shares and 270,000 Warrants. The Underwriters Warrants shall be exercisable for a period of four years commencing January , 1999 (one year after the Effective Date) at an exercise price equal to $6.60 per Common Share and $.165 per Warrant (165% of the offering price of the Securities sold to the public in the Offering) each such underlying Warrant entitling the Underwriter to purchase a Common Share at a purchase price of $7.43 (165% of the exercise price for the Warrants issued to the public). The Underwriters Warrants are not transferable prior to January , 1999, except to officers of the Underwriters, members of the selling group and their officers and partners. The Company has agreed that, upon written request of the then holder(s) of a majority of the Warrants and the Common Shares issued and/or issuable upon exercise of the Underwriters Warrants (the "Underwriters Warrant Shares") which were originally issued to the Representative or to its designees, made at any time within the period commencing one year and ending five years after the Effective Date, the Company will file, at its sole expense, no more than once, a registration statement under the Securities Act registering the Underwriters Warrant Shares. The Company has agreed to use its best efforts to cause the registration statement to become effective. The holders of the Underwriters Warrants may demand registration without exercising the Underwriters Warrants and, in fact, are never required to exercise such Underwriters Warrants. 42 44 The Company has registered the Underwriters Warrant Shares pursuant to the Registration Statement on Form SB-2 of which this Prospectus is a part. The Company has also agreed that if, at any time within the period commencing one year and ending five years after the Effective Date, it should file a registration statement with the Commission pursuant to the Securities Act, regardless of whether some of the holders of the Underwriters Warrants and the Underwriters Warrant Shares shall have therefore availed themselves of any of the registration rights above, the Company, at its own expense, will offer to said holders (with certain exceptions) the opportunity to register the Underwriters Warrant Shares. The objection of a subsequent underwriter to the above "piggyback" registration rights would preclude such inclusion. In addition to the demand and "piggyback" registration rights described above, the Company has agreed to cooperate with the then holders of the Underwriters Warrants and Underwriters Warrant Shares in the preparation and execution of any registration statement required in order to sell or transfer the Underwriters Warrant Shares and will supply all information required therefor, but the expenses of such registration statement will be pro-rated between the Company and the holders of the Underwriters Warrants and Underwriters Warrant Shares in proportion to the aggregate sales price of the securities being issued by each of them. For the life of the Underwriters Warrants, the holders thereof are given, at nominal cost, the opportunity to profit from a rise in the market price of the Common Shares with a resulting dilution in the interest of other shareholders of the Company. Further, such holders may be expected to exercise the Underwriters Warrants at a time when the Company would in all likelihood be able to obtain equity capital on terms more favorable than those provided in the Underwriters Warrants. In addition, the Company may find it more difficult to raise additional capital while the Underwriters Warrants are outstanding. In connection with this Offering, the Underwriters and selling group members and their respective affiliates may engage in stabilizing, syndicate short covering transactions, or other transactions during the offering that may stabilize, maintain or otherwise affect the market price of the Common Shares and Warrants. Stabilization transactions, effected in accordance with Rule 104 of Regulation M, are bids for or purchases of Common Shares or Warrants for the purpose of preventing or retarding a decline in the market price of Common Shares or Warrants or all of them to facilitate the Offering. The Underwriters also may create a short position for their accounts by selling more Common Shares and/or Warrants in connection with the Offering than they are committed to purchase from the Company, and in such case may purchase Common Shares or Warrants in the open market to cover all or a portion of such short position. The Underwriters may also cover all or a portion of such short position by exercising the Over-Allotment Option. Any of the transactions described in this paragraph may result in the maintenance of the price of the Common Shares and Warrants at a level above that which might otherwise prevail in the open market. None of the transactions described in this paragraph is required, and, if any is undertaken it may be discontinued at any time. The Company has agreed not to issue any Common Shares, preferred stock or any warrants, options or other rights to purchase Common Shares or preferred stock prior to , 2000, without the prior written consent of the Representative, except as contemplated by or as disclosed in this Prospectus. Officers, directors and other security holders of the Company owning and/or having rights to acquire in the aggregate 3,338,750 Common Shares, have entered into agreements not to sell or otherwise dispose of any securities of the Company, including Common Shares (except under certain circumstances in connection with a third party tender offer for the Common Shares), prior to , 1999, without the prior written consent of the Representative, which may be granted or withheld in the sole and absolute discretion of the Representative. See "Shares Eligible for Future Sale." The Underwriting Agreement provides for reciprocal indemnification between the Company and the Underwriters against liabilities in connection with the Offering, including liabilities under the Securities Act. The Underwriters have informed the Company that they do not expect to make sales of the Common Shares and/or Warrants to discretionary accounts. 43 45 The Representative was organized in March 1995, was first registered as a broker dealer in December 1995, and became a member firm of the NASD in December 1995. The Representative is principally engaged in retail brokerage and market making activities and various corporate finance projects. Although the Representative has acted as a placement agent in private offerings and has participated as a member of the underwriting syndicate or as a selected dealer in five prior public offerings, it only has acted as the lead managing underwriter in two prior public offerings and has co-managed two other public offerings. No assurance can be given that the Representative's lack of experience as a lead managing underwriter of public offerings will not adversely affect the Offering and the subsequent development of a liquid public trading market in the Company's securities. The Company has agreed that upon the Effective Date of the Offering it will, for a period of not less than three years, engage a designee, acceptable to the Company and the Representative, as an advisor to the Board. In lieu of the Representative's right to designate an advisor, the Company has agreed, if requested by the Representative during such three year period, to nominate and use its best efforts to cause the election of a designee of the Representative as a director of the Company. The Representative has not yet designated any such person. The Representative intends to act as a market maker for the Common Shares and Warrants after the closing of the Offering. The Company will pay the Representative a fee of 5% of the exercise price of each Warrant exercised, provided (i) the market price of the Common Shares on the date the Warrant was exercised was equal to or greater than the Warrant exercise price on that date, (ii) the exercise of the Warrant was solicited by a member of the NASD, (iii) the Warrant was not held in a discretionary account, (iv) the disclosure of compensation arrangements was made in documents provided to the holders of the Warrants, (v) the solicitation of the exercise of the Warrant was not a violation of Rule 101 of Regulation M under the Exchange Act and (vi) the Representative is designated in writing as the soliciting NASD member. The Representative and any other soliciting broker/dealers will be prohibited from engaging in any market making activities or solicited brokerage activities with regard to the Company's securities during the periods prescribed by Rule 101 of Regulation M before the solicitation of the exercise of any Warrant until the later of the termination of such solicitation activity or the termination of any right the Representative and any other soliciting broker/dealer may have to receive a fee for the solicitation of the exercise of the Warrants. The Company has agreed to retain the Representative as a management and financial advisor for a period of 24 months commencing on the Effective Date at a fee equal to $5,208 per month. The entire fee ($125,000) is payable at the closing of the Offering. In its capacity as an advisor to the Company, the Representative will be obligated to provide general financial advisory services to the Company on an as-needed basis with respect to possible future financings or acquisitions by the Company and related matters. The Representative is not obligated to provide any minimum number of hours of advisory services to the Company. In addition, the Company has agreed to engage a financial public relations firm reasonably satisfactory to the Representative. The public relations firm will not be associated with the Representative or any of its affiliates. Such firm, or an acceptable substitute firm, shall be continuously engaged until a date 24 months from the closing of the Offering. The initial public offering price of the Common Shares and Warrants offered hereby and the initial exercise price and other terms of the Warrants have been determined by negotiation between the Company and the Representative and do not necessarily bear any direct relationship to the Company's assets, earnings, book value per share or other generally accepted criteria of value. Factors considered in determining the offering price of the Common Shares and Warrants and the exercise price of the Warrants included the business in which the Company is engaged, the Company's financial condition, an assessment of the Company's management, the general condition of the securities markets, the demand for similar securities of comparable companies, and other factors deemed relevant. 44 46 LEGAL MATTERS The validity of the securities offered hereby will be passed upon for the Company by Honigman Miller Schwartz and Cohn, 2290 First National Building, Detroit, Michigan 48226-3583. Certain legal matters in connection with the Offering will be passed upon for the Underwriter by Gersten, Savage, Kaplowitz & Fredericks, LLP, 101 East 52nd Street, New York, New York 10022-6018. EXPERTS The combined balance sheet of the Predecessor Company as of February 19, 1997 and December 31, 1996 and the combined statements of income, members' deficit and cash flows for the period from January 1, 1997 through February 19, 1997 and the year ended December 31, 1996 included in this Prospectus, the consolidated balance sheet of the Company as of September 30, 1997 and the consolidated statements of income, shareholders' equity and cash flows for the period from inception to September 30, 1997 included in this Prospectus, have been audited by Coopers & Lybrand L.L.P., independent auditors, as stated in their reports appearing in this Prospectus and elsewhere in the registration statement (which reports on the financial statements express an unqualified opinion and include an explanatory paragraph referring to an uncertainty concerning the Company's ability to continue as a going concern), and have been included herein in reliance on the reports of Coopers & Lybrand L.L.P., independent accountants, given on the authority of said firm as experts in accounting and auditing. 45 47 INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
PAGE ---- I. Consolidated Financial Statements for Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiary Report of Independent Accountants............ F-2 Consolidated Balance Sheet at September 30, 1997............................................ F-3 Consolidated Income Statement for the period from inception to September 30, 1997........................... F-4 Consolidated Statement of Changes in Shareholders' Equity for the period from inception to September 30, 1997............... F-5 Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the period from inception to September 30, 1997... F-6 Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements...................................... F-7 II. Combined Financial Statements for Rockwell Medical Supplies, L.L.C. and Rockwell Transportation, L.L.C. Report of Independent Accountants............ F-14 Combined Balance Sheet at February 19, 1997 and December 31, 1996........................... F-15 Combined Income Statements for the period from January 1 to February 19, 1997 and the year ended December 31, 1996.................. F-16 Combined Statement of Changes in Members' Deficit for the period from January 1 to February 19, 1997 and the year ended December 31, 1996...................................... F-17 Combined Statement of Cash Flows for the period from January 1 to February 19, 1997 and the year ended December 31, 1996.............. F-18 Notes to Combined Financial Statements....... F-19
F-1 48 [COOPERS & LYBRAND LETTERHEAD] REPORT OF INDEPENDENT ACCOUNTANTS To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiary: We have audited the consolidated balance sheet of Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiary at September 30, 1997 and the related consolidated statements of income, stockholders' equity, and cash flows for the period ended September 30, 1997. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audit. We conducted our audit in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion. In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiary at September 30, 1997 and the results of their operations and their cash flows for the period ended September 30, 1997 in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 3 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company has incurred losses from operations and requires additional cash flow to fund operations and the redemption of the Series A Preferred Stock due January 31, 1998 that raise substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern. Management's plans in regard to these matters are also described in Note 3. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty. COOPERS & LYBRAND LLP Detroit, Michigan November 20, 1997 Coopers & Lybrand L.L.P. is a member of Coopers & Lybrand International, a limited liability association incorporated in Switzerland. F-2 49 ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET (WHOLE DOLLARS)
SEPTEMBER 30, 1997 ------------- Cash........................................................ $ 72,680 Certificate of Deposit...................................... 25,000 Accounts Receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $10,000................................................ 460,114 Inventory................................................... 373,433 Other Current Assets........................................ 95,686 ----------- Total Current Assets 1,026,913 Property and Equipment, net................................. 721,876 Other Noncurrent Assets..................................... 138,397 Excess of Purchase Price over Fair Value of Net Assets Acquired, net............................................. 1,473,297 Deferred financing costs.................................... 218,054 ----------- Total Assets........................................... $ 3,578,537 =========== Note Payable................................................ $ 100,000 Accounts Payable............................................ 1,031,751 Accrued Liabilities......................................... 350,958 ----------- Total Current Liabilities.............................. 1,482,709 Redeemable Preferred Stock -- Series A...................... 1,095,915 Shareholders' Equity: Common Stock.............................................. 2,524,847 Deficit................................................... (1,524,934) ----------- 999,913 ----------- Total Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity............. $ 3,578,537 ===========
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements. F-3 50 ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENT FOR THE PERIOD FROM OCTOBER 25, 1996 (THE DATE OF INCEPTION) TO SEPTEMBER 30, 1997 (WHOLE DOLLARS) Sales....................................................... $ 2,326,148 Cost of Sales............................................... 2,717,267 ----------- Gross Deficit............................................. (391,119) Selling, General and Administrative......................... 1,059,245 Interest Expense, net....................................... 74,570 ----------- Net loss.................................................. $(1,524,934) =========== Net Loss per share.......................................... $ (.53)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements. F-4 51 ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY FOR THE PERIOD FROM OCTOBER 25, 1996 (THE DATE OF INCEPTION) TO SEPTEMBER 30, 1997 (WHOLE DOLLARS)
TOTAL COMMON COMMON RETAINED SHAREHOLDERS' SHARES STOCK DEFICIT EQUITY ------ ------ -------- ------------- Issuance of Common Stock, no par value -- Initial Capitalization.... 2,000,000 $ 1,000 $ 1,000 Issuance of Common Stock, no par value -- First Prior Financing..... 495,000 1,212,500 1,212,500 Issuance of Common Stock, no par value -- Second Prior Financing.... 520,000 1,311,347 1,311,347 Net loss............................. (1,524,934) (1,524,934) --------- ---------- ----------- ----------- Total........................... 3,015,000 $2,524,847 $(1,524,934) $ 999,913 ========= ========== =========== ===========
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements. F-5 52 ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS FOR THE PERIOD FROM OCTOBER 25, 1996 (THE DATE OF INCEPTION) TO SEPTEMBER 30, 1997 (WHOLE DOLLARS) Cash flows from operating activities: Net loss.................................................. $(1,524,934) Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used for operating activities: Depreciation and Amortization.......................... 176,785 ----------- (1,348,149) Changes in Working Capital: Increase in Accounts Receivable...................... (270,840) Increase in Inventory................................ (106,415) Increase in Other Current Assets..................... (46,788) Increase in Accounts Payable......................... 227,525 Increase in Other Liabilities........................ 321,081 ----------- Net change in Working Capital..................... 124,563 Net cash used in operations............................... (1,223,586) Cash flows from investing activities: Purchase of Business, net of cash acquired................ (508,887) Purchase of Equipment..................................... (62,378) Purchase of Certificate of Deposit........................ (25,000) ----------- Cash used in Investing Activities......................... (596,265) Cash flows from financing activities: Issuance of Common Stock -- initial capitalization........ 1,000 Issuance of Common Stock -- First Prior Financing......... 1,212,500 Issuance of Common Stock -- Second Prior Financing........ 1,311,347 Proceeds from notes payable............................... 225,000 Repayment of notes payable................................ (125,000) Payment on promissory note................................ (500,000) Deposits paid on leases................................... (138,397) Costs of initial public offering.......................... (93,919) ----------- Cash provided by financing activities..................... 1,892,531 Increase in cash............................................ 72,680 Cash at beginning of period................................. -- ----------- Cash at end of period....................................... $ 72,680 ===========
Supplemental non cash disclosures: See Note 4 to the consolidated financial statements related to Purchase of Business and conversion of Promissory Note to Series A Redeemable Preferred. The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements. F-6 53 ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS 1. ORGANIZATION AND CAPITALIZATION Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. (the "Company") was incorporated on October 25, 1996 for the purpose of purchasing and operating the business of Rockwell Medical Supplies, L.L.C. and its sister company, Rockwell Transportation, L.L.C. (collectively, the "Predecessor Companies" or the "Seller"). The Company is, and the Predecessor Companies were, in the business of manufacturing and distributing hemodialysis concentrates and dialysis kits to hemodialysis clinics throughout the United States and Venezuela. Sales to Venezuela accounted for approximately 18% of total sales. The Company also packages, sells and distributes ancillary products related to the hemodialysis process, as did the Predecessor Companies. The Company received $1,212,500 in net proceeds from the issuance of Common Stock in the First Prior Financing. Approximately $500,000 of which was used to partially fund the acquisition of the Predecessor Companies. The remaining purchase price was financed through the issuance of a promissory note for approximately $1.9 million (see Note 4). The Company is regulated by the Federal Food and Drug Administration under the Federal Drug and Cosmetics Act, as well as by other federal, state and local agencies. In March 1996 the Predecessor Companies received 510(k) approval from the FDA to market hemodialysis solutions and powders, which commenced in May 1996. The 510(k) approval was assigned to the Company in connection with the purchase of the Predecessor Companies. 2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES BASIS OF PRESENTATION The consolidated financial statements of the Company include the accounts of Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Rockwell Transportation, Inc. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated. The results of operations, cash flows and changes in stockholders' equity are presented from October 25, 1996 (the date of inception) through September 30, 1997. The Company's fiscal year ends on December 31. REVENUE RECOGNITION The Company recognizes revenue at the date of shipment. INVENTORY Inventory is stated at net realizable value, which includes only raw material costs and excludes the conversion costs required to produce finished goods, due to continuing negative gross margins. PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT Property and Equipment are recorded at cost. Expenditures for normal maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred. Property and equipment are depreciated using the straight line method over their useful lives, which range from three to eight years. EXCESS OF PURCHASE PRICE OVER FAIR VALUE OF NET ASSETS ACQUIRED The excess of the price paid by the Company over the fair value of the net assets of the Predecessor Companies has been recorded as an intangible asset and is being amortized on the straight line basis over an estimated useful life of 10 years. The Company assesses the recoverability of the asset based on estimated future undiscounted cash flows of the business. Based upon the Company's analysis no impairment of the asset exists at September 30, 1997. F-7 54 ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS -- (CONTINUED) DEFERRED FINANCING COSTS Costs, primarily professional fees for legal and accounting matters, which are directly related to the initial public offering have been deferred. Such costs will be recorded as a reduction of net proceeds of the offering when such offering is consummated. INCOME TAXES The Company has recorded a deferred tax asset of approximately $482,400 related to the net operating loss carry forward. This deferred asset has been fully offset by a valuation allowance due to the uncertainty of realization. ESTIMATES IN PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date the financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. NET LOSS PER SHARE Net loss per share is calculated based on the weighted average shares outstanding of 2,904,833 including 123,750 of additional shares estimated to be issuable to the shareholders in the First Prior Financing who were entitled to receive additional shares for no additional consideration if the public offering price of the shares to be issued in an initial public offering of the Company's securities was less than $5.00 per share. 3. MANAGEMENT'S PLAN OF OPERATION Since February 20, 1997 the Company had been engaged in the business of manufacturing, selling, and distributing hemodialysis concentrates and kits to various clinics throughout the United States and Venezuela. The Company paid approximately $2.1 million for the operating assets and liabilities of the Predecessor Companies. Since inception through September 30, 1997 the Company has recorded losses of $1,524,934 and used approximately $1,223,586 to fund operating needs since the purchase of the business (see Note 4). Those needs were funded, from inception through September 30, 1997, through proceeds from the issuance of common stock, common stock purchase warrants and promissory notes. A significant portion of the working capital requirements, approximately $375,000, was due to an initial funding of an escrow account for future facility lease payments, and the immediate payment to trade creditors to ensure continued uninterrupted delivery of raw materials and services. After considering these one-time cash requirements, the Company estimates its cash flows from operations will be deficient by approximately $100,000 per month for the next three to six months for working capital purposes. To fund these working capital requirements, the Company anticipates using a three phased approach as follows 1.) negotiating with its trade creditors to extend terms of payment, 2.) securing short term loans from private parties, and 3.) using the proceeds from the issuance of 1.8 million shares of the Company's Common Stock in a registration to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "Offering"). Anticipated net proceeds associated with this Offering are estimated at approximately $5.9 million. Without the successful completion of the Offering the future viability of the Company cannot be assured. In addition to working capital requirements, the Company is required to redeem the 8.5% Series A Preferred Stock on January 31, 1998. (See notes 4 and 9). Without the successful completion of the Offering, the Company will be unable to meet the mandatory redemption obligation of the Series A Preferred Stock. In the event the Company fails to meet these redemption requirements a change in control of the Company may result. F-8 55 ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS -- (CONTINUED) The Company has developed cost reduction plans to improve efficiencies and reduce costs. In particular the distribution costs associated with the Company's wholly owned subsidiary, Rockwell Transportation, Inc. are substantial. Cost reduction plans are being developed to reduce inefficiencies in the Company's transportation operations and in the production process. Plans to maximize production capacity through both increased production hours and equipment utilization are in process. The Company feels that the market demand is greater than current production quantities and that increasing capacity through fundamental management techniques can be effected with minimum variable labor and manufacturing costs. Further, these actions will require minimum capital investment. Future Company plans have been developed to increase sales with new product offerings and increased market penetration of existing product lines; however these actions will require capital investment estimated at $1.8 million. The effective implementation of these plans will not be possible without the successful completion of the Offering. There can be no assurance that even if the Company receives additional capital it will be able to achieve the planned efficiencies and increased sales levels to sustain its operations. There can be no assurance that the Company will obtain any funds on terms acceptable to the Company and at times required by the Company. These factors, among others, raise substantial doubt about the Company's ability to continue as a going concern. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of asset carrying amounts or the amount or classification of liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern. 4. PURCHASE OF THE BUSINESS Effective February 19, 1997 the Company purchased the assets and assumed certain liabilities of the Predecessor Companies for an initial purchase price of approximately $2.4 million, excluding liabilities assumed. The transaction was accounted for using the purchase method of accounting. The initial purchase price was allocated to assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on the estimated fair market value at the date of acquisition, as follows: Working capital, less cash acquired......................... $ (147,937) Property and Equipment...................................... 688,534 Excess of purchase price over fair value of net assets...... 1,884,954 ----------- 2,425,551 Promissory Note at 8.5%..................................... (1,916,664) ----------- Net cash paid for business acquired.................... $ 508,887 ===========
The purchase price consisted of : (i) $150,000 cash payment to the Sellers ; (ii) a cash payment to NBD Bank of approximately $375,000 to retire related outstanding debt; and (iii) the remainder of the purchase price was satisfied by an 8.5% promissory note (the "Note") in the principal amount of approximately $1.9 million. Under the terms of the Note and the Asset Purchase Agreement, a prepayment of $500,000 on the Note was due in May 1997. Pursuant to a letter agreement, the Sellers agreed that upon receipt of the prepayment, the remaining Note balance would be converted into shares of Series A Redeemable Preferred Stock at a conversion ratio of one share of Series A Preferred Stock to one dollar of outstanding principal due under the Note. The Company made the required prepayment and the Note was converted to 1,416,664 shares of Series A Preferred Stock. In accordance with the terms of the Asset Purchase Agreement, the Company and the Predecessor Company and its owners have agreed to a reduction in the purchase price for the Predecessor Company's business by $320,749 based on a provision in the Asset Purchase Agreement which provides for a dollar for dollar reduction in such purchase price to the extent that the net worth of the Predecessor Company at the F-9 56 ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS -- (CONTINUED) closing date was below a target amount set forth in the Asset Purchase Agreement. The parties have cancelled 320,749 shares of Series A Preferred Stock in payment of such purchase price reduction. Goodwill has been reduced by the same amount. 5. INVENTORY Components of inventory are as follows: Raw Materials........................................ $255,467 Finished Goods....................................... 117,966 -------- Total $373,433 ========
6. PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT Major classes of Property and Equipment, stated at cost, are as follows: Leasehold Improvements............................... $ 66,163 Machinery and Equipment.............................. 491,536 Office Furniture and Equipment....................... 107,689 Laboratory Equipment................................. 87,369 Vehicles including trailers.......................... 51,890 -------- $804,647 Accumulated Depreciation........................... (82,771) -------- Net Property, and Equipment.......................... $721,876 ========
7. NOTE PAYABLE The Company obtained a $100,000 loan in July of 1997. The loan bears interest at 24 percent per annum. The loan is payable on demand. 8. LEASES The Company leases a facility for production and administrative offices as well as transportation equipment used by the Company's subsidiary, Rockwell Transportation, Inc. The lease terms are five years and two years, respectively. These leases have been accounted for as operating leases. Lease payments were $312,322 for the period ended September 30, 1997. Future minimum rental payment under lease agreements are as follows: Period from October 1, 1997 to December 31, 1997..... $109,256 Year ending December 31, 1998........................ 437,025 Year ending December 31, 1999........................ 348,475 Year ending December 31, 2000........................ 192,510 Year ending December 31, 2001........................ 12,600
In accordance with the assignment of the facility lease from the Predecessor Companies, the landlord required a deposit in escrow of $178,000 which is to be applied against future lease payments of $39,542 in each of the years ending December 31, 1998 and 1999, $59,313 in the year ending December 31, 2000, with the balance held as additional security deposit until the expiration of the facility lease. In the instance of early termination, the transportation equipment leases require the Company to pay the excess of the purchase price for such vehicles (determined in accordance with the terms of the lease) over the equipment's fair market value. F-10 57 ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS -- (CONTINUED) A $25,000 letter of credit has been established for the benefit of certain lessors. The letter of credit is collateralized by a short term certificate of deposit. 9. CAPITAL STOCK The authorized capital stock of the Company consists of 20,000,000 shares of Common Stock, no par value per share, of which 3,015,000 shares were outstanding at September 30, 1997; and 2,000,000 shares of Preferred Stock, none issued nor outstanding, and 1,416,664 shares of 8.5% non-voting cumulative redeemable Series A Preferred Stock, $1.00 par value (the "Series A Preferred Stock"), of which 1,095,915 shares were outstanding after the cancellation of the 320,749 shares discussed in Note 4. COMMON STOCK Holders of the shares of Common Stock are entitled to one vote per share on all matters submitted to a vote of shareholders of the Company and are to receive dividends when and if declared by the Board of Directors. Dividends may not be paid to the common shareholders until the redeemable Series A preferred stock is redeemed. The Board is authorized to issue additional shares of Common Stock within the limits of the Company's Articles of Incorporation without further shareholder action. Holders of 495,000 shares of Common Stock are entitled to receive an additional 123,750 shares of Common Stock at the effective date of the Offering for no additional consideration per the terms of the First Prior Financing Agreement. These shares have been included in the net loss per share calculation. The additional shares, when issued, will be accounted for as a stock dividend, at a cost equal to the offering price per share. SERIES A PREFERRED STOCK Holders of Series A Preferred Stock are entitled to receive, out of funds legally available for the payment of dividends, cumulative cash dividends in the amount of $.085 per share per year accruing from June 1, 1997, as and when directed by the Board of Directors of the Company. As long as any shares of Series A Preferred Stock are outstanding, the Company may not (i) declare, pay, or set money, securities or other property apart for the payment of, any dividend on any shares of the Company, including all classes of common stock and any other series of preferred stock (all of such shares of the Company referred to as "Junior Shares"), or (ii) make any payment on account of, or set money, securities or other property apart for, the payment into a sinking or other similar fund for the purchase, redemption or other retirement of, any of the Junior Shares or any warrants, rights, calls or other options exercisable for or exchangeable into any of the Junior Shares (collectively the "Junior Securities"), or (iii) make any distribution in respect of any Junior Securities, either directly or indirectly, and whether in cash, obligations or shares of the Company or other property (other than distributions or dividends in Junior Shares to the holders of Junior Shares), and shall not permit any corporation or other entity directly or indirectly controlled by the Company to purchase or redeem any of the Junior Securities, unless prior to or currently with such declaration, payment, setting apart for payment, purchase, redemption or distribution, as the case may be, all accrued and unpaid dividends on the Series A Preferred Stock shall have been paid. The Company is required to redeem all outstanding shares of Series A Preferred Stock on January 31, 1998 (the "Mandatory Redemption Date"), at a redemption price equal to $1.00 per share, plus accumulated and unpaid dividends accrued through the Mandatory Redemption Date. The purchase price must be paid in cash. From and after the Mandatory Redemption Date, the holders of Series A Preferred Stock will not have any rights as shareholders of the Company except the right to receive from the Company the redemption price of such Series A Preferred Stock, without interest, upon the surrender of such Series A Preferred Stock to the Company. In addition, the Company has the right and option at any time prior to the Mandatory Redemption Date to purchase, redeem or otherwise acquire any or all of the Series A Preferred Stock for a purchase price equal to $1.00 per share plus accumulated and unpaid dividends on such share through the date of repurchase or redemption. F-11 58 ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS -- (CONTINUED) Subject to the prior rights of the Company's creditors, the holders of the Series A Preferred Stock are entitled to receive, upon any voluntary or involuntary liquidation, dissolution or winding-up of the Company, $1.00 per share plus accrued and unpaid dividends. If, in any such case, the assets of the Company are insufficient to make such payment in full, then the available assets will be distributed among the holders of the Series A Preferred Stock ratably in proportion to the full amount to which each holder would be entitled. Holders of Series A Preferred Stock have no conversion rights, however, the obligation of the Company to effect the mandatory redemption of the Series A Preferred Stock by the Mandatory Redemption Date is guaranteed by certain of the Company's principal shareholders (the "Guaranty"). Such Guaranty is secured by the pledge of 1,143,500 shares of Common Stock (the "Pledged Shares") pursuant to an Escrow Agreement dated as of July 22, 1997 (the "Escrow Agreement"). In the event the Company fails to redeem the outstanding shares of Series A Preferred Stock on or before the Mandatory Redemption Date, the Predecessor Companies have a period of 45 days following such date to elect either to: (i) exercise their rights under the Guaranty and the Escrow Agreement to retain the shares of Common Stock which remain held in escrow, in full satisfaction and discharge of the Guaranty and the Company's obligation to redeem the Series A Preferred Stock; or (ii) terminate their rights under the Guaranty and to relinquish and terminate their interest in the Pledged Shares and to proceed against the Company to collect the outstanding redemption payment. Holders of Series A Preferred Stock have no voting rights except as may be required by law. WARRANTS Holders of the Warrants are entitled to purchase at the stated exercise price of the Warrant one share of Common Stock of the Company subject to certain adjustments and provisions. At September 30, 1997 there were 520,000 warrants issued and outstanding. These Warrants do not become effective until after the completion of the Offering (see Note 2 in these Notes to Consolidated Financial statements). Each Warrant will be separately transferable and will entitle the registered holder to purchase one share of Common Stock at the exercise price of $4.50 per share for a period of three years commencing one year after the effective date of the Offering and ending on the fourth anniversary of the effective date of the Offering (the "Exercise Period"). The exercise price and the number of shares of Common Stock to be issued upon the exercise of each Warrant are subject to adjustment in the event of stock split, stock dividend, recapitalization, merger, consolidation or certain other events. Under certain conditions, the Warrants may be redeemed by the Company at a redemption price of $.10 per Warrant upon not less than 30 days prior written notice to the holders of such Warrants, provided the closing bid price of the Common Stock has been at least $8.50 for 20 consecutive trading days ending on the third day prior to the date the notice of redemption is given. 10. STOCK OPTIONS The Board of Directors approved the Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc., 1997 Stock Option Plan on July 15, 1997 (the "Plan"). The Stock Option Committee as appointed by the Board of Directors administers the Plan which provides for grants of nonqualified or incentive stock options to key employees, officers, directors, consultants and advisors to the Company. Under the Plan the Company may grant up to 450,000 shares of Common Stock. Exercise prices, subject to certain plan limitations, are at the discretion of the Committee. Options granted normally expire 10 years from the date of grant or upon termination of employment. The Committee determines vesting rights on the date of grant. F-12 59 ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS -- (CONTINUED) In July 1997 the Committee granted options to acquire an aggregate of 295,000 Common Shares at an exercise price of $3.00 per share. Options awarded vest over a three year period from the date of grant. Compensation expense was determined as the difference between the offering price of $4.00 per share, and the exercise price. Any difference between the offering price and fair value for the period from the date of grant through September 30, 1997 would not be material. Compensation expense is recognized over the vesting period and was $69,600 for the period ended September 30, 1997.
EXERCISE SHARES PRICE ------ -------- Outstanding at Beginning of Period.......................... -- -- Granted................................................... 295,500 $3.00 Exercised................................................. -- -- Cancelled................................................. 8,150 $3.00 ------- ----- Outstanding at September 30, 1997........................... 287,350 $3.00 ======= ===== Options Exercisable at September 30, 1997................... 43,750
11. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS During the period ended September 30, 1997 the Company paid or accrued fees to the consulting firm of Wall Street Partners, Inc. for financial and management services of $275,000. Under a current agreement, the Company is obligated to pay additional consulting fees of $75,000 through December 31, 1997. The principals of the consulting firm are shareholders of the Company and members of the Board of Directors. In addition, the Company settled a certain obligation in the amount of $25,000 to a related party through the issuance of 10,000 shares of Common Stock. The Holders of the Series A Redeemable Stock were the majority owners of the Predecessor Company. 12. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS On November 13, 1997, the Company obtained a $100,000 loan from a majority shareholder and member of the Company's Board of Directors. The loan bears interest at a rate of 24 percent per annum and matures on February 11, 1998. On November 19, 1997, the Compensation Committee of the Company's Board of Directors granted 16,150 options at an exercise price of $3.00 per share. During the period commencing October 1, 1997 and ending November 18, 1997, 8,000 options were cancelled as the result of the termination of employees' employment. F-13 60 COOPERS & LYBRAND LOGO Coopers & Lybrand L.L.P. 400 Renaissance Center telephone (313) 446-7100 a professional services firm Detroit, Michigan facsimile (313) 446-7117 48243-1507
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT ACCOUNTANTS To the Members of Rockwell Medical Supplies, L.L.C. and Rockwell Transportation, L.L.C.: We have audited the combined balance sheets of Rockwell Medical Supplies, L.L.C. and Rockwell Transportation, L.L.C. (the "Company") at February 19, 1997 and December 31, 1996 and the related combined statements of income, members' deficit, and cash flows for the period ended February 19, 1997 and the year ended December 31, 1996. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion. In our opinion, the combined financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the combined financial position of Rockwell Medical Supplies, L.L.C. and Rockwell Transportation, L.L.C. at February 19, 1997 and December 31, 1996 and the results of their operations and their cash flows for the period ended February 19, 1997 and the year ended December 31, 1996 in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. COOPERS & LYBRAND LLP Detroit, Michigan July 11, 1997, except for the subsequent event paragraph of Note 3 for which the date is November 20, 1997 Coopers & Lybrand L.L.P. is a member of Coopers & Lybrand International, a limited liability association incorporated in Switzerland. F-14 61 ROCKWELL MEDICAL SUPPLIES, L.L.C. AND ROCKWELL TRANSPORTATION, L.L.C. COMBINED BALANCE SHEETS (WHOLE DOLLARS)
FEBRUARY 19, DECEMBER 31, 1997 1996 ------------ ------------ Cash........................................................ $ 44,270 $ 65,978 Accounts Receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $10,000 and $5,000 at February 19, 1997 and December 31, 1996, respectively.................................... 189,274 205,168 Inventory................................................... 327,147 405,702 Other Current Assets........................................ 48,898 48,417 ----------- ----------- Total Current Assets...................................... 609,589 725,265 Property and Equipment, net................................. 670,885 728,557 ----------- ----------- Total Assets.............................................. $ 1,280,474 $ 1,453,822 =========== =========== Notes Payable, Bank......................................... 375,000 375,000 Payable to Members.......................................... $ 1,868,149 $ 1,868,149 Accounts Payable............................................ 679,941 512,074 Accrued Liabilities......................................... 33,315 28,848 ----------- ----------- Total Current Liabilities................................. 2,956,405 2,784,071 Members' Deficit: Contributed Capital......................................... 50,000 50,000 Deficit..................................................... (1,725,931) (1,380,249) ----------- ----------- Total Liabilities and Members' Deficit.................... $ 1,280,474 $ 1,453,822 =========== ===========
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the combined financial statements. F-15 62 ROCKWELL MEDICAL SUPPLIES, L.L.C. AND ROCKWELL TRANSPORTATION, L.L.C. COMBINED INCOME STATEMENTS (WHOLE DOLLARS)
JANUARY 1 TO YEAR ENDED FEBRUARY 19, DECEMBER 31, 1997 1996 ------------ ------------ Sales....................................................... $ 343,555 $ 1,019,856 Cost of Sales............................................... 508,784 1,555,200 --------- ----------- Gross Margin.............................................. (165,229) (535,344) Selling, General and Administrative Expenses................ 177,015 773,344 Interest Expense............................................ 3,438 12,634 --------- ----------- Net Loss.................................................. $(345,682) $(1,321,322) ========= ===========
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the combined financial statements. F-16 63 ROCKWELL MEDICAL SUPPLIES, L.L.C. AND ROCKWELL TRANSPORTATION, L.L.C. COMBINED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN MEMBERS' DEFICIT (WHOLE DOLLARS)
CONTRIBUTED TOTAL MEMBERS' CAPITAL DEFICIT DEFICIT ----------- ------- -------------- Balances at January 1, 1996.......................... $50,000 $ (58,927) $ (8,927) ------- ----------- ----------- Net loss........................................... -- (1,321,322) (1,321,322) ------- ----------- ----------- Balances at December 31, 1996........................ 50,000 (1,380,249) (1,330,249) Net loss for the period January 1, 1997 to February 19, 1997............................. -- (345,682) (345,682) ------- ----------- ----------- Balances at February 19, 1997........................ $50,000 $(1,725,931) $(1,675,931) ======= =========== ===========
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the combined financial statements. F-17 64 ROCKWELL MEDICAL SUPPLIES, L.L.C. AND ROCKWELL TRANSPORTATION, L.L.C. COMBINED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS (WHOLE DOLLARS)
JANUARY 1 TO YEAR ENDED FEBRUARY 19, 1997 DECEMBER 31, 1996 ----------------- ----------------- Cash flows from Operating Activities: Net loss................................................. $(345,682) $(1,321,322) Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used for operating activities: Depreciation.......................................... 17,649 133,659 Changes in working capital: Accounts Receivable................................. 15,894 (205,168) Inventory........................................... 78,555 (405,702) Other Current Assets................................ (481) (8,876) Accounts Payable.................................... 207,890 512,074 Accrued Liabilities................................. 4,467 28,848 --------- ----------- Net cash used in operating activities............ (21,708) (1,266,487) Cash flows from Investing Activities: Purchases of Equipment................................... (549,713) ----------- Net cash used in investing activities............ -- (549,713) Cash flows from Financing Activities: Members' capital contributions........................... -- 50,000 Proceeds of Bank loans................................... -- 375,000 From Members............................................. -- 1,457,178 --------- ----------- Net cash provided by financing activities........ -- 1,882,178 Net (decrease) increase in cash.................. (21,708) 65,978 Cash at beginning of the period.................. 65,978 -- --------- ----------- Cash at end of the period........................ $ 44,270 $ 65,978 ========= =========== Supplemental cash flow information Interest expense paid.................................... 3,438 12,634 ========= =========== Supplemental non-cash disclosure: $40,023 of equipment was exchanged for payment of an account payable.
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the combined financial statements. F-18 65 ROCKWELL MEDICAL SUPPLIES, L.L.C. AND ROCKWELL TRANSPORTATION, L.L.C. NOTES TO COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS 1. ORGANIZATION AND CAPITALIZATION Rockwell Medical Supplies, L.L.C. was established in October 1995 for the purpose of manufacturing hemodialysis concentrates and dialysis kits for sale and distribution to hemodialysis clinics throughout the United States. It also packages, sells and distributes ancillary products related to the hemodialysis process. There was limited activity during 1995, consisting primarily of the purchase of certain equipment, the payment of a facility lease security deposit and the payment of $58,927 for certain start up expenses. Rockwell Transportation, L.L.C. was established in March 1996 for the purpose of distributing products produced by Rockwell Medical Supplies, L.L.C. The combined entity of Rockwell Medical Supplies, L.L.C. and Rockwell Transportation, L.L.C. is referred to as the "Company". The Company is regulated by the Federal Food and Drug Administration under the Federal Drug and Cosmetics Act, as well as by other Federal, State and Local agencies. In March 1996 the Company received 510(k) approval from the FDA to market hemodialysis solutions and powders. The Company began manufacturing, distributing and selling hemodialysis solutions in May 1996. 2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES BASIS OF PRESENTATION The combined financial statements of the Company include the accounts of Rockwell Medical Supplies, L.L.C. and it's sister company Rockwell Transportation, L.L.C. which are entities under common control. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated. REVENUE RECOGNITION The Company recognizes revenue at the date of shipment. INVENTORY Inventory is stated at net realizable value, including raw material costs and excluding the conversion cost required to produce finished goods. Cost of sales for the period ended February 19, 1997 is calculated based on the material gross margin for the preceding twelve month period. PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT Property and equipment are recorded at cost. Expenditures for normal maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred. Property and equipment are depreciated using the straight line method over their useful life, which ranges from three to eight years. INCOME TAXES As a limited liability company, it was intended that the Company be classified as a partnership for federal income tax purposes and, as such, it was treated as a "pass-through" entity that was not subject to federal income tax. ESTIMATES IN PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. F-19 66 ROCKWELL MEDICAL SUPPLIES, L.L.C. AND ROCKWELL TRANSPORTATION, L.L.C. NOTES TO COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS -- (CONTINUED) LOSS PER SHARE The Company is a Limited Liability Corporation; accordingly loss per share information is not relevant. 3. SALE OF THE BUSINESS Effective February 19, 1997 the assets of the Company were sold to Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. (the "Successor Company"). Total purchase price for essentially all the operating assets was approximately $2.4 million excluding the assumption of certain liabilities. The Asset Purchase Agreement provided a cash payment at closing of $150,000 to the Sellers; payoff of the Notes Payable to Bank of $375,000; and the balance in the form of a promissory note of approximately $1.9 million payable to certain members of the Company. In May 1997, as provided in the Asset Purchase Agreement, a $500,000 cash payment was received on the promissory note. The remaining unpaid principal was converted to 8.5% Non-Voting Redeemable Series A Preferred Stock of the Successor Company, redeemable on or before January 31, 1998. One of the Members of the Company is a majority shareholder of the Successor Company and is employed as an Officer and Director of the Successor Company. SUBSEQUENT EVENT In accordance with the terms of the Asset Purchase Agreement, the Company and the Predecessor Company and its owners have agreed to a reduction in the purchase price for the Predecessor Company's business by $320,749 based on a provision in the Asset Purchase Agreement which provides for a dollar for dollar reduction in such purchase price to the extent that the net worth of the Predecessor Company at the closing date was below a target amount set forth in the Asset Purchase Agreement. The parties have cancelled 320,749 shares of Series A Preferred Stock in payment of such purchase price reduction. Goodwill has been reduced by the same amount. 4. INVENTORY Components of inventory are as follows:
FEBRUARY 19, DECEMBER 31, 1997 1996 ------------ ------------ Raw Material........................................ $204,329 $344,398 Finished Goods...................................... 122,818 61,304 -------- -------- Total.......................................... $327,147 $405,702 ======== ========
F-20 67 ROCKWELL MEDICAL SUPPLIES, L.L.C. AND ROCKWELL TRANSPORTATION, L.L.C. NOTES TO COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS -- (CONTINUED) 5. PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT Major classes of Property and Equipment, stated at cost, are as follows:
FEBRUARY 19, DECEMBER 31, 1997 1996 ------------ ------------ Machinery and Equipment............................. $ 580,875 $ 580,875 Office furniture and equipment...................... 109,562 109,562 Laboratory Equipment................................ 95,326 95,326 Vehicles, including trailers........................ 36,170 76,453 --------- --------- Total Cost..................................... 821,933 862,216 Accumulated Depreciation............................ (151,048) (133,659) --------- --------- Net Property and Equipment.......................... $ 670,885 $ 728,557 ========= =========
6. PAYABLE TO MEMBERS Payable to Members is comprised of obligations of the Company to certain Members of the Company who advanced operating funds to the Company during 1996 and 1995. 7. NOTES PAYABLE TO BANK The Company had a Master Demand Business Loan Note with National Bank of Detroit in the amount of $400,000, at the current prime rate, of which $375,000 was outstanding at December 31, 1996 and February 19, 1997. At December 31, 1996 and February 19, 1997 the bank's prime rate was 8.5%. The principal and interest amounts of the Note were paid in full in accordance with the Asset Purchase Agreement (See Note 3). This note was collateralized by the assets of the Company. 8. LEASES The Company leases a facility and certain equipment under operating leases. Lease payments were $339,790 and $50,439 for the year ended December 31, 1996 and the period ended February 19, 1997, respectively. Effective February 19, 1997 all leases relating to the operations of the Company were assigned to the Successor Company. F-21 68 ================================================================================ YOU SHOULD RELY ONLY ON THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS DOCUMENT. WE HAVE NOT AUTHORIZED ANYONE TO PROVIDE YOU WITH INFORMATION THAT IS DIFFERENT. THIS PROSPECTUS IS NOT AN OFFER TO SELL NOR IS IT SEEKING AN OFFER TO BUY THESE SECURITIES IN ANY STATE WHERE THE OFFER OR SALE IS NOT PERMITTED. NEITHER THE DELIVERY OF THIS PROSPECTUS NOR ANY SALE OF COMMON SHARES IMPLIES UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES THAT THERE HAS BEEN NO CHANGE IN THE CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE COMPANY OR THE FACTS DESCRIBED IN THIS PROSPECTUS SINCE THE DATE OF THIS PROSPECTUS. ------------------------ TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE ---- Additional Information................ 3 Prospectus Summary.................... 4 Risk Factors.......................... 8 Use of Proceeds....................... 16 Capitalization........................ 17 Dilution.............................. 18 Dividend Policy....................... 19 Management's Discussions and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations....................... 20 Business.............................. 23 Management............................ 29 Certain Transactions.................. 33 Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management.... 35 Description of Securities............. 36 Shares Eligible for Future Sale....... 40 Underwriting.......................... 42 Legal Matters......................... 45 Experts............................... 45 Index to Financial Statements......... F-1
------------------------ UNTIL FEBRUARY , 1998 (25 DAYS AFTER THE DATE OF THIS PROSPECTUS) ALL DEALERS EFFECTING TRANSACTIONS IN THE REGISTERED SECURITIES, WHETHER OR NOT PARTICIPATING IN THIS DISTRIBUTION, MAY BE REQUIRED TO DELIVER A PROSPECTUS. THIS IS IN ADDITION TO THE OBLIGATION OF DEALERS TO DELIVER A PROSPECTUS WHEN ACTING AS UNDERWRITERS AND WITH RESPECT TO THEIR UNSOLD ALLOTMENTS OR SUBSCRIPTIONS. ================================================================================ ================================================================================ ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. CONSISTING OF 1,800,000 COMMON SHARES AND 2,700,000 COMMON SHARE PURCHASE WARRANTS --------------------------- PROSPECTUS --------------------------- MASON HILL & CO., INC. J.W. BARCLAY CO., INC. January , 1998 ================================================================================ 69 PART II INFORMATION NOT REQUIRED IN PROSPECTUS ITEM 24. INDEMNIFICATION OF DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS Under Sections 561-571 of the Michigan Business Corporation Act, as amended, directors and officers of a Michigan corporation may be entitled to indemnification by the corporation against judgments, expenses, fines and amounts paid by the director or officer in settlement of claims brought against them by third persons or by or in the right of the corporation if those directors and officers acted in good faith and in a manner reasonably believed to be in, or not opposed to, the best interest of the corporation or its shareholders. The Registrant is obligated under its bylaws and an employment agreement with its chief executive officer to indemnify a present or former director or executive officer of the Registrant, and may indemnify any other person, to the fullest extent now or hereafter permitted by law in connection with any actual or threatened civil, criminal, administrative or investigative action, suit or proceeding arising out of their past or future service to the Registrant or a subsidiary, or to another organization at the request of the Registrant or a subsidiary. In addition, the Articles of Incorporation of the Company, as amended, limit certain personal liabilities of directors of the Company. Reference is also made to Section 6(b) of the Underwriting Agreement (a form of which is attached to this Registration Statement as Exhibit 1.1) with respect to undertakings to indemnify the Registrant, its directors and officers and each person who controls the Registrant within the meaning of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "Securities Act"), against certain civil liabilities, including certain liabilities under the Securities Act. The Registrant has obtained Directors' and Officers' liability insurance. The policy provides for $2,000,000 in coverage including prior acts dating to the Company's inception and liabilities under the Securities Act in connection with this Offering. ITEM 25. OTHER EXPENSES OF ISSUANCE AND DISTRIBUTION The following table sets forth the expenses (other than underwriting discounts and commissions) which will be paid by the Registrant in connection with the issuance and distribution of the securities being registered hereby. With the exception of the SEC registration fee and the NASD filing fee, all amounts indicated are estimates. SEC Registration fee........................................ $ 7,578 NASD filing fee............................................. 2,988 Nasdaq listing fee.......................................... 10,000 Underwriter non-accountable expense allowance............... 224,100 Underwriter advisory fee.................................... 125,000 Directors' and Officers' liability insurance................ 120,000 Printing expenses (other than stock certificates)........... 60,000 Printing and engraving of stock and warrant certificates.... 4,000 Legal fees and expenses (other than blue sky)............... 125,000 Accounting fees and expenses................................ 125,000 Blue sky fees and expenses (including legal and filing fees)..................................................... 35,000 Transfer Agent and Warrant Agent fees and expenses.......... 5,000 Miscellaneous............................................... 6,334 -------- Total.................................................. $850,000 ========
ITEM 26. RECENT SALES OF UNREGISTERED SECURITIES Since inception (October 25, 1996), the Company has sold securities to a limited number of persons, as described below. Except as indicated, there were no underwriters involved in the transactions and there were II-1 70 no underwriting discounts or commissions paid in connection therewith. Each purchaser of securities in each such transaction represented his or her intention to acquire the securities for investment only and not with a view to, or for sale in connection with, any distribution thereof and appropriate legends were affixed to the certificates for the securities issued in such transactions. All purchasers of securities in each such transaction had adequate access to information about the Company, and in the case of transactions exempt from registration under Section 4(2) of the Securities Act, were sophisticated investors. 1. In October 1996, in connection with the formation of the Company, the Company sold to Gary D. Lewis, Michael J. Xirinachs and Robert L. Chioini an aggregate of 2,000,000 Common Shares for an aggregate purchase price of $1,000. The Common Shares were sold in reliance upon the exemptions from registration contained in Section 4(2) of the Securities Act. 2. In February 1997, the Company sold to 16 accredited investors an aggregate of 495,000 Common Shares at a purchase price of $2.50 per share. The gross proceeds to the Company from such sales were $1,237,500 (including the discharge of a $25,000 debt owed to one of the investors). The Common Shares were sold in reliance upon the exemptions from registration contained in Sections 4(2) and 4(6) of the Securities Act and Rule 506 of Regulation D promulgated under Section 4(2) of the Securities Act ("Regulation D"). 3. In May through July 1997, the Company sold to 21 accredited investors an aggregate of 26 units, each unit consisting of 20,000 Common Shares and 20,000 Common Shares Purchase Warrants, at a price of $60,000 per unit (the "Second Prior Financing"), for gross proceeds of $1,560,000. The warrants are exercisable to purchase one Common Share each at any time during the three year period beginning one year after the Effective Date at $4.50 per share. In connection with the Second Prior Financing, the Company paid Maidstone Financial, Inc., as placement agent, selling commissions of $156,000, and a non-accountable expense allowance of $46,800. Each of the investors in the Second Prior Financing represented to the Company that such investor was an "accredited investor" (as defined in Rule 501(a) of Regulation D). The securities sold in the Second Prior Financing were sold in reliance upon the exemptions from registration contained in Section 4(2) and 4(6) of the Securities Act and Rule 506 of Regulation D. 4. In July 1997, the Company issued and sold to RMS of Michigan, L.L.C. (formerly known as Rockwell Medical Supplies, L.L.C., "Supply Company") 1,416,664 shares of Series A Preferred Stock at a purchase price of $1.00 per share, in consideration for the cancellation of a promissory note, issued by the Company in favor of Supply Company, which had an outstanding principal balance of $1,416,664. Such Series A Preferred Stock was issued and sold in reliance upon the exemption from registration contained in Section 4(2) of the Act. ITEM 27. EXHIBITS See Exhibit Index immediately preceding the exhibits. ITEM 28. UNDERTAKINGS (a) The undersigned small business issuer hereby undertakes that it will: (1) File, during any period in which it offers or sells securities, a post-effective amendment to this registration statement to: (i) Include any prospectus required by section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act; (ii) Reflect in the prospectus any facts or events which, individually or together, represent a fundamental change in the information set forth in the registrant statement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any increase or decrease in volume of securities offered (if the total dollar value of securities offered would not exceed that which was registered) and any deviation from the low or high end of the estimated maximum offering range may be reflected in the form of prospectus filed with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) if, II-2 71 in the aggregate, the changes in volume and price represent no more than a 20% change in the maximum aggregate offering price set forth in the "Calculation of Registration Fee" table in the effective registration statement; and (iii) Include any additional or changed material information on the plan of distribution. (2) For determining any liability under the Securities Act, treat each post-effective amendment as a new registration statement relating to the securities offered, and the offering of such securities at that time to be the initial bona fide offering. (3) File a post-effective amendment to remove from registration any of the securities that remain unsold at the end of the offering. (b) The undersigned small business issuer hereby undertakes that it will provide the Underwriter at the closing specified in the Underwriting Agreement certificates in such denominations and registered in such names as required by the Underwriter to permit prompt delivery to each purchaser. (c) Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act of 1933 (the "Securities Act") may be permitted to directors, officers and controlling persons of the small business issuer pursuant to the foregoing provisions, or otherwise, the small business issuer has been advised that in the opinion of the Securities and Exchange Commission such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Act and is, therefore, unenforceable. In the event that a claim for indemnification against such liabilities (other than the payment by the small business issuer of the expenses incurred or paid by a director, officer, or controlling person of the small business issuer in the successful defense of any action, suit or proceeding) is asserted by such director, officer or controlling person in connection with the securities being registered, the small business issuer will, unless in the opinion of its counsel the matter has been settled by controlling precedent, submit to a court of appropriate jurisdiction the question whether such indemnification by it is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and will be governed by the final adjudication of such issue. (d) The undersigned small business issuer will: (1) For determining any liability under the Securities Act, treat the information omitted from the form of prospectus filed as part of this registration statement in reliance upon Rule 430A and contained in a form of prospectus filed by the small business issuer under Rule 424(b)(1) or (4) or 497(h) under the Securities Act as part of this registration statement as of the time the Commission declared it effective. (2) For determining any liability under the Securities Act, treat each post-effective amendment that contains a form of prospectus as a new registration statement for the securities offered in the registration statement, and that offering of the securities at that time as the initial bona fide offering of those securities. II-3 72 SIGNATURES In accordance with the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, the Registrant certifies that it has reasonable grounds to believe that it meets all of the requirements for filing on Form SB-2 and authorized this Amendment No. 3 to Registration Statement to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, in the City of Wixom, State of Michigan, on January 22, 1998. ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (Registrant) By: /s/ ROBERT L. CHIOINI ------------------------------------ Robert L. Chioini President and Chief Executive Officer II-4 73 In accordance with the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, this Amendment No. 3 to Registration Statement has been signed by the following persons in the capacities and on the dates stated.
SIGNATURE TITLE DATE --------- ----- ---- /s/ ROBERT L. CHIOINI President, Chief Executive January 22, 1998 - --------------------------------------------- Officer and Director (Principal Robert L. Chioini Executive Officer) /s/ JAMES J. CONNOR Vice President of Finance, Chief January 22, 1998 - --------------------------------------------- Financial Officer, Treasurer and James J. Connor Secretary (Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer) /s/ GARY D. LEWIS Director January 22, 1998 - --------------------------------------------- Gary D. Lewis * Director January 22, 1998 - --------------------------------------------- Michael J. Xirinachs * Director January 22, 1998 - --------------------------------------------- Norman L. McKee
* By: /s/ ROBERT L. CHIOINI -------------------------------------- Robert L. Chioini Attorney-in-fact II-5 74 EXHIBIT INDEX
EXHIBIT DESCRIPTION ------- ----------- 1.1 Form of Underwriting Agreement 1.2 Form of Advisory and Investment Banking Agreement between the Registrant and Mason Hill & Co., Inc. 3(i).1* Articles of Incorporation of the Registrant 3(i).2* Certificate of Amendment to Articles of Incorporation of the Registrant 3(i).3* Certificate of Correction to Articles of Incorporation of the Registrant 3(i).4* Certificate of Amendment to Articles of Incorporation of the Registrant 3(ii)* Bylaws of the Registrant 4.1 Form of Warrant Agreement 4.2 Form of Underwriters Warrant Agreement 4.3 Specimen Common Share Certificate 4.4 Specimen Warrant Certificate 4.5* Form of Bridge Warrant 4.6* Registration Rights Agreement among the Registrant and the holders of the Bridge Warrants 4.7* Form of Lock-up Agreement 5.1 Opinion of Honigman Miller Schwartz and Cohn concerning the legality of the securities being offered 10.1* Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. 1997 Stock Option Plan 10.2* Employment Agreement dated as of February 19, 1997 between the Company and Robert L. Chioini 10.3* Consulting and Financial Advisory Services Agreement dated as of February 19, 1997 between the Company and Wall Street 10.4* Asset Purchase Agreement dated as of November 1, 1996 by and among the Predecessor Company, the Family Partnerships (as defined therein), the Members (as defined therein) and the Company (formerly known as Acquisition Partners, Inc.) 10.5* First Amendment to Asset Purchase Agreement dated as of January 31, 1997 by and among the Predecessor Company, the Family Partnerships, the Members and the Company (formerly known as Acquisition Partners, Inc.) 10.6* Second Amendment to Asset Purchase Agreement dated as of February 19, 1997 by and among the Predecessor Company, the Family Partnerships, the Members and the Company (formerly known as Acquisition Partners, Inc.) 10.7* Letter Agreement dated April 4, 1997 among the parties to the Asset Purchase Agreement concerning the conversion of the promissory note payable to the Supply Company 10.8* Share Pledge and Escrow Agreement dated as of July 22, 1997 among the Principal Shareholders, the Supply Company, the Company and Honigman Miller Schwartz and Cohn, as Escrow Agent 10.9* Lease Agreement dated as of September 5, 1995 between the Supply Company, as tenant, and Oakland Oaks, L.L.C., as landlord 10.10* Assignment and First Amendment to Wixom Building Lease dated as of February 19, 1997 among the Supply Company, as assignor, the Company, as assignee, and Oakland Oaks, L.L.C., as landlord 10.11 First Amendment to Share Pledge and Escrow Agreement dated as of November 21, 1997 among the Principal Shareholders, the Supply Company, the Company and Honigman Miller Schwartz and Cohn, as Escrow Agent
II-6 75
EXHIBIT DESCRIPTION ------- ----------- 10.12 Letter Agreement dated November 21, 1997 among the parties to the Asset Purchase Agreement to confirm the reduction of the purchase price of the Asset Purchase Agreement 21.1* List of Subsidiaries 23.1 Consent of Coopers & Lybrand L.L.P. 23.2 Consent of Honigman Miller Schwartz and Cohn (to be included in Exhibit 5.1 to this Registration Statement) 24.1* Power of Attorney 27.1* Financial Data Schedule for the Company 27.2* Financial Data Schedule for the Predecessor Companies 27.3* Financial Data Schedule for the Predecessor Companies
- ------------------ * Previously filed. II-7
   1
                                                                     EXHIBIT 1.1

   
    

                      ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

                             UNDERWRITING AGREEMENT




                                             New York, New York

   
                                             Dated:                , 1998
    





   
J.W. BARCLAY & CO., INC.
One Battery Park Plaza
New York, New York 10004
    


MASON HILL & CO., INC.
110 Wall Street
New York, New York 10005

Gentlemen:

   
     The undersigned, ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC., a Michigan
corporation (the "Company"), proposes to issue and sell to Mason Hill & Co.,
Inc. ("Mason Hill" or the "Representative") and J.W. Barclay & Co., Inc.
("J.W.") severally and not jointly (Mason Hill and J.W. are collectively
referred to as the "Underwriters")  pursuant to this Underwriting Agreement
("Agreement"), an aggregate of 1,800,000 shares of the Company's Common Stock
(the "Common Stock") at $4.00 per share and 2,700,000 warrants (the "Warrants")
to purchase shares of Common Stock at $.10 per Warrant.  The Warrants are 
exercisable to purchase one share of Common Stock, at any time commencing one
year from the date on which the Registration Statement (as defined in Section
1(a) hereof), shall have become or been declared effective (the "Effective
Date"), and ending on the fourth anniversary of the Effective Date.  The
Warrant exercise price, subject to adjustment as described in the agreement
providing for the Warrants (the "Warrant Agreement"), shall be $4.50 per share,
subject to adjustment as described in the Warrant Agreement.
    

     The shares of Common Stock and the Warrants will be separately
transferable 

   2

immediately upon issuance.  Commencing one year after the Effective Date,
the Warrants are subject to redemption by the Company at $0.10 per Warrant,
provided that (a) prior notice of not less than 30 days is given to the holders
of the Warrants (the "Warrantholders"), and (b) the closing bid price per share
of Common Stock, if traded on The NASDAQ Stock Market, or the last sale price
per share of Common Stock, if traded on a national exchange, for the 20
consecutive trading days ending on the third day prior to the date on which
notice of redemption is given, is in excess of $7.00.

   
     In addition, the Company proposes to grant to the Underwriters the
Over-Allotment Option (as defined in Section 2(c) hereof) to purchase all or
any part of an aggregate of 270,000 shares of Common Stock and 405,000
Warrants, and to issue to you the Underwriters' Warrant (as defined in Section
11 hereof) to purchase certain further additional shares of Common Stock and
Warrants.
    

   
     The aggregate of 1,800,000 shares of Common Stock  to be sold by the
Company, together with the aggregate of 270,000 additional shares of Common
Stock that are the subject of the Over-allotment Option, are herein
collectively called the "Shares."  The Shares and the Warrants (including the
Warrants subject to the Over-Allotment Option and the Warrants issuable upon
exercise of the Underwriters' Warrant), the shares of Common Stock issuable
upon exercise of the Warrants and the shares of Common Stock issuable upon
exercise of the Underwriters' Warrant, are herein collectively called the
"Securities."  The term "Underwriters' Counsel" shall mean the firm of Gersten,
Savage, Kaplowitz, & Fredericks, LLP, counsel to the Underwriters, and the term
"Company Counsel" shall mean the firm of Honigman Miller Schwartz and Cohn,
counsel to the Company.  Unless the context otherwise requires, all references
herein to a "Section" shall mean the appropriate Section of this Agreement.
    

     You have advised the Company that you desire to purchase the shares of
Common Stock and the Warrants as herein provided.  The Company confirms the
agreements made by it with respect to the purchase of the shares of Common
Stock and the Warrants by you, as follows:

   
        1.     REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF THE COMPANY.  The Company 
represents and warrants to, and agrees with, the Underwriters that:
    

   
                (a)     REGISTRATION STATEMENT; PROSPECTUS;  A registration 
statement (File No. 333-31991) on Form SB-2 relating to the public offering
of the Securities (the "Offering"), including a preliminary form of prospectus,
copies of which have heretofore been delivered to you, has been prepared by the
Company in conformity in all material respects with the requirements of the
Securities Act of 1933 (the "Act"), and the rules and regulations of the
Securities and Exchange Commission (the "Commission") promulgated thereunder
(the "Rules and Regulations"), and has been filed with the Commission under the
Act.  As used herein, the term "Preliminary Prospectus" shall mean each
prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 430 or Rule 424(a) of the Rules and
Regulations.  The Preliminary Prospectus bore the legend required by Item 501
of Regulation S-B under the Act and the Rules and Regulations.  Such
registration statement 
    


                                      2


   3

(including all financial statements, schedules and exhibits) as amended
at the time it becomes effective and the final prospectus included therein are
herein respectively called the "Registration Statement" and the "Prospectus,"
except that (i) if the prospectus filed by the Company pursuant to Rule 424(b)
or Rule 430A of the Rules and Regulations shall differ from such final
prospectus as then amended, then the term "Prospectus" shall instead mean the
prospectus first filed pursuant to said Rule 424(b) or Rule 430A, and (ii) if
such registration statement is amended or such prospectus is amended or
supplemented after the effective date of such registration statement and prior
to the Option Closing Date (as defined in Section 2(c) hereof), then (unless
the context necessarily requires otherwise) the term "Registration Statement"
shall include such registration statement as so amended, and the term
"Prospectus" shall include such prospectus as so amended or supplemented, as
the case may be.

   
                (b)     CONTENTS OF REGISTRATION STATEMENT.  On the Effective 
Date, and at all times subsequent thereto for so long as the delivery of
a prospectus is required in connection with the offering or sale of any of the
Securities, (i) the Registration Statement and the Prospectus shall in all
material respects conform to the requirements of the Act and the Rules and
Regulations, and (ii) neither the Registration Statement nor the Prospectus
shall include any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any
material fact required to be stated therein or necessary or make statements
therein in light of the circumstances in which they were made, not misleading;
provided, however, that the Company makes no representations, warranties or
agreements as to information contained in or omitted from the Registration
Statement or Prospectus in reliance upon, and in conformity with, written
information furnished to the Company by or on behalf of the Underwriters
specifically for use in the preparation thereof.  It is understood that the
statements set forth in the Prospectus with respect to stabilization, the
material set forth under the caption "UNDERWRITING," the information on the
cover page of the Prospectus regarding the underwriting arrangements and the
identity of the Underwriters' Counsel under the caption "LEGAL MATTERS," which
information the Underwriters hereby represents and warrants to the Company is
true and correct in all material respects and does not omit to state any
material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make statements
therein, in light of the circumstances in which they were made, not misleading,
constitute the only information furnished in writing by or on behalf of the
Underwriters for inclusion in the Registration Statement and Prospectus, as the
case may be.
    

   
     Except for the registration rights granted under the Underwriters'
Warrant, or as disclosed in the Prospectus, no holders of any securities of the
Company or of any options, warrants or convertible or exchangeable securities
of the Company exercisable for or convertible or exchangeable for securities of
the Company, have the right to include any securities issued by the Company in
the Registration Statement or any registration statement to be filed by the
Company.
    

   
                (c)     ORGANIZATION, STANDING, ETC.  The Company and Rockwell 
Transportation, Inc., the Company's wholly-owned subsidiary (the "Subsidiary"),
are each duly incorporated and validly exist as corporations in good standing
under the laws of their respective
    


                                      3


   4


   
jurisdictions of incorporation, with full power and corporate authority to
own their properties and conduct their business as described in the Prospectus,
and are duly qualified or licensed to do business as foreign corporations and
are in good standing in each other jurisdiction in which the nature of their
business or the character or location of their properties requires such
qualification, except where failure so to qualify will not have a material
adverse effect on the business, properties or financial condition of the Company
and the Subsidiary, taken as a whole.
    

   
                (d)     CAPITALIZATION.  The authorized, issued and 
outstanding capital stock of the Company as of the date of the Prospectus is
as set forth in the Prospectus under the caption "CAPITALIZATION".  The shares
of Common Stock issued and outstanding on the Effective Date have been duly
authorized, validly issued and are fully paid and non-assessable.  No options,
warrants or other rights to purchase, agreements or other obligations to issue,
or agreements or other rights to convert any obligation into, any shares of
capital stock of the Company or the Subsidiary have been granted or entered into
by the Company or the Subsidiary, except as expressly described in the
Prospectus.  The Securities conform in all material respects to all statements
relating thereto contained in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus.
    

   
                (e)     SECURITIES.  The Securities conform, or will conform 
when issued, in all material respects to all statements with respect thereto
contained in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus.  The Securities have
been duly authorized and, when issued and delivered against payment therefor
pursuant to this Agreement, the Warrant Agreement or the Underwriters' Unit
Purchase Option, as the case may be, will be duly authorized, validly issued,
fully paid and non-assessable and free of preemptive rights of any security
holder of the Company.  Neither the filing of the Registration Statement nor the
offering or sale of any of the Securities as contemplated by this Agreement
gives rise to any rights, other than those which have been waived or satisfied,
for or relating to the registration of any securities of the Company, except as
described in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus.
    

   
                (f)     AUTHORITY, ETC.  This Agreement, the Warrant Agreement, 
the Underwriters' Warrant Agreement, and the Financial Consulting
Agreement (as hereinafter defined), have been duly and validly authorized,
executed and delivered by the Company and, assuming due execution of this
Agreement and such other agreements by the other party or parties hereto and
thereto, constitute valid and binding obligations of the Company enforceable
against the Company in accordance with their respective terms, except as may be
limited by bankruptcy, reorganization, insolvency, moratorium or other similar
laws relating to or affecting the enforcement of creditors' rights generally,
and subject to general principles of equity, regardless of whether considered in
a proceeding at law or in equity, and except for the indemnity and contribution
provisions contained in this Agreement.  The Company has full corporate power
and authority to authorize, issue and sell the Securities and the Underwriters'
Warrant on the terms and conditions set forth herein.  All consents, approvals,
authorizations and orders of any court or governmental authority which are
required in connection with the authorization, execution and delivery of such
agreements, the authorization, issue and sale of the Securities and the
Underwriters' Warrant, and the consummation of the transactions contemplated
hereby have been 
    

                                      4

                                       
   5
   
obtained, except such as may be required under the Act, the Securities Exchange
Act of 1934, as amended, the rules of the National Association of Securities
Dealers, Inc. or state securities laws.
    

   
                (g)     NO CONFLICT.  The consummation of the transactions 
hereby contemplated and fulfillment of the terms of this Agreement will not
conflict with or result in a breach of, any of the terms or provisions of, or
constitute a default under, or result in the creation or imposition of any lien,
charge or encumbrance pursuant to the terms of, any contract, indenture,
mortgage, deed of trust, loan agreement or other material agreement or
instrument to which the Company or the Subsidiary is a party or by which the
Company or the Subsidiary may be bound or to which any of the property or assets
of the Company or the Subsidiary are subject, nor will such action result in any
violation of the provisions of the Articles of Incorporation or the By-laws of
the Company, or the articles of incorporation or by-laws of the Subsidiary, or
any statute, order, rule or regulation applicable to the Company or the
Subsidiary, or of any court or of any regulatory authority or other governmental
body having jurisdiction over the Company or the Subsidiary.
    

   
                (h)     ASSETS.  Subject to the qualifications stated in the 
Prospectus:  (i) the Company and the Subsidiary, as the case may be, has good
and marketable title to all properties and assets described in the Prospectus as
owned by it, free and clear of all liens, charges, encumbrances or title
restrictions, except such as do not materially affect the value of such
properties or assets and do not materially interfere with the use made or
proposed to be made of such assets or properties by the Company or the
Subsidiary or are not materially significant or important in relation to the
business of the Company or the Subsidiary, as the case may be; and (ii) all of
the material leases and subleases under which the Company or the Subsidiary is
the lessor or sublessor of properties or assets or under which the Company or
the Subsidiary hold properties or assets as lessee or sublessee, as described in
the Prospectus, are in full force and effect and, except for the non-payment of
lease payments for periods not to exceed 60 days beyond the applicable due date
or as described in the Prospectus, neither the Company nor the Subsidiary is in
default in any material respect with respect to any of the material terms or
provisions of any of such leases or subleases, and no claim has been asserted by
any party adverse to the rights of the Company or the Subsidiary as lessor,
sublessor, lessee or sublessee under any such lease or sublease, or affecting or
questioning the right of the Company or the Subsidiary to continued possession
of the leased or subleased premises or assets under any such lease or sublease,
except as described or referred to in the Prospectus.
    

     The outstanding debt, the property and the business of the Company
conforms in all material respects to the descriptions thereof contained in the
Registration Statement and Prospectus.

   
                (i)     INDEPENDENT ACCOUNTANTS.  Coopers & Lybrand, L.L.P., 
who have given their report on certain financial statements filed or to be
filed with the Commission as a part of the Registration Statement, and which are
included in the Prospectus, are with respect to the Company, independent public
accountants as required by the Act and the Rules and Regulations. 
    

                                      5


   6



   
                (j)     FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.  The consolidated financial
statements, together with related notes, set forth in the Registration Statement
and the Prospectus present fairly the consolidated financial position, results
of operations, changes in stockholders' equity and cash flows of the Company and
the Subsidiary on the basis stated in the Registration Statement, at the
respective dates and for the respective periods to which they apply, subject, in
the covered interim statements, to year-end adjustments and the lack of complete
interim footnotes.  Such financial statements and related notes have been
prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles applied on
a consistent basis throughout the entire period involved, except to the extent
disclosed therein and, with respect to the interim statements, subject to
year-end adjustments and the lack of complete interim footnotes.
    

   
                (k)     NO MATERIAL CHANGE.  Except as otherwise set forth in
the Prospectus, subsequent to the date of the latest financial statements
included in the Prospectus, neither the Company nor the Subsidiary has:  (i)
incurred any liability or obligation, direct or contingent, or entered into any
transaction, which is material to its business; (ii) effected or experienced
any change in its capital stock or incurred any long-term debt; (iii) issued
any options, warrants or other rights to acquire its capital stock; (iv)
declared, paid or made any dividend or distribution of any kind on its capital
stock; or (v) effected or experienced any material adverse change, or
development involving a known prospective material adverse change, in its
financial position, net worth, results of operations, business or business
prospects, assets or properties.
    

   
                (l)     LITIGATION.  Except as set forth in the Prospectus, 
there is not now pending any action, suit or proceeding (including any
related to environmental matters or discrimination on the basis of age, sex,
religion or race), whether or not in the ordinary course of business, to which
the Company or the Subsidiary is a party or its business or property is subject,
before or by any court or governmental authority, which, if determined adversely
to the Company or the Subsidiary, would have a material adverse effect on the
financial position, net worth, or results of operations, business or business
prospects, assets or property of the Company and the Subsidiary, taken as a
whole; and no labor disputes involving the employees of the Company or the
Subsidiary exist which would affect materially adversely the business, property,
financial position or results of operations of the Company and the Subsidiary,
taken as a whole.
    

   
                (m)     EMPLOYEE AND INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR MATTERS.  
The Company and the Subsidiary have generally enjoyed satisfactory
employer/employee relationships with their respective employees and are in
compliance in all material respects with all Federal, state and local laws and
regulations, including but not limited to, applicable tax laws and
regulations, respecting the employment of their respective employees and
employment practices, terms and conditions of employment and wages and hours
relating thereto, except where failure to so comply would not reasonably be
expected to effect materially adversely the business, property, financial
position or results of operations of the Company and the Subsidiary taken as a
whole.  To the knowledge of the Company or the Subsidiary, there are no pending
investigations involving the Company or the Subsidiary by the U.S. Department
of Labor or corresponding foreign agency, or any other governmental agency
responsible for the enforcement of such Federal, state or local laws and
    


                                      6

                                       
   7
   
regulations.  To the knowledge of the Company or the Subsidiary, there are no
unfair labor practice charges or complaints against the Company or the
Subsidiary pending before the National Labor Relations Board or corresponding
foreign agency or, to the knowledge of the Company and the Subsidiary, any
strikes, picketing, boycotts, slowdowns or stoppages pending against the
Company or the Subsidiary, and none has occurred.  No representation question
exists respecting the employees of the Company or the Subsidiary.  No
collective bargaining agreements or modifications thereof are currently in
effect or being negotiated by the Company or the Subsidiary and their
respective employees.  No grievance or arbitration proceeding is pending under
any expired or existing collective bargaining agreements of the Company or the
Subsidiary.
    

     Neither the Company nor the Subsidiary: (i) maintain nor have maintained,
sponsored or contributed to any program or arrangement that is an "employee
pension benefit plan," an "employee welfare benefit plan" or a "multi-employer
plan" as such terms are defined in Sections 3(2), 3(1) and 3(37), respectively
of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended ("ERISA"),
except for the Stock Option Plan described in the Prospectus; (ii) presently
maintain or contribute nor at any time in the past, have they maintained or
contributed to a defined benefit plan, as defined in Section 3(35) of ERISA; or
(iii) has ever completely or partially withdrawn from a "multi-employer plan."

   
    

                (n)     NO UNLAWFUL PROSPECTUSES.  The Company has not 
distributed any prospectus or other offering material in connection with
the Offering contemplated herein, other than any Preliminary Prospectus, the
Prospectus or other material permitted by the Act and the Rules and Regulations.

   
                (o)     TAXES.  Except as disclosed in the Prospectus, the 
Company and the Subsidiary have filed all necessary federal, state, local and
foreign income and franchise tax returns and has paid all taxes shown as due
thereon on or before the date such taxes are due to be paid, except where the
failure to file such tax returns or pay such taxes would not reasonably be
expected to have a material adverse effect on the financial position, net worth,
results of operations, business or business prospects, assets or properties of
the Company and the Subsidiary, taken as a whole; and there is no tax deficiency
which has been asserted against the Company or the Subsidiary.
    

   
                (p)     LICENSES, ETC.  The Company and the Subsidiary have in 
effect allnecessary licenses, permits and other governmental authorizations 
currently required for the conduct of its business or the ownership of its
property, as described in the Prospectus, and is in all material respects in
compliance therewith.  To the knowledge of the Company, none of the activities
or business of the Company or the Subsidiary is in violation of, or would cause
the Company or the Subsidiary to violate, any law, rule, regulation or order of
the United States, any country, state, county or locality, the violation of
which would have a material adverse effect upon the financial position, net
worth, results of operations, business  or business prospects, assets or
property of the Company and the Subsidiary, taken as a whole.
    


                                      7


   8

   
                (q)     NO PROHIBITED PAYMENTS.  Neither the Company, the 
Subsidiary, nor, to the knowledge of the Company or the Subsidiary, any of their
respective employees or officers or directors, agents or any other person acting
at the direction of the Company or the Subsidiary has, directly or indirectly,
contributed or agreed to contribute any money, gift or similar benefit (other
than legal price concessions to customers in the ordinary course of business) to
any customer, supplier, employee or agent of a customer, supplier, or official
or governmental agency or instrumentality of any government (domestic or
foreign) or any political party or candidate for office (domestic or foreign) or
other person who was, is, or may be in a position to help or hinder the business
of the Company or the Subsidiary (or assist it in connection with any actual or
proposed transaction) which (i) could reasonably be expected to subject the
Company or the Subsidiary to any material damage or penalty in any civil,
criminal or governmental litigation or proceeding, (ii) if not given in the
past, could reasonably be expected to have had a materially adverse effect on
the assets, business or operations of the Company or the Subsidiary as reflected
in any of the financial statements contained in the Prospectus, or (iii) if not
continued in the future, could reasonably be expected to materially adversely
affect the assets, business, operations or prospects of the Company or the
Subsidiary.  The Company's internal accounting controls and procedures are
sufficient to cause the Company to comply in all material respects with the
Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended.
    

   
                (r)     TRANSFER TAXES.  On the Closing Dates (as defined in 
Section 2(d) hereof), all transfer and other taxes (including franchise,
capital stock and other taxes, other than income taxes, imposed by any
jurisdiction), if any, which are required to be paid in connection with the sale
and transfer of the Securities to the Underwriters hereunder shall have been
fully paid or provided for by the Company, and all laws imposing such taxes
shall have been fully complied with.
    

   
                (s)     EXHIBITS.  All contracts and other documents of the 
Company or the Subsidiary described in the Registration Statement or the
Prospectus or to be filed as exhibits to the Registration Statement, have been
described in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus or filed with the
Commission, as required under the Rules and Regulations.
    

                (t)     SUBSIDIARIES.  Rockwell Medical Transportation, Inc. 
is the Company's only subsidiary and is wholly-owned by the Company.

                (u)     SHAREHOLDER AGREEMENTS, REGISTRATION RIGHTS.  Except 
as described in the Prospectus, no security holder of the Company has any
rights with respect to the purchase, sale or registration of any Securities, and
all registration rights with respect to the Offering have been waived.

                (v)     NO STABILIZATION OR MANIPULATION.  Neither the Company 
nor, to the Company's knowledge, any of its officers or directors or any of
its employees or stockholders, have taken and will not take, directly or
indirectly, any action designed to cause or result in, or which has constituted
or which might reasonably be expected to constitute, under the Exchange 


                                      8


   9


Act or otherwise, the stabilization or manipulation of the price of the Common
Stock to facilitate the sale or resale of the Securities.

   
                (w)     NO FINDERS.  Except as described in the Prospectus and 
amounts previously paid to Maidstone Financial, Inc., to the knowledge of
the Company or the Subsidiary, there are no claims, payments, issuances,
arrangements or understandings for services in the nature of a finder's or
origination fee with respect to the sale of the Securities hereunder or any
other arrangements, agreements, understandings, commitments, payments or
issuances of securities with respect to the Company that may affect the
Underwriters' compensation, as determined by the National Association of
Securities Dealers, Inc. ("NASD").
    

   
                (x)     Intentionally left blank.
    

   
                (y)     Intentionally left blank.
    

                (aa)    NO ADVERSE EFFECT OF TRANSACTION CONTEMPLATED HEREBY.  
Neither the completion of the Offering nor any of the transactions
contemplated herein or in the Prospectus, including but not limited to the
issuance of any of the Securities, will result in  a "change of control" or the
loss of, or have any adverse effect on, the maintenance in good standing of the
Company's licenses.

        2.      PURCHASE, DELIVERY AND SALE OF SECURITIES

   
                (a)     PURCHASE PRICE FOR SECURITIES.  The Securities shall be 
sold to and purchased by the Underwriters at the purchase price of $3.64 per
share of Common Stock and $.091 per Warrant (that being the public offering
price of $4.00 per share of Common Stock and $.10 per Warrant less an
underwriting discount of 9 percent) (the "Purchase Price").
    

                (b)     FIRM SECURITIES.

   
                        (i) Subject to the terms and conditions of this 
Agreement, and on the basis of the representations, warranties and agreements
herein contained, the Company agrees to issue and sell to the Underwriters, and
the Underwriters, agrees to buy from the Company at the Purchase Price the
Common Stock and the Warrants (the "Firm Securities").
    

   
                        (ii) Delivery of the Firm Securities against payment 
therefor shall take place at the offices of Mason Hill & Co., Inc., 110
Wall Street, New York, New York 10005 (or at such other place as may be
designated by agreement between you and the Company) at 10:00 a.m., New York
Time, on          , 1998, or at such later time and date, not later than three 
business days after the Effective Date, as you may designate (such time and
date of payment and delivery for the Firm Securities being herein called the
"First Closing Date"). Time shall be of the essence and delivery of the Firm
Securities at the time and place specified in this Section 2(b)(ii) is a
further condition to the obligations of the Underwriters hereunder.
    




                                      9

   10


                (c)     OPTION SECURITIES.

                        (i) In addition, subject to the terms and conditions 
of this Agreement, and on the basis of the representations, warranties and
agreements herein contained, the Company hereby grants to Mason Hill an option
(the "Over-Allotment Option"), to purchase from the Company all or any part of
an additional 270,000 shares of Common Stock and/or 405,000 Warrants at the
Purchase Price (the "Option Securities").

   
                        (ii) Subject to the terms and conditions of this 
Agreement, the  Over-Allotment Option may be exercised by Mason Hill, in whole
or in part, within forty-five days after the Effective Date, upon written
notice by Mason Hill to the Company advising it of the number of Option
Securities as to which the Over-Allotment Option is being exercised, the names
and denominations in which the certificates for the Shares and the Warrants are
to be registered, and the time and date when such certificates are to be
delivered.  Such time and date shall be determined by you but shall not be less
than two nor more than ten business days after exercise of the Over-Allotment
Option, nor in any event prior to the First Closing Date (such time and date
being herein called the "Option Closing Date").  Delivery of the Option
Securities against payment therefor shall take place at Mason Hill's offices. 
Time shall be of the essence and delivery at the time and place specified in
this Section 2(c)(ii) is a further condition to the obligations of the
Underwriters hereunder.
    

   
                        (iii) The Over-Allotment may be exercised only to 
cover over-allotments in the sale by the Underwriters of Firm Securities.
    

                (d)     DELIVERY OF CERTIFICATES; PAYMENT.

   
                        (i) The Company shall make the certificates for the 
Shares and the Warrants to be purchased hereunder available to you for
checking at least two full business days prior to the First Closing Date or the
Option Closing Date (each, a "Closing Date"), as the case may be.  The
certificates shall be in such names and denominations as you may request at
least two business days prior to the relevant Closing Date.  Time shall be of
the essence and the availability of the certificates at the time and place
specified in this Section 2(d)(i) is a further condition to the obligations of
the Underwriters hereunder.
    

   
                        (ii)  On the First Closing Date the Company shall 
deliver to you for the account of the Underwriters definitive engraved
certificates in negotiable form representing all of the Shares and the Warrants
to be sold by the Company, against payment of the Purchase Price therefor by
you for the several account of the Underwriters, by certified or bank cashier's
checks payable in New York Clearing House (next day) funds to the order of the
Company.
    

                        (iii)  In addition, if and to the extent that Mason 
Hill exercises the Over-Allotment Option, then on the Option Closing Date
the Company shall deliver to you for the account of Mason Hill or its designees
definitive engraved certificates in negotiable form 



                                     10


   11

   
representing the Shares and the Warrants to be sold by the Company, against
payment of the Purchase Price therefor by Mason Hill for the account of Mason
Hill or its designees, by certified or bank cashier's checks payable in New
York Clearing House (next day) funds to the order of the Company.
    

   
                     (iv) It is understood that the Underwriters propose to 
offer the Shares and Warrants to be purchased hereunder to the public,
upon the terms and conditions set forth in the Registration Statement, after
the Registration Statement becomes effective.
    

   
        3     COVENANTS OF THE COMPANY.  The Company covenants and agrees with
the Underwriters that:
    

              (a)     REGISTRATION.

   
                      (i) The Company shall use its best efforts to cause the 
Registration Statement to become effective and, upon notification from the
Commission that the Registration Statement has become effective, shall so
advise you and shall not at any time, whether before or after the Effective
Date, file any amendment to the Registration Statement or any amendment or
supplement to the Prospectus of which you shall not previously have been
advised and furnished with a copy, or to which you or Underwriters' Counsel
shall have reasonably objected in writing, or which is not in compliance in all
material respects with the Act and the Rules and Regulations.
    

                      (ii) Promptly after you or the Company shall have been 
advised thereof, you shall advise the Company or the Company shall advise
you, as the case may be, and confirm such advice in writing, of (A) the receipt
of any comments of the Commission, (B) the effectiveness of any post-effective
amendment to the Registration Statement, (C) the filing of any supplement to
the Prospectus or any amended Prospectus, (D) any request made by the
Commission for amendment of the Registration Statement or amendment or
supplementing of the Prospectus, or for additional information with respect
thereto, or (E) the issuance by the Commission or any state or regulatory body
of any stop order or other order denying or suspending the effectiveness of
the Registration Statement, or preventing or suspending the use of any
Preliminary Prospectus, or suspending the qualification of the Securities for
offering in any jurisdiction, or otherwise preventing or impairing the
Offering, or the institution or threat of any proceeding for any of such
purposes.  The Company and you shall not acquiesce in such order or proceeding,
and shall instead actively defend such order or proceeding, unless the Company
and you agree in writing to such acquiescence.

   
                      (iii)  The Company has caused to be delivered to you 
copies of each Preliminary Prospectus, and the Company has consented and
hereby consents to the use of such copies for the purposes permitted by the
Act.  The Company authorizes the Underwriters and selected dealers to use the
Prospectus in connection with the sale of the Shares and Warrants for such
period as in the opinion of Underwriters' Counsel the use thereof is required
to comply with
    



                                     11


   12

   
the applicable provisions of the Act and the Rules and Regulations.  In
case of the happening, at any time within such period as the Prospectus is
required under the Act to be delivered in connection with sales by an
Underwriters or dealer of securities, of any event of which the Company has
knowledge and which materially affects the Company or the Securities, or which
in the opinion of Company Counsel or of Underwriters' Counsel should be set
forth in an amendment to the Registration Statement or an amendment or
supplement to the Prospectus in order to make the statement made therein not
then misleading, in light of the circumstances existing at the time the
Prospectus is required to be delivered to a purchaser of the Shares and
Warrants, or in case it shall be necessary to amend or supplement the
Prospectus to comply with the Act or the Rules and Regulations, the Company
shall notify you promptly and forthwith prepare and furnish to the Underwriters
copies of such amended Prospectus or of such supplement to be attached to the
Prospectus, in such quantities as you may reasonably request, in order that the
Prospectus, as so amended or supplemented, shall not contain any untrue
statement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact necessary in
order to make the statements in the Prospectus, in the light of the
circumstances under which they are made, not misleading.  The preparation and
furnishing of each such amendment to the Registration Statement, amended
Prospectus or supplement to be attached to the Prospectus shall be without
expense to the Underwriters, except that in the case that the Underwriters are
required, in connection with the sale of the shares of Common Stock and
Warrants, to deliver a prospectus nine months or more after the Effective Date,
the Company shall upon your request and at the expense of the Underwriters,
amend the Registration Statement and amend or supplement the Prospectus, or
file a new registration statement, if necessary, and furnish the Underwriters
with reasonable quantities of prospectuses complying with section 10(a)(3) of
the Act.
    

   
                      (iv)   The Company will deliver to you at or before the 
First Closing Date two signed copies of the Registration Statement
including all financial statements and exhibits filed therewith and not
incorporated by reference, and of all amendments thereto.  The Company will
deliver to or upon your order, from time to time until the Effective Date as
many copies of any Preliminary Prospectus filed with the Commission prior to
the Effective Date as the Underwriters may reasonably request.  The Company
will deliver to you on the Effective Date and thereafter for so long as a
Prospectus is required to be delivered under the Act, from time to time,
as many copies of the Prospectus, in final form, or as thereafter amended or
supplemented, as the Underwriters may from time to time reasonably request.
    

                      (v)  The Company shall comply with the Act, the Rules and 
Regulations, and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the "Exchange Act"),
and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder in connection with the
offering and issuance of the Securities in all material respects.

   
                (b)   BLUE SKY.  The Company shall, at its own expense, 
cooperate with the Underwriterss and Underwriters' Counsel to qualify or
register the Securities for sale (or obtain an exemption from registration)
under the securities or "blue sky" laws of such jurisdictions as you may
reasonably designate, and shall complete such applications and furnish such 
    



                                     12

                                      
   13

   
information to Underwriters' Counsel as may be required for that purpose, and
shall comply in all material respects with such laws; provided, however, that
the Company shall not be required to qualify as a foreign corporation or a
dealer in securities or to execute a general consent to service of process in
any jurisdiction in any action other than one arising out of the offering or
sale of the Shares and Warrants.  The Company shall bear all of the expense of
such qualifications and registrations, including without limitation the legal
fees and disbursements of Underwriters' Counsel, which fees, exclusive of
disbursements, shall not exceed $35,000 (unless otherwise agreed) of which
$10,000 has been paid.  After each Closing Date the Company shall, at its own
expense, from time to time prepare and file such statements and reports as may
be required to continue each such qualification (or maintain such exemption from
registration) in effect for so long a period as required by law, regulation or
administrative policy in connection with the offering of the Securities.
    

        (c)     EXCHANGE ACT REGISTRATION.  The Company shall at its own 
expense, prepare and file with the Commission a registration statement
(on Form 8-A or Form 10) under section 12 of the Exchange Act, and shall use its
best efforts to cause such registration statement to be declared effective by
the Commission on an accelerated basis on the Effective Date and maintained in
effect for at least five years from the Effective Date.

   
        (d)     PROSPECTUS COPIES.  The Company shall deliver to you on or 
before the First Closing Date a copy of the Registration Statement
including all financial statements, schedules and exhibits filed therewith and
not incorporated by reference, and of all amendments thereto.  The Company shall
deliver to or on the order of the Underwriters, from time to time until the
Effective Date, as many copies of any Preliminary Prospectus filed with the
Commission prior to the Effective Date as the Underwriters may reasonably
request.  The Company shall deliver to the Underwriters on the Effective Date,
and thereafter for so long as a prospectus is required to be delivered under the
Act, from time to time, as many copies of the Prospectus, in final form, or as
thereafter amended or supplemented, as the Underwriters may from time to time
reasonably request.
    

   
        (e)     AMENDMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTS.  The Company shall, promptly upon 
your request, prepare and file with the Commission any amendments to the
Registration Statement, and any amendments or supplements to the Preliminary
Prospectus or the Prospectus, and take any other action which in the reasonable
opinion of Underwriters' Counsel and Company Counsel may be reasonably necessary
or advisable in connection with the distribution of the Securities, and shall
use its best efforts to cause the same to become effective as promptly as
possible.
    

        (f)     CERTAIN MARKET PRACTICES.  The Company has not taken, and 
shall not take, directly or indirectly, any action designed, or which might
reasonably be expected, to cause or result in, or which has constituted, the
stabilization or manipulation of the price of the Securities to facilitate the
sale or resale thereof.

        (g)     CERTAIN REPRESENTATIONS.  Neither the Company nor any 


                                      13


   14

   
representative of the Company has made or shall make any written or oral
representation in connection with the Offering and sale of the Securities or the
Underwriters' Warrant which is not contained in the Prospectus, which is
otherwise inconsistent with or in contravention of anything contained in the
Prospectus, or which shall constitute a violation of the Act, the Rules and
Regulations, the Exchange Act or the rules and regulations promulgated under the
Exchange Act.
    

   
        (h)     CONTINUING REGISTRATION OF WARRANTS AND UNDERLYING COMMON 
STOCK.  For so  long as any Warrant is outstanding, the Company shall, at its
own expense: (i) use its reasonable best efforts to cause post-effective
amendments to the Registration Statement, or new registration statements
relating to the Warrants and the Common Stock underlying the Warrants to become
effective in compliance with the Act and without any lapse of time between the
effectiveness of the Registration Statement and of any such post-effective
amendment or new registration statement; provided, however, that the Company
shall have no obligation to maintain the effectiveness of such Registration
Statement or file a new Registration Statement, or to keep available a
prospectus at any time at which such registration or prospectus is not then
required; (ii) cause a copy of each Prospectus, as then amended, to be delivered
to each holder of record of a Warrant; (iii) furnish to the Underwriters and
dealers as many copies of each such Prospectus as the Underwriters or dealers
may reasonably request; and (iv) use its reasonable best efforts to maintain the
"blue sky" qualification or registration of the Warrants and the Common Stock
underlying the Warrants, or have a currently available exemption therefrom, in
each jurisdiction in which the Securities were so qualified or registered for
purposes of the Offering.
    

        (i)     USE OF PROCEEDS.  The Company shall apply the net proceeds from 
the sale of the shares of Common Stock and Warrants substantially for the
purposes set forth in the Prospectus under the caption "USE OF PROCEEDS," and
shall file such reports with the Commission with respect to the sale of the
shares of Common Stock and Warrants and the application of the proceeds
therefrom as may be required pursuant to Rule 463 of the Rules and Regulations.

        (j)     TWELVE MONTHS' EARNINGS STATEMENT.  The Company shall make 
generally available to its security holders and deliver to you as soon as
it is practicable so to do, but in no event later than ninety days after the end
of twelve months after the close of its current fiscal quarter, an earnings
statement (which need not be audited) covering a period of at least twelve
consecutive months beginning after the Effective Date, which shall satisfy the
requirements of section 11(a) of the Act.

   
        (k)     NASDAQ EXCHANGE LISTINGS, ETC.  The Company shall 
immediately make all filings required to seek approval for the quotation of
the Securities on the NASDAQ SmallCap Market ("NASDAQ") and shall use its best
efforts to effect and maintain such approval for at least five years 
from the Effective Date.  Within 10 days after the Effective Date, the
Company shall also use its best efforts to list itself, on an expedited basis,
in Moody's OTC Industrial Manual, Standard and Poor's Corporation Descriptions
or other recognized securities manuals acceptable to the Underwriters and to
cause such listing to be maintained for five years 
    

                                      14


   15


from the Effective Date.

   
        (l)     BOARD OF DIRECTORS.  For a period of three (3) years after the 
First Closing Date, the Company shall nominate and use its reasonable best
efforts to engage a designee of Mason Hill as a nonvoting advisor to the
Company's Board of Directors (the "Advisor") or, in lieu thereof, to designate
an individual for election as a director, in which case the Company shall use
its reasonable best efforts to have such individual elected as a director.  The
designee may be a director, officer, partner, employee or affiliate of an
Underwriters, and Mason Hill shall designate such person in writing to the
Board; provided, however, such person shall be reasonably satisfactory to the
Company.  In the event Mason Hill shall not have designated such individual at
the time of any meeting of the Board or such person is unavailable to serve, the
Company shall notify Mason Hill of each meeting of the Board.  An individual, if
any, designated by Mason Hill shall receive all notices and other correspondence
and communications sent by the Company to members of the Board.  Such Advisor
shall be entitled to receive reimbursement for all reasonable costs incurred in
attending such meetings including, but not limited to, food, lodging, and
transportation.  In addition, such Advisor shall be entitled to the same
compensation as the Company gives to other non-employee directors for acting in
such capacity.  The Company further agrees that, during said three (3) year
period, it shall schedule no less than four (4) formal and "in person" meetings
of its Board of Directors in each such year at which meetings such Advisor shall
be permitted to attend as set forth herein; said meetings shall be held
quarterly each year and thirty (30) days advance notice of such meetings shall
be given to the Advisor.  Further, during such three (3) year period, the
Company shall give notice to Mason Hill with respect to any proposed material
acquisitions, mergers, reorganizations or other similar transactions.
    

   
     The Company agrees to indemnify and hold harmless the Underwriters and the
Advisor against any and all claims, actions, damages, costs and expenses, and
judgments arising solely out of the attendance and participation of the Advisor
at any such meeting described herein.  In the event the Company maintains a
liability insurance policy affording coverage for the acts of its officers
and directors, it agrees, if possible and without undue additional expense, to
include the Advisor as an insured under such policy.
    

   
                (m)     PERIODIC REPORTS.  For so long as the Company is a 
reporting company under section 12(g) or section 15(d) of the Exchange Act, the
Company shall, at its own expense, hold an annual meeting of stockholders for
the election of directors within 180 days after the end of each of the Company's
fiscal years and, within 150 days after the end of each of the Company's fiscal
years, furnish to its stockholders an annual report (including financial
statements audited by certified public accountants) in reasonable detail.  In
addition, during the period ending five years from the date hereof, the Company
shall, at its own expense, furnish to you:  (i) within 90 days of the end of
each fiscal year, a balance sheet of the Company and the Subsidiary as at the
end of such fiscal year, together with statements of income, stockholders'
equity and cash flows of the Company and the Subsidiary as at the end of such
fiscal year, all in reasonable detail and accompanied by a copy of the
certificate or report thereon of certified public accountants; (ii) as soon as
they are available, a copy of all reports (financial or otherwise) distributed
to security 
    



                                      15


   16

holders; (iii) as soon as they are available, a copy of all non-confidential
reports and financial statements furnished to or filed with the Commission; and
(iv) such other information as you may from time to time reasonably request. 
The financial statements referred to herein shall be on a consolidated basis to
the extent the accounts of the Company and the Subsidiary are consolidated in
reports furnished to its stockholders generally.

   
                (n)     FORM S-8 REGISTRATIONS.  For a period of two years 
following the First Closing Date, the Company shall not, without Mason
Hill's prior written consent, register or otherwise facilitate the registration
of any of its securities issuable upon the exercise of options, warrants (other
than up to 450,000 options issued pursuant to the Company's Stock Option Plan,
the Warrants and the Underwriters' Warrant) or other rights, whether by means of
a Registration Statement on Form S-8 or otherwise.
    

   
                (o)     FUTURE SALES.  For a period of two years following the 
First Closing Date, the Company shall not, without Mason Hill's prior
written consent, sell or otherwise dispose of any securities of the Company,
including but not limited to the issuance of any Common Stock, and the granting
of any options or warrants (other than up to 450,000 options issued pursuant to
the Company's Stock Option Plan.  Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Company may
at any time issue shares of Common Stock pursuant to the exercise of the
Warrants, the Underwriters' Warrant, the Warrants underlying the Underwriters'
Warrant and options, warrants or conversion rights issued and outstanding on the
Effective Date and described in the Prospectus.
    

                (p)     REGULATION S SALES.  For a period of two years 
following the First Closing Date, the Company shall not issue or sell any
securities pursuant to Regulation S of the Rules and Regulations under the Act,
without Mason Hill's prior written consent.

   
                (q)     AGREEMENTS WITH STOCKHOLDERS, DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS.  
The Company shall cause each of the Company's existing stockholders,    
directors and corporate officers to enter into written agreements with Mason
Hill (the "Lock-up Agreements") prior to the Effective Date, that, for a period
of thirteen months from the Effective Date, they will not, without the consent
of Mason Hill, (i) publicly sell any securities of the Company owned directly or
indirectly by them or owned beneficially by them (as defined in the Exchange
Act), or (ii) otherwise sell, or transfer such securities unless the transferee
agrees in writing to be bound by an identical lock-up.
    

   
                (r)     WARRANT SOLICITATION.  Upon the exercise of any 
Warrants on or after the first anniversary of the Effective Date, the
Company shall pay to Mason Hill a commission of five (5%) percent of the
aggregate exercise price of such Warrants, if: (i) the market price of the
Common Stock is greater than the exercise price of the Warrant on the date of
exercise; (ii) the exercise of the Warrant was solicited by a member of the
NASD; (iii) the Warrant is not held in a discretionary account; (iv) the
disclosure of the compensation arrangements has been made in documents provided
to customers, both as part of the Offering and at the time of exercise; (v) the
solicitation of the Warrant was not in violation of Regulation M promulgated
under the Exchange Act; and (vi) you are designated in writing as the soliciting
NASD member.  No commission shall
    



                                      16


   17


be paid to you on any Warrant exercise prior to the first anniversary of the
Effective Date, or on any Warrant exercised at any time without solicitation by
Mason Hill or a soliciting dealer.
                            
   
        (s)     AVAILABLE SHARES.  The Company shall reserve and at all times 
keep available that maximum number of it authorized but unissued shares of
Common Stock which are issuable upon exercise of options pursuant to the
Company's Stock Option Plan, the Warrants, the Underwriters' Warrant, and the
Warrants issuable upon exercise of the Underwriters' Warrant, in each case
taking into account the anti-dilution provisions thereof.
    

   
        (t)     FINANCIAL CONSULTING AGREEMENT.  On the First Closing Date and
simultaneously with the delivery of the Firm Securities, the Company shall
execute and deliver to Mason Hill an agreement with Mason Hill, or its
representative, in the form previously delivered to the Company by Mason Hill,
regarding the services of Mason Hill or its representative a financial
consultant to the Company (the "Financial Consulting Agreement"), for a
twenty-four month period commencing as of the date hereof at a fee equal to
$5,208.34 per month which shall be paid in its entirety on the First Closing
Date.
    

        (u)     MANAGEMENT.  On each Closing Date, the President of the Company 
shall be Robert Chioini.  Prior to the Effective Date, the Company shall
have obtained "key-employee" life insurance coverage in the amount of $1,000,000
on Mr. Chioni.  Prior to the Effective Date, the Company shall have entered into
an employment agreement with Mr. Chioini as set forth in the Registration
Statement.

        (v)     STOCK TRANSFER SHEETS.  The Company shall instruct its 
Transfer Agent (as defined in Section 4(h) hereto) to deliver to you copies
of all advice sheets showing the daily transfer of the outstanding shares of
Common Stock and Warrants sold by the Company in the public offering and shall,
at its own expense, furnish you weekly for the first six weeks following the
First Closing Date and monthly thereafter during the period ending three years
following the First Closing Date with Depository Trust Company stock transfer
sheets.

   
        (w)     PUBLIC RELATIONS.  Prior to the Effective Date the Company 
shall have retained a public relations firm reasonably acceptable to you,
and shall continue to retain such firm, or an alternate firm reasonably
acceptable to Mason Hill, for a period of twelve (12) months following the
Effective Date.
    

   
        (x)     ADDITIONAL REPRESENTATIONS.  The Company shall engage the 
Underwriters' Counsel to provide the Underwriters, at the First Closing Date
and quarterly thereafter, until such time as the Common Stock is listed on the
New York Stock Exchange or the American Stock Exchange or quoted on NASDAQ
National Market System, with an opinion, setting forth those states in which the
Common Stock may be traded in non-issuer transactions under the blue sky laws of
the fifty states.  The Company shall pay the Underwriters' Counsel a one-time
fee of $12,500 at the First Closing Date for such opinions.
    


                                      17


   18

                      (aa) BOUND VOLUMES.  Within a reasonable time after the 
First Closing Date, the Company shall deliver to you, at the Company's
expense, five bound volumes in form and content acceptable to Mason Hill,
containing the Registration Statement and all exhibits filed therewith and all
amendments thereto, and all other agreements, correspondence, filings,
certificates and other documents filed and/or delivered in connection with the
Offering.

   
                4     CONDITIONS TO UNDERWRITERS' OBLIGATIONS.  The obligations
of the Underwriters to purchase and pay for the shares of Common Stock and
Warrants which you have agreed to purchase hereunder are subject to the
accuracy (as of the date hereof and as of each Closing Date) of and compliance
with the representations and warranties of the Company contained herein, the
performance by the Company of all of their respective obligations hereunder and
the following further conditions:
    

   
                      (a)     EFFECTIVE REGISTRATION STATEMENT; NO STOP ORDER.  
The Registration Statement shall have become effective and you shall have
received notice thereof not later than 6:00 p.m., New York time, on the date of
this Agreement, or at such later time or on such later date as to which you and
the Company may agree in writing.  In addition, on each Closing Date (i) no stop
order denying or suspending the effectiveness of the Registration Statement
shall be in effect, and no proceedings for that or any similar purpose shall
have been instituted or shall be pending, and (ii) all requests on the part of
the Commission for additional information shall have been complied with to the
reasonable satisfaction of Underwriters' Counsel.
    

   
                      (b)     OPINION OF COMPANY COUNSEL.  On the First Closing 
Date, you shall have received the opinion, dated as of the First Closing
Date, of Company Counsel, in form and substance satisfactory to the
Underwriters' Counsel.
    

   
    

   
                      (c)     CORPORATE PROCEEDINGS.  All corporate proceedings
and other legal matters relating to this Agreement, the Registration Statement,
the Prospectus and other related matters shall be reasonably satisfactory to or
approved by Underwriters' Counsel.
    

   
                      (d)     COMFORT LETTER.  Prior to the Effective Date, and 
again on and as of the First Closing Date, you shall have received a letter
from Coopers & Lybrand, certified public accountants for the Company,
satisfactory in form and substance to the Underwriters' Counsel.
    

   
                      (e)     BRING DOWN.  At each of the Closing Dates, (i)
the representations and warranties of the Company contained in this Agreement
shall be true and correct in all material respects with the same effect as if
made on and as of such Closing Date, and the Company shall have performed in all
material respects all of its obligations hereunder and satisfied all the
conditions to be satisfied at or prior to such Closing Date; (ii) the
Registration Statement and the Prospectus shall contain all statements which are
required to be stated therein in accordance with the Act and the Rules and
Regulations, and shall in all material respects conform to the requirements of
the Act and the Rules and Regulations, and neither the Registration Statement
nor the Prospectus shall contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit
to state any material
    


                                      18




   19



   
fact required to be stated or which they were made, not misleading; (iii) there
shall have been, since the respective dates as of which information is given,
no material adverse change in the business, property, operations, condition
(financial or otherwise), earnings, capital stock, long-term or short-term debt
or general affairs of the Company from that set forth in the Registration
Statement and the Prospectus, except changes which the Registration Statement
and Prospectus indicate might occur after the Effective Date, and the Company
shall not have incurred any material liabilities nor entered into any material
agreement other than as referred to in the Registration Statement and
Prospectus; and (iv) except as set forth in the Prospectus, no action, suit or
proceeding shall be pending or threatened against the Company before or by any
commission, board or administrative agency in the United States or elsewhere,
wherein an unfavorable decision, ruling or finding would materially adversely
affect the business, property, operations, condition (financial or otherwise),
earnings or general affairs of the Company.  In addition, you shall have
received, at the First Closing Date, a certificate signed by the principal
executive officer and by the principal financial officer of the Company, dated
as of the First Closing Date, evidencing on behalf of the Company compliance
with the provisions of this Section 4(g).
    

                      (f) TRANSFER AND WARRANT AGENT.  On or before the 
Effective Date, the Company shall have appointed American Stock Transfer &
Trust Company (or other agent mutually acceptable to the Company and Mason
Hill), as its transfer agent and warrant agent ("Transfer Agent") to transfer
all of the shares of Common Stock and Warrants issued in the Offering, as
well as to transfer other shares of the Common Stock outstanding from time to
time.

   
                      (g) NASD APPROVAL OF UNDERWRITERS' COMPENSATION.  By the
Effective Date, the Underwriters shall have received clearance from the NASD as
to the amount of compensation allowable or payable to the Underwriters, as
described in the Registration Statement.
    


   
                      (h) CERTAIN FURTHER MATTERS.  On each Closing Date, 
Underwriters' Counsel shall have been furnished with all such other documents
and certificates as they may reasonably request for the purpose of enabling them
to render their legal opinion to the Underwriters and in order to evidence the
accuracy and completeness of any of the representations, warranties or
statements, the performance of any of the covenants, or the fulfillment of any
of the conditions, herein contained.
    

   
                          (i)  All proceedings taken in connection with the 
authorization, issuance or sale of the Securities, as herein contemplated shall
be reasonably satisfactory in form and substance to the Underwriters and to
Underwriters' Counsel;
    
                          
                          (ii) On each Closing Date there shall have been duly 
tendered to you for your account the appropriate number of Securities;

                          (iii) No order suspending the sale of the Securities 
in any 


                                      19

                                       
   20

   
jurisdiction designated by you pursuant to Section 3(b) hereof shall have
been issued on either Closing Date, and no proceedings for that purpose shall
have been instituted or, to the knowledge of the Underwriters or the Company,
shall be contemplated;
    

                      (iv) Prior to each Closing Date there shall not have been 
received or provided by the Company's independent public accountants or
attorneys, qualifications to the effect of either difficulties in furnishing
certifications as to material items including, without limitation, information
contained within the footnotes to the financial statements, or as affecting
matters incident to the issuance and sale of the Securities or as to corporate
proceedings or other matters;

   
                      (v) On or prior to the First Closing Date, the 
Underwriters' Warrant, the Warrant Agreement and the Financial Consulting
Agreement shall have been executed and delivered by the Company, and the Lock-Up
Agreements shall have been executed and delivered by all of the Company's
officers, directors and existing stockholders, to the Underwriters.
    

             (i) ADDITIONAL CONDITIONS.  Upon exercise of the Over-Allotment 
Option, Mason Hill's obligations to purchase and pay for the Option Securities
shall be subject (as of the date hereof and as of the Option Closing Date) to
the following conditions:

   
                 (i) The Registration Statement shall remain effective at the 
Option Closing Date, no stop order denying or suspending the effectiveness
thereof shall have been issued, and no proceedings for that or any similar
purpose shall have been instituted or shall be pending or, to your knowledge or
the knowledge of the Company, shall be contemplated by the Commission, and all
reasonable requests on the part of the Commission for additional information
shall have been complied with to the satisfaction of Underwriters' Counsel.
    

   
                 (ii) On the Option Closing Date there shall have been 
delivered to you the signed opinion of Company Counsel, dated as of the
Option Closing Date, in form and substance satisfactory to Underwriters'
Counsel, which opinion shall be substantially the same in scope and substance as
the opinion furnished to you on the First Closing Date pursuant to Section 4(b),
except that such opinion, where appropriate, shall cover the Option Units rather
than the Firm Securities.  If the First Closing Date is the same as the Option
Closing Date, such opinions may be combined.
    

   
                 (iii)  All proceedings taken at or prior to the Option Closing 
Date in connection with the sale and issuance of the Option Securities shall be
satisfactory in form and substance to you, and you and Underwriters' Counsel
shall have been furnished with all such documents, certificates and opinions as
you may reasonably request in connection with this transaction in order to
evidence the accuracy and completeness of any of the representations, warranties
or statements of the Company or its compliance with any of the covenants or
conditions contained herein.
    


                                      20

                                       
   21




                      (iv)  On the Option Closing Date there shall have been 
delivered you a letter in form and substance satisfactory to Mason Hill from
Coopers & Lybrand, dated the Option Closing Date addressed to you, confirming
the information in their letter referred to in Section 4(f) as of the date
thereof and stating that, without any additional investigation required, nothing
has come to their attention during the period from the ending date of their
review referred to in such letter to a date not more than five banking days
prior to the Option Closing Date which would require any change in such letter
if it were required to be dated the Option Closing Date. 

   
        Any certificate signed  by any officer of the Company and delivered to 
the Underwriters or to Underwriters' Counsel shall be deemed a
representation and warranty by the Company to the Underwriters as to the
statements made therein. If any of the conditions herein provided for in this
Section shall not have been completely fulfilled as of the date indicated, this
Agreement and all obligations of the Underwriters under this Agreement may be
canceled at, or at any time prior to, each Closing Date by your notifying the
Company of such cancellation in writing or by telecopy at or prior to the
applicable Closing Date.  Any such cancellation shall be without liability of
any Underwriters to the Company, except as otherwise provided herein.
    


        5.     CONDITIONS TO THE OBLIGATIONS OF THE COMPANY.  The obligations 
of the Company to sell and deliver the shares of Common Stock and Warrants are
subject to the following conditions:

               (a)     EFFECTIVE REGISTRATION STATEMENT.  The Registration 
Statement shall have become effective not later than 6:00 p.m. New York Time,
on the date of this Agreement, or at such later time or on such later date as
the Company and you may agree in writing.

   
               (b)     NO STOP ORDER.  On the applicable Closing Date, no stop 
order denying or suspending the effectiveness of the Registration
Statement shall have been issued or threatened by the Commission and no
proceedings for similar purposes shall have been instituted or shall be pending
    

   
               (c)     PAYMENT FOR SECURITIES.  On the applicable Closing Date, 
you shall have made payment, for the several accounts of the Underwriters, of
the aggregate Purchase Price for the shares of Common Stock and Warrants then
being purchased by certified or bank cashier's checks payable in next day funds
to the order of the Company.
    

If the conditions to the obligations of the Company provided by this Section 5
have been fulfilled on the First Closing Date but are not fulfilled after the
First Closing Date and prior to the Option Closing Date, then only the
obligation of the Company to sell and deliver the Option Securities upon
exercise of the Over-Allotment Option shall be affected.

        6.     INDEMNIFICATION.

               (a)     INDEMNIFICATION BY THE COMPANY.  As used in this 
Agreement, the 

                                      21


   22


   
term "Liabilities" shall mean any and all losses, claims, damages and
liabilities, and actions and proceedings in respect thereof (including without
limitation all reasonable costs of defense and investigation and all attorneys'
fees) including, without limitation, those asserted by any party to this
Agreement against any other party to this Agreement.  The Company hereby
indemnifies and holds harmless the Underwriters and each person, if any, who
controls the Underwriters within the meaning of the Act, from and against all
Liabilities, joint or several, to which the Underwriters or such controlling
person may become subject, under the Act or otherwise, insofar as such
Liabilities arise out of or are based upon: (i) any untrue statement or alleged
untrue statement of any material fact, in light of the circumstances in which
it was made, contained in (A) the Registration Statement or any amendment
thereto, or the Prospectus or any Preliminary Prospectus, or any amendment or
supplement thereto, or (B) any "blue sky" application or other document
executed by the Company specifically for that purpose, or based upon written
information furnished by the Company, filed in any state or other jurisdiction
in order to qualify any or all of the Securities under the securities laws
thereof (any such application, document or information being herein called a
"Blue Sky Application"); or (ii) the omission or alleged omission to state in
the Registration Statement or any amendment thereto, or the Prospectus or any
Preliminary Prospectus, or any amendment or supplement thereto, or in
any Blue Sky Application, a material fact required to be stated therein or
necessary to make the statements therein, in light of the circumstances in
which it was made, not misleading; provided, however, that the Company shall
not be liable in any such case to the extent, but only to the extent, that any
such Liabilities arise out of or are based upon an untrue statement or alleged
untrue statement or omission or alleged omission (x) made in reliance upon and
in conformity with written information furnished to the Company through you by
or on behalf of the Underwriters specifically for use in the preparation of the
Registration Statement or any such amendment thereto, or the Prospectus or any
such Preliminary Prospectus, or any such amendment or supplement thereto, or
any such Blue Sky Application or (y) corrected by the final Prospectus and the
failure of the Underwriters to deliver the final Prospectus.  The foregoing
indemnity shall be in addition to any other liability which the Company may
otherwise have.
    

   
                (b)     INDEMNIFICATION BY UNDERWRITERS.  The Underwriters, 
jointly and severally, hereby indemnify and hold harmless the Company, each of
its directors, each nominee (if any) for director named in the Prospectus, each
of its officers who have signed the Registration Statement, and each person, if
any, who controls the Company within the meaning of the Act, from and against
all Liabilities to which the Company or any such director, nominee, officer or
controlling person may become subject under the Act or otherwise, insofar as
such Liabilities arise out of or are based upon (i) any untrue statement or
alleged untrue statement of any material fact contained in the Registration
Statement or any amendment thereto, or the Prospectus or any Preliminary
Prospectus, or any amendment or supplement thereto, or (ii) the omission or the
alleged omission to state therein a material fact required to be stated therein
or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading, in each case to the
extent, but only to the extent, that (A) any such Liabilities arise out of or
are based upon an untrue statement or alleged untrue statement or omission or
alleged omission made in the Registration Statement or any amendment thereto,
or the Prospectus or any Preliminary Prospectus, or any amendment or supplement
thereto, in 
    

                                     22

                                      
   23

   
reliance upon and in conformity with written information furnished to the
Company through you, by or on behalf of such Underwriters, specifically for use
in the preparation thereof, or (B) a copy of the Prospectus (as then amended or
supplemented if the Company shall have furnished any amendments or supplements
thereto) was not sent or given by or on behalf of such Underwriters to the
person asserting such Liabilities and who purchased Securities from such
Underwriters, if required by law so to have been delivered, at or prior to the
written confirmation of the sale of the Securities to such person, if the
Prospectus (as so amended or supplemented) would have cured the defect giving
rise to such Liability.  In no event shall the Underwriters be liable under
this Section 6(b) for any amount in excess of the compensation received by the
Underwriters, in the form of underwriting discounts or otherwise, pursuant to
this Agreement or any other agreement contemplated hereby.  The foregoing
indemnity shall be in addition to any other liability which the Underwriters
may otherwise have.
    

                (c)     PROCEDURE.  Promptly after receipt by an indemnified 
party under this Section 6 of notice of the commencement of any action,
such indemnified party shall, if a claim in respect thereof is to be made
against the indemnifying party under this Section 6, notify in writing the
indemnifying party of the commencement thereof, but the omission so to notify
the indemnifying party shall not relieve it from any liability which it may
have to any indemnified party otherwise than under this Section 6 unless the
rights of the indemnifying party have been prejudiced by such omission or
delay.  In case any such action is brought against any indemnified party and it
notifies the indemnifying party of the commencement thereof, the indemnifying
party shall be entitled to participate in and, to the extent that it may wish,
jointly with any other indemnifying party similarly notified, to assume the
defense thereof, subject to the provisions hereof, with counsel reasonably
satisfactory to such indemnified party, and after notice from the indemnifying
party to such indemnified party of its election so to assume the defense
thereof, the indemnifying party shall not be liable to such indemnified party
under this Section 6 for any legal or other expenses subsequently incurred by
such indemnified party in connection with the defense thereof other than
reasonable costs of investigation.  The indemnified party shall have the right
to employ separate counsel in any such action and to participate in the defense
thereof, but the fees and expenses of such counsel shall not be at the expense
of the indemnifying party if the indemnifying party has assumed the defense of
the action with counsel reasonably satisfactory to the indemnified party;
provided, however, that the fees and expenses of such counsel shall be at the
expense of the indemnifying party if (i) the employment of such counsel has
been specifically authorized in writing by the indemnifying party, or (ii) the
named parties to any such action (including any impleaded parties) include both
such indemnified party and the indemnifying party and the indemnified party
shall have reasonably concluded that there may be legal defenses available to
it which are different from or in addition to those available to the
indemnifying party or that the indemnified and indemnifying party have
conflicting interests which would make it inappropriate for the same counsel to
represent both of them (in which case the indemnifying party shall into have
the right to assume the defense of such action on behalf of the indemnified
party, it being understood, however, that the indemnifying party shall not, in
connection with any one such action or separate but substantially similar or
related actions in the same jurisdiction arising out of the same general
allegations or circumstances, be liable for the reasonable fees and expenses 

                                     23


   24

of more than one separate firm of attorneys).  No settlement of any
action against an indemnified party shall be made without the consent of the
indemnified party, which shall not be unreasonably withheld in light of all
factors of importance to such indemnified party.

   
        7.     CONTRIBUTION.  In order to provide for just and equitable 
contribution under the Act in any case in which (a) any indemnified party
makes claims for indemnification pursuant to Section 6 but it is judicially
determined (by the entry of a final judgment or decree by a court of competent
jurisdiction and the expiration of time to appeal or the denial of the last
right of appeal) that such indemnification may not be enforced in such case,
notwithstanding the fact that the express provisions of Section 6 provide for
indemnification in such case, or (b) contribution under the Act may be required
on the part of any indemnified party, then such indemnified party and each
indemnifying party (if more than one) shall contribute to the aggregate
Liabilities to which it may be subject, in either such case (after contribution
from others) in such proportion that the Underwriters is responsible in the
aggregate for the portion of such Liabilities represented by the percentage
that the underwriting discount per share of Common Stock and Warrant
appearing on the cover page of the Prospectus bears to the public Offering
price per share of Common Stock and Warrant appearing thereon, and the Company
shall be responsible for the remaining portion; provided, however, that if such
allocation is not permitted by applicable law, then the relative fault of the
Company, and the Underwriters in connection with the statements or omissions
which resulted in such Liabilities and other relevant equitable considerations
shall also be considered.  The relative fault shall be determined by reference
to, among other things, whether in the case of an untrue statement of material
fact or the omission to state a material fact, such statement or omission
relates to information supplied by the Company, or the Underwriters, and the
parties' relative intent, knowledge, access to information and opportunity to
correct or prevent such untrue statement or omission.  The Company and the
Underwriters agree that it would not be just and equitable if the respective
obligations of the Company, and the Underwriters to contribute pursuant to this
Section 7 were to be determined by pro rata or per capita allocation of the
aggregate Liabilities or by any other method of allocation that does not take
account of the equitable considerations referred to in the first sentence of
this Section 7.  Moreover, the contribution of the Underwriters shall not be in
excess of the cash compensation received by the Underwriters, in the form of
underwriting discounts or otherwise, pursuant to this agreement or any other
agreement contemplated hereby. No person guilty of a fraudulent
misrepresentation (within the meaning of section 11(f) of the Act) shall be
entitled to contribution from any person who is not guilty of such fraudulent
misrepresentation.  As used in this Section 7, for purposes of determining the
relevant fault, the term "Company" shall include any officer, director or
person who controls the Company within the meaning of section 15 of the Act. If
the full amount of the contribution specified in this Section 7 is not
permitted by law, then each indemnified party and each person who controls an
indemnified party shall be entitled to contribution from each indemnifying
party to the full extent permitted by law.  The foregoing contribution
agreement shall in no way affect the contribution liabilities of any persons
having liability under section 11 of the Act other than the Company and the
Underwriters.  No contribution shall be requested with regard to the settlement
of any matter from any party who did not consent to the settlement; provided,
however, that such consent shall not be unreasonably withheld in light of all
factors of importance 
    

                                     24


   25

to such party.

        8.     COSTS AND EXPENSES.

   
               (a)     CERTAIN COSTS AND EXPENSES.  Whether or not this 
Agreement becomes effective or the sale of the shares of Common Stock and
Warrants to the Underwriters is consummated, the Company shall pay all costs
and expense incident to the issuance, offering, sale and delivery of the Units
and the performance of its obligations under this Agreement, including without
limitation: (i) all fees and expenses of the Company's legal counsel and
accountants; (ii) all costs and expenses incident to the preparation, printing,
filing and distribution of the Registration Statement (including the financial
statements contained therein and all exhibits and amendments thereto), each
Preliminary Prospectus and the Prospectus, each as amended or supplemented,
this Agreement and the other underwriting documents, as well as the other
agreements and documents referred to herein and the Blue Sky Memorandum; each
in such quantities as you shall deem necessary; (iii) all fees of NASD
required in connection with the filing required by NASD to be made by the
Underwriters with respect to the Offering; (iv) all expenses, including fees
(but not in excess of the amount set forth in Section 3(b)) and disbursements
of Underwriters' Counsel in connection with the qualification of the Securities
under the "blue sky" laws which you shall designate; (v) all costs and expenses
of printing the respective certificates representing the shares of Common Stock
and the Warrants; (vi) the expense of placing one or more "tombstone"
advertisements or promotional materials as directed by you (provided, however,
that the aggregate amount thereof shall not exceed $10,000) and of offering
memorabilia; (vii) all costs and expenses of the Company and its employees (but
not of the Underwriters or their employees) associated with due diligence
meetings and presentations (including the payment for road show conference
centers); (viii) all costs and expenses associated with the preparation of a
seven to ten minute professional video presentation concerning the Company, its
products and its management for broker due diligence purposes; (ix) any and all
taxes (including without limitation any transfer, franchise, capital stock or
other tax imposed by any jurisdiction) on sales of the shares of Common Stock
and Warrants to the Underwriters  hereunder; and (x) all costs and expenses
incident to the furnishing of any amended Prospectus or any supplement to be
attached to the Prospectus as required by Sections 3(a) and 3(d), except as
otherwise provided by said Sections.  In addition, the Company shall engage
Underwriters' Counsel to provide the Underwriters, at the Closing and quarterly
thereafter, until such time as the Common Stock is listed on the New York Stock
Exchange or the American Stock Exchange or quoted on NASDAQ/NMS, with a
memorandum, setting forth those states in which the Common Stock and the
Warrants may be traded in non-issuer transactions under the blue sky laws of
the 50 states.  The Company shall pay such counsel a one-time fee of $12,500 at
the Closing for such opinions.
    

   
               (b)     UNDERWRITERS' EXPENSE ALLOWANCE.  In addition to the 
expenses described in Section 8(a), the Company shall on the First Closing
Date pay to Mason Hill a non-accountable expense allowance, which shall include
fees of Underwriters' Counsel, exclusive of the fees referred to in Section
3(b), of $224,100  (that being an amount equal to three percent (3%) 
    


                                     25


   26

of the gross proceeds received upon sale of the Firm Securities).  In the
event that the Over-Allotment Option is exercised, then the Company shall, on
the Option Closing Date, pay to Mason Hill, based on the number of Option
Securities to be sold by the Company, an additional amount equal to three
percent (3%) of the gross proceeds received upon sale of any of the Option
Securities, in the amount of $33,615 if the Over-Allotment Option is exercised
in full.

   
                (c)     NO FINDERS.  No person is entitled either directly or 
indirectly to compensation from the Company, the Underwriters or any other
person for services as a finder in connection with the Offering, and the
Company hereby indemnifies and holds harmless the Underwriters, and the
Underwriters hereby jointly and severally, indemnify and hold harmless the
Company from and against all Liabilities, joint or several, to which the
indemnified party may become subject insofar as such Liabilities arise out of
or are based upon the claim of any person (other than an employee of the party
claiming indemnity) or entity that he or it is entitled to a finder's fee in
connection with the Offering by reason of such person's or entity's influence
or prior contact with the indemnifying party.
    

   
        9.     EFFECTIVE DATE.  The Agreement shall become effective upon its 
execution, except that you may, at your option, delay its effectiveness
until 10:00 a.m., New York time, on the first full business day following the
Effective Date, or at such earlier time after the Effective Date as you in your
discretion shall first commence the initial public offering by the Underwriters
of any of the shares of Common Stock and Warrants.  The time of the initial
public offering shall mean the time of release by you of the first newspaper
advertisement which is subsequently published with respect to the shares of
Common Stock and Warrants, or the time when the shares of Common Stock and
Warrants are first generally offered by you to dealers by letter or telegram,
whichever shall first occur.  This Agreement may be terminated by you at any
time before it becomes effective as provided above, except that the provisions
of Sections 3(x), 6, 7, 8, 12, 13, 14 and 15 shall remain in effect
notwithstanding such termination.
    


        10.     TERMINATION.

                (a)     GROUNDS FOR TERMINATION.

                        (i)  This Agreement, except for Sections 3(x), 6, 7, 8, 
12, 13, 14 and 15, may be terminated at any time prior to the First Closing
Date, and the Over-Allotment Option, if exercised, may be canceled at any time
prior to the Option Closing Date, by you if in your sole judgment it is
impracticable to offer for sale or to enforce contracts made by you for the
resale of the shares of Common Stock and Warrants agreed to be purchased
hereunder, by reason of: (A) the Company having sustained a material loss,
whether or not insured, by reason of fire, earthquake, flood, accident or other
calamity, or from any labor dispute or court or government action, order or
decree; (B) trading in securities on the New York Stock Exchange or the American
Stock Exchange having been suspended or limited; (C) material governmental
restrictions having been imposed on trading in securities generally which are
not in force and 

                                     26

   27

effect on the date hereof; (D) a banking moratorium having been declared
by federal or New York State authorities; (E) an outbreak or significant
escalation of major international hostilities or other national or international
calamity having occurred; (F) the passage by the Congress of the United States
or by any state legislative body of similar impact, of any act or measure, or
the adoption of any orders, rules or regulations by any governmental body or any
authoritative accounting institute or board, or any governmental executive,
which is reasonably believed likely by you to have a material adverse impact on
the business, financial condition or financial statements of the Company; (G)
any material adverse change in the financial or securities markets beyond normal
fluctuations in the United States having occurred since the date of this
Agreement; or (H) any material adverse change having occurred, since the
respective dates for which information is given in the Registration Statement
and Prospectus, in the earnings, business, prospects or condition (financial or
otherwise) of the Company, whether or not arising in the ordinary course of
business.

   
                      (ii) Mason Hill shall have the right, in its sole 
discretion, to terminate this Agreement, including without limitation,
the obligation to purchase the Firm Securities and the obligation to purchase
the Option Securities after the exercise of the Over-Allotment Option, by notice
given to the Company prior to delivery and payment for all the Firm Securities
or the Option Securities, as the case may be, if any of the conditions
enumerated in Section 4 are not either fulfilled or waived by the Underwriters
on or before any Closing Date.
    

   
                      (iii) Anything herein to the contrary notwithstanding, if 
this Agreement shall not be carried out within the time specified herein, or
any extensions thereof granted by the Underwriters, by reason of any failure on
the part of the Company to perform any undertaking or satisfy any condition of
this Agreement by it to be performed or satisfied then, in addition to the
obligations assumed by the Company pursuant to Section 8(a) hereof, the
Underwriters shall provide the Company with, and the Company shall pay, a
statement of the Underwriters' accountable expenses.
    

                (b)     NOTIFICATION.  If you elect to prevent this Agreement 
from  becoming effective or to terminate this Agreement as provided by this
Section 10 or by Section 9, the Company shall be promptly notified by you, by
telephone or telegram, confirmed by letter.

   
        11.     UNDERWRITERS' WARRANT.  On the First Closing Date, the Company 
shall issue and sell to you, for $10.00, and upon the terms and conditions
set forth in the form of Underwriters' Warrants filed as an exhibit to the
Registration Statement, an option entitling you to purchase 180,000 shares of
Common Stock and 270,000 Warrants at an exercise price equal to 165% of the
initial public offering price per Share and Warrant exercisable for a period of
five years commencing one year from the Effective Date (the "Underwriters'
Warrant").  The Warrants underlying the Underwriters' Warrant shall be
exercisable at $7.43 per Share of Common Stock.  The Underwriters' Warrant
grants to the holders thereof certain "piggyback" registration rights for a
period of five years, and demand registration rights for a period of five years,
commencing one year from the Effective Date with respect to the registration
under the Securities Act of the Securities issuable upon exercise thereof.  In
the event of conflict in the terms of this Agreement 
    


                                      27


   28



   
and the Underwriters' Warrant, the terms and conditions of the Underwriters'
Warrant shall control.
    

   
        12.     REPRESENTATIONS, WARRANTIES AND AGREEMENTS TO SURVIVE 
DELIVERY.  The respective indemnities, agreements, representations,
warranties, covenants and other statements of the Company and the Underwriters
set forth in Sections 3, 6, 7 and 8 of this Agreement shall remain in full force
and effect regardless of any investigation made by or on behalf of any other
party, and shall survive delivery of and payment for the shares of Common Stock
and Warrants and the termination of this Agreement.  The Company hereby
indemnifies and holds harmless the Underwriters from and against all
Liabilities, joint or several, to which the Underwriters may become subject
insofar as such Liabilities arise out of or are based upon the breach or failure
by the Company to perform of any of the provisions of Sections 3, 6, 7 and 8.
    

   
        13.     NOTICES.  All communications hereunder shall be in writing and, 
except as otherwise expressly provided herein, if sent to you, shall be
mailed, delivered or telegraphed and confirmed to you at Mason Hill & Co., Inc.,
110 Wall Street, New York, New York 10005 and J.W. Barclay & Co., Inc., One
Battery Park Plaza, New York, New York 10004, with a copy sent to Jay M.
Kaplowitz, Esq., Gersten, Savage, Kaplowitz, & Fredericks, LLP, 101 East 52nd
Street, New York, New York 10022; or if sent to the Company, shall be mailed,
delivered, or telegraphed and confirmed to it at Rockwell Medical Technologies,
Inc., 28025 Oakland Oaks Drive, Wixom, Michigan 48393, with a copy sent to
Patrick T. Duerr, Esq., Honigman Miller Schwartz & Cohn, 2290 First National
Building, 660 Woodward Avenue, Detroit, Michigan 48226-3583.
    

   
        14.     PARTIES IN INTEREST.  This Agreement is made solely for the 
benefit of the Underwriters, the Company, and, to the extent expressed, any
person controlling the Company or the Underwriters, as the case may be, and the
directors of the Company, nominees for directors of the Company (if any) named
in the Prospectus, officers of the Company who have signed the Registration
Statement, and their respective executors, administrators, successors and
assigns; and no other person shall acquire or have any right under or by virtue
of this Agreement.  The term "successors and assigns" shall not include any
purchaser, as such, from the Underwriters of the shares of Common Stock and
Warrants.
    

        15.     CONSTRUCTION.  This Agreement shall be governed by and 
construed and enforced in accordance with the laws of the State of New York,
without giving effect to conflict of laws.  The parties agree to submit
themselves to the jurisdiction of the courts of the State of New York or of the
United States of America for the Southern District of New York, which shall be
the sole tribunals in which any parties may institute and maintain a legal
proceeding against the other party arising from any dispute in this Agreement. 
In the event either party initiates a legal proceeding in a jurisdiction other
than in the courts of the State of New York or of the United States of America
for the Southern District of New York, the other party may assert as a complete
defense and as a basis for dismissal of such legal proceeding that the legal 

                                      28


   29

proceeding was not initiated and maintained in the courts of the State of
New York or of the United States of America for the Southern District of New
York, in accordance with the provisions of this Section 15.

   
        16.     ENTIRE AGREEMENT.  This Agreement, the Underwriters' Warrant  
and the Financial Consulting Agreement contain the entire agreement between the
parties hereto in connection with the subject matter hereof and thereof.
    

        17.     COUNTERPARTS.  This Agreement may be executed in two or more 
counterpart copies, each of which shall be deemed and an original but all of
which together shall constitute one and the same instrument.


   
                         [Signatures on following page]
    


                                      29

                                       
   30
   
             If the foregoing is in accordance with your understanding of our
agreement, kindly sign and return this Agreement, whereupon it will become a
binding agreement between the Company and the Underwriters in accordance with
its terms.
    

                                     Very truly yours,

                                     ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC.


                                     By:
                                        --------------------------------
                                        Name:
                                        Title:

Accepted as of the date
 first above written:
New York, New York

MASON HILL & CO., INC.



By:
   --------------------------
   Name:
   Title:


   
J.W. BARCLAY & CO., INC.



By:
   --------------------------    
   Name:
   Title:
    




                                      30








   1

                                                                EXHIBIT 1.2
                                

   
                                                                         DRAFT
                                                                         1/21/98
    

                   ADVISORY AND INVESTMENT BANKING AGREEMENT



   
     This Agreement is made and entered into as of the __ day of __________,
1998 by and between Mason Hill & Co., Inc., a Delaware corporation ("Mason
Hill"), and Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc., a Michigan corporation (the
"Company").
    

     In consideration of the mutual promises made herein and for other good and
valuable consideration, the receipt and sufficiency of which is hereby
acknowledged, the parties hereto agree as follows:

     1.  PURPOSE:  The Company hereby engages Mason Hill for the term specified
in Paragraph 2 hereof to render consulting advice to the Company as an 
investment banker relating to financial and similar matters upon the terms and
conditions set forth herein.

   
     2.  TERM:  Except as otherwise specified in paragraph 4 hereof, this 
Agreement shall be effective from ___________, 1998 to _________, 2000.
    

     3.  DUTIES OF MASON HILL:  During the term of this Agreement, Mason Hill 
shall seek out Transactions (as hereinafter 

   2

defined) on behalf of the Company and shall furnish advice to the Company in 
connection with any such Transactions.
        
     4. COMPENSATION:  In consideration for the services rendered by Mason Hill
to the Company pursuant to this Agreement (and in addition to the expenses
provided for in Paragraph 5 hereof), the Company shall compensate Mason Hill as
follows:

   
        (a) The Company shall pay Mason Hill a fee of $5,208.34 per month during
the term of this Agreement, which aggregate  sum of $125,000 shall be payable
in full on the date of this Agreement;
    

        (b) In the event that any Transaction (as hereinafter defined) occurs
during the term of this Agreement or one year thereafter, the Company shall pay
fees to Mason Hill as follows:


               CONSIDERATION                    FEE
               -------------                    ---

    $  - 0 - to $500,000                        Minimum fee of $25,000

    $  500,000 to $5,000,000                    5% of Consideration

    $  5,000,000 or more                        $250,000 plus 1% of the 
                                                Consideration in excess of 
                                                $5,000,000


     For the purposes of this Agreement, "Consideration" shall mean the total
market value on the day of the closing of stock, cash, assets and all other
property (real or personal) exchanged or received, directly or indirectly by
the Company or any of its security 




                                      2
   3

holders in connection with any Transaction.  Any co-broker retained by Mason 
Hill shall be paid by Mason Hill.

   
     For the purposes of the Agreement, a "Transaction" shall mean (a) any
transaction originated by Mason Hill, other than in the ordinary course of
trade or business of the Company, whereby, directly or indirectly, control of
or a material interest in the Company or any of its businesses or any of their
respective assets, is transferred for Consideration or(b) any transaction
originated by Mason Hill whereby the Company acquires any other company or the
assets of any other company or an interest in any other company (an
"Acquisition").
    

   
     In the event Mason Hill originates a line of credit with a  lender, the
Company and Mason Hill will mutually agree on a satisfactory fee and the terms
of payment of such fee; provided, however, that in the event the Company is
introduced to a corporate partner by Mason Hill in connection with a merger,
acquisition or financing and a credit line develops directly as a result of the
introduction, the appropriate fee shall be the amount set forth in the schedule
above.  In the event Mason Hill introduces the Company to a joint venture
partner or customer and sales develop as a result of the introduction, the
Company agrees to pay a fee of five percent (5%), or such mutually agreed upon
amount, of total sales generated directly from this introduction during the
first two years following the date of the first sale.  Total sales shall mean
cash receipts less any applicable refunds, returns, allowances, credits and
shipping charges 
    


                                      3
   4

and monies paid by the Company by way of settlement or judgment arising out of
claims made by or threatened against the Company. Commission payments shall be
paid on the 15th day of each month following the receipt of customers' payment. 
In the event any adjustments are made to the total sales after the commission
has been paid, the Company shall be entitled to an appropriate refund or credit
against future payments under this Agreement.  All fees to be paid pursuant to
this Agreement, except as otherwise specified, are due and payable to Mason
Hill in cash at the closing or closings of any transaction specified in
Paragraph 4 hereof.  In the event that this Agreement shall not be renewed or
if terminated for any reason, notwithstanding any such non-renewal or
termination, Mason Hill shall be entitled to a full fee as provided under
Paragraphs 4 and 5 hereof, for any transaction for which the discussions were
initiated during the term of this Agreement and  which is consummated within a
period of twelve months after non-renewal or termination of this Agreement.
        
   
     5.  EXPENSES OF MASON HILL:  In addition to the fees payable hereunder, and
regardless of whether any transaction set forth in Paragraph 4 hereof is
proposed or consummated, the Company shall reimburse Mason Hill for all
reasonable fees and disbursements of Mason Hill's counsel and Mason Hill's
reasonable travel and out-of-pocket expenses incurred in connection with the
services performed by Mason Hill pursuant to this Agreement, including without
limitation, 
    



                                      4
   5

hotels, food and associated expenses and long-distance telephone calls.

     6.   LIABILITY OF MASON HILL:

          (1)  The Company acknowledges that all opinions and advice (written 
or oral) given by Mason Hill to the Company in connection with Mason Hill's
engagement are intended solely for the benefit and use of the Company in
considering the transaction to which they relate, and the Company agrees that
no person or entity other than the Company shall be entitled to make use of or
rely upon the advice of Mason Hill to be given hereunder, and no such opinion
or advice shall be used for any other purpose or reproduced, disseminated,
quoted or referred to at any time, in any manner or for any purpose, nor may
the Company make any public references to Mason Hill, or use Mason Hill's name
in any annual reports or any other reports or releases of the Company without
Mason Hill's prior written consent.
        
          (2)  The Company acknowledges that Mason Hill makes no commitment 
whatsoever as to making a market in the Company's securities or to recommending
or advising its clients to purchase the Company's securities.  Research reports
or corporate finance reports that may be prepared by Mason Hill will, when and
if prepared, be done solely on the merits or judgment of analysis of Mason Hill
or any senior corporate finance personnel of Mason Hill.
        


                                      5
   6

     7.  MASON HILL'S SERVICES TO OTHERS:  The Company acknowledges that Mason
Hill's or its affiliates are in the business of providing financial services
and consulting advice to others.  Nothing herein contained shall be construed
to limit or restrict Mason Hill in conducting such business with respect to
others, or in rendering such advice to others.

     8.  COMPANY INFORMATION:

         (a) The Company recognizes and confirms that, in advising the Company 
and in fulfilling its engagement hereunder, Mason Hill will use and rely on
data, material and other information furnished to Mason Hill by the Company. 
The Company acknowledges and agrees that in performing its services under this
engagement, Mason Hill may rely upon the data, material and other information
supplied by the Company without independently verifying the accuracy,
completeness or veracity of same.
        
   
         (b) Except as contemplated by the terms hereof or as required by
applicable law, Mason Hill shall keep confidential all material non-public
information provided to it by the Company, and shall not disclose such
information to any third party, other than such of its employees and advisors
as Mason Hill determines to have a need to know and who agree to keep such
information confidential.
    

     9.  INDEMNIFICATION:



                                      6
   7

   
        a.  The Company shall indemnify and hold Mason Hill harmless against 
any and all liabilities, claims, lawsuits, including any and all awards and/or
judgments to which it may become subject under the Securities Act of 1933, as
amended (the "1933 Act"), the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the
"Act") or any other federal or state statute, at common law or otherwise,
insofar as said liabilities, claims and lawsuits (including awards and/or
judgments) arise out of or are in connection with the services rendered by
Mason Hill hereunder or any transactions in connection with this Agreement,
except for any liabilities, claims and lawsuits (including awards and/or
judgments), arising out of acts or omissions of Mason Hill.  In addition, the
Company shall also indemnify and hold Mason Hill harmless against any and all
costs and expenses, including reasonable counsel fees, incurred or relating to
the foregoing.
    
        
   
        Mason Hill shall give the Company prompt notice of any such liability,
claim or lawsuit which Mason Hill contends is the subject matter of the
Company's indemnification hereunder and the Company thereupon shall be granted
the right to take any and all necessary and proper action, at its sole cost and
expense, with respect to such liability, claim and lawsuit, including the right
to settle, compromise and dispose of such liability, claim or lawsuit,
excepting therefrom any and all proceedings or hearings before any regulatory
bodies and/or authorities.
    

        Mason Hill shall indemnify and hold the Company harmless against any and
all liabilities, claims and lawsuits, 



                                      7
   8

   
including any and all awards and/or judgments to which it may become subject
under the 1933 Act, the Act or any other federal or state statute, at common
law or otherwise, insofar as said liabilities, claims and lawsuits (including
awards and/or judgments) arise out of or are based upon (i) any act or omission
of Mason Hill or (ii) any untrue statement or alleged untrue statement of a
material fact required to be stated or necessary to make the statement therein,
not misleading, which statement or omission was made in reliance upon
information furnished in writing to the Company by or on behalf of Mason Hill
for inclusion in any registration statement or prospectus or any amendment or
supplement thereto in connection with any transaction to which this Agreement
applies.  In addition, Mason Hill shall also indemnify and hold the Company
harmless against any and all costs and expenses, including reasonable counsel
fees, incurred or relating to the foregoing.
    
        
        The Company shall give to Mason Hill prompt notice of any such 
liability, claim or lawsuit which the Company contends is the subject matter of
Mason Hill's indemnification and Mason Hill thereupon shall be granted the
right to a take any and all necessary and proper action, at its sole cost and
expense, with respect to such liability, claim and lawsuit, including the right
to settle, compromise or dispose of such liability, claim or lawsuit, excepting
therefrom any and all proceedings or hearings before any regulatory bodies
and/or authorities.
        


                                      8
   9

   
        b.  In order to provide for just and equitable contribution under the 
Act in any case in which (i) any person entitled to indemnification under this
Section 9 makes claim for indemnification pursuant hereto but it is judicially
determined (by the entry of a final judgment or decree by a court of competent
jurisdiction and the expiration of time to appeal or the denial of the last
right of appeal) that such indemnification may not be enforced in such case
notwithstanding the fact that this Section 10 provides for indemnification in
such case, or (ii) contribution under the Act may be required on the part of
any such person in circumstances for which indemnification is provided under
this Section 10, then, and in each such case, the Company and Mason Hill shall
contribute to the aggregate losses, claims,  damages or liabilities to which
they may be subject (after any contribution from others) in such proportion
taking into consideration the relative benefits received by each party from the
offering covered by the prospectus with respect to any transactions in
connection with this Agreement (taking into account the portion of the proceeds
of the offering realized by each), the parties' relative knowledge and access
to information concerning the matter with respect to which the claim was
assessed, the opportunity to correct and prevent any statement or omission and
other equitable considerations appropriate under the circumstances; provided,
however, that notwithstanding the above in no event shall Mason Hill be
required to contribute any amount in excess of 10% of the public offering price
of any securities to which such Prospectus applies; and 
    


                                      9
   10

provided, that, in any such case, no person guilty of a fraudulent
misrepresentation (within the meaning of Section 11(f) of the Act) shall be
entitled to contribution from any person who was not guilty of such fraudulent
misrepresentation. 
        
              Within fifteen (15) days after receipt by any party to this 
Agreement (or its representative) of notice of the commencement of any action,
suit or proceeding, such party will, if a claim for contribution in respect
thereof is to be made against another party (the "Contributing Party"), notify
the Contributing Party of the commencement thereof, but the omission so to
notify the Contributing Party will not relieve it from any liability which it
may have to any other party other than for contribution hereunder.  In case any
such action, suit or proceeding is brought against any party, and such party
notifies a Contributing Party or his or its representative of the commencement
thereof within the aforesaid fifteen (15) days, the Contributing Party will be
entitled to participate therein with the notifying party and any other
Contributing Party similarly notified.  Any such Contributing Party shall not
be liable to any party seeking contribution on account of any settlement of any
claim, action or proceeding effected by such party seeking contribution without
the written consent of the Contributing Party.  The indemnification provisions
contained in this Section 10 are in addition to any other rights or remedies
which either party hereto may have with respect to the other or hereunder.
        


                                     10
   11

       10.  MASON HILL AN INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR : Mason Hill shall perform its
services hereunder as an independent contractor and not as an employee of the
Company or an affiliate thereof.  It is expressly understood and agreed to by
the parties hereto that Mason Hill shall have no authority to act for,
represent or bind the Company or any affiliate thereof in any manner, except as
may be agreed to expressly by the Company in writing from time to time.

       11.  MISCELLANEOUS:

            (1)  This Agreement between the Company and Mason Hill constitutes 
the entire agreement and understanding of the parties hereto, and supersedes
any and all previous agreements and understandings, whether oral or written,
between the parties with respect to the matters set forth herein.
        
   
            (2)  Any notice or communication permitted or required hereunder 
shall be in writing and shall be deemed sufficiently given if hand-delivered or
sent (i) postage prepaid by registered mail, return receipt requested, or (ii)
by facsimile, to the respective parties as set forth below, or to such other
address as either party may notify the other in writing:
    
        
     If to the Company, to:      Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc.
                                 28025 Oakland Oaks Drive
                                 Wixom, Michigan 48393

     with a copy to:             Patrick T. Duerr
                                 Honigman Miller Schwartz and Cohn
                                 2290 First National Building
                                 Detroit, Michigan 48226



                                     11
   12


     If to Mason Hill, to:              Mason Hill & Co., Inc. 
                                        110 Wall Street
                                        New York, New York 10005

     with a copy to:                    JAY M. KAPLOWITZ
                                        Gersten, Savage, Kaplowitz
                                         & Fredericks, LLP
                                        101 East 52nd Street
                                        New York, New York  10022


              (3)  This Agreement shall be binding upon and inure to the 
benefit of each of the parties hereto and their respective successors, legal 
representatives and assigns.

              (4)  This Agreement may be executed in any number of 
counterparts, each of which together shall constitute one and the same original
document.

              (5)  No provision of this Agreement may be amended, modified or 
waived, except in a writing signed by all of the parties hereto.

   
              (6)  This Agreement shall be construed in accordance with and 
governed by the laws of the State of New York, without giving effect to
conflict of law principles.  The parties hereby agree that any dispute which
may arise between them arising out of or in connection with this Agreement
(except for disputes relating to any Transactions covered by this Agreement or
fees relating thereto for which a suit may be brought in the appropriate
jurisdiction) shall be adjudicated before a court located in New York City, and
they hereby submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of the State of
New York located in New York, New York and of the federal courts in the
Southern District of New York with respect to any action or legal 
    


                                     12
   13
proceeding commenced by any party, and irrevocably waive any objection they now
or hereafter may have respecting the venue of any such action or proceeding
brought in such a court or respecting the fact that such court is an
inconvenient forum, relating to or arising out of this Agreement, and consent
to the service of process in any such action or legal proceeding by means of
registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, in care of the address
set forth in Paragraph 11(b) hereof.
        
     IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties hereto have caused this Agreement to be
duly executed, as of the day and year first above written.

                                     MASON HILL & CO., INC.




                                     By:________________________________

                                     ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC.


                                     By:________________________________





                                     13
   1

                                                                EXHIBIT 4.1



                               WARRANT AGREEMENT


     AGREEMENT, dated as of __________________, 1998, by and among ROCKWELL
MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC., a Michigan corporation (the "Company"), AMERICAN
STOCK TRANSFER & TRUST COMPANY, a Delaware corporation, as Warrant Agent (the
"Warrant Agent"), and MASON HILL & CO., INC. ("Mason Hill"), a Delaware
corporation ("Mason Hill"), and J.W. BARCLAY & CO., INC., a Florida 
corporation (collectively, with Mason Hill, the "Underwriters").



                              W I T N E S S E T H


     WHEREAS, in connection with a public offering pursuant to a registration
statement (the "Registration Statement") on Form SB-2 declared effective by the
Securities and Exchange Commission on _____________________, 1998, of up to
2,700,000 warrants (the "Warrants") (and up to 405,000 additional Warrants
covered by an over-allotment option granted by the Company to Mason Hill)
pursuant to an underwriting agreement (the "Underwriting Agreement") dated
_______________, 1998 between the Company and the Underwriters, the Company will
issue up to an aggregate of 3,625,000 Warrants; and

     WHEREAS, the Company desires the Warrant Agent to act on behalf of the
Company, and the Warrant Agent is willing to so act, in connection with the
issuance, registration, transfer, exchange and redemption of the Warrants, the
issuance of certificates representing the Warrants, the exercise of the
Warrants, and the rights of the holders thereof.

     NOW THEREFORE, in consideration of the premises and the mutual agreements
hereinafter set forth and for the purpose of defining the terms and provisions
of the Warrants and the certificates representing the Warrants and the
respective rights and obligations thereunder of the Company, the holders of
certificates representing the Warrants and the Warrant Agent, the parties
hereto agree as follows:


     SECTION 1.  Definitions.  As used herein, the following terms shall have
the following meanings, unless the context shall otherwise require:

          (a)  "Common Stock" shall mean the authorized stock of the Company 
of any class, whether now or hereafter authorized, which has the right to
participate in the distribution of earnings and assets of the Company without
limit as to amount or percentage, 



   2

which at the date hereof consists of 20,000,000 shares of Common Stock, no par 
value per share.
        
        (b)  "Corporate Office" shall mean the office of the Warrant Agent (or 
its successor) at which at any particular time its principal business shall be
administered, which office is located on the date hereof at 40 Wall Street,
46th Floor, New York, New York 10005.
        
        (c)  "Exercise Date" shall mean, as to any Warrant, the date on which 
the Warrant Agent shall have received both (a) the Warrant Certificate
representing such Warrant, with the exercise form thereon duly executed by the
Registered Holder thereof or his attorney duly authorized in writing, and (b)
payment in cash, or by official bank or certified check made payable to the
Company, of an amount in lawful money of the United States of America equal to
the applicable Purchase Price.
        
        (d)  "Initial Warrant Exercise Date" shall mean, as to each Warrant,
_______________, 1999 or earlier with the prior written consent of Mason Hill.

        (e)  "Purchase Price" shall mean the price to be paid upon exercise of 
each Warrant in accordance with the terms hereof, which price shall be $4.50
per share, subject to adjustment from time to time pursuant to the provisions
of Section 9 hereof, and subject to the Company's right to reduce the Purchase
Price upon notice to all Warrant Holders.
        
        (f)  "Redemption Price" shall mean the price at which the Company may, 
at its option, redeem the Warrants, in accordance with the terms hereof, which
price shall be $.10 per Warrant, subject to adjustment from time to time
pursuant to the provisions of Section 9.
        
        (g)  "Registered Holder" shall mean the person in whose name any 
certificate representing Warrants shall be registered on the books maintained 
by the Warrant Agent pursuant to Section 6.

        (h)  "Transfer Agent" shall mean American Stock Transfer & Trust 
Company, as the Company's transfer agent, or its authorized successor, as such.

        (i)  "Warrant Expiration Date" shall mean, with respect to each 
Warrant, 5:00 p.m. (New York, New York time) on _________________, 2002, or 
the Redemption Date as defined in Section 8, whichever is earlier; provided
that if such date shall in the State of New York be a holiday or a day on which
banks are authorized to close, then 5:00 p.m. (New York, New York time) on the
next following day which in the State of New York is not a 



                                      2
   3

holiday nor a day on which banks are authorized to close.  Upon notice to all
Warrant Holders, the Company shall have the right to extend the Warrant
Expiration Date.
        

     SECTION 2.   Warrants and Issuance of Warrant Certificates.

          (a)  Each Warrant shall initially entitle the Registered Holder of 
the Warrant Certificate representing such Warrant to purchase one (1) share of
Common Stock upon the exercise thereof, in accordance with the terms hereof,
subject to modification and adjustment as provided in Section 9.
        
          (b)  Upon execution of this Agreement, Warrant Certificates 
representing the number of Warrants sold pursuant to the Underwriting Agreement
shall be executed by the Company and delivered to the Warrant Agent.  Upon
written order of the Company signed by its President or Chairman or a Vice
President and by its Secretary or an Assistant Secretary, the Warrant
Certificates shall be countersigned, issued and delivered by the Warrant Agent
in accordance with the terms of the Underwriting Agreement.
        
          (c)  From time to time, up to the Warrant Expiration Date, the 
Transfer Agent shall countersign and deliver stock certificates in required
whole number denominations representing up to an aggregate of 3,625,000 shares
of Common Stock, subject to adjustment as described herein, upon the exercise
of Warrants in accordance with this Agreement.
        
          (d)  From time to time, up to the Warrant Expiration Date, the 
Warrant Agent shall countersign and deliver Warrant Certificates in required
whole number denominations to the persons entitled thereto in connection with
any transfer or exchange permitted under this Agreement; provided that no
Warrant Certificates shall be issued except to (i) those initially issued
hereunder, (ii) those issued on or after the Initial Warrant Exercise Date,
upon the exercise of fewer than all Warrants represented by any Warrant
Certificate, to evidence any unexercised Warrants held by the exercising
Registered Holder, (iii) those issued upon any transfer or exchange pursuant to
Section 6; (iv) those issued in replacement of lost, stolen, destroyed or
mutilated Warrant Certificates pursuant to Section 7; and at the option of the
Company, in such form as may be approved by its Board of Directors, to reflect
any adjustment or change in the Purchase Price, the number of shares of Common
Stock purchasable upon exercise of the Warrants or the Redemption Price
therefor made pursuant to Section 9.



                                      3
   4

        


     SECTION 3.  Form and Execution of Warrant Certificates.

          (a)  The Warrant Certificates shall be substantially in the form 
annexed hereto as Exhibit A, and may have such letters, numbers or other marks
of identification or designation and such legends, summaries or endorsements
printed, lithographed or engraved thereon as the Company may deem appropriate
and as are not inconsistent with the provisions of this Agreement or as may be
required to comply with any law or with any rule or regulation made pursuant
thereto or with any rule or regulation of any stock exchange on which the
Warrants may be listed, or to conform to usage.  The Warrant Certificates shall
be dated the date of issuance thereof (whether upon initial issuance, transfer,
exchange or in lieu of mutilated, lost, stolen, or destroyed Warrant
Certificates) and issued in registered form.  Warrants shall be numbered
serially with the letter W on the Warrants.
        
          (b)  Warrant Certificates shall be executed on behalf of the Company 
by its Chairman of the Board, President or any Vice President and by its
Secretary or an Assistant Secretary, by mutual signatures or by facsimile
signatures printed thereon, and shall have imprinted thereon a facsimile of the
Company's seal. Warrant Certificates shall be manually countersigned by the
Warrant Agent and shall not be valid for any purpose unless so countersigned. 
In case any officer of the Company who shall have signed any of the Warrant
Certificates shall cease to be such officer of the Company before the date of
issuance of the Warrant Certificates or before countersignature by the Warrant
Agent and issue and delivery thereof, such Warrant Certificates may
nevertheless be countersigned by the Warrant Agent, issued and delivered with
the same force and effect as though the person who signed such Warrant
Certificates had not ceased to be such officer of the Company.  After
countersignature by the Warrant Agent, Warrant Certificates shall be delivered
by the Warrant Agent to the Registered Holder without further action by the
Company, except as otherwise provided by Section 4(a).
        




     SECTION 4.  Exercise

          (a)  Each Warrant may be exercised by the Registered Holder thereof 
at any time on or after the Initial Warrant Exercise Date, but not after the
Warrant Expiration Date, upon the terms and subject to the conditions set forth
herein and in the applicable Warrant Certificate.  A Warrant shall be deemed to
have been exercised immediately prior to the close of business on the Exercise
Date and the person entitled to receive the securities deliverable upon such
exercise shall be treated for all purposes as
        



                                      4
   5

the holder upon exercise thereof as of the close of business on the Exercise
Date.  As soon as practicable on or after the Exercise Date, the Warrant Agent
shall notify the Company in writing of the exercise of the Warrants and forward
the proceeds thereof.  Promptly following, and in any event within five (5)
days after receiving authorization from the Company, the Warrant Agent, on
behalf of the Company, shall cause to be issued and delivered by the Transfer
Agent, to the person or persons entitled to receive the same, a certificate or
certificates for the securities deliverable upon such exercise (plus a Warrant
Certificate for any remaining unexercised Warrants of the Registered Holder). 
Notwithstanding the foregoing, in the case of payment made in the form of a
check drawn on an account of Mason Hill or such other investment banks and
brokerage houses as the Company shall approve in writing to the Warrant Agent,
certificates shall immediately be issued without prior notice to the Company or
any delay.  Upon the exercise of any Warrant and clearance of the funds
received, the Warrant Agent shall promptly remit the payment received for the
Warrant to the Company or as the Company may direct in writing.
        
        (h)  If, on the Exercise Date in respect of the exercise of any 
Warrant at any time on or after the first anniversary of the date hereof (i)
the market price of the Company's Common Stock is greater than the then
Purchase Price of the Warrant, (ii) the exercise of the Warrant was solicited
by a member of the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc. ("NASD"),
(iii) the Warrant was not held in a discretionary account, (iv) the disclosure
of compensation arrangements was made both at the time of the original offering
and at the time of exercise; (v) the solicitation of the exercise of the
Warrant was not in violation of Regulation M (as such rule or any successor
rule as may be in effect as of such time of exercise) promulgated under the
Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and (vi) Mason Hill is designated as the
soliciting NASD member, then the Warrant Agent, simultaneously with delivery of
the Common Stock upon exercise of the Warrants shall, on behalf of the Company,
pay from the proceeds received upon exercise of the Warrant(s), a fee of five
(5%) percent of the Purchase Price to Mason Hill.  Within five days after the
exercise, the Warrant Agent shall send to Mason Hill a copy of the reverse side
of each Warrant exercised.  Mason Hill shall reimburse the Warrant Agent, upon
request, for its reasonable expenses relating to compliance with this Section
4(b).  In addition, Mason Hill and the Company may at any time during business
hours, examine the records of the Warrant Agent, including its ledger of
original Warrant certificates returned to the Warrant Agent upon exercise of
Warrants. The provisions of this paragraph may not be modified, amended or
deleted without the prior written consent of Mason Hill and the Company.
        


                                      5
   6


     SECTION 5.   Reservation of Shares; Listing; Payment of Taxes; etc.

          (a)  The Company covenants that it will at all times reserve and 
keep available out of its authorized Common Stock, solely for the purpose of
issuance upon exercise of Warrants, such number of shares of Common Stock as
shall then be issuable upon the exercise of all outstanding Warrants.  The
Company covenants that all shares of Common Stock which shall be issuable upon
exercise of the Warrants shall, at the time of delivery (assuming payment in
full of the Purchase Price in respect thereof), be duly and validly issued,
fully paid, nonassessable and free from all taxes, liens and charges with
respect to the issuance thereof (other than those which the Company shall
promptly pay or discharge) and that upon issuance such shares shall be listed
on each national securities exchange, if any, on which the other shares of
outstanding Common Stock of the Company are then listed.
        
          (b)  The Company covenants that if any securities to be reserved for 
the purpose of exercise of Warrants hereunder require registration with, or
approval of, any governmental authority under any federal securities law before
such securities may be validly issued or delivered upon such exercise, then the
Company will in good faith and as expeditiously as reasonably possible,
endeavor to secure such registration or approval.  The Company will use
reasonable effort to obtain appropriate approvals or registrations under state
"blue sky" securities laws with respect to any such securities.  However,
Warrants may not be exercised by, or shares of Common Stock issued to, any
Registered Holder in any state in which such exercise would be unlawful.
        
          (c)  The Company shall pay all documentary, stamp or similar taxes 
and other governmental charges that may be imposed with respect to the issuance
of Warrants, or the issuance or delivery of any shares upon exercise of the
Warrants; provided, however, that if the shares of Common Stock are to be
delivered in a name other than the name of the Registered Holder of the Warrant
Certificate representing any Warrant being exercised, then no such delivery
shall be made unless the person requiring the same had paid to the Warrant
Agent the amount of transfer taxes or charges incident thereto, if any.
        
          (d)  The Warrant Agent is hereby irrevocably authorized to 
requisition the Company's Transfer Agent from time to time for certificates
representing shares of Common Stock required upon exercise of the Warrants, and
the Company will authorize the Transfer Agent to comply with all such proper
requisitions.  The Company will file with the Warrant Agent a statement setting
forth the name and address of the Transfer Agent of the Company for shares of
Common Stock issuable upon exercise of the Warrants,
        


                                      6
   7

unless the Warrant Agent and the Transfer Agent are the same entity.


     SECTION 6.   Exchange and Registration of Transfer

          (a)  Warrant Certificates may be exchanged for other Warrant 
Certificates representing an equal aggregate number of Warrants of the same
class or may be transferred in whole or in part.  Warrant Certificates to be
exchanged shall be surrendered to the Warrant Agent at its Corporate Office,
and upon satisfaction of all the terms and provisions hereof, the Company shall
execute and the Warrant Agent shall countersign, issue and deliver in exchange
therefor the Warrant Certificate or Certificates which the Registered Holder
making the exchange shall be entitled to receive.
        
          (b)  The Warrant Agent shall keep at its office books in which, 
subject to such reasonable regulations as it may prescribe, it shall register
Warrant Certificates and the transfer thereof in accordance with its regular
practice. Upon due presentment for registration of transfer of any Warrant
Certificate at such office, the Company shall execute and the Warrant Agent
shall issue and deliver to the transferee or transferees a new Warrant
Certificate or Certificates representing an equal aggregate number of Warrants
of the same class.
        
          (c)  With respect to all Warrant Certificates presented for 
registration or transfer, or for exchange or exercise, the subscription form on
the reverse thereof shall be duly endorsed, or be accompanied by a written
instrument or instruments of transfer and subscription, in form satisfactory to
the Company and the Warrant Agent, duly executed by the Registered Holder or
his attorney-in-fact duly authorized in writing.
        
          (d)  A service charge may be imposed by the Warrant Agent for any 
exchange or registration of transfer of Warrant Certificates.  In addition, the
Company may require payment by such holder of a sum sufficient to cover any tax
or other governmental charge that may be imposed in connection therewith.
        
          (e)  All Warrant Certificates surrendered for exercise or for 
exchange in case of mutilated Warrant Certificates shall be promptly canceled
by the Warrant Agent and thereafter retained by the Warrant Agent until
termination of this Agreement or resignation as Warrant Agent, or, with the
prior written consent of Mason Hill, disposed of or destroyed, at the direction
of the Company.
        
          (f)  Prior to due presentment for registration of transfer thereof, 
the Company and the Warrant Agent may deem and treat the Registered Holder of 
any Warrant Certificate as the 


                                      7
   8

absolute owner thereof and of each Warrant represented thereby (notwithstanding
any notations of ownership or writing thereon made by anyone other than a duly
authorized officer of the Company or the Warrant Agent) for all purposes and
shall not be affected by any notice to the contrary.  The Warrants, which are
being publicly offered with shares of Common Stock pursuant to the Underwriting
Agreement, may be purchased separately for the shares and will be transferable
separately from the Common Stock immediately upon issuance.
        

     SECTION 7.  Loss or Mutilation.  Upon receipt by the Company and the 
Warrant Agent of evidence satisfactory to them of the ownership of and loss,
theft, destruction or mutilation of any Warrant Certificate and (in case of
loss, theft or destruction) of indemnity satisfactory to them, and (in the case
of mutilation) upon surrender and cancellation thereof, the Company shall
execute and the Warrant Agent shall (in the absence of notice to the Company
and/or Warrant Agent that the Warrant Certificate has been acquired by a bona
fide purchaser) countersign and deliver to the Registered Holder in lieu
thereof a new Warrant Certificate of like tenor representing an equal aggregate
number of Warrants.  Applicants for a substitute Warrant Certificate shall
comply with such other reasonable regulations and pay such other reasonable
charges as the Warrant Agent may prescribe.
        
     SECTION 8.  Redemption

          (a)  Commencing 12 months from the effective date of the Registration
Statement (or earlier, with the prior written consent of Mason Hill) on not
less than thirty (30) days prior written notice, the Warrants may be redeemed,
at the option of the Company, at a redemption price of $0.10 per Warrant (the
"Redemption Price"), provided the closing bid price of the Company's Common
Stock on The Nasdaq Stock Market as reported by the National Quotation Bureau,
Incorporated (or the last sale price, if quoted on a national securities
exchange) exceeds $7.00 for at least 20 consecutive trading days ending on the
third business day prior to the date of the notice of redemption.  All Warrants
must be redeemed if any of the Warrants are redeemed.
        
          (b)  In case the Company shall desire to exercise its right to so 
redeem the Warrants, it shall request the Warrant Agent, or Mason Hill, if the
date fixed for redemption is on or after the first anniversary of the date
hereof, to mail a notice of redemption to each of the Registered Holders of the
Warrants to be redeemed, first class, postage prepaid, not later than the
thirtieth (30th) day before the date fixed for redemption, at their last
address as shall appear on the records of the Warrant Agent.  Any notice mailed
in the manner provided herein shall be
        


                                      8
   9

conclusively presumed to have been duly given whether or not the Registered 
Holder receives such notice.

          (c)  The notice of redemption shall specify (i) the Redemption Price,
(ii) the date fixed for redemption, (iii) the place where the Warrant
Certificates shall be delivered and the redemption price paid, (iv) that Mason
Hill will assist each Registered Holder of a Warrant in connection with the
exercise thereof (if Mason Hill has conducted, or caused to be conducted, the
mailing) and (v) that the right to exercise the Warrant shall terminate at 5:00
p.m. (New York, New York time) on the business day immediately preceding the
date fixed for redemption shall be the Redemption Date.  No failure to mail
such notice nor any defect therein or in the mailing thereof shall affect the
validity of the proceedings for such redemption except as to a holder (a) to
whom notice was not mailed or (b) whose notice was defective.  An affidavit of
the Warrant Agent or of the Secretary or an Assistant Secretary of Mason Hill
or the Company that notice of redemption has been mailed shall, in the absence
of fraud, be prima facie evidence of the facts stated therein.
        
          (d)  Any right to exercise a Warrant that has been called for 
redemption shall terminate at 5:00 p.m. (New York, New York time) on the
business day immediately preceding the Redemption Date.  On and after the
Redemption Date, Holders of the redeemed Warrants shall have no further rights
except to receive, upon surrender of the redeemed Warrant, the Redemption
Price.
        
          (e)  From and after the date specified for redemption, the Company 
shall, at the place specified in the notice of redemption, upon presentation
and surrender to the Company by or on behalf of the Registered Holder thereof
of one or more Warrants to be redeemed, deliver or cause to be delivered to or
upon the written order of such Holder a sum in cash equal to the Redemption
Price of each such Warrant.  From and after the date fixed for redemption and
upon the deposit or setting aside by the Company of a sum sufficient to redeem
all the Warrants called for redemption, such Warrants shall expire and become
void and all rights hereunder and under the Warrant Certificates, except the
right to receive payment of the Redemption Price, shall cease.
        

     SECTION 9.  Adjustment of Exercise Price and Number of Shares of Common
Stock or Warrants.

          (a)  Subject to the exceptions referred to in Section 9(g),  in the 
event the Company shall, at any time or from time to time after the date
hereof, sell any shares of Common Stock for a consideration per share less than
the lesser of the market price of a share of Common Stock as quoted on NASDAQ
or then current Purchase Price (except for securities issued in a bona fide 
        

                                      9
   10

financing) or issue any shares of Common Stock as a stock dividend to the
holders of Common Stock, or subdivides or combines the outstanding shares of
Common Stock into a greater or lesser number of shares (any such sale,
issuance, subdivision or combination being herein called a "Change or Shares"),
then, and thereafter upon each further Change of Shares, the applicable
Purchase Price in effect immediately prior to such Change of Shares shall be
changed to a price (including any applicable fraction of a cent) determined by
multiplying the Purchase Price in effect immediately prior thereto by a
fraction, the numerator of which shall be the sum of (a) the total number of
shares of Common Stock outstanding immediately prior to such Change of Shares
and (b) the number of shares of Common Stock which the aggregate consideration
received by the Company upon such sale, issuance, subdivision or combination
(determined in accordance with subsection f(vi) below) could have purchased at
the then current Purchase Price, and the denominator of which shall be the
total number of shares of Common Stock outstanding immediately after such
Change of Shares.
        
          Upon each adjustment of the applicable Purchase Price pursuant to this
Section 9, the total number of shares of Common Stock purchasable upon the
exercise of each Warrant shall (subject to the provisions contained in Section
9(b)) be such number of shares (calculated to the nearest tenth) purchasable at
the applicable Purchase Price immediately prior to such adjustment multiplied
by a fraction, the numerator of which shall be the applicable Purchase Price in
effect immediately prior to such adjustment and the denominator of which shall
be the applicable Purchase Price in effect immediately after such adjustment.

          (b)  The Company may elect, upon any adjustment of the applicable 
Purchase Price hereunder, to adjust the number of Warrants outstanding, in lieu
of adjusting the number of shares of Common Stock purchasable upon the exercise
of each Warrant as hereinabove provided, so that each Warrant outstanding after
such adjustment shall represent the right to purchase one share of Common
Stock.  Each Warrant held of record prior to such adjustment of the number of
Warrants shall become that number of Warrants (calculated to the nearest tenth)
determined by multiplying the number one by a fraction, the numerator of which
shall be the applicable Purchase Price in effect immediately prior to such
adjustment and the denominator of which shall be the applicable Purchase Price
in effect immediately after such adjustment.  Upon each such adjustment of the
number of Warrants, the Redemption  Price in effect immediately prior to such
adjustment also shall be adjusted by multiplying such Redemption Price by a
fraction, the numerator of which shall be the Purchase Price in effect
immediately after such adjustment and the denominator of which shall be the
Purchase Price in effect immediately prior to such adjustment.  Upon each
adjustment of the number of Warrants pursuant to this Section 9, the Company
shall, as promptly as
        


                                     10
   11

practicable, cause to be distributed to each Registered Holder of Warrant
Certificates on the date of such adjustment Warrant Certificates evidencing,
subject to Section 10, the number of additional Warrants, if any, to which such
Holder shall be entitled as a result of such adjustment or, at the option of
the Company, cause to be distributed to such Holder in substitution and
replacement for the Warrant Certificates held by him prior to the date of
adjustment (and upon surrender thereof, if required by the Company) new Warrant
Certificates evidencing the number of Warrants to which such Holder shall be
entitled after such adjustment.
        
          (c)  In case of any reclassification, capital reorganization or other
change of outstanding shares of Common Stock, or in case of any consolidation
or merger of the Company with or into another corporation (other than a
consolidation or merger in which the Company is the continuing corporation and
which does not result in any reclassification, capital reorganization or other
change of outstanding shares of Common Stock), or in case of any sale or
conveyance to another corporation of the property of the Company as, or
substantially as, an entirety (other than a sale/leaseback, mortgage or other
financing transaction), the Company shall cause effective provision to be made
so that each holder of a Warrant then outstanding shall have the right
thereafter, by exercising such Warrant, to purchase the kind and number of
shares of stock or other securities or property (including cash) receivable
upon such reclassification, capital reorganization or other change,
consolidation, merger, sale or conveyance by a holder of the number of shares
of Common Stock that might have been purchased upon exercise of such Warrant,
immediately prior to such reclassification, capital reorganization or other
change, consolidation, merger, sale or conveyance.  Any such provision shall
include provision for adjustments that shall be as nearly equivalent as may be
practicable to the adjustments provided for in this Section 9.  The foregoing
provisions shall similarly apply to successive reclassifications, capital
reorganizations and other changes of outstanding shares of Common Stock and to
successive consolidations, mergers, sales or conveyances.
        
          (d)  Irrespective of any adjustments or changes in the Purchase Price
or the number of shares of Common Stock purchasable upon exercise of the
Warrants, the Warrant Certificates theretofore and thereafter issued shall,
unless the Company shall exercise its option to issue new Warrant Certificates
pursuant to Section 2(f), continue to express the applicable Purchase Price per
share, the number of shares purchasable thereunder and the Redemption Price
therefor as the Purchase Price per share, and the number of shares purchasable
thereunder and the Redemption Price therefor as were expressed in the Warrant
Certificates when the same were originally issued.
        



                                     11
   12


          (e)  After each adjustment of the Purchase Price pursuant to this 
Section 9, the Company will promptly prepare a certificate signed by the
Chairman or President, and by the Treasurer or an Assistant Treasurer or the
Secretary or an Assistant Secretary, of the Company setting forth: (i) the
applicable Purchase Price as so adjusted, (ii) the number of shares of Common
Stock purchasable upon exercise of each Warrant after such adjustment, and, if
the Company shall have elected to adjust the number of Warrants, the number of
Warrants to which the registered holder of each Warrant shall then be entitled,
and the adjustment in Redemption Price resulting therefrom, and (iii) a brief
statement of the facts accounting for such adjustment.  The Company will
promptly file such certificate with the Warrant Agent and cause a brief summary
thereof to be sent by ordinary first class mail to Mason Hill and to each
registered holder of Warrants at his last address as it shall appear on the
registry books of the Warrant Agent.  No failure to mail such notice nor any
defect therein or in the mailing thereof shall affect the validity thereof
except as to the holder to whom the Company failed to mail such notice, or
except as to the holder whose notice was defective.  The affidavit of an
officer of the Warrant Agent or the Secretary or an Assistant Secretary of the
Company that such notice has been mailed shall, in the absence of fraud, be
prima facie evidence of the facts stated therein.
        
          (f)  For purposes of Section 9(a) and 9(b) hereof, the following 
provisions (i) to (vi) shall also be applicable:

                (i)   The number of shares of Common Stock outstanding at any 
given time shall include shares of Common Stock owned or held by or for the
account of the Company and the sale or issuance of such treasury shares or the
distribution of any such treasury shares shall not be considered a Change of
Shares for purposes of said sections.
        
                (ii)  No Adjustment of the Purchase Price shall be made unless 
such adjustment would require an increase or decrease of at least $0.10 in such
price; provided that any adjustments which by reason of this clause (ii) are
not required to be made shall be carried forward and shall be made at the time
of and together with the next subsequent adjustment which, together with any
adjustment(s) so carried forward, shall require an increase or decrease of at
least $0.10 in the Purchase Price then in effect hereunder.
        
                (iii) In case of (1) the sale by the Company solely for cash 
of any rights or warrants to subscribe for or purchase, or any options for the 
purchase of, Common Stock or any securities convertible into or exchangeable
for Common Stock without the payment of any further consideration other than
cash, if any (such convertible or exchangeable securities being herein
        


                                     12
   13

called "Convertible Securities"), or (2) the issuance by the Company, without
the receipt by the Company of any consideration therefor, of any rights or
warrants to subscribe for or purchase, or any options for the purchase of,
Common Stock or Convertible Securities, in each case, if (and only if) the
consideration payable to the Company upon the exercise of such rights, warrants
or options shall consist solely of cash, whether or not such rights, warrants
or options, or the right to convert or exchange such Convertible Securities,
are immediately exercisable, and the price per share for which Common Stock is
issuable upon the exercise of such rights, warrants or options or upon the
conversion or exchange of such Convertible Securities (determined by dividing
(x) the minimum aggregate consideration payable to the Company upon the
exercise of such rights, warrants or options, plus the consideration received
by the Company for the issuance or sale of such rights, warrants or options,
plus, in the case of such Convertible Securities, the minimum aggregate amount
of additional consideration, if any, other than such Convertible Securities,
payable upon the conversion or exchange thereof, by (y) the total maximum
number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon the exercise of such rights,
warrants or options or upon the conversion or exchange of such Convertible
Securities issuable upon the exercise of such rights, warrants or options) is
less than the then current Purchase Price immediately prior to the date of the
issuance or sale of such rights, warrants or options, then the total maximum
number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon the exercise of such rights,
warrants or options or upon the conversion or exchange of such Convertible
Securities (as of the date of the issuance or sale of such rights, warrants or
options) shall be deemed to be outstanding shares of Common Stock for purposes
of Sections 9(a) and 9(b) hereof and shall be deemed to have been sold for cash
in an amount equal to such price per share.
        
          (iv)  In case of the sale by the Company solely for cash of any 
Convertible Securities, whether or not the right of conversion or exchange
thereunder is immediately exercisable, and the price per share for which Common
Stock is issuable upon the conversion or exchange of such Convertible
Securities (determined by dividing (x) the total amount of consideration
received by the Company for the sale of such Convertible Securities, plus the
minimum aggregate amount of additional consideration, if any, other than such
Convertible Securities, payable upon the conversion or exchange thereof, by (y)
the total maximum number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon the conversion
or exchange of such Convertible Securities) is less than the then Purchase
Price immediately prior to the date of the sale of such Convertible Securities,
then the total maximum number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon the
conversion or exchange of such Convertible Securities (as of the date of the
sale of such Convertible Securities) shall be deemed to be outstanding shares
of Common Stock for purposes of Sections 9(a) and 9(b) hereof and shall be 
        


                                     13
   14

deemed to have been sold for cash in an amount equal to such price per share.

                (v) If the exercise or purchase price provided for in any 
right, warrant or option referred to in clause (iii) above, or the rate at
which any Convertible Securities referred to in clause (iii) or (iv) above are
convertible into or exchangeable for Common Stock, shall change at any time
(other than under or by reason of provisions designed to protect against
dilution), the Purchase Price then in effect hereunder shall forthwith be
readjusted to such Purchase Price as would have been obtained (1) had the
adjustments made upon the issuance or sale of such rights, warrants, options or
Convertible Securities been made upon the basis of the issuance of only the
number of shares of Common Stock theretofore actually delivered (and the total
consideration received therefor) upon the exercise of such rights, warrants or
options or upon the conversion or exchange of such Convertible Securities, (2)
had adjustments been made on the basis of the Purchase Price as adjusted under
clause (1) for all transactions (which would have affected such adjusted
Purchase Price) made after the issuance or sale of such rights, warrants,
options or Convertible Securities, and (3) had any such rights, warrants,
options or Convertible Securities then still outstanding been originally issued
or sold at the time of such change. On the expiration of any such right,
warrant or option or the termination of any such right to convert or exchange
any such Convertible Securities, the Purchase Price then in effect hereunder
shall forthwith be readjusted to such Purchase Price as would have been
obtained (a) had the adjustments made upon the issuance or sale of such rights,
warrants, options or Convertible Securities been made upon the basis of the
issuance of only the number of shares of Common Stock theretofore actually
delivered (and the total consideration received therefor) upon the exercise of
such rights, warrants or options or upon the conversion or exchange of such
Convertible Securities and (b) had adjustments been made on the basis of the
Purchase Price as adjusted under clause (a) for all transactions (which would
have affected such adjusted Purchase Price) made after the issuance or sale of
such rights, warrants, options or Convertible Securities.
        
                (vi)  In case of the sale for cash of any shares of Common 
Stock, any Convertible Securities, any rights or warrants to subscribe for or
purchase, or any options for the purchase of, Common Stock or Convertible
Securities, the consideration received by the Company therefore shall be deemed
to be the gross sales price therefor without deducting therefrom any expense
paid or incurred by the Company or any underwriting discounts or commissions or
concessions paid or allowed by the Company in connection therewith.
        


                                     14
   15

          (g)  No adjustment to the Purchase Price or to the number of shares 
of Common Stock purchasable upon the exercise of each Warrant will be made, 
however:
                     
               (i)    upon the grant or exercise of any other options which may 
hereafter be granted or exercised under any employee, financial consultant or 
director benefit plan of the Company as described in the Registration 
Statement or as may be adopted by the Company in the future; or

               (ii)   upon the sale or exercise of the Warrants, including 
without limitation the sale or exercise of any of the Warrants underlying the 
Warrant Purchase Option; or

               (iii)  upon the sale of any shares of Common Stock in the 
public offering pursuant to the Registration Statement, including, without 
limitation, shares sold upon the exercise of any over-allotment option granted
to Mason Hill in connection with such offering; or
        
               (iv)   upon the issuance or sale of Common Stock or Convertible 
Securities upon the exercise of any rights or warrants to subscribe for or
purchase, or any options for the purchase of, Common Stock or Convertible
Securities, whether or not such rights, warrants or options were outstanding on
the date of the original sale of the Warrants or were thereafter issued or
sold;
        
               (v)    upon the issuance or sale of Common Stock upon conversion
or exchange of any Convertible Securities outstanding on the date of the
original sale of the Warrants, whether or not any adjustment in the Purchase
Price was made or required to be made upon the issuance or sale of such
Convertible Securities and whether or not such Convertible Securities were
outstanding on the date of original sale of the Warrants or were thereafter
issued or sold; or

               (vi)    upon the issuance or sale of Common Stock or Convertible
Securities issued in connection with a bona fide financing determined
commercially reasonable under the circumstances by the Company's Board of
Directors.

               (vii)   upon any amendment to or change in the terms of any 
rights or warrants to subscribe for or purchase, or options for the purchase
of, Common Stock or Convertible Securities or in the terms of any Convertible
Securities, including, but not limited to, any extension of any expiration date
of any such right, warrant or option, any change in any exercise or purchase
price provided for in any such right, warrant or option, any extension of any
date through which any Convertible Securities are convertible into or
exchangeable for Common Stock or any change in the rate at which any
Convertible Securities are convertible into or exchangeable for Common Stock
(other than rights, warrants, options or Convertible Securities issued or sold
after the close of business on the date of the original issuance of the
Warrants (i) for which an adjustment in the Purchase Price then in effect was
        



                                     15
   16

theretofore made or required to be made, upon the issuance or sale thereof, or
(ii) for which such an adjustment would have been required had the exercise or
purchase price of such rights, warrants or options at the time of the issuance
or sale thereof or the rate of conversion or exchange of such Convertible
Securities, at the time of the sale of such Convertible Securities, or the
issuance or sale of rights or warrants to subscribe for or purchase, or options
for the purchase of, such Convertible Securities, been the price or rate as
changed, in which case the provisions of Section 9(f)(v) hereof shall be
applicable if, but only if, the exercise or purchase price thereof, as changed,
or the rate of conversion or exchange thereof, as changed, consists solely of
cash or requires the payment of additional consideration, if any, consisting
solely of cash or requires the payment of additional consideration, if any,
consisting solely of cash and the Company did not receive any consideration
other than cash, if any, in connection with such change).
        
            (h)  As used in this Section 9, the term "Common Stock" shall mean 
and include the Company's Common Stock authorized on the date of the original
issuance of the Warrants and shall also include any capital stock of any class
of the Company thereafter authorized which shall not be limited to a fixed sum
or percentage in respect of the rights of the holders thereof to participate in
dividends and in the distribution of assets upon the voluntary liquidation,
dissolution or winding up of the Company; provided, however, that the shares
issuable upon exercise of the Warrants shall include only shares of such class
designated in the Company's Certificate of Incorporation as Common Stock on the
date of the original issuance of the Warrants or (i), in the case of any
reclassification, change, consolidation, merger, sale or conveyance of the
character referred to in Section 9(c) hereof, the stock, securities or property
provided for in such section or (ii), in the case of any reclassification or
change in the outstanding shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of the
Warrants as a result of a subdivision or combination or consisting of a change
in par value, or from par value to no par value, or from no par value to par
value, such shares of Common Stock as so reclassified or changed.
        
            (i)  Any determination as to whether an adjustment in the Purchase 
Price in effect hereunder is required pursuant to Section 9, or as to the
amount of any such adjustment, if required, shall be binding upon the holders
of the Warrants and the Company if made in good faith by the Board of Directors
of the Company.
        
            (j)  If and whenever the Company shall grant to the holders of 
Common Stock, as such, rights or warrants to subscribe for or to purchase, or
any options for the purchase of, Common Stock or securities convertible into or
exchangeable for or carrying a right, warrant or option to purchase Common
Stock, the
        



                                     16
   17

Company shall concurrently therewith grant to each of the then Registered
Holders of the Warrants all of such rights, warrants or options to which each
such holder would have been entitled if, on the date of determination of
stockholders entitled to the rights, warrants or options being granted by the
Company, such holder were the holder of record of the number of whole shares of
Common Stock then issuable upon exercise (assuming, for purposes of this
Section 9(j), that the exercise of Warrants is permissible during periods prior
to the Initial Warrant Exercise Date) of his Warrants.  Such grant by the
Company to the holders of the Warrants shall be in lieu of any adjustment which
otherwise might be called for pursuant to this Section 9.


     SECTION 10.  Fractional Warrants and Fractional Shares.

          (a)  If the number of shares of Common Stock purchasable upon the 
exercise of each Warrant is adjusted pursuant to Section 9 hereof, the Company
shall nevertheless not be required to issue fractions of shares, upon exercise
of the Warrants or otherwise, or to distribute certificates that evidence
fractional shares.  With respect to any fraction of a share called for upon any
exercise hereof, the Company shall pay to the Holder an amount in cash equal to
such fraction multiplied by the current market value of such fractional share,
determined as follows:
        
               (i)   If the Common Stock is listed on a National Securities 
Exchange or admitted to unlisted trading privileges on such exchange or listed
for trading on the Nasdaq National or SmallCap Markets, the current value shall
be the last reported sale price of the Common Stock on such exchange on the
last business day prior to the date of exercise of the Warrant, or if no such
sale is made on such day, the average of the closing bid and asked prices for
such day on such exchange; or
        
               (ii)  If the Common Stock is not listed or admitted to unlisted 
trading privileges, the current value shall be the mean of the last reported
bid and asked prices reported by the National Quotation Bureau, Inc. on the
last business day prior to the date of the exercise of the Warrant; or
        
               (iii) If the Common Stock is not so listed or admitted to 
unlisted trading privileges and bid and asked prices are not so reported, the
current value shall be an amount determined in such reasonable manner as may be
prescribed by the Board of Directors of the Company.
        

     SECTION 11.  Warrant Holders Not Deemed Stockholders.  No holder of 
Warrants shall, as such, be entitled to vote or to receive dividends or be
deemed the holder of Common Stock that may 
        

                                     17
   18

at any time be issuable upon exercise of such Warrants for any purpose
whatsoever, nor shall anything contained herein be construed to confer upon the
holder of Warrants, as such, any of the rights of a stockholder of the Company
or any right to vote for the election of directors or upon any matter submitted
to stockholders at any meeting thereof, or to give or withhold consent to any
corporate action (whether upon any recapitalization, issuance or
reclassification of stock, change of par value or change of stock to no par
value, consolidation, merger or conveyance or otherwise), or to receive notice
of meetings, or to receive dividends or subscription rights, until such Holder
shall have exercised such Warrants and been issued shares of Common Stock in
accordance with the provisions hereof.
        

     SECTION 12.  Rights of Action.  All rights of action with respect to this
Agreement are vested in the respective Registered Holders of the Warrants, and
any Registered Holder of a Warrant, without consent of the Warrant Agent or of
the holder of any other Warrant, may, in his own behalf and for his own
benefit, enforce against the Company his right to exercise his Warrants for the
purchase of shares of Common Stock in the manner provided in the Warrant
Certificates and this Agreement.


     SECTION 13.  Agreement of Warrant Holders.  Every holder of a Warrant, by 
his acceptance thereof, consents and agrees with the Company, the Warrant Agent
and every other holder of a Warrant that:
        
          (a)  The Warrants are transferable only on the registry books of the 
Warrant Agent by the Registered Holder thereof in person or by his attorney
duly authorized in writing and only if the Warrant Certificates representing
such Warrants are surrendered at the office of the Warrant Agent, duly endorsed
or accompanied by a proper instrument of transfer satisfactory to the Warrant
Agent and the Company in their sole discretion, together with payment of any
applicable transfer taxes; and
        
          (b)  The Company and the Warrant Agent may deem and treat the person 
in whose name the Warrant Certificate is registered as the holder and as the
absolute, true and lawful owner of the Warrants represented thereby for all
purposes, and neither the Company nor the Warrant Agent shall be affected by
any notice or knowledge to the contrary, except as otherwise expressly provided
in Section 7 hereof.
        

     SECTION 14.  Cancellation of Warrant Certificates.  If the Company shall
purchase or acquire any Warrant or Warrants, the 


                                     18
   19

Warrant Certificate or Warrant Certificates evidencing the same shall thereupon
be delivered to the Warrant Agent and canceled by it and retired.  The Warrant
Agent shall also cancel Common Stock following exercise of any or all of the
Warrants represented thereby or delivered to it for transfer, split-up,
combination or exchange.
        

     SECTION 15.  Concerning the Warrant Agent.  The Warrant Agent acts 
hereunder as agent and in a ministerial capacity for the Company, and its
duties shall be determined solely by the provisions hereof.  The Warrant Agent
shall not, by issuing and delivering Warrant Certificates or by any other act
hereunder be deemed to make many representations as to the validity, value or
authorization of the Warrant Certificates or the Warrants represented thereby
or of any securities or other property delivered upon exercise of any Warrant
or whether any stock issued upon exercise of any Warrant is fully paid and
nonassessable.
        
     The Warrant Agent shall not at any time be under any duty or
responsibility to any holder of Warrant Certificates to make or cause to be
made any adjustment of the Purchase Price or the Redemption Price provided in
this Agreement, or to determine whether any fact exists which may require any
such adjustments, or with respect to the nature or extent of any such
adjustment, when made, or with respect to the method employed in making the
same.  It shall not (i) be liable for any recital or statement of facts
contained herein or for any action taken, suffered or omitted by it in reliance
on any Warrant Certificate or other document or instrument believed by it in
good faith to be genuine and to have been signed or presented by the proper
party or parties, (ii) be responsible for any failure on the part of the
Company to comply with any of its covenants and obligations contained in this
Agreement or in any Warrant Certificate, or (iii) be liable for any act or
omission in connection with this Agreement except for its own negligence or
willful misconduct.

     The Warrant Agent may at any time consult with counsel satisfactory to it
(who may be counsel for the Company or for the Underwriters) and shall incur no
liability or responsibility for any action taken, suffered or omitted by it in
good faith in accordance with the opinion or advice of such counsel.

     Any notice, statement, instruction, request, direction, order or demand of
the Company shall be sufficiently evidenced by an instrument signed by the
Chairman of the Board, President, any Vice President, its Secretary, or
Assistant Secretary, (unless other evidence in respect thereof is herein
specifically prescribed).  The Warrant Agent shall not be liable for any action
taken, suffered or omitted by it in accordance with such notice, 


                                     19
   20

statement, instruction, request, direction, order or demand believed by it to 
be genuine.

     The Company agrees to pay the Warrant Agent reasonable compensation for
its services hereunder and to reimburse it for its reasonable expenses
hereunder; it further agrees to indemnify the Warrant Agent and save it
harmless against any and all losses, expenses and liabilities, including
judgments, costs and counsel fees, for anything done or omitted by the Warrant
Agent in the execution of its duties and powers hereunder except losses,
expenses and liabilities arising as a result of the Warrant Agent's negligence
or willful misconduct.

     In the event of a dispute under this Agreement between the Company and the
Underwriters regarding proceeds received by the Warrant Agent from the exercise
of the Warrants, the Warrant Agent shall have the right, but not the
obligation, to bring an interpleader action to resolve such dispute.

     The Warrant Agent may resign its duties and be discharged from all further
duties and liabilities hereunder (except liabilities arising as a result of the
Warrant Agent's own negligence or willful misconduct), after giving 30 days'
prior written notice to the Company.  At least 15 days prior to the date such
resignation is to become effective, the Warrant Agent shall cause a copy of
such notice of resignation to be mailed to the Registered Holder of each
Warrant Certificate at the Company's expense.  Upon such resignation, or any
inability of the Warrant Agent to act as such hereunder, the Company shall
appoint a new warrant agent in writing.  If the Company shall fail to make such
appointment within a period of 15 days after it has been notified in writing of
such resignation by the resigning Warrant Agent, then the Registered Holder of
any Warrant Certificate may apply to any court of competent jurisdiction for
the appointment of a new warrant agent.  Any new warrant agent, whether
appointed by the Company or by such a court shall be a bank or trust company
having a capital and surplus as shown by its last published report to its
stockholders, of not less than Ten Million ($10,000,000.00) Dollars, or a stock
transfer company.  After acceptance in writing of such appointment by the new
warrant agent is received by the Company, such new warrant agent shall be
vested with the same powers, rights, duties and responsibilities as if it had
been originally named herein as the Warrant Agent, without any further
assurance, conveyance, act or deed; but if for any reason it shall be necessary
or expedient to execute and deliver any further assurance, conveyance, act or
deed, the same shall be done at the expense of the Company and shall be legally
and validly executed and delivered by the resigning Warrant Agent.  Not later
than the effective date of any such appointment the Company shall file notice
thereof with the resigning Warrant Agent and shall forthwith 



                                     20
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cause a copy of such notice to be mailed to the Registered Holder of each 
Warrant Certificate.

     Any corporation into which the Warrant Agent or any new warrant agent may
be converted or merged or any corporation resulting from any consolidation to
which the Warrant Agent or any new warrant agent shall be a party or any
corporation succeeding to the trust business of the Warrant Agent shall be a
successor warrant agent under this Agreement without any further act, provided
that such corporation is eligible for appointment as successor to the Warrant
Agent under the provisions of the preceding paragraph.  Any such successor
warrant agent shall promptly cause notice of its succession as warrant agent to
be mailed to the Company and to the Registered Holder of each Warrant
Certificate.

     The Warrant Agent, its subsidiaries and affiliates, and any of its or
their officers or directors, may buy and hold or sell Warrants or other
securities of the Company and otherwise deal with the Company in the same
manner and to the same extent and with like effects as though it were not
Warrant Agent.  Nothing herein shall preclude the Warrant Agent from acting in
any other capacity for the Company or for any other legal entity.

     SECTION 16.  Modification of Agreement.  Subject to the provisions of 
Section 4(b), the Warrant Agent and the Company may by supplemental agreement
make any changes or corrections in this Agreement (i) that they shall deem
appropriate to cure any ambiguity or to correct any defective or inconsistent
provision or manifest mistake or error herein contained; or (ii) that they may
deem necessary or desirable and which shall not adversely affect the interests
of the holders of Warrant Certificates; provided, however, that this Agreement
shall not otherwise be modified, supplemented or altered in any respect except
with the consent in writing of the Registered Holders of Warrant Certificates
representing not less than 50% of the Warrants then outstanding; and provided,
further, that no change in the number or nature of the securities purchasable
upon the exercise of any Warrant, or the Purchase Price therefor, or the
acceleration of the Warrant Expiration Date, shall be made without the consent
in writing of the Registered Holder of the Warrant Certificate representing
such Warrant, other than such changes as are specifically prescribed by this
Agreement as originally executed.
        

     SECTION 17.  Notices.  All notices, requests, consents and other
communications hereunder shall be in writing and shall be deemed to have been
made when delivered or mailed first class registered or certified mail, postage
prepaid as follows:  if to the Registered Holder of a Warrant Certificate, at
the address of such holder as shown on the registry books maintained by the



                                     21
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Warrant Agent; if to the Company, at 28025 Oakland Oaks Drive, Wixom, Michigan
48393, Attention: President, or at such other address as may have been
furnished to the Warrant Agreement in writing by the Company; if to the Warrant
Agent, at American Stock Transfer & Trust Company, 40 Wall Street, 46th Floor,
New York, New York 10005; if to Mason Hill, at 110 Wall Street, New York, New
York 10005, attention:  President; if to J.W. Barclay & Co., Inc., at One
Battery Park Plaza, New York, New York 10004, attention: President.


     SECTION 18.  Governing Law.  This Agreement shall be governed by and
construed in accordance with the laws of the State of New York, without
reference to principles of conflict of laws.


     SECTION 19.  Binding Effect.  This Agreement shall be binding upon and 
inure to the benefit of the Company, the Warrant Agent and the Underwriters,
and their respective successors and assigns, and the holders from time to time
of the Warrant Certificates.  Nothing in this Agreement is intended or shall be
construed to confer upon any other person any right, remedy or claim, in equity
or at law, or to impose upon any other person any duty, liability or
obligation.
        

     SECTION 20.  Termination.  This Agreement shall terminate at the close of
business on the Expiration Date of all the Warrants of such earlier date upon
which all Warrants have been exercised, except that the Warrant Agent shall
account to the Company for cash held by it and the provisions of Section 15
hereof shall survive such termination.

     SECTION 21.  Counterparts.  This Agreement may be executed in several
counterparts, which taken together shall constitute a single document.


                         [Signatures on following page]




                                     22
   23

     IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties hereto have caused this Warrant Agreement
to be duly executed as of the date first above written.


                                     ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC.




                                     By: ______________________________________
                                            Authorized Officer



                                     AMERICAN STOCK TRANSFER & TRUST COMPANY



                                     By: ______________________________________
                                            Authorized Officer



                                     MASON HILL & CO., INC.



                                     By: ______________________________________
                                            Authorized Officer


                                     J.W. BARCLAY & CO., INC.



                                     By: ______________________________________
                                            Authorized Officer




                                     23
   1
                                                                EXHIBIT 4.2














                       ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

                                       AND

                             MASON HILL & CO., INC.

   
                                  UNDERWRITERS'

    
                                WARRANT AGREEMENT

   2


   

          UNDERWRITERS' WARRANT AGREEMENT dated as of ______________, 1998 by
and between ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (the "Company") and MASON HILL &
CO., INC. ("Mason Hill" or the "Representative"), as the Representative of the
underwriting group. The underwriting group is referred to collectively herein as
the "Underwriters.
    

                                   WITNESSETH:

   
          WHEREAS, the Company proposes to issue to the Underwriters warrants
(the "Underwriters' Warrants") to purchase up to 180,000 shares of the
Company's common stock, no par value per share (the "Common Stock"), and/or up
to 270,000 Redeemable Common Stock Purchase Warrants (the "Redeemable Warrants")
each exercisable to purchase one share of Common Stock.
    

   
          WHEREAS, the Underwriters have agreed, pursuant to the underwriting
agreement (the "Underwriting Agreement") dated _____________, 1998, by and
between the Underwriters and the Company, to act as the underwriters in
connection with the Company's proposed initial public offering (the "Initial
Public Offering") of 1,800,000 shares of Common Stock and 2,700,000 Redeemable
Warrants (the "Offering Securities"), such Offering Securities being identical
to the securities issuable upon exercise of the Underwriters' Warrants (except
that the exercise price of the Redeemable Warrants underlying the Underwriter's
Warrant shall be $7.43 per share) (the "Securities"); and
    

          WHEREAS, the Underwriters' Warrants to be issued pursuant to this
Agreement will be issued on the First Closing Date (as such term is defined in
the Underwriting Agreement)

                                        1


   3



by the Company to the Underwriters in consideration for, and as part of, the
Underwriters' compensation in connection with the Underwriters acting as the
underwriters pursuant to the Underwriting Agreement;

          NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the promises, the payment by the
Underwriters to the Company of Ten Dollars ($10.00), the agreements herein set
forth and other good and valuable consideration, the receipt and sufficiency of
which are hereby acknowledged, the parties hereto agree as follows:

   
          1.   Grant. The Holder (as defined in Section 3 below) is hereby 
granted the right to purchase, at any time from ____________, 1999 until 5:00
p.m., New York time, on __________, 2003, an aggregate of up to 180,000 shares
of Common Stock and/or 270,000 Redeemable Warrants, at an initial purchase price
(subject to adjustment as provided in Section 8 hereof) of $6.60 per share of
Common Stock and $.165 per Redeemable Warrant (165% of the Initial Public
Offering price per Offering Security), subject to the terms and conditions of
this Agreement. The Securities issuable upon exercise of the Underwriters'
Warrants are sometimes referred to herein as the "Underwriters' Securities."
    

          2.   Warrant Certificates. The warrant certificate (the "Underwriters'
Warrant Certificate") to be delivered pursuant to this Agreement shall be in the
form set forth in Exhibit A attached hereto and made a part hereof, with such
appropriate insertions, omissions, substitutions, and other variations as
required or permitted by this Agreement.

          3.   Exercise of Underwriters' Warrants. The Underwriters' Warrants 
are exercisable during the term set forth in Section 1 hereof payable by 
certified or cashier's check or money order in lawful money of the United 
States. Upon surrender of an Underwriter's

                                        2


   4


   
Warrant Certificate with the annexed Form of Election to Purchase duly executed,
together with payment of the Purchase Price (as defined in Section 6 hereof) for
the Underwriter's Securities (and such other amounts, if any, arising pursuant
to Section 4 hereof) at the Company's principal office in Michigan located at
28025 Oakland Oaks Drive, Wixom, Michigan 48393, the registered holder of an
Underwriters' Warrant Certificate ("Holder" or "Holders") shall be entitled to
receive a certificate or certificates for the Underwriters' Securities so
purchased. The purchase rights represented by each Underwriters' Warrant
Certificate are exercisable at the option of the Holder or Holders thereof, in
whole or in part as to Underwriters' Securities. The Underwriters' Warrants may
be exercised to purchase all or any part of the Underwriters' Securities
represented thereby. In the case of the purchase of less than all the
Underwriters' Securities purchasable on the exercise of the Underwriters'
Warrants represented by an Underwriters' Warrant Certificate, the Company shall
cancel the Underwriters' Warrant Certificate represented thereby upon the
surrender thereof and shall execute and deliver a new Underwriters' Warrant
Certificate of like tenor for the balance of the Underwriters' Securities not so
purchased.
    

          4.   Issuance of Certificates. Upon the exercise of the Underwriters'
Warrants and payment of the Purchase Price therefor, the issuance of
certificates representing the Underwriters Securities or other securities,
properties or rights underlying such Underwriters' Warrants, shall be made
forthwith (and in any event within five (5) business days thereafter) without
further charge to the Holder thereof, and such certificates shall (subject to
the provisions of Sections 5 and 7 hereof) be issued in the name of, or in such
names as may be directed by, the Holder thereof, provided, however, that the
Company shall not be required to pay any tax which may be payable in respect of
any transfer involved in the issuance and delivery of any such

                                        3


   5



certificates in a name other than that of the Holder, and the Company shall not
be required to issue or deliver such certificates unless or until the person or
persons requesting the issuance thereof shall have paid to the Company the
amount of such tax or shall have established to the satisfaction of the Company
that such tax has been paid. The Underwriters' Warrant Certificates and the
certificates representing the Underwriters Securities or other securities,
property or rights (if such property or rights are represented by certificates)
shall be executed on behalf of the Company by the manual or facsimile signature
of the then present Chairman or Vice Chairman of the Board of Directors or
President or Vice President of the Company, attested to by the manual or
facsimile signature of the then present Secretary or Assistant Secretary or
Treasurer or Assistant Treasurer of the Company. Underwriters' Warrant
Certificates shall be dated the date of issuance thereof by the Company upon
initial issuance, transfer or exchange.

   
          5.   Restriction On Transfer of Underwriters' Warrants. The Holder of 
an Underwriters' Warrant Certificate (and its Permitted Transferee, as defined
below), by its acceptance thereof, covenants and agrees that the Underwriters'
Warrants are being acquired as an investment and not with a view to the
distribution thereof; that the Underwriters' Warrants may be sold, transferred,
assigned, hypothecated or otherwise disposed of, in whole or in part, to any
person (a "Permitted Transferee"), provided such transfer, assignment,
hypothecation or other disposition is made in accordance with the provisions of
the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "Act"); and provided, further, that
until ____________, 1999 (one year following the effective date of the Initial
Public Offering), only officers and partners of the Underwriters, or any Initial
Public Offering selling group member and their respective officers and partners,
shall be Permitted Transferees.
    

                                        4




   6

          6.   Purchase Price.

               (a)  Initial and Adjusted Purchase Price. Except as otherwise
provided in Section 8 hereof, the initial purchase price of the Underwriters'
Securities shall be $6.60 per share of Common Stock and $.165 per Redeemable
Warrant. The adjusted purchase price shall be the price which shall result from
time to time from any and all adjustments of the initial purchase price in
accordance with the provisions of Section 8 hereof.

               (b)  Purchase Price. The term "Purchase Price" herein shall mean
the initial purchase price or the adjusted purchase price, depending upon the
context.

          7.   Registration Rights.

               (a)  Registration Under the Securities Act of 1933. The
Underwriters' Warrants have not been registered under the Act. The Underwriters'
Warrant Certificates shall bear the following legend:

                    The securities represented by this certificate have
                    not been registered under the Securities Act of 1933,
                    as amended (the "Act"), and may not be offered for
                    sale or sold except pursuant to (i) an effective
                    registration statement under the Act, or (ii) an
                    opinion of counsel, if such opinion and counsel shall
                    be reasonably satisfactory to counsel to the issuer,
                    that an exemption from registration under the Act is
                    available.

   
               (b)  Demand Registration. (1) At any time commencing on the first
anniversary of and expiring on the fifth anniversary of the effective date of
the Company's Registration Statement relating to the Initial Public Offering
(the "Effective Date"), the Holders of a Majority (as hereinafter defined) in
interest of the Underwriters' Securities (assuming the exercise of all of the
Underwriters' Warrants) shall have the right, exercisable by written notice
    

                                        5


   7



   
to the Company, to have the Company use its best efforts to prepare and file
with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the "Commission"), solely on
one (1) occasion, a registration statement on Form SB-2 (or other appropriate
form), and such other documents, including a prospectus, as may be necessary in
the opinion of both counsel for the Company and counsel for the Holders, in
order to comply with the provisions of the Act, so as to permit a public
offering and sale, for a period of nine (9) months, of the Underwriters'
Securities by such Holders and any other Holders of the Underwriters' Warrants
and/or the Underwriters' Securities who notify the Company within fifteen (15)
business days after receipt of the notice described in Section 7(b)(2). The
Holders of the Underwriters' Warrants may demand registration without exercising
the Underwriters' Warrants, and are never required to exercise same.
    

                    (2)  The Company covenants and agrees to give written notice
of any registration request under this Section 7(b) by any Holders to all other
registered Holders of the Underwriters' Warrants and the Underwriters'
Securities within ten (10) business days from the date of the receipt of any
such registration request.

   
                    (3)  For purposes of this Agreement, the term "Majority" in
reference to the Holders of the Underwriters' Securities, shall mean in excess
of fifty percent (50%) of the then outstanding Underwriters' Warrants and/or
Underwriters' Securities that (i) are not held by the Company, an affiliate,
officer, employee or agent thereof or any of their respective affiliates,
members of their family, persons acting as nominees or in conjunction therewith,
or (ii) have not been resold to the public pursuant to a registration statement
filed with the Commission under the Act.
    

               (c)  Piggyback Registration. (1) If, at any time within the 
period

                                        6




   8

commencing on the first anniversary and expiring on the fifth anniversary of the
Effective Date, the Company should file a registration statement with the
Commission under the Act (other than in connection with a merger or other
business combination transaction or pursuant to Form S-8) it will give written
notice at least thirty (30) calendar days prior to the filing of each such
registration statement to the Underwriters and to all other Holders of the
Underwriters' Warrants and/or the Underwriters' Securities of its intention to
do so. If either of the Underwriters or other Holders of the Underwriters'
Warrants and/or the Underwriters' Securities notify the Company within twenty
(20) calendar days after receipt of any such notice of its or their desire to
include any Underwriters' Securities in such proposed registration statement,
the Company shall afford the Underwriters and such Holders of the Underwriters'
Warrants and/or Underwriters' Securities the opportunity to have any such
Underwriters' Securities registered under such registration statement.
Notwithstanding the provisions of this Section 7(c)(1) and the provisions of
Section 7(d), the Company shall have the right at any time after it shall have
given written notice pursuant to this Section 7(c)(1) (irrespective of whether a
written request for inclusion of any such securities shall have been made) to
elect not to file any such proposed registration statement, or to withdraw the
same after the filing but prior to the effective date thereof.

   
                    (2)  If the underwriter of an offering to which the above
piggyback rights apply objects to such rights, such objection shall preclude
such inclusion. However, in such event, the Company will use its best efforts,
within nine (9) months of completion of such subsequent underwriting, file at
the expense of the Company, a registration statement so as to permit a public
offering and sale, for a period of nine (9) months, of such excluded
Underwriters' Securities, which shall be in addition to any registration
statement required
    

                                        7


   9



to be filed pursuant to Section 7(b).

               (d)  Covenants of the Company With Respect to Registration. In
connection with any registrations under Sections 7(b) and 7(c) hereof, the
Company covenants and agrees as follows:

                    (1)  The Company shall use its best efforts to file a
registration statement within forty-five (45) calendar days of receipt of any
demand therefor pursuant to Section 7(b); provided, however, that the Company
shall not be required to produce audited or unaudited financial statements for
any period prior to the date such financial statements are required to be filed
in a report on Form 10-KSB or Form 10-QSB, as the case may be. The Company shall
use its best efforts to have any registration statement declared effective at
the earliest possible time, and shall furnish each Holder desiring to sell
Underwriters' Securities such number of prospectuses as shall reasonably be
requested.

                    (2)  The Company shall pay all costs (excluding fees and
expenses of Holders' counsel and any underwriting discounts or selling fees,
expenses or commissions), fees and expenses in connection with the first
registration statement filed pursuant to Sections 7(b) and 7(c) hereof
including, without limitation, the Company's legal and accounting fees, printing
expenses, blue sky fees and expenses.

                    (3)  The Company will use its best efforts to qualify or
register the Underwriters' Securities included in a registration statement for
offering and sale under the securities or blue sky laws of such states as
reasonably are requested by the Holders, provided that the Company shall not be
obligated to execute or file any general consent to service of process or to
qualify as a foreign corporation to do business under the laws of any such
jurisdiction.

                                        8



   10


                    (4)  The Company shall indemnify the Holders of the
Underwriters' Securities to be sold pursuant to any registration statement and
each person, if any, who controls such Holders within the meaning of Section 15
of the Act or Section 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended
(the "Exchange Act"), against all loss, claim, damage, expense or liability
(including all expenses reasonably incurred in investigating, preparing or
defending against any claim whatsoever) to which any of them may become subject
under the Act, the Exchange Act or otherwise, arising from such registration
statement, but only to the same extent and with the same effect as the
provisions pursuant to which the Company has agreed to indemnify the
Underwriters contained in Section 8 of the Underwriting Agreement.

   
                    (5)  The Holders of the Underwriters' Securities to be sold
pursuant to a registration statement, and their successors and assigns, shall
indemnify the Company, its officers, directors, attorneys, representatives and
each person, if any, who controls the Company within the meaning of Section 15
of the Act or Section 20(a) of the Exchange Act, against all loss, claim, damage
or expense or liability to which they may become subject under the Act, the
Exchange Act or otherwise, arising from information furnished by or on behalf of
such Holders, or their successors or assigns, for specific inclusion in such
registration statement to the same extent and with the same effect as the
provisions contained in Section 8 of the Underwriting Agreement pursuant to
which the Underwriters have agreed to indemnify the Company.
    
                    (6)  Nothing contained in this Agreement shall be construed
as requiring the Holders to exercise their Underwriters' Warrants prior to the
initial filing of any registration statement or the effectiveness thereof.

                    (7)  The Company shall not be entitled to include any
securities

                                        9


   11



other than the Underwriters' Securities in any registration statement filed
pursuant to Section 7(b) hereof without the prior written consent, which consent
shall not be unreasonably withheld, of the Holders of the Underwriters' Warrants
and Underwriters' Securities representing a Majority of such securities
(assuming exercise of all of the Underwriters' Warrants).

   
                    (8)  The Company shall furnish to a designated 
representative of the Holders participating in the offering and to each
underwriter, if any, a signed counterpart, addressed to the Company or the
underwriter of (i) an opinion of counsel to the Company, dated the effective
date of such registration statement (and if such registration includes an
underwritten public offering, an opinion dated the date of the closing under the
underwriting agreement), and (ii) if such registration includes an underwritten
public offering a copy of the "cold comfort" letter dated the effective date of
such registration statement signed by each independent public accountant who has
issued a report on the Company's financial statements included in such
registration statement, in each case covering substantially the same matters
with respect to such registration statement (and the prospectus included
therein) and, in the case of such accountants' letters with respect to events
subsequent to the date of such financial statements, as are duly covered in
opinions of issuer's counsel and in accountants' letters, with respect to
customary events subsequent to the date of such financial statements, as are
customarily covered in opinions of issuer's counsel and in accountants' letters
delivered to underwriters in underwritten public offerings of securities.
    

                    (9)  The Company shall as soon as practicable after the
effective date of the registration statement, and in any event within 15 months
thereafter, make "generally available to its security holders" (within the
meaning of Rule 158 under the Act) an earnings

                                       10


   12



statement (which need not be audited) complying with Section 1 (a) of the Act
and covering a period of at least 12 consecutive months beginning after the
effective date of the registration statement.

                    (10) The Company shall deliver promptly to each Holder
participating in the offering requesting the correspondence described below and
any managing underwriter copies of all correspondence between the Commission and
the Company, its counsel or auditors with respect to the registration statement
and permit each Holder and underwriter to do such investigation, upon reasonable
advance notice, with respect to information contained in or omitted from the
registration statement as it deems reasonably necessary to comply with
applicable securities laws or rules of the National Association of Securities
Dealers, Inc. ("NASD"). Such investigation shall include access to books,
records and properties and opportunities to discuss the business of the Company
with its officers and independent auditors, all to such reasonable extent and at
such reasonable times and as often as any such Holder shall reasonably request.

                    (11) The Company shall enter into an underwriting agreement
with the managing underwriter selected for such underwriting by Holders holding
a Majority of the Underwriters' Securities requested to be included in such
underwriting, provided, however that (i) such managing underwriter shall be
reasonably acceptable to the Company, except that in connection with an offering
for which the Holders have piggyback rights, the Company shall have the sole
right to select the managing underwriter or underwriters, and (ii) the Holders
shall be responsible for any selling fees or commissions in connection with such
underwriting. Such underwriting agreement shall be satisfactory in form and
substance to the Company, a Majority

                                       11



   13


of such Holders (in respect of a registration under Section 7(b) only) and such
managing underwriter, and shall contain such representations, warranties and
covenants by the Company and such other terms as are customarily contained in
agreements of that type used by the managing underwriter. The Holders shall be
parties to any underwriting agreement relating to an underwritten sale of their
Underwriters' Securities and may, at their option, require that any or all the
representations, warranties and covenants of the Company to or for the benefit
of such underwriters shall also be made to and for the benefit of such Holders.
Such Holders shall not be required to make any representations or warranties to
or agreements with the Company or the underwriters except as they may relate to
such Holders and their intended methods of distribution.

               e.   Further Registrations. The Company will cooperate with the
Holders of the Underwriters' Warrants and Underwriters' Securities in preparing
and signing any registration statement, in addition to the registration
statements discussed above, required in order to sell or transfer the
Underwriters' Securities and will supply all information required therefor, but
all of such additional registration statement expenses including legal and
accounting fees will be prorated between the Company and the Holders of the
Underwriters' Warrants and Underwriters' Securities according to the aggregate
sales price of the securities being issued, and if the Company is not issuing
any securities pursuant to such registration statement, such expenses will be
borne entirely by the Holders of the Underwriters' Warrants and the
Underwriters' Securities. The provisions of Section 7(d) other than subsection
(2) shall apply to any such registration statement.

          8.   Adjustments to Purchase Price and Number of Securities.

                                       12



   14


               (a)  Price Computation of Adjusted Purchase. Except as 
hereinafter provided, in case the Company shall at any time after the date
hereof issue or sell any shares of Common Stock (other than the issuances
referred to in Section 8(g) hereof), including shares held in the Company's
treasury, for a consideration per share less than the lesser of the Purchase
Price in effect immediately prior to the issuance or sale of such shares or the
"Market Price" (as defined in Section 8(a)(6) hereof) per share of Common Stock
on the date immediately prior to the issuance or sale of such shares, or without
consideration, then forthwith upon any such issuance or sale, the Purchase Price
shall (until another such issuance or sale) be reduced to the price (calculated
to the nearest full cent) determined by dividing (1) the product of (a) the
Purchase Price in effect immediately before such issuance or sale and (b) the
sum of (i) the total number of shares of Common Stock outstanding immediately
prior to such issuance or sale, and (ii) the number of shares determined by
dividing (A) the aggregate consideration, if any, received by the Company upon
such sale or issuance, by (B) the lesser of (x) the Market Price, and (y) the
Purchase Price, in effect immediately prior to such issuance or sale; by (2) the
total number of shares of Common Stock outstanding immediately after such
issuance or sale provided, however, that in no event shall the Purchase Price be
adjusted pursuant to this computation to an amount in excess of the Purchase
Price in effect immediately prior to such computation, except in the case of a
combination of outstanding shares of Common Stock, as provided by Section 8(c)
hereof.
        
          For the purposes of this Section 8, the term "Purchase Price" shall
mean the Purchase Price of the Underwriters' Securities set forth in Section 6
hereof, as adjusted from time to time pursuant to the provisions of this Section
8.

          For the purposes of any computation to be made in accordance with this
Section

                                       13



   15


8(a), the following provisions shall be applicable:

                    (1)  In case of the issuance or sale of shares of Common
Stock for a consideration part or all of which shall be cash, the amount of the
cash consideration therefor shall be deemed to be the amount of cash received by
the Company for such shares (or, if shares of Common Stock are offered by the
Company for subscription, the subscription price), before deducting therefrom
any compensation paid or discount allowed in the sale or purchase thereof by
underwriters or dealers or others performing similar services, or any expenses
incurred in connection therewith.

                    (2)  In case of the issuance or sale (otherwise than as a
dividend or other distribution on any stock of the Company) of shares of Common
Stock for a consideration part or all of which shall be other than cash, the
amount of the consideration therefor other than cash shall be deemed to be the
value of such consideration as determined in good faith by the Board of
Directors of the Company.

                    (3)  Shares of Common Stock issuable by way of dividend or
other distribution on any stock of the Company shall be deemed to have been
issued immediately after the opening of business on the day following the record
date for the determination of stockholders entitled to receive such dividend or
other distribution and shall be deemed to have been issued without
consideration.

                    (4)  The reclassification of securities of the Company other
than shares of Common Stock into securities including shares of Common Stock
shall be deemed to involve the issuance of such shares of Common Stock for a
consideration other than cash immediately prior to the close of business on the
date fixed for the determination of security

                                       14



   16


holders entitled to receive such shares, and the value of the consideration
allocable to such shares of Common Stock shall be determined as provided in
Section 8(a)(2).

                    (5)  The number of shares of Common Stock at any one time
deemed to be issued and outstanding, as determined for the purposes of Sections
8(b)(1) and 8(b)(2) hereof, shall include the aggregate number of shares of
Common Stock issued or issuable (subject to readjustment upon the actual
issuance thereof) upon the exercise of options, rights, warrants and upon the
conversion or exchange of convertible or exchangeable securities.

                    (6)  As used herein, the phrase "Market Price" at any date
shall be deemed to be the last reported sale price, or, in the case no such
reported sale takes place on such day, the average of the last reported sales
prices for the last three (3) trading days, in either case as officially
reported by the principal securities exchange on which the Common Stock is
listed or admitted to trading, or, if the Common Stock is not listed or admitted
to trading on any national securities exchange, the average closing bid price as
furnished by the NASD through the NASD Automated Quotation System ("NASDAQ") or
similar organization if NASDAQ is no longer reporting such information, or if
the Common Stock is not quoted on NASDAQ, as determined in good faith by
resolution of the Board of Directors of the Company, based on the best
information available to it.

               (b)  Options, Rights, Warrants and Convertible and Exchangeable
Securities. Except in the case of the Company issuing rights to subscribe for
shares of Common Stock distributed to all the stockholders of the Company and
Holders of Underwriters' Warrants, if the Company shall at any time after the
date hereof issue options, rights or warrants to purchase shares of Common
Stock, or issue any securities convertible into or exchangeable for shares of

                                       15




   17

Common Stock (other than the issuances referred to in Section 8(g) hereof), (i)
for a consideration per share less than the lessor of (a) the Purchase Price in
effect immediately prior to the issuance of such options, rights or warrants, or
such convertible or exchangeable securities or (b) the Market Price, or (ii)
without consideration, the Purchase Price in effect immediately prior to the
issuance of such options, rights or warrants, or such convertible or
exchangeable securities, as the case may be, shall be reduced to a price
determined by making a computation in accordance with the provisions of Section
8(a) hereof, provided that:

                    (1)  The aggregate maximum number of shares of Common Stock
issuable under such options, rights or warrants shall be deemed to be issued and
outstanding at the time such options, rights or warrants were issued, and for a
consideration equal to the minimum purchase price per share provided for in such
options, rights or warrants at the time of issuance, plus the consideration
(determined in the same manner as consideration received on the issue or sale of
shares in accordance with the terms of the Underwriters' Warrants), if any,
received by the Company for such options, rights or warrants; provided, however,
that upon the expiration or other termination of such options, rights or
warrants, if any thereof shall not have been exercised, the number of shares of
Common Stock deemed to be issued and outstanding pursuant to this Section
8(b)(1) (and for the purposes of Section 8(a)(5) hereof) shall be reduced by
such number of shares as to which options, warrants and/or rights shall have
expired or terminated unexercised, and such number of shares shall no longer be
deemed to be issued and outstanding, and the Purchase Price then in effect shall
forthwith be readjusted and thereafter be the price which it would have been had
adjustment been made on the basis of the issuance only of shares actually issued
or issuable upon the exercise of those options, rights or warrants as to which
the exercise

                                       16


   18



rights shall not be expired or terminated unexercised.

                    (2)  The aggregate maximum number of shares of Common Stock
issuable upon conversion or exchange of any convertible or exchangeable
securities shall be deemed to be issued and outstanding at the time of issuance
of such securities, and for a consideration equal to the consideration
(determined in the same manner as consideration received on the issue or sale of
shares of Common Stock in accordance with the terms of the Underwriters'
Warrants) received by the Company for such securities, plus the minimum
consideration, if any, receivable by the Company upon the conversion or exchange
thereof; provided, however, that upon the termination of the right to convert or
exchange such convertible or exchangeable securities (whether by reason of
redemption or otherwise), the number of shares deemed to be issued and
outstanding pursuant to this Section 8(b)(2) (and for the purpose of Section
8(a)(5) hereof) shall be reduced by such number of shares as to which the
conversion or exchange rights shall have expired or terminated unexercised, and
such number of shares shall no longer be deemed to be issued and outstanding and
the Purchase Price then in effect shall forthwith be readjusted and thereafter
be the price which it would have been had adjustment been made on the basis of
the issuance only of the shares actually issued or issuable upon the conversion
or exchange of those convertible or exchangeable securities as to which the
conversion or exchange rights shall not have expired or terminated unexercised.

                    (3)  If any change shall occur in the price per share
provided for in any of the options, rights or warrants referred to in Section
8(b)(1), or in the price per share at which the securities referred to in
Section 8(b)(2) are convertible or exchangeable, such options, rights or
warrants or conversion or exchange rights, as the case may be, shall be deemed
to have

                                       17




   19

expired or terminated on the date when such price change became effective in
respect of shares not theretofore issued pursuant to the exercise or conversion
or exchange thereof, and the Company shall be deemed to have issued upon such
date new options, rights or warrants or convertible or exchangeable securities
at the new price in respect of the number of shares issuable upon the exercise
of such options, rights or warrants or the conversion or exchange of such
convertible or exchangeable securities.

               (c)  Subdivision and Combination. In case the Company shall at 
any time issue any shares of Common Stock in connection with a stock dividend in
shares of Common Stock or subdivide or combine the outstanding shares of Common
Stock, the Purchase Price shall forthwith be proportionately decreased in the
case of a stock dividend or a subdivision or increased in the case of a
combination.

               (d)  Adjustment in Number of Securities. Upon each adjustment of
the Purchase Price pursuant to the provisions of this Section 8, the number of
Underwriters' Securities issuable upon the exercise of the Underwriters' Warrant
shall be adjusted to the nearest whole share by multiplying a number equal to
the Purchase Price in effect immediately prior to such adjustment by the number
of Underwriters' Securities issuable upon exercise of the Underwriters' Warrants
immediately prior to such adjustment and dividing the product so obtained by the
adjusted Purchase Price.

               (e)  Definition of Common Stock. For the purpose of this
Agreement, the term "Common Stock" shall mean the class of stock designated as
Common Stock in the Articles of Incorporation, of the Company as it may be
amended as of the date hereof.

               (f)  Reclassification, Merger or Consolidation. The Company will
not

                                       18



   20


merge, reorganize or take any other action which would terminate the
Underwriters' Warrants without first making adequate provision for the
Underwriters' Warrants. In case of any reclassification or change of the
outstanding shares of Common Stock (other than a change in par value to no par
value, or from no par value to par value, or as a result of a subdivision or
combination), or in case of any consolidation of the Company with, or merger of
the Company with, or merger of the Company into, another corporation (other than
a consolidation or merger in which the Company is the continuing corporation and
which does not result in any reclassification or change of the outstanding
Common Stock except a change as a result of a subdivision or combination of such
shares or a change in par value, as aforesaid), or in the case of a sale or
conveyance to another corporation or other entity of the property of the Company
as an entirety, the Holders of each Underwriters' Warrant then outstanding or to
be outstanding shall have the right thereafter (until the expiration of such
Underwriters' Warrant) to purchase, upon exercise of such Underwriters' Warrant,
the kind and number of shares of stock and other securities and property
receivable upon such reclassification, change, consolidation, merger, sale or
conveyance as if the Holders were the owner of the shares of Common Stock
underlying the Underwriters' Warrants immediately prior to any such events at a
price equal to the product of (x) the number of shares issuable upon exercise of
the Underwriters' Warrants and (y) the Purchase Price in effect immediately
prior to the record date for such reclassification, change, consolidation,
merger, sale or conveyance, as if such Holders had exercised the Underwriters'
Warrants. In the event of a consolidation, merger, sale or conveyance of
property, the corporation formed by such consolidation or merger, or acquiring
such property, shall execute and deliver to the Holders a supplemental
underwriter's warrant agreement to such effect. Such supplemental underwriter's

                                       19




   21
warrant agreement shall provide for adjustments which shall be identical to the
adjustments provided for in this Section 8. The provisions of this Section 8(f)
shall similarly apply to successive consolidations or mergers.

               (g)  No Adjustment of Purchase Price in Certain Cases.
Notwithstanding any provision to the contrary contained herein, no adjustment of
the Purchase Price shall be made:


   
                    (1) Upon the issuance or sale of (i) the Underwriters'
Warrants or the securities underlying the Underwriters' Warrants, (ii) the
securities sold pursuant to the Initial Public Offering or securities
underlying securities sold in the Initial Public Offering or securities to be
sold in a bona fide public offering pursuant to a firm commitment underwriting
or securities underlying securities sold in such firm commitment underwriting,
(iii) including the exceptions provided for the adjustment of the Purchase
Price included in Section 9(g)(i)-(vii) of the Warrant Agreement between the
Company, the Warrant Agent, and the Underwriters, and (iv) the shares issuable 
pursuant to the options, warrants, rights, stock purchase agreements or 
convertible or exchangeable securities outstanding or in effect on the date 
hereof as described in the prospectus relating to the Initial Public Offering 
or any issuable in the future pursuant to any stock option plan maintained by 
the Company and described in the prospectus or adopted by the Company in the 
future. 
    

                    (2)  If the amount of said adjustments shall aggregate less
than five ($.05) cents for one (1) share of Common Stock; provided, however,
that in such case any adjustment that would otherwise be required then to be
made shall be carried forward and shall be made at the time of and together with
the next subsequent adjustment which, together with any adjustment so carried
forward, shall aggregate at least five ($.05) cents for one (1) share of Common
Stock.

          9.   Exchange and Replacement of Warrant Certificates. Each
Underwriters'

                                       20
   22





Warrant Certificate is exchangeable without expense, upon the surrender thereof
by the registered Holders at the principal executive office of the Company, for
a new Underwriters' Warrant Certificate of like tenor and date representing in
the aggregate the right to purchase the same number of Underwriters' Securities
in such denominations as shall be designated by the Holders thereof at the time
of such surrender.

          Upon receipt by the Company of evidence reasonably satisfactory to it
of the loss, theft, destruction or mutilation of any Underwriters' Warrant
Certificate, and, in case of loss, theft or destruction, of indemnity or
security reasonably satisfactory to it, and reimbursement to the Company of all
reasonable expenses incidental thereto, and upon surrender and cancellation of
the Underwriters' Warrant Certificates, if mutilated, the Company will make and
deliver a new Underwriters' Warrant Certificate of like tenor, in lieu thereof.

   
          10.  Elimination of Fractional Interests. The Company shall not be
required to issue certificates representing fractions of shares of Common Stock
aSnd/or Redeemable Warrants upon the exercise of the Underwriters' Warrants, nor
shall it be required to issue scrip or pay cash in lieu of fractional interests;
provided, however, that if a Holder exercises all Underwriters' Warrants held of
record by such Holder the fractional interests shall be eliminated by rounding
(up or down) any fraction to the nearest whole number of shares of Common Stock
or other securities, properties or rights.
    

          11.  Reservation and Listing of Securities. The Company shall at all
times reserve and keep available out of its authorized shares of Common Stock,
solely for the purpose of issuance upon the exercise of the Underwriters'
Warrants, such number of shares of Common

                                       21




   23

Stock or other securities, properties or rights as shall be issuable upon the
exercise thereof and the exercise of the Redeemable Warrants. The Company
covenants and agrees that, upon exercise of the Underwriters' Warrants and
payment of the Purchase Price therefor, all the shares of Common Stock and other
securities issuable upon such exercise shall be duly and validly issued, fully
paid, non-assessable and not subject to the preemptive rights of any
stockholder. As long as the Underwriters' Warrants shall be outstanding, the
Company shall use its best efforts to cause the Common Stock to be listed
(subject to official notice of issuance) on all securities exchanges on which
the Common Stock issued in the Initial Public Offering may then be listed or
quoted.

          12.  Notices to Underwriters' Warrant Holders. Nothing contained in
this Agreement shall be construed as conferring upon the Holders the right to
vote or to consent or to receive notice as a stockholder in respect of any
meetings of stockholders for the election of directors or any other matter, or
as having any rights whatsoever as a stockholder of the Company. If, however, at
any time prior to the expiration of the Underwriters' Warrants and their
exercise, any of the following events shall occur:

               (a)  the Company shall take a record of the holders of its shares
of Common Stock for the purpose of entitling them to receive a dividend or
distribution payable otherwise than in cash, or a cash dividend or distribution
payable otherwise than out of current or retained earnings, as indicated by the
accounting treatment of such dividend or distribution on the books of the
Company; or

               (b)  the Company shall offer to all the holders of its Common
Stock any additional shares of capital stock of the Company or securities
convertible into or exchangeable for shares of capital stock of the Company, or
any option, right or warrant to subscribe therefor;

                                       22


   24



or

               (c)  a dissolution, liquidation or winding up of the Company
(other than in connection with a consolidation or merger) or a sale of all or
substantially all of its property, assets and business as an entirety shall be
proposed; then, in any one or more of said events, the Company shall give
written notice of such event at least fifteen (15) calendar days prior to the
date fixed as a record date or the date of closing the transfer books for the
determination of the stockholders entitled to such dividend, distribution,
convertible or exchangeable securities or subscription rights, or entitled to
vote on such proposed dissolution, liquidation, winding up or sale. Such notice
shall specify such record date or the date of closing the transfer books, as the
case may be. Failure to give such notice or any defect therein shall not affect
the validity of any action taken in connection with the declaration or payment
of any such dividend, or the issuance of any convertible or exchangeable
securities, or subscription rights, options or warrants, or any proposed
dissolution, liquidation, winding up or sale.
        
          13.  Notices. All notices, requests, consents and other communications
hereunder shall be in writing and shall be deemed to have been duly made when
delivered, or mailed by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested:

               (a)  If to the registered Holders of the Underwriters' Warrants,
to the address of such Holders as shown on the books of the Company; or

               (b)  If to the Company to the address set forth in Section 3
hereof or to such other address as the Company may designate by notice to the
Holders.

          14.  Supplements and Amendments. The Company and the Underwriters may
from time to time supplement or amend this Agreement without the approval of any
Holders of

                                       23


   25



Underwriters' Warrant Certificates (other than the Underwriters) in order to
cure any ambiguity, to correct or supplement any provision contained herein
which may be defective or inconsistent with any provisions herein, or to make
any other provisions in regard to matters or questions arising hereunder which
the Company and the Underwriters may deem necessary or desirable and which the
Company and the Underwriters deem shall not adversely affect the interests of
the Holders of Underwriters' Warrant Certificates.

          15.  Binding Effect; Successors. All the covenants and provisions of
this Agreement shall be binding upon and inure to the benefit of the Company,
the Underwriters, the Holders and their respective successors and assigns
hereunder.

          16.  Termination. This Agreement shall terminate at the close of
business on ______________, 2002. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the
indemnification provisions of Section 7 shall survive such termination until the
close of business on the expiration of any applicable statute of limitations.

          17.  Governing Law; Submission to Jurisdiction. This Agreement and
each Underwriters' Warrant Certificate issued hereunder shall be deemed to be a
contract made under the laws of the State of New York and for all purposes shall
be construed in accordance with the laws of said state without giving effect to
the rules of said state governing the conflicts of laws. The Company, the
Underwriters and the Holders hereby each agree that any action, proceeding or
claim against it arising out of, or relating in any way to, this Agreement shall
be brought and enforced in the courts of the State of New York or of the United
States of America for the Southern District of New York, and irrevocably submits
to such jurisdiction, which jurisdiction shall be exclusive. The Company, the
Underwriters and the Holders hereby irrevocably waive

                                       24




   26

any objection to such exclusive Jurisdiction or inconvenient forum. Any such
process or summons to be served upon any of the Company, the Underwriters and
the Holders (at the option of the party bringing such action, proceeding or
claim) may be served by transmitting a copy thereof, by registered or certified
mail, return receipt requested, postage prepaid, addressed to it at the address
set forth in Section 13 hereof. Such mailing shall be deemed personal service
and shall be legal and binding upon the party so served in any action,
proceeding or claim.

          18.  Entire Agreement, Modification. This Agreement (including the
Underwriting Agreement, to the extent portions thereof are referred to herein)
contains the entire understanding between the parties hereto with respect to the
subject matter hereof and thereof. Subject to Section 14, this Agreement may not
be modified or amended except by a writing duly signed by the Company and the
Holders of a Majority in Interest of the Underwriters' Securities (for this
purpose, treating all then outstanding Underwriters' Warrants as if they had
been exercised).

          19.  Severability. If any provision of this Agreement shall be held to
be invalid or unenforceable, such invalidity or unenforceability shall not
affect any other provision of this Agreement.

          20.  Captions. The caption headings of the Sections of this Agreement
are for convenience of reference only and are not intended, nor should they be
construed as, a part of this Agreement and shall be given no substantive effect.

          21.  Benefits of this Agreement. Nothing in this Agreement shall be
construed to give to any person or corporation other than the Company and the
Underwriters and any other registered Holders of the Underwriters' Warrant
Certificates or Underwriters' Securities any legal

                                       25


   27



or equitable right, remedy or claim under this Agreement; and this Agreement
shall be for the sole and exclusive benefit of the Company and the Underwriters
and any other Holders of the Underwriter's Warrant Certificates or Underwriters'
Securities.

          22.  Counterparts. This Agreement may be executed in any number of
counterparts and each of such counterparts shall for all purposes be deemed to
be an original, and such counterparts shall together constitute but one and the
same instrument.

                                       26




   28

          IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties hereto have caused this Agreement to
be duly executed, as of the day and year first above written.

                                   ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES,
                                    INC.

                                   By:__________________________
                                          Rob Chioni
                                          President


                                   MASON HILL & CO., INC.

                                   By:__________________________
                                   Name:
                                   Title:


   
                                   J.W. BARCLAY & CO., INC.

                                   By:______________________
                                   Name:
                                   Title:

    
                                       27


   29



                                    EXHIBIT A

                     ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

                               WARRANT CERTIFICATE

THE SECURITIES REPRESENTED BY THIS CERTIFICATE HAVE NOT BEEN REGISTERED UNDER
THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, AS AMENDED (THE "ACT"), AND MAY NOT BE OFFERED FOR
SALE OR SOLD EXCEPT PURSUANT TO (i) AN EFFECTIVE REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER
THE ACT, OR (ii) AN OPINION OF COUNSEL, IF SUCH OPINION AND COUNSEL SHALL BE
REASONABLY SATISFACTORY TO COUNSEL TO THE ISSUER, THAT AN EXEMPTION FROM
REGISTRATION UNDER THE ACT IS AVAILABLE.

THE TRANSFER OR EXCHANGE OF THE WARRANTS REPRESENTED BY THIS
CERTIFICATE IS RESTRICTED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE WARRANT AGREEMENT
REFERRED TO HEREIN.

   
              EXERCISABLE COMMENCING _____________, 1999 THROUGH
                       5:00 P.M., NEW YORK TIME ON _________, 2003

No. UW-                                         __________ Warrants
    

   
          This Warrant Certificate certifies that registered holder of ________
Warrants to purchase initially, at any time from ________, 1999, until 5:00
p.m., New York time on __________, 2003 (the "Expiration Date"), up to 180,000
shares of Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc.'s (the "Company") Common Stock,
no par value per share (the "Common Stock"), and/or up to 270,000 Redeemable
Warrants each exercisable to purchase one share of Common Stock (the "Common
Stock Warrants"), at a purchase price of $6.60 per share of Common Stock and
$.165 per Redeemable Warrant (the "Purchase Price"), upon the surrender of this
Warrant Certificate and payment of the applicable Purchase Price at an office
or agency of the Company, but subject to the conditions set forth herein and in
the underwriters' warrant agreement, dated as of __________, 1998 (the "Warrant
Agreement"), by and between the Company and Mason Hill & Co., Inc. ("Mason
Hill" or the "Representative"), as the Representative of the several
underwriters (the "Underwriting Group") named in the Underwriting Agreement,
dated ___________, 1998 between the Company and Mason Hill. The Underwriting
Group is collectively referred to herein as the "Underwriters." Payment of the
Purchase Price shall be made by certified or cashier's check or money order 
payable to the order of the Company.
    

          No Warrant may be exercised after 5:00 p.m., New York time, on the
Expiration

                                     28


   30



Date, at which time all Warrants evidenced hereby, unless exercised prior
thereto, shall thereafter be void.

          The Warrants evidenced by this Warrant Certificate are part of a duly
authorized issue of Warrants issued pursuant to the Warrant Agreement between
the Company and the Underwriters, which Warrant Agreement is hereby incorporated
by reference in and made a part of this instrument and is hereby referred to for
a description of the rights, limitation of rights, obligations, duties and
immunities thereunder of the Company and the holders (the words "holders" or
"holder" meaning the registered holders or registered holder) of the Warrants.

          The Warrant Agreement provides that upon the occurrence of certain
events the respective Purchase Prices and the type and/or number of the
Company's securities issuable upon the exercise of these Warrants, may, subject
to certain conditions, be adjusted. In such event, the Company will, at the
request of the holder, issue a new Warrant Certificate evidencing the adjustment
in the Purchase Price and the number and/or type of securities issuable upon the
exercise of the Warrants; provided, however, that the failure of the Company to
issue such new Warrant Certificates shall not in any way change, alter, or
otherwise impair, the rights of the holder as set forth in the Warrant
Agreement.

          Upon due presentment for registration of transfer of this Warrant
Certificate at an office or agency of the Company, a new Warrant Certificate or
Warrant Certificates of like tenor and evidencing in the aggregate a like number
of Warrants shall be issued to the transferee(s) in exchange as provided herein,
without any charge except for any tax or other governmental charge imposed in
connection with such transfer.

          Upon the exercise of less than all of the Warrants evidenced by this
Certificate, the Company shall forthwith issue to the holder hereof a new
Warrant Certificate representing such number of unexercised Warrants.

          The Company may deem and treat the registered holder(s) hereof as the
absolute owner(s) of this Warrant Certificate (notwithstanding any notation of
ownership or other writing hereon made by anyone), for the purpose of any
exercise hereof, and of any distribution to the holder(s) hereof, and for all
other purposes, and the Company shall not be affected by any notice to the
contrary.

                  All terms used in this Warrant Certificate which are defined
in the Warrant Agreement shall have the meanings assigned to them in the Warrant
Agreement.

                [THE REMAINDER OF PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK.]

                                      29


   31



   
          IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned has executed this certificate this
___ day of _____________, 1998.

    


                                   ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES,
                                    INC.

                                   By:___________________________________
                                           Rob Chioni, President


ATTEST:






By:__________________________

                                       30


   32



                               FORM OF ASSIGNMENT

                (To be executed by the registered holder if such
              holder desires to transfer the Warrant Certificate.)


          FOR VALUE RECEIVED ____________________________________ hereby sells, 
assigns and transfers unto  _______________________________.


                  (Please print name and address of transferee)



this Warrant Certificate, together with all right, title and interest therein,
and does hereby irrevocably constitute and appoint _________ Attorney, to
transfer the within Warrant Certificate on the books of Rockwell Medical
Technologies, Inc., with full power of substitution.

Dated:__________________

                                  Signature____________________
                                   
                                  (Signature must conform in all respects to the
                                  name of the holder as specified on the face 
                                  of the Warrant Certificate.)

                                  _______________________________ 
                                             (Insert Social Security or Other
                                             Identifying Number of Holders)

                                       31


   33


                          FORM OF ELECTION TO PURCHASE

   
The undersigned hereby irrevocably elects to exercise the right, represented by
this Warrant Certificate, to purchase shares of Common Stock and/or Redeemable
Warrants and herewith tenders in payment of such securities a certified or
cashier's check or money order payable to the order of Rockwell medical
Technologies, Inc. in the amount of $ ___________, all in accordance with the
terms hereof. The undersigned requests that certificates for such securities be
registered in the name of __________________________ whose address is
______________________ and that such certificates be delivered to
________________________________ whose address is _____________________________
____________________________. This form is null and void at 5:00 p.m., New York
time, on ________, 2003.  
    

Dated:___________________




                                        Signature__________________________

                                        (Signature must conform in all respects 
                                        to the me of the holder as specified on
                                        the face of the Warrant Certificate.)


                                        ____________________________________
                                               (Insert Social Security or Other
                                               Identifying Number of Holders)



   
    
                                       32
   1
                                                                EXHIBIT 4.3



COMMON STOCK                            [PICTURE]                  COMMON STOCK


        NUMBER                                                  SHARES
    RM-

                                                          CUSIP 774374 10 2

                     ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
             INCORPORATED UNDER THE LAWS OF THE STATE OF MICHIGAN


THIS CERTIFIES THAT                                     SEE REVERSE FOR 
                                                        CERTAIN DEFINITIONS








IS THE RECORD HOLDER OF



           FULLY PAID AND NON-ASSESSABLE SHARES OF COMMON STOCK OF

                     ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
transferable on the books of the Corporation in person or by duly authorized
attorney upon surrender of this Certificate properly endorsed.  This
Certificate is not valid until countersigned by the Transfer Agent and
registered by the Registrar.
  Witness the facsimile seal of the Corporation and the facsimile signatures of
its duly authorized officers.

DATED:

      [ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. CORPORATE SEAL 1996 MICHIGAN]

[SIG]                                                     [SIG]
SECRETARY                                               PRESIDENT-CEO




COUNTERSIGNED AND REGISTERED:
AMERICAN STOCK TRANSFER & TRUST COMPANY
(NEW YORK, N.Y.)        TRANSFER AGENT
                        AND REGISTRAR

BY              AUTHORIZED SIGNATURE


[REVERSE SIDE]


     The Corporation will furnish to a shareholder upon request and without
charge a full statement of the designations, relative rights, preferences and
limitations of the shares of each class authorized to be issued and if the
Corporation is authorized to issue any class of shares in series, the
designations, relative rights, preferences and limitations of each series so
far as the same have been prescribed and the authority of the board of
directors to designate and prescribe the relative rights, preferences and
limitations of other series in the future.









     The following abbreviations, when used in the inscription on the face of
this certificate, shall be construed as though they were written out in full
according to applicable laws or regulations:




TEN COM - as tenants in common                                  UNIF GIFT MIN ACT-                 Custodian
                                                                                  -----------------         ------------------
TEN ENT - as tenants by the entireties                                                  (Cust)                  (Minor)
JT TEN  - as joint tenants with right of survivorship                           
          and not as tenants in common                                          under Uniform Gifts to Minors
                                                                                Act
                                                                                   --------------------------------------------
                                                                                                      (State)

                                                                UNIF TRF MIN ACT-                  Custodian (until age        )
                                                                                 ------------------                     -------
                                                                                        (Cust)
                                                                                                   under Uniform Transfers
                                                                                 ------------------
                                                                                        (Minor)
                                                                                 to Minors Act  
                                                                                              ----------------------------------
                                                                                                             (State)

                              Additional abbreviations may also be used though not in the above list.









     For Value Received, ______________________________________________________________________hereby sell, assign and transfer unto

          PLEASE INSERT SOCIAL SECURITY OR 
     OTHER IDENTIFYING NUMBER OF ASSIGNEE
__________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                           (PLEASE PRINT OR TYPEWRITE NAME AND ADDRESS, INCLUDING ZIP CODE, OF ASSIGNEE)

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________shares
of the Common Stock represented by the within Certificate, and do hereby irrevocably constitute

and appoint_____________________________________________________________________________________________________Attorney to transfer
the said stock on the books of the within named Corporation with full power of substitution in the premises.



Dated___________________________________________________

Signature Guaranteed:                                                   ___________________________________________________________
                                                                        THE SIGNATURE TO THIS ASSIGNMENT MUST CORRESPOND WITH THE 
                                                                NOTICE: NAME AS WRITTEN UPON THE FACE OF THE CERTIFICATE IN EVERY
                                                                        PARTICULAR, WITHOUT ALTERATION OR ENLARGEMENT OR ANY CHANGE
                                                                        WHATEVER.


   1
                                                               EXHIBIT 4.4

       VOID AFTER 5:OO P.M. NEW YORK, NEW YORK TIME ON ________ ____,2002
                          (UNLESS EARLIER REDEEMED)

          COMMON STOCK PURCHASE WARRANT TO PURCHASE SHARES OF STOCK

NO. RW-                                                 __________WARRANTS

                     ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

             INCORPORATED UNDER THE LAWS OF THE STATE OF MICHIGAN

                                                        CUSIP 774374 11 0
THIS CERTIFIES that, for value received,

the registered holder hereof or registered assigns (the "Holder"), is entitled
to purchase from Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc., a Michigan corporation
(the "Company"), at any time after January ___, 1999, and until 5:00 p.m.,
New York, New York time, January ____, 2002 (unless the Warrants are earlier
redeemed), at the purchase price of $4.50 per share (the "Warrant Price") the
number of Common Shares of the Company (the "Common Shares"), which is equal to
the number of Warrants set forth above.  The number of Common Shares
purchasable upon  exercise of this Warrant and the Warrant Price per share
shall be subject to adjustment from time to time as set forth in the Warrant
Agreement referred to below.  These Warrants are subject to call and
repurchase by the Company on the terms and conditions contained in such
Warrant Agreement.
        This Warrant may be exercised in whole or in part by presentation of
this Warrant with the Purchase Form on the reverse side hereof duly executed
and simultaneous payment of the Warrant Price (subject to adjustment) at the
principal office of American Stock Transfer & Trust Company (the "Warrant
Agent").  Payment of such price shall be made at the option of the Holder
hereof in cash or by check or wire transfer, or any combination thereof.
        This Warrant is one of a duly authorized issue of Warrants evidencing
the right to purchase an aggregate of up to 3,625,000 shares of Common Shares
and is issued under and in accordance with a Warrant Agreement (the "Warrant
Agreement") dated as of January ____, 1998, between the Company and the Warrant
Agent and is subject to the terms and provisions set forth in the Warrant
Agreement, to all of which the Holder of this Warrant by acceptance hereof
consents.  A copy of the Warrant Agreement may be obtained for inspection by
the Holder hereof upon written request to the Warrant Agent at the address
provided below.
        Upon any partial exercise of this Warrant, there shall be countersigned
and issued to the Holder hereof a new Warrant in respect of the Common Shares
as to which this Warrant shall not have been exercised.  This Warrant may be
exchanged at the office of the Warrant Agent by surrender of this Warrant
properly endorsed either separately or in combination with one or more other
Warrants for one or more new Warrants entitling the Holder thereof to purchase
the same aggregate number of shares as were purchased on exercise of the
Warrant or Warrants exchanged.  No fractional shares will be issued upon the
exercise of this Warrant, but the Company shall pay the cash value of any
fraction upon the exercise of one or more Warrants.  This Warrant is
transferable at the office of the Warrant Agent, 40 Wall Street, New York, New
York 10005, in the manner and subject to the limitations set forth in the
Warrant Agreement.
        The Company shall not be obligated to deliver any securities pursuant
to the exercise of this Warrant unless a registration statement under the
Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "Act"), with respect to such
securities is effective or an exemption thereunder is available.  The Company
has covenanted and agreed that it will file a registration statement under the
Federal securities laws, use its best efforts to cause the same to become
effective, to keep such registration statement current, if required under the
Act, while any of the Warrants are outstanding, and deliver a prospectus which
complies with Section 10(a)(3) of the Act to the registered Holder exercising
this Warrant.  This Warrant shall not be exercisable by a registered Holder in
any state where such exercise would be unlawful.
        The Holder hereof may be treated by the Company, The Warrant Agent, and
all other persons dealing with this Warrant as the absolute owner hereof for
any purpose and as the person entitled to exercise the rights represented
hereby, or to the transfer hereof on the books of the Company, any notice to
the contrary notwithstanding, and until such transfer on such books, the
Company may treat the Holder hereof as the owner for all purposes.
        This Warrant does not entitle any Holder hereof to any of the rights of
a shareholder of the Company including, without limitation, the right to vote
or to receive dividends or other distributions, and the Holder shall not be
entitled to receive any notice of any proceedings of the Company, except as
provided in the Warrant Agreement.
        This Warrant shall not be valid or obligatory for any purpose until it
shall have been countersigned  by the Warrant Agent.  
        Witness the facsimile seal of the Company and the facsimile signatures 
of its duly authorized officers.

DATED:                                      ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

     [ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC.  CORPORATE SEAL 1996 MICHIGAN]


                 [SIG]                              [SIG]
               SECRETARY                  BY:     PRESIDENT


                                   COUNTERSIGNED AND REGISTERED:
                                   AMERICAN STOCK TRANSFER & TRUST COMPANY
                                      (NEW YORK, N.Y.)      TRANSFER AGENT
                                                              AND REGISTRAR

                                   BY
                                                       AUTHORIZED SIGNATURE
[REVERSE SIDE]



                     ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
                                PURCHASE FORM

American Stock Transfer Trust & Company
40 Wall Street
New York, New York 10005

        The undersigned hereby irrevocably elects to exercise the right of
purchase represented by the within Warrant for, and to purchase thereunder,
_________ shares of the Company's Common Shares provided for therein and
requests that certificates for such shares be issued in the name of:

               PLEASE INSERT SOCIAL SECURITY OR OTHER
                  IDENTIFYING NUMBER OF PURCHASER
 _________________________________________________________
|                                                         |
|                                                         |
|_________________________________________________________|____________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________
and, if said number of shares shall not be all the shares purchasable hereunder,
that a new Warrant Certificate for the balance remaining of the shares
purchasable under the within Warrant Certificate be registered in the name of
the undersigned Holder or his Assignee as below indicated and delivered to the
address stated below.

Dated:______________________________________

Name of Warrantholder or Assignee:_____________________________________________
                                                    (Please Print)

Address:_______________________________________________________________________

                                         Signature:____________________________
Signature Guaranteed:                    NOTE: The above signature must 
                                         correspond with the name as written
                                         upon the face of the Warrant
                                         Certificate in every particular
                                         without alteration or enlargement
                                         or any change whatever, unless this
                                         Warrant has been assigned.


                    _____________________________________


                  IMPORTANT: PLEASE COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING:
1. If the exercise of this Warrant was solicited by Mason Hill & Co., Inc.,
   please check the following box.                                         [ ]
2. The exercise of this Warrant was solicited by _____________________________.
3. If the exercise of this Warrant was not solicited, please check the
   following box.                                                          [ ]

Dated:_____________________________________________     X____________________

___________________________________________________

___________________________________________________
                     Address

___________________________________________________
Social Security or Taxpayer Identification Number


___________________________________________________
                Signature Guaranteed



                    _____________________________________



                                  ASSIGNMENT
                (To be signed only upon assignment of Warrant)


FOR VALUE RECEIVED, the undersigned hereby sells, assigns and transfers unto

             
               PLEASE INSERT SOCIAL SECURITY OR OTHER
                  IDENTIFYING NUMBER OF ASSIGNEE
 _________________________________________________________
|                                                         |
|                                                         |
|_________________________________________________________|____________________

_______________________________________________________________________________
        (Name and address of assignee must be printed or typewritten)


the within Warrant, hereby irrevocably constituting and appointing

______________________________________________________________________ Attorney
to transfer said Warrant on the books of the Company with full power of
substitution in the premises.

Dated:__________________________         _____________________________________
                                              Signature of Registered Holder

Signature Guaranteed:                    NOTE: The signature to this assignment
                                         must correspond with the name as it
                                         appears upon the face of the within
                                         Warrant Certificate in every 
                                         particular, without alteration or
                                         enlargement or any change whatever.



   1
                                                                     EXHIBIT 5.1




                                January 22, 1998


Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc.
28025 Oakland Oaks
Wixom, Michigan 48393

         Re:     Registration Statement on Form SB-2
                 File No. 333-31991
                 (the "Registration Statement")
                 ------------------------------

Ladies and Gentlemen:

         We have represented Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc., a Michigan
corporation (the "Company"), in connection with the preparation and filing
with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "Commission") of the
Registration Statement, for registration under the Securities Act of 1933, as
amended (the "Securities Act"), of a maximum of 2,070,000 of the common shares
of the Company (the "Common Shares"), and 3,105,000 Common Share Purchase
Warrants (the "Warrants").  Each Warrant consists of the right to purchase one
Common Share, subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the Registration
Statement and the Warrant Agreement.

         Based upon our examination of such documents and other matters as we
deem relevant, it is our opinion that, when the Registration Statement has
become effective and the Board of Directors of the Company has approved the
amount of the Common Shares and the Warrants to be sold and the sales price of
such Common Shares and Warrants, the Common Shares and the Warrants covered by
the Registration Statement to be issued and sold by the Company (1) will have
been duly authorized and (2) when issued and sold by the Company as described
in the Registration Statement and in the manner set forth in the Underwriting
Agreement referred to therein, and certificates have been issued for such
Common Shares and Warrants against payment therefor in the amount approved by
the Board of Directors, will have been validly issued, fully paid and
nonassessable.

         We hereby consent to the filing of this opinion as an exhibit to the
Registration Statement and to the use of our name under the caption "Legal
Matters" in the Prospectus included in the Registration Statement.  In giving
such consents, we do not admit hereby that we come within the category of
persons whose consent is required under Section 7 of the Securities Act or the
Rules and Regulations of the Commission thereunder.

                                        Very truly yours,

                                        /s/ HONIGMAN MILLER SCHWARTZ AND COHN

                                        HONIGMAN MILLER SCHWARTZ AND COHN
   1
                                                                   EXHIBIT 10.11


                               FIRST AMENDMENT TO
                       SHARE PLEDGE AND ESCROW AGREEMENT


         THIS FIRST AMENDMENT TO SHARE PLEDGE AND ESCROW AGREEMENT (this "First
Amendment"), dated as of November 21, 1997, is made by and among GARY D. LEWIS
("Mr. Lewis"), MICHAEL J. XIRINACHS ("Mr. Xirinachs"), ROBERT L. CHIOINI ("Mr.
Chioini" and together with Mr. Lewis and Mr.  Xirinachs, the "Pledgors"),
ROCKWELL MEDICAL SUPPLIES, LLC, a Michigan limited liability company
("Creditor"), ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC., a Michigan corporation (the
"Company"), and HONIGMAN MILLER SCHWARTZ AND COHN ("Escrow Agent").

                                   RECITALS:

         A.      Pursuant to the terms of a letter agreement (the "Letter
Agreement") entered into by the Company, Creditor, Rockwell Transportation,
LLC, T.K. Investment Company, Chilakapti Family Limited Partnership, Vijay
Kumar Chilakapti, M.D., Krishnapillai Thavarajah, M.D., and Robert L. Chioini,
the parties thereto have agreed to cancel 320,749 Series A Preferred Shares,
$1.00 par value per share ("Series A Preferred Shares"), issued to Creditor as
payment by Creditor to the Company of the Adjustment Amount (as defined in the
Letter Agreement).

         B.      Pledgors, Creditor, the Company and Escrow Agent entered into
a Share Pledge and Escrow Agreement, dated as of July 14, 1997 (the "Share
Pledge and Escrow Agreement"), pursuant to which the Pledgors pledged 1,478,260
common shares (the "Common Shares") issued by the Company and owned by them
(554,348 of which Common Shares were owned by Mr. Lewis, 554,347 of which
Common Shares were owned by Mr. Xirinachs, and 369,565 of which Common Shares
were owned by Mr. Chioini) as security for their obligations under that certain
Non-Recourse Guaranty, dated as of July 14, 1997, as restated on the date
hereof, made by the Pledgers in favor of Creditor (the "Guaranty").

         C.      In light of the fact that the number of outstanding Series A
Preferred Shares issued by the Company to Creditor has been reduced from
1,416,664 Series A Preferred Shares to 1,095,915 Series A Preferred Shares, the
Company, Creditor and the Pledgors desire to release 334,760 pledged Common
Shares (the "Released Shares") from the escrow created by the Share Pledge and
Escrow Agreement.

         D.      The parties hereto desire to amend the Share Pledge and Escrow
Agreement to terminate any security interest granted to Creditor in the
Released Shares and to release the Released Shares from the terms of the Share
Pledge and Escrow Agreement.

         NOW THEREFORE, in consideration of the premises and for other good and
valuable consideration, the receipt and adequacy of which are hereby
acknowledged, the parties hereto agree as follows:

         1.      Any and all security interest granted to Creditor in or with
respect to the Released Shares is hereby terminated and Creditor shall have no
further right or interest in or with respect to the Released Shares.
   2

         2.      Escrow Agent is hereby directed to release the Released Shares
to the applicable Pledgors and to instruct the Company to cancel any existing
stock certificates and to reissue the Common Shares represented by such stock
certificates in such denominations as are necessary to effect the release from
escrow of the Released Shares and to retain in escrow the remaining 1,143,500
Common Shares which shall remain in escrow pursuant to the terms of the Share
Pledge and Escrow Agreement.

         3.      Recital C of the Share Pledge and Escrow Agreement is hereby
amended to reflect the new number of Series A Preferred Shares that the Company
has issued to Creditor to be 1,091,915 shares.

         4.      Recital D of the Share Pledge and Escrow Agreement is hereby
amended to reflect the new number of Shares (as defined therein) pledged by the
Pledgors to Creditor to be 1,143,500.  Such Shares are owned by the Pledgors as
follows:   Mr. Lewis - 428,812.5 Shares, Mr.  Xirinachs - 428,812.5 Shares, and
Mr. Chioini - 285,875 Shares.  For purposes of the Share Pledge and Escrow
Agreement, the term "Shares" shall refer to the 1,143,500 Common Shares which
shall remain subject to the Share Pledge and Escrow Agreement pursuant to this
First Amendment.

         5.      The Guaranty referred to in Recital D of the Share Pledge and
Escrow agreement shall hereafter refer to the Restated No- Recourse Guaranty
executed by the Guarantors concurrently with the execution of this First
Amendment.

         6.      Except as set forth in this First Amendment, the Share Pledge
and Escrow Agreement shall remain in full force and effect.

         7.      This First Amendment may be executed in any number of
counterparts and by the different parties hereto on separate counterparts, each
of which when so executed and delivered shall be an original, but all of which
together shall constitute one and the same instrument, and it shall not be
necessary in making proof of this First Amendment to produce or account for
more than one such counterpart.  This First Amendment may be executed by
delivery via facsimile of a copy of an executed signature page.

         IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties hereto have caused this First
Amendment to be executed as of the day and year first above written.

                                         /s/ Gary D. Lewis                
                                         ------------------------------------
                                         Gary D. Lewis

                                         /s/ Michael J. Xirinachs        
                                         ------------------------------------
                                         Michael J. Xirinachs

                                         /s/ Robert L. Chioini             
                                         ------------------------------------
                                         Robert L. Chioini
(Signatures continued on next page)



                                      2

   3

(Signatures continued from previous page)

                                        ROCKWELL MEDICAL SUPPLIES, LLC

                                        By:  /s/ Robert L. Chioini        
                                             -----------------------------------
                                             Robert L. Chioini, Member


                                        By:  T. K. INVESTMENT COMPANY, Member

                                             By:  CHILAKAPTI FAMILY LIMITED
                                                    PARTNERSHIP

                                                By: /s/ Vijay Kumar Chilakapati
                                                    ----------------------------

                                                    Its: General Partner  
                                                         -----------------------

                                             By:  THAVARAJAH FAMILY LIMITED
                                                    PARTNERSHIP

                                                By: /s/ Krishnapillai Thavarajah
                                                    ----------------------------

                                                    Its: General Partner   
                                                         -----------------------

                                         ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC.,
                                         a Michigan corporation

                                         By: /s/ Robert L. Chioini        
                                             -----------------------------------

                                                 Its: President         
                                                      --------------------------

                                         HONIGMAN MILLER SCHWARTZ AND COHN

                                         By: /s/ David A. Breach           
                                             -----------------------------------

                                                 Its: Attorney             
                                                      --------------------------




                                       3
   1
                                                                   EXHIBIT 10.12

                      ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
                               28025 OAKLAND OAKS
                             WIXOM, MICHIGAN  48393


                               November 21, 1997


Rockwell Medical Supplies, LLC
Rockwell Transportation, LLC
T.K. Investment Company
Chilakapti Family Limited Partnership
Thavarajah Family Limited Partnership
Vijay Kumar Chilakapti, M.D.
Krishnapillai Thavarajah, M.D.
Robert L. Chioini

c/o Schwartz Law Firm
37887 W. Twelve Mile Road, Suite A
Farmington Hills, Michigan 48331

Gentlemen:

         Reference is made to that certain Asset Purchase Agreement, dated as
of November 1, 1996, as amended (as amended, the "Asset Purchase Agreement"),
by and among Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc., a Michigan corporation, and
the various addressees of this letter agreement.  Capitalized terms used in
this letter agreement and not otherwise defined shall have the meanings set
forth in the Asset Purchase Agreement.

         This letter is to confirm the agreement that the parties to the Asset
Purchase Agreement have reached with respect to (i) the amount of reduction in
the Purchase Price pursuant to Section 1.2.3 of the Asset Purchase Agreement,
(ii) the payment of such reduction amount, and (iii) certain other matters
relating thereto.

         The parties have agreed that Buyer is entitled to a reduction in the
Purchase Price of $320,749 (the "Adjustment Amount") to reflect the difference
between the amount of the Interim Net Worth and the actual net worth of Sellers
at the Closing which the parties have determined was $192,218.  On July 16,
1997 pursuant to an agreement of the parties, Buyer issued 1,416,664 shares of
Series A Preferred Stock, par value $1.00, represented by Certificate No. P-1,
in exchange for the cancellation of the promissory note dated February 19,
1997, made by Buyer in favor of the Supply Company.  The Sellers have agreed
that 320,749 shares of the 1,416,664 shares of Series A Preferred Stock of
Buyer that were issued to the Supply Company will be cancelled as payment of
the Adjustment Amount.  Buyer will not have any liability for accrued dividends
on such cancelled shares, and the Sellers will not have any liability for
interest paid on the Adjustment Amount for periods prior to the date of
issuance of the Series A Preferred Stock.  In addition, 334,760 Common Shares
pledged to the Supply Company and held in escrow

   2

pursuant to that certain Share Pledge and Escrow Agreement dated as of July 15,
1997 among Buyer, the Supply Company, the Pledgors (as defined therein) and
Honigman Miller Schwartz and Cohn will be released to the pledgors thereof and
any security interest granted to the Supply Company with respect to such
Released Shares shall be terminated.  The parties will execute all such further
documentation as is necessary to effect the foregoing agreements.

         Except as amended herein, the Asset Purchase Agreement will remain in
full force and effect.

         If you are in agreement with the foregoing, please acknowledge your
agreement by signing in the space provided below.

                                Very truly yours,

                                ROCKWELL MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

                                By:   /s/ Robert L. Chioini                 
                                   ----------------------------------

                                        Its:   President                 
                                            -------------------------



Acknowledge and Agreed as of the
date of this letter:

ROCKWELL MEDICAL SUPPLIES, LLC

By:   /s/ Robert L. Chioini                                 
   ----------------------------------------------
         ROBERT L. CHIOINI, Member

By:      T. K. INVESTMENT COMPANY, Member

         By:     CHILAKAPTI FAMILY LIMITED
                     PARTNERSHIP

                 By:     /s/  Vijay Kumar Chilakapti        
                     ---------------------------------------

                          Its:     General Partner 
                               -----------------------------

         By:     THAVARAJAH FAMILY LIMITED
                     PARTNERSHIP

                 By:    /s/  Krishnapillai Thavarajah       
                     ---------------------------------------

                          Its:    General Partner  
                               -----------------------------

   3


[Signatures continued from previous page]

ROCKWELL TRANSPORTATION, LLC

         By:     CHILAKAPTI FAMILY LIMITED
                     PARTNERSHIP, Member

                 By:    /s/ Vijay Kumar Chilakapti          
                     --------------------------------------

                          Its:    General Partner  
                               ----------------------------

By:      THAVARAJAH FAMILY LIMITED
            PARTNERSHIP, Member

         By:   /s/ Krishnapillai Thavarajah                 
             ----------------------------------------------

                 Its:     General Partner          
                      -------------------------------------

T. K. INVESTMENT COMPANY

By:      CHILAKAPTI FAMILY LIMITED
            PARTNERSHIP, Member

         By:   /s/ Vijay Kumar Chilakapti          
             ----------------------------------------------

                 Its:     General Partner          
                      -------------------------------------

By:      THAVARAJAH FAMILY LIMITED
            PARTNERSHIP, Member

         By:  /s/ Krishnapillai Thavarajah                  
             ----------------------------------------------

                 Its:     General Partner          
                      -------------------------------------

  /s/ Vijay Kumar Chilakapti                       
- --------------------------------------------
VIJAY KUMAR CHILAKAPTI, M.D.

  /s/ Krishnapillai Thavarajah                              
- --------------------------------------------
KRISHNAPILLAI THAVARAJAH, M.D.

  /s/ Robert L. Chioini                            
- --------------------------------------------
ROBERT L. CHIOINI

[Signatures continued on next page]

   4

[Signatures continued from previous page]

CHILAKAPTI FAMILY LIMITED
   PARTNERSHIP

         By:  /s/ Vijay Kumar Chilakapti           
             ----------------------------------------------

                 Its:   General Partner            
                      -------------------------------------

THAVARAJAH FAMILY LIMITED
   PARTNERSHIP

         By:   /s/ Krishnapillai Thavarajah                 
             ----------------------------------------------

                 Its:    General Partner           
                      -------------------------------------

   1
 
                                                                    EXHIBIT 23.1
 
                                         COOPERS & LYBRAND L.L.P.


                                         a professional services firm
 
COOPERS & LYBRAND LOGO


 
                       CONSENT OF INDEPENDENT ACCOUNTANTS
 
     We consent to the inclusion in this registration statement on Form SB-2, as
amended, of our report dated July 11, 1997, except for the subsequent event
paragraph of Note 3 for which the date is November 20, 1997, on our audits of
the combined financial statements of Rockwell Medical Supplies, L.L.C. and
Rockwell Transportation, L.L.C. and our report which includes an explanatory
paragraph related to the uncertainty of the Company's ability to continue as a
going concern, dated November 20, 1997 on our audit of the consolidated
financial statements of Rockwell Medical Technologies, Inc. We also consent to
the reference to our Firm under the caption "Experts".
 
COOPERS & LYBRAND LLP
 
Detroit, Michigan
   
January 22, 1998